The Strategy Makers: Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz

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ABC-CLIO, 2010 - History - 232 pages

The word "strategy" only came into usage in West European languages after the work of a Byzantine emperor was translated around the time of the French Revolution. Nevertheless, there was writing on strategy - relating political aims to the use of the military - also in Western Europe, well before this. This book surveys and analyzes the existing literature. It presents commented excerpts of the work of the Elizabethan writer Matthew Sutcliffe (who wrote the first modern comprehensive strategic concept) and translations into English of excerpts from the writing of the Machiavelli-admirer the Seigneur de Fourquevaux (1548) and his French compatriot Bertrand de Loque, who also went by the name of François de Saillans (1589); the Spanish diplomats and military officers Don Bernardino de Mendoza (1595) and the Third Marques of Santa Cruz de Marcenado (1724-1730); the Frenchmen Paul Hay du Chastelet (1668) and Count Guibert (1770); and the Prussian contemporary of Clausewitz, Rühle von Lilienstern (1816).

Key concepts such as preventive war, the fight for the hearts and minds of the population to combat insurgents, the "democratic peace theory," and debates such as the preference for defense or the offensive, the desirability of battle, the purpose and function of war, the advantages of conscript or professional soldiers, can thus be shown to go back far longer than generally assumed and appear in a new light.

 

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Contents

Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 1 Introduction Themes and Context of Literature on Strategy
1
Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 2 Raimond de Beccarie de Pavie Seigneur de Fourquevaux 1548
32
Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 3 François de SaillansBertrand de Loque 1589
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 4 Matthew Sutcliffe 1593
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 5 Don Bernardino de Mendoza 1595
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 6 Paul Hay du Chastelet 1668
103
Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 7 Santa Cruz de Marcenado and Zanthier 1724301775
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 8 Count de Guibert 1772
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz 9 August Rühle von Lilienstern 1816
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz Notes
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Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz Selected Bibliography
209
Thoughts on War and Society from Machiavelli to Clausewitz Index
225
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About the author (2010)

Beatrice Heuser is chair of International Relations at the University of Reading. She is the author of many books including Reading Clausewitz (2002), The Bomb: Nuclear Weapons in Their Historical, Strategic and Ethical Context (1999), Nuclear Mentalities? Strategies and Belief Systems in Britain, France and the FRG (1998), and NATO, Britain, France and the FRG: Nuclear Strategies and Forces for Europe, 1949-2000 (1997).

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