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The sums expended in buildings, The first comprehends three different previously to the 1st of January, 1806, sets of lectures : 1. De Religione ; 2. amounted to 21,6401. and the number De Incarnatione et Ecclesia ; 3. De of students which these buildings Sacramentis in genere, et de Euchawere capable of accom
ristia. The books used are, Hook, 200. The additional grant of 5,000l. Bailly,Duvoisin, Le Grandt Tournely, made by parliament in 1807, was in. N.Alexander,and P.Collet Comment. tended to provide more commodious Tournilii. The moral course is also lodgings for these 200 students, and divided into three branches : 1. De also to procure accommodations for Actibus Humanis, de Peccatis, de a larger number. The buildings, as Matrimonio ; 2. De Legibus, de Vir. they now exist, are calculated to re tutibus, de Sacramento Pænitentiæ ; ceive 250 students. The establish 3. De Jure et Justitia, de Contracti. ment not only affords lodgings for bus,&c. The books used in this course the students, but commons and in are Paul Antoine, and Petrus Collet. struction, and supplies them in the These the professors explain and the public halls with coals and candles scholars study. A portion of the during the hours of study. All oth New Testament is committed to erexpenses are borne by the students, memory every week. Ibid. and are estimated at about 201. a year. The whole recess enjoyed by A Prayer appointed to be used in the the members of the college with the exception of a few days at each of the
Swedish churches during the war. three great festivals, is two months ; " ALMIGHTY, just; and eternal and even during that period the stu- God, look mercifully upon thy people, "dents are not allowed to quit college who put their hope and trust in thee without special leave. At other alone.-Weimplore thy protection and times, both masters and students are defence ; for faithless enemies have obliged by statute to strict residence. unjustly made war upon us. Thou art Before admission each student must just, O God; what an encouraging produce certificates of his age, par. consolation this, in our rightful cause. entage, and baptism, and of his hav. Thou art omnipotent : what invinci. ing taken the oath of allegiance, to- ble aid may we not then look for! gether with a recommendation from Support, guard, strengthen,and endue his diocesan ; and must sign a de. with thy special grace and blessing, claration binding him to a faithful our good and beloved sovereign, unobservance of the college statutes. der all his cares for the welfare and The following is the general order of defence of his kingdom. Grant him each day :-MORNING: five o'clock, prosperity and success in all his profirst bell; half past five, common ceedings and endeavors to frustrate prayer ; six, study in halls ; half the wicked plots of our enemies.past seven, mass ; eight, breakfast ; Inspire, O Almighty God, all our nine, study in halls ; ten, class ; half hearts with one mind; so that, with past eleven, recreation ; twelve, the bravery and courage of our fore. study in halls. AFTERNOON: half fathers, we may go forth hand in hand, past one, class ; three, dinner ; five, and with united strength, for the declass for modern languages ; six, fence of all that is dear to us—our be. study in halls ; eight, supper ; nine, loved native land ! and manfully recommon prayer ; half past nine, all sist the insidious foes of its prosperi. retire in silence to their chambers. ty and independence ; drive back the The general course of study em enemies from our frontiers, crown braces humanity, Greek, belles-let. our armies with victory, and restore tres, logic, metaphysics, ethics, ele. peace and quiet to our habitations.mentary mathematics, algebra, ge Be thou with us, o God, as thou wast ometry, conic sections, astronomy, with our forefathers : they implored mechanics, optics, hydraulics, chem. thy help in the hour of danger, and istry, &c. &c.; and the modern lan- thou didst hear their prayers ; we guages, particularly English, Irish, will then never forget to give glory and French. The course of divinity to thy name, O thou Most High. is divided into dogmatical and moral. We will teach our children that thou VOL. I. New Series.
alone art the Lord, mighty to save, tion, &c. by which they procure a in whom thy people may place their livelihood.
In these respects they certain hope and trust. Vouchsafe have a considerable degree of influ. to hear us, and accept our supplica- ence among the natives, from the tions, for the sake of thy dear Son, highest to the lowest, and are looked our Savior, Jesus Christ. -Amen." npon as a kind of oracles. They have
Ibid. a cast, and highly value it : but, exINDIA.
cept in this case, no such thing exists Some particulars respecting the Bure of food with any person ; and though
in the country. They will partake
their laws forbid iheir killing an aniThe following particulars respecto mal, yet if they can procure animal food ing the manners, customs, and relig- they will eat it without scruple. jon of the Burmans, were communi.
If proper allowance be made for a cated by the Missionaries to their heathen government, foreigners will brethren at Serampore, agreeably to have no reason to complain of the the instructions they received previous laws of police. In some respects to their departure.
indeed, they enjoy advantages which The Burmans are Hindoos, as well the natives themselves do not. The as the Bengalees, but of a different principal thing, which excites their sect, and their religious superstitions jealousy respecting foreigners is, an appear to be widely different. To apprehension of their having some change their religion is no disgrace political end in view ; and this has among them. Some few of the na been the case with regard to the Eng. tives have embraced the Catholic re. lish. But if a person be well known, ligion, but we cannot find that any and conduct himself in a proper man. persecution las ever been excited, on ner, he will have very little to fear. this account, The government, we Female foreigners are as much re. are informed, never meddles with spected as others. No one can leave any thing that bears the name of re this country, unless in some official ligion, but grants privileges to all capacity, without a pass from the alike. From hence we may take en government; but this may readily be couragement to hope, that we may obtained for thirteen rupees for each be permitted to erect the standard of person. There is a law which prothe Redeemer's cross in this country. hibits the egress of females born in
The Catholics have three separate the country ; but this is sometimes places of worship in Rangoor, but at superseded by an application to some present only two priests. One is member of the royal family at Ava. sately gone to Europe to be ordained Foreigners are permitted to travel a bishop. One of the two who are into any part of the country; but it is here, came from Europe ; he knows much more difficult here than in Ben. nothing of the Burman language. gal, for want of proper conveyance. The other understands it perfectly, In no capacity could any one reside and preaches in it once a fortnight : in Rangoon with less suspicion than he is a native of Rangoon. We cannot that of a teacher of religion. Perfind that they are very zealous about sons sustaining this character, whethproselyting the natives. If any per. er christian, mahomedan, or pagan, son wishes to embrace their religion, have more privileges by order of he goes to the priest, and makes government, than those in any other known his design. The priest asks capacity. If religion only be the ob. him a few questions, to which he ject, the Burmans have no suspicion. gives a reply, on which the priest As to civilization, the Burmans baptizes him. The Catholic congre. appear in some respects rather supe. gations are not very large.
rior to the Bengalees. There are The Brahmans in this country have but few of the men but what can read no claim to the priesthood, nor does and write, though the women in it appear that they concern them general are not so well educated. selves much about religion. In gen The children are taught by the eral they are men of learning, and priests, gratis, who keep schools at profess medicine, astronomy, divina. their own houses.
State of the Fews in France, previous ordered every Jew to wear a small
to the meeting of the Parisian San wheel on his breast, to distinguish hedrim in 1806. [See Panoplist p. him from christians. Louis IX. or. 224, vol. ini.]
dered this mark to be of a yellow The Jews, have been established colour, and to be worn both before in France from the days of the ancient and behind. Philip III. in 1227, add. Gauls. They were then, as they are ed a horn on the bonnet. After en). now, traders, and onc branch of their during these and other degradations, trade was the purchase of children to during two or three hundred years, sell again. The Gauls at that time they were banished for ever by Philip paid a heavy poll tax, and the child le Rel; but Louis X. squeezing from in the cradle paid as much as his them the enormous sum of 122,500 father : the consequence was, that livres, admitted them into France, for an individual did not marry, or he 12 years only, with liberty to re. exposed his children to avoid paying deem their synagogues, their burial the tax, or he sold his children to the grounds and their books, except the Jews, who sold them again to stran Talmud : they were, however, oblig: gers.
ed to wear the wheel, to abstain from The Jews were banished from usury, and from disputation on mat. France and re-admitted several times. ters of faith. Philip V. confirmed They were expelled by Childebert this permission; Philip VI. revoked in 533; by Dagobert an hundred it ; John granted another for twenty years afterwards ; by Philip I. in years ; Charles V. another for six1096; by Philip Augustus in 1382. teen years ; Charles VI. banished When admitted, they were consider them wholly in 1394 : since which ed as stock on the grounds of their time they have been prohibited from owners; the lords sold them, ex settling in Paris, where they had occhanged them, assigned them for the cupied the market places, and seven payment of their debts. The dowry or eight streets entirely. It was of Margaret of Provence, widow of established as a maxim, by that great Louis IX. was assigned on the Jews, jurisconsultus, Gallus, that to lie with who paid her quarterly, 219 livres, 7 a few was the same thing as to lie sous, 6 derniers.
The goods and with a dog; and, on this principle, if chattels of a Jew belong to his lord, a christian woman had connexion say the Establishments of St. Louis; with a Jew, or a christian man with a baron could not be deprived of his a Jewess, the christian criminal was Jews, any more than of his colts or burnt alive.
* The annual tax per head for Jews The Council of Lateran, in 1215, was the same as that for horned cattle.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE.
thinly peopled, and bordering on the
territories of so many uncivilized Scots colony on the mountains of Cau- tribes of mahometans and heathens,
are intended to increase their activity His Imperial Majesty has been in extending trade and manufactures, pleased to grant a very remarkable and to place them, in respect to their charter to the colony of Scotchmen immunities, on the same footing with who have been settled, for the last four an Evangelical Society of Sarepta. years, in the mountains of Caucasus. They are to have the requisite addiThe rights and privileges accorded tional allotments of land, as near as to these Scotchmen, who form a de possible to the village which they tached settlement in a district so have already founded. Of these his
Majesty secures to them the perpet. and keep Kabardan, Circassian, and ual possession, promising that no other mahometan and heathenish part of the tract allotted to their com- slaves. They may freely exercise munity shall ever pass by sale, mort. every sort of trade, art, or manufacgage, or bill of emption, or on any ture, and within their own limits, other pretence, into the occupation distil and vend spirituous liquors, of strangers. They are exempt from The colony is placed under the spe. all imposts or burthens for thirty cial protection of the civil governyears ; at the end of which period ment of Caucasus. Panorama, they are, instead of poll tax, to pay 15 copecks of rent for each acre of
Phenomenon. arable land, and to pay their propor On the 13th of March last,(1807) in tion of the land tax, but to remain the afternoon, the inhabitants of the exempted from all other imposts, canton of Juchnow, in the government from the civil and military service of Smolensk, were alarmed by an un. of the state, and from the billeting commonly loud clap of thunder. At of soldiers in any of their villages. the moment of this explosion two The free exercise of their religion is peasants belonging to the village of confirmed to them, and the internal Peremeschajew, in the canton of affairs and police of the settlement Wereja, being out in the fields, pershall for ever be administered by a ceived at the distance of forty paces, magistrate chosen from among them a black stone of considerable magni. selves. His passports will be a suf- tude falling to the earth, which it ficient authority for them to travel penetrated to a considerable depth and traffic in every part of the em. beneath the snow. It was dug up pire, but not for leaving the country and found to be of an oblong square
The chief magistrate is not, without figure, of a black color, not unlike special permission, to admit to the cast iron, very smooth throughout ; privileges of a colonist any Russian resembling a coffin on one side, subject, but is at liberty to receive, and weighing about 160 pounds. as settlers, Kabardans, Circassians, This meteor stone was sent by the and every other description of ma governor of the province to the minhometans and heathens, being free ister of the interior, count Kotschumen, and taking the oath of allegiance bei, by whom it has been transmitted to his Majesty. These may also be for examination to the Imperial Acad. come converts to the religion of the emy of Sciences, at St. Petersburg. colony. The colonists may also buy
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Bronson, and others. Hopkins and Reports of Cases argued and de. Earle, Philadelphia, and Farrand, termined in the Supreme Court of Mallory, and Co. Boston. Judicature, and in the Court for the A Sermon delivered at the installa. trial of Impeachments and for the Cor. tion of Rev. Horace Holley to the rection of Errors, in the state of New pastoral care of the Church and Soci. York. By William Johnson, coun ety in Hollis street. Boston, March 8, sellor at law. Vol. 4, part 1, Febru 1809. By Joseph Eckley, D.D. Bos. ary term, 1809. N. York ; I. Riley, ton. J. Belcher,
The American Law Journal and Reports of the case of the Com. Miscellaneous Repertory, No. 4. of monwealth of Pennsylvania, versus vol. I. and No. 1. of vol. II. By John John Smith, Esq. Marshal of the U. E. Hall, Esq. Boston ; Farrand, States for the district of PennsylvaMallory, and Co. 1809.
nia. Philadelphia ; David Hogan. Select Reviews and Spirit of the 1809. Foreign Magazines, No. 5, for May,
NEW EDITIONS. 1809, with an elegant engraving of A general and connected view of Gen. Sir John Moore, K. B. By E. the Prophecies, relative to the con.
version, restoration, union, and future and New Covenant, commonly called
IN THE PRESS. iam Andrews 1809.
E. Larkin of Boston, has in the Volume X, part 2, being the 20th press, to be published in July, in 2 number of Dr. Rees' new
Cyclope. vols. in extra boards, The Letters of dia, or Universal Dictionary of Arts Pliny, the Consul. With occasional and Sciences is received and for de. remarks. By William Melmoth,Esq. livery at No. 1, Cornhill, Boston, by Thomas A. Ronalds, of New York, Lemuel Blake, agent.
has in the press, shortly to be pubTheological Tracts, No. 2. Bell lished, Doddridge's Rise and Proon the Lord's Supper. Boston ; W. gress of Religion in the Soul, to be Wells.
printed on fine wove paper and new The New Latin Primer, contain type, price 1 25. ing first, Lessons for Construing and A. Finley and W. H. Hopkins, Phi.. Parsing, which exemplify all the ladelphia, have in the press, The Life Rules of Adam's Latin Syntax. Sec. of Petrarch. Collected from Me. ond, Extracts from the Minor Latin moirs pour la vie de Petrarch. By Classics, with literal translations. Mrs. Dobson. First American, from Third, The first part of Lynes' Latin the sixth London edition. To be acPrimer. By William Bigelow, Mas- companied with an elegant engraving ter of the Public Latin Grammar of the “ Fountain of Vaucluse." In School in Boston, Massachusetts. two large 18mo. volumes of about 400 Second Edition, with improvements. pages, fine paper, at 3 dollars, hand. Boston, J. West & Co. 1809.
somely bound and lettered. Solemn Reasons for declining to
0. C. Greenleaf has in press, Me. adopt the Baptist Theory and Prac moirs of Mrs. Elizabeth Carter-by tice: In a Series of Letters to a Bap the Rev. Montague Pennington, M. tist Minister. By Noah Worcester, A.
A. Vicar of Northborn in Kent, her
An Essay on the history of Civil
once a year, The Annual Medical
Medicine in the United States, for Miscellaneous Classics, vol. 14, be. the year. By N. Chapman, M. D. ing the 4th vol. of Dr. Goldsmith's A prospectus, &c. of the work Works,ornamented with a very fine en- will appear in a few days. graving, executed by Leney. Boston ; John McCahan, Huntingdon, Penn. Hastings, Etheridge, and Bliss. 1809. proposes to republish, a Treatise up.
Child's Memorial,containing an ac. on the Life of Faith. By William count of the Early Piety and Happy Romin, M A. Lecturer of St. Dun. Death of Miss D. Doudney, of Port. stan's in the West, London. From sea, Eng. to which is added an account the fourth London edition. of Miss Sarah Barrow. Charles Manning and Loring of this town, town; Samuel T. Armstrong. 1809. propose to publish, by subscription,
The Holy Bible containing the Old a volume of original Sermons, on va