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tute, to have a considerable force sent to support them 1704, from Dunkirk.

The duke of Queensberry being now laid afide, his collegue, the earl of Cromarty, remained sole secretary of state. The earl of Leven was initalled governor of LJinburghcastle in the room of the earl of March, and the earl of Glaigow removed from the place of treasurer-deputy, but his place was not filled.

On the 6th of July the parliament being met, the Proceedo queen's commission, appointing the marquis of Tweedale ings of the to represent her royal person, was recorded ; and, five days parliaafter, the lord-commissioner presented to them the follow

Scotland. ing letter from her majesty :


hist, of ANNE R.


Lockhart, My lords and gentlemen, " Othing has troubled us more, since out accession to “ the crown of these realms, than the unsettled state “ of affairs in that our ancient kingdom.

" We hoped, that the foundations of differences and “ animosities, that, to our great regret, we discovered “ among you, did not lie so deep, but that, by the " methods we have proceeded in, they might have been “ removed.

" But, instead of success in our endeavours, the rent is “ become wider. Nay, divisions have proceeded to such " a height, as to prove matter of encouragement to our " enemies beyond fea to employ thcir emislaries among s you in order to debauch our good subjects from their « allegiance, and to render that our ancient kingdom a “ scene of blood and disorder, merely, as they speak, to

make you serve as a diversion.

“ But we are willing to hope, that none of our sub“ jects, but such as were obnoxious to the laws for their “ crimes, or men of lo'and desperate fortunes, or that “ are otherwise inconsiderable, have given ear to such per“ nicious contrivances. And we have no reason to doubt " of the assurances given us by those now intrusted with “our authority, that they will use their utmost endeavours “ to convince our people of the advantage and recetlity of the prelent measures. For we have always been in" clined to believe, tnat the late miliakes did not pro“ ceed fioin any want of duty and respect to us, but

A 4

" only

« only from different opinions as to measures of govern66 ment.

" This being the case, we are resolved, for the full " contentment and satisfaction of our people, to grant 66 whatever can, in reason, be demanded for rectifying of « abuses, and quieting the minds of all our good sub" jects.

is In order to this, we have named the marquiss of ,4 Tweedale our high-commissioner, he being a person,

“ of whose capacity and probity, or qualifications and u dispositions to serve us and the country, neither we 66 nor you can have any doubt. And we have fully « impowered him to give you unquestionable proofs of e our resolution to maintain the government, both in “ church and state, as by law established, in that our « kingdom ; and to consent to such laws, as shall be " found wanting for the further security of both, and os preventing all encroachments on the same for the fu66 ture.

" Thus having done our part, we are persuaded, that 66 you will not fail to do yours, but will lay hold on 6s this opportunity to shew the world the sincerity of the 6 professions made to us, and that it was the true love 66 of your country, and the sense of your duty to it; 6 and therefore not the want of duty to us (for we shal} 66 always reckon these two inconsistent) that was at the 66 bottom of the late misunderstandings.

" The main thing, that we recommend to you, and or which we recommend to you with all the carnestnefs or we are capable of, is the settling of the succession in as the protestant line, as that which is absolutely necef« fary, for your own peace and happiness, as well as our " quiet and security in all our dominions, and for the re66 putation of our affairs abroad ; and consequently for the « strengthening the protestant intercft every where. .

" This has been our fixt judgment and resolution 66 ever since we came to the crown; and, though hi" therto opportunities have not answered our intentions, " matters are now come to that pass, by the undoube« ed evidence of the designs of our enemies, that a " Jongưr delay of settling the succession in the prote" Itant line may have very dangerous consequences; and 66 a disappointment of it would infallibly make that our

« king


« kingdom the seat of war, and expose it to devastation, 16 and ruin.

" As to the terms and conditions of government, with “ regard to the successor, we have impowered our com“ missioner to give the royal aflent to whatever can, in “ reaion, he demanded, and is in our power to grant for “ securing the sovereignty and liberties of that our ancient i kingdom.

" We are now in a war, which makes it necessary to « provide for the defence of the kingdom ; the time of " the funds, that were lately given for maintenance of the

land forces, being expired, and the said funds exhausted, “ provision ought also to be made for supplying the ma“ gazines with arms, and ammunition, and repairing the "s forts and caftles, and for the charge of the frigates, that “ prove so useful for guarding the coasts.

6 We earneitly recommend to you whatever may con“ tribute to the advancement of true piety, and discourage“ ment of vice and immorality; and we doubt not, but 66 you will take care to encourage trade, and improve the “ product and manufactories of the nation ; in all which, « and every thing else, that can be for the good and « happiness of our people, you shall have our hearty and « ready concurrence. We Thall only add, that unanimity " and moderation in all your proceedings' will be of great “ use for bringing to a happy iflue the important affairs, « that we have laid before you, and will be also most acs ceptable to us. So we bid you heartily farewel.” Given at our court at Windsor-castle, the 25th day of

June 1704, and of our reign the third year.

The queen's letter was seconded by the speeches of the high-commissioner and lord-chancellor, all tending to the setiling the succession, which was the first debate (a). A great party was now wrought on, when they understood that the settlement of 1641 was to be offered thenr. For the wiseft patriots in that kingdom had always mag


(a) The earl of Cromarty be applied to the queen ; she made allo a strange speech had but one will, and that was (which was printed) running revealed : But notwithstanding into a distinction among din this speech, it was itill suspect vines, between the revealed and ed, that at leait her ministera secret will of God, sewing, had a secret will in this case. that no such distinction could

1704. nified that constitution, as the best contrived scheme that

could be desired : so they went in, with great zeal, to the accepting of it. But those who, in the former session, had rejected all the motions of treating with England with some scorn, and had made this their constant topic, that they must, in the first place, secure their own constitution at home, and then they might trust the rest to time, and to such accidents as time might bring forth ; now when they saw that every thing that could be desired was offered with relation to their own government, they (being resolved to oppose any declaration of the succesion, what terms foever might be granted to obtain it) turned the argument wholly another way, to fhew the neceflity of a previous treaty with England. They were upon that told, that the queen was ready to grant them every thing that was reasonable, withi relation to their own contitution, yet, without the concurrence of the parliarnent of England, the could grant nothing in which England was concerned; for they were for demanding a share of the plantation-trade, and that their ships

might be comprehended within the act of navigation. July 13.

Pursuant to the scheine of a treaty before the succession was fixed, the duke of Hamilton presented a resolve, “ That " this parliament would not proceed to name a succeflor to " the crown, until the Scots had a previous treaty with “ England, in relation to commerce and other concerns.” The courtiers, not expecting the cavaliers would have be. gun so early to oppose the Succeifion, were not a little fura prised and perplexed at this resolve, and all they could do for the present was to procure a vote, that it thould lie on the table till the next meeting four days after. The duke of Hamilton having then moved the resuming of the consideration of his resolve, it occafioned a warm debate, in which Fletcher of Sallon, in a particular manner, represented the hardships and miseries which the Scots had suffered since the union of the two crowns under one sovereign, and the impossibility of bettering their condition, unless they took care to prevent any design that tended to continue the fame. Upon this, the earl of Rothes presented another resolve, “ That this parliament would immediately proceed "6 to make such limitations and conditions of governinent, 66 as might be judged proper for rectifying the constitution, « and to vindicate and secure the sovereignty and indepen“ dency of the nation; and then the parliament would take

into consideration the other resolve offered by the duke of “ Hamilton for a treaty, previous to the noinination of a

“ fucceflor si successor to the crown." This occasioned a new debate, 1704. wherein the court-party earnestly urged the settling the succesiion, before the house proceeded to any other bufiness; and, on the other hand, the cavaliers made very sharp re. fections on the proceedings of the parliament of England, with relation to the plot, which had great influence on many members wholly unacquainted with that affair. However, the court-party, thinking they were strong enough to give the earl of Rothes's motion the preference to the duke of Hamilton's resolve, insisted to have the question stated, Which of the two should come first under the consideration of the house? Upon which, great heats arose, and Sir James Falconer of Phesdo spoke to this purpose, “ That he “ was very glad to see such an emulation in the house, 6 upon account of the nation's interest and security: that “ he thought both the resolves under their consideration so “ good and necessary, that it was pity they fiould clash " with one another; he therefore moved, that it be re“ folved, that this parliament will not proceed to the no. ~ mination of a successor, until there was a previous treaty " with England, for regulating the commerce and other, “ affairs with that nation : and, that this parliament will “ proceed to make such limitations and conditions of go. “ vernment, as may secure the religion, liberty, and inde" pendency of this nation, before they proceed to the nomi« nation of a successor to the crown." This joint resolve being put to the vote, it was carried by a majority of fifty-five voices. Of these, about thirty were in immediate dependence on the court, and were determined according to directions given them. However, they went no farther in this vote for a treaty with England; for they could not agree among themselves who should be the commissioners, and those, who opposed the declaring the succession, were concerned for no more, when that affair was laid alide. It was therefore postponed, as a matter about which they took no farther care.

The cavaliers were extremely elated by this victory; and the duke of Athol, lord privy-feal, and one of their leaders, . . moved, “ That her majesty having been pleased to signify " by her commissioner, that the examination of the plot " Thould be laid before the parliament, his grace would be “ pleased to write to her majesty, to send down the persons, "s who were witnesies, and all the papers relating to that “plos, as soon as posible, that the affair migh ibe thoroughly “ examined: and those, who were unjuftiy accused, mighe

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