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INTRODUCTION.

THIS

THIS volume was undertaken at the solicitation of the

publishers, who wished a life of General Grant for the people. As an apology for errors and inadvertencies, I feel at liberty to say that circumstances have constrained me to write it with a hurried pen. The pages have been sent to the printer as fast as written; and, as they were electrotyped as fast as printed, I was prevented from revising them fully in proof-sheets.

There is no authority for the youth and childhood of Grant but his father: the son never consents to indulge in reminiscence respecting his early years, and uniformly refers biographers to the record for his career during manhood. In regard to the Mexican War, I have been favored with some material by Hon. Mr. Washburne, who has also furnished me with data respecting Grant's life on the frontiers. In the campaigns from Belmont to Chattanooga, I have followed, upon all disputable points, the authority of Gen. Adam Badeau, in his “ Military History of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.” I have frequently in the text expressed my obligations to the careful researches of this gentleman; and I repeat my acknowledgments in this introduction. The telegrams, despatches, letters, of Gen. Grant, which

have been for the first time given to the public by this accomplished historian, I have freely used; because I have regarded them as Gen. Grant's own commentaries upon his own campaigns, written, like Cæsar's, in the field. In the Wilderness campaign I have relied upon manuscript reports, which were furnished me at headquarters, when I was investigating a question of legislation, by authority of the House of Representatives. I have also to express my acknowledgments to Charles J. Hoadly, Esq., of the State Library, for genealogical material ; to Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, Curator of the Watkinson Library, for facilitating my researches; to Williain N. Matson, Esq., for daily encouragement and aid ; and to three steadfast assistants (whom I am only permitted to indicate), I am immeasurably indebted for lightening my labors and expediting my volume.

I make no professions to acquaintance with military science. I can only see such system and methods in battles and campaigns, and of course can only describe such, as a civilian, who has only studied war in history, biography, and in Jomini's analysis of the campaigns of Napoleon and Frederick, may be permitted to discern. A full detail of all the military movements of Grant was incompatible with the limits of my volume; and I have selected for full description those which best served to illustrate his character as a general. I have, moreover, attempted to avoid cumulative illustration. In the chapter devoted to “ Administrative Experience," my authority has been the official reports.

HARTFORD, April 28, 1868.

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HE BREAKS THE ENEMY'S CENTRE AT FORTS HENRY AND DONELSON.

(February, March, April, 1862.]

New Field of Operations. — Fremont superseded by Halleck. -- Change

of Command over Grant; no Change of System. — Naval Service in
the West controlled by Halleck. — Annexation of Paducah to Grant's
Command. - Inactivity of our Armies. — Procrastination. -- Rebel
Strategic Line. — Left of the Linc. -- Right of the Line. - Centre of
the Line. — Forts Henry and Donelson. - Plan of McClellan. -- Of
Buell. – Of Halleck. - Of Grant. - Asks Permission to Attack.
Denied. - Commentary. – Admiral Foote asks Permission. "For-
ward, Foote and Grant!”. Grant a Minute-Man.- Situation of Fort
Henry. — Description of Fort Henry. – Of Hieman. – Coup-de-llain
instead of Siege required. — Task of Footc. — Ilis Implements. --
Plan of Attack. - His Attack. - McClernand's Forces. -- Difficult
Marches. — Effect of Enemy's Fire on the Fleet. -- Tenacity of
Fleet. – McClernand delayed by Mud. - Surrender of the Fort.
- Enemy in Retreat. — Saying of Napoleon. — Attack on Donelson
not intended by IIalleck. – Grant's Promptness. -- Halleck intent only
on the Defence of Henry. — Grant pushes on to Donelson. - Tele-
graphs to lIalleck. – Halleck urges Defensive Operations. - Grant
for Offensive. - Calendar. — Donelson invested. -- Troops stationed.

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