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hearts of the indigent and af. the warmth of affection which ficted, will remain unknown un. breathes in his published letters til He, who is not unrighteous to his correspondents, can never to forget the work of faith and la. fail to afford a rich repast to all, bor of love,” shall say to his peo- who can relish the familiar pleaple, "Inasmuch as ye did it unto sures, and prize the delicate fidel. one of the least of these my breth. ity of christian friendship. ren, ye have done it unto me.” In the pulpit, his whole soul

Whatever social and moral appeared to flow out in ardent virtues decorated Mr. Newton's concern for their spiritual wel. character, it would be a serious fare, so that all might perceive omission not to observe, that his his principal design was to “ win unfeigned and fervent piety gave souls to Jesus Christ.” Nor a polish to every other excel. was his labor in vain. There lence. Deep was the veneration are many living witnesses to the which he felt for the word of success of his ministrations, in God; and sedulously did he cule persons who were once dark. tivate an experimental acquaint. ness, but are become light in the ance with its hallowed contents. Lord;" and, it cannot be doubt. The writer of these lines will ed, but he has lately joined a never forget the fervor of his numerous band of disembodied devotion in prayer, nor the and perfected spirits within the hea venly spirit which he discov. ered in acts of worship.


Ecclesiastical History, Mr. C. says, conscience was exquisitely ten. “ The facts (are) incontestible,-the der; and, like a fine enamel, grand observations upon them all irwould not bear without injury refragable,--and the style, in my the slightest collisions of sin. In judgment, incomparably better than

that of Robertson or Gibbon. I would the varied walks of life, he exem

give you my reasons for thinking so, plified the consistency of the if I had not a very urgent one for dechristian ; so that even his ene clining it.” Hayley's Cowper, vol. ii. mies could not bring any criminal p. 91. charge against his practice. He

In another letter, however he thus was serious without dulness, de explains himself: “That you may

not suspect me of having said more vout without enthusiasm, zealous

than my real opinion will warrant, I without bigotry, and in a word, will tell you why. In your style, I "holy in all manner of conversa see no affectation : in every line of tion and godliness.”

theirs, nothing else. They disgust The praise of our venerable and his strut, and Gibbon with his fi.

me always : Robertson with his pomp friend, as an author, is in all the nical and French manners. churches, Most of his works, as correct as they. which have already been noticed, yourself with as much precision. will long continue to sedify the Your words are arranged with as body of Christ.” The ease and

much propriety ; but you do not set

They dis. simplicity of his style,

your periods to a tune. * and

cover a perpetual desire to exhibit

themselves to advantage ; whereas The following character of Mr. your subject ing rosses you ;, they Newton's writings, from the incom- sing, and you say ; which, as history parable per of Cowper, will weigh is a thing to be said, and not sung, is with the public far more than any in my judgment very much to your thing we can offer :-Speaking of his advantage.”

Ibid. p.101.

You are You express

veil, whom he was made instru. gathered into her sacred garner. mental in raising to an inherit. To conclude :-He was esteemed ance among the sanctified. The and beloved in life, honored seed which he cast on the watered and deplored in death ; and now furrows, will be seen too after he rests from his labors, with many days; and to him the church “the goodly fellowship of the will long feel herself greatly in- prophets and of the apostles !" debted, for the stores which he



From the best authority we Hence all men are bound to reg. are assured, that “all scripture ulate their faith and conduct by is given by inspiration of God, the doctrines and rules therein and is profitable for doctrine, for contained. reproof, for correction, for in These several things, with restruction in righteousness.” The spect to the Bible, have hun. whole scripture is of divine in- dreds of times been clearly illus. spiration, and is profitable for trated and established ; and the the highest purposes. It is fit. cavils, urged against them by in. ted for doctrine, as it places the fidel writers, have been fully exfundamental principles of relig- posed and refuted. ion in the view, it gives us of the To enter the list of contro. divine nature and perfections ; versy with deists is not the ob. it is fitted to correct and reprove ject of the writer ; nor is it his all errors in opinion and prac. object to attempt a defence of tice, correctly instructing in the

our holy religion, but to reprinciples of righteousness, and mark on those books, contained effectually leading those, who in some editions of the Holy Bitruly submit to it, from one de. ble, called the Apocrypha. gree of holiness to another, That these books, although (which will continually advance) they contain much useful and in proportion to the regard, important instruction, constitute which is paid to this blessed no part of canonical scriptore, book of God.

we shall attempt to prove

from The book, which we call the several topics of argument. Bible, is of supreme and divine Those books, which we reauthority, written by men spe- ceive as inspired scripture, are cially inspired for that purpose called canonical, to distinguish by the spirit of God. By the same them from books called apocry, authority and by the same men phal, and from other uninspired it has been published and deliv. writings. They are so denomi. ered, as worthy of all accepta. nated from the Greek word kation, for the use and improve. non a rule or measure ; for as ment of men to the end of time. the civil law how fitly may be

termed the rule of a common. parts of this argument, it will be wealth, because the citizens ought attempted briefly to illustrate to live conformably to it; so is and establish. The first pro. divine scripture the rule of the position is evident from ser. church, according to which its eral express declarations of ca. members are to regulate their nonical scripture, “ The pro. faith and practice.

phecy came not in old time by The word Apocrypha signifies the will of man; but holy men hidden, secret or doubtful, and of God spake, as they were mor. the several books, included in ed by the Holy Ghost.” Hence this name, are called apocry. they are called “the scriptures of phal because,

the prophets, according to the 1. Their authority has always commandment of the everlasting been doubted or denied by the God, made known to all nations church ; nor were they ever ac- for the obedience of faith.” The knowledged or received by the great Inspirer of scripture hath ancient church as books divine. assured us that “He spake by Jy inspired.

the mouth of his holy prophets, 2. Because none of them were which have been since the world contained in the ark of the cov. began.” enant, where the Jews deposited These passages prove that the their sacred writings.

books of the Old Testament were 3. Because they are of uncer. written by prophets, or persons tain and concealed original; and, divinely inspired. An elaborate

4. Because, for these reasons, proof of this position is not in. it was not allowable publicly tended, nor will it be expected to read them in the assemblies of by the christian reader.

But, God's people. These particu. should he consider the proof as lars are substantiated by such deficient, it is hoped that the authorities as to preclude, it is deficiency will be supplied beit is believed, all reasonable fore the subject is dismissed. doubt.

The stamp of divine inspiration, That the books contained in which we find on the books of the Apocrypha, are not of divine the Old Testament, is not to be inspiration, and therefore ought found on the books of the Apocnot to be received as canonical rypha. None of these were writ. scripture, it will now be at- ten by men, “ moved by the tempted more fully to prove by Holy Ghost.”

This position the following arguments, which admits satisfactory proof. the writer has collected in the Malachiis universally acconrse of his reading on the sub- knowledged by believers in reve. ject.

lation to have been the last of 1. All the books of the Old the Jewish prophets under the Testament were written by pro. legal dispensation. Between him phets, or persons divinely in- and John the Baptist no prophet spired; bat none of the apocry. existed. But the apocryphal phal books were written by such books were written after the time persons; therefore they are not of Malachi's prophecy. This, to be acknowledged and receiv. if not universally, is generally ed as canonical. The several acknowledged by writers on the Vol. I. Nero Series.


subject. Hence it is evident, committed unto them, intimate that these books could not have that they had ever been guilty of been written by any of the pro- this crime. Indeed we find them phets.

no where, in the New Testament With much propriety and per. accused of having concealed or tinence it may farther be observ. disowned any portion of their ed, that had the apocryphal scriptures.

From this circumbooks been written by the an. stance it may be safely inferred, cient prophets of God, Jesus that they faithfully preserved and Christ would unquestionably explicitly acknowledged all the have used them as witnesses books of the Old Testament as that he was indeed the Messiah, canonical scripture. But it is and that his doctrines were di. certain, that they never acknowl. vine, as he employed the pro- edged the apocryphal books, as phetic writings to these pur. of divine inspiration. Is it not poses. But, as neither Christ, therefore an obvious consequence nor his apostles made this use of that these books were not writ. the apocryphal books, the evi- ten by inspiration of the Spirit of dence is very forcible ; and, it is God? believed, must be satisfactory to 3. Our Saviour gave his testithe reflecting mind, that these mony to the books of the Old books were not written by the Testament, as of divine original, prophets or men divinely in. by quoting from them, and by spired.

declaring that they alluded to 2. The Jewish church ac. him as the Messiah. He thus knowledged and received, as ca. addressed his disciples after his nonical scripture, all the books resurrection, “These are the of the Old Testament, but never words, which I spake unto you, thus acknowledged and received while I was yet with you, that the apocryphal books. From all things must be fulfilled, which this circumstance it is believed, were written in the law of Moses, that much and even conclusive and in the prophets, and in the evidence is deducible, that these Psalms concerning me, &c." In books are not of divine inspira- this passage are summarily comtion.

prised all the books in the Old Had the Jewish church re Testament scriptures, in these jected any part of canonical three classes, the law, the prophscripture, Christ and his apostles ets, and the psalms, As this tes. would undoubteilly have censur. timony of our Saviour confirms ed and condemned them for so the writings of the Old Testadoing. But for this, it does not mentas canonical scripture, so it appear, that they ever merited seems evidently to exclude from any censure. Although Christ the sacred canon all the apocry. reproved them for unjust inter. phal books. pretation of their sacred writings, It will further contribute yet he does not charge them with to the establishment of our ob. the rejection of any part of ca- ject, to observe that the fathers 'Bonical scripture; nor does the a. in the christian church unite in "postle Paul, when speaking of the implicit testimony, that the aoracles of God, as having been pocrypbal books never received

a place among the books either vision for their being convened. of the Old or New Testament The apostle Paul thought it scriptures. The council of needful to vindicate his preach. Laodicea, holden in the year of ing at Corinth, as not going beour Lord 368, reckoning up the yond the line marked out in his books of canonical scripture, as commission. Other ministers of we now have them, and which Christ, whether evangelists or only they direct to be read pub- pastors of churches, are no less licly in christian assemblies, obligated to be able to show, make no mention of the books that they do not stretch themof the Apocrypha. From this selves beyond their measure; eicircumstance it is reasonable to ther to dispense the word, or to infer, that these books make no bear rule in the house of God. part of inspired scripture. That The apostle's declaration is, “We this is indeed the case is presump- will not boast of things without tively evident.

our measure, but according to 5. From the style and much the measure of the rule which of the matter of the apocryphal God hath distributed to us, a books. It requires but little measure to reach even unto you." acuteness of mind to discover, in Christians, who rely on the the character of each, satisfacto. fulness of the Bible, as the rule ry evidence that these books of their faith and practice, will are merely human compositions. trust to its sufficiency to teach Instead of the gravity and maj- the discipline of the church, as esty,the surprising sublimity,and well as all gospel duties. To yet the beautiful and captivating this book, not to any human simplicity of the scripture style, authority, are we to look for the we find in them, in many in. guidance and justification of our stances, the characters of levity, actions. And here may be found of affectation, of idle curiosity, the powers which Christ has en. &c. And in their matter, there trusted to his ministers, the form are so many things frivolous and of his church, the officers he em. trifling, ridiculous and absurd, ploys in it, and the extent of false and superstitious, contra. their jurisdiction ; with various dictory to canonical scripture, commands and examples illustraand even contradictory to them- tive of their work, as appointed selves, that the sober enquirer to feed the church of God. must be led to reject them, as in. When Christ ascended and spired writings, and to pronounce gave gifts to men, he

gave them merely human compositions. Some apostles; and some pro.

N-E. phets; and some evangelists; and (To be continued.)

pastors and teachers.”

Pastors and teachers are the or. ON CHURCH GOVERNMENT. dinary officers of his church, au.

The importance of ecclesias. thorized to preach the word and tical councils to the order and bear rule. They have two dis. government of churches, renders tinct offices united ; as rulers it interesting to understand clear. they are pastors; as dispensers of ly the authority given them in the word they are teachers. the New Testament, and its pro. Hence arise the duties enjoju.


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