Page images
PDF
EPUB

rals, raw anthe French amall the artsries, and com

The duke of Marlborough, upon his returą to England, 1704. and first coming to the house of peers, received the following compliment from the lord-keeper in the name of that The duke house :

s i
... ',. , of Marl,

,borough My lord duke of Marlborough,

compliTHE happy success that hath attended her majesty's arms mented at 1 under your grace's command in Germany the last

2 his return

ant by the campaign, is so truly great, so truly glorious in all its cir« cumstances, that few instances in the history of former er. Dec. « ages can equal, much less excel the lustre of it. . 15.

" Your grace has not overthrown young unskilful gene66 rals, raw and undisciplined troops ; but your grace has 66 conquered the French and Bavarian armies; armies that

were fully instructed in all the arts of war, select veteu ran troops, Aushed with former victories, and command. .. « ed by generals of great experience and bravery...,

" The glorious victories your grace-, has obtained at .

Schellenberg and Hochstet, are very great, very illustri16 ous in themselves : but they are greater still in their con“ sequences to her majesty and her allies, : The emperor « is thereby relieved; the empire itself freed from a dan" gerous enemy in the very bowels of it; the exorbitant “ power of France is checked ; and, I hope, a happy step " made towards reducing of that monarch within his due « bounds, and securing the liberties of Europe. .". The honour of these glorious victories, great as they 46. are, under the immediate 'blessing of almighty God, is “ chiefly, if not alone, owing to your grace's conduct and 66 valour. .. i :

“ This is the unanimous voice of England, and all her 6 majesty's allies.

“ My lord, this moft honourable house is highly sensible « of the great and signal services your grace, has done her 6 majesty this campaign, and of the immortal honour you. “ have done the English nation, and have commanded me " to give you their thanks for the fame. And I do accord« ingly give your grace the thanks of this house for the " great honour your grace has done the nation, and for the 66 great and signal services you have done her majesty and .“ this kingdom, the last campaign." '

The duke's answer was as follows :

The
My lords,

duke's an. “I am extremely sensible of the great honour your swer.

« lord.

Wher great fatisfietraordinary Success of this Next to this

1704-5. “lordships are pleasod to do me. I must beg, on this oc

«casion, to do right to all the officers and foldiers I had

the honour of having under my command. Next to the 66 blessing of God, the good success of this campaign is '« owing to their extraordinary courage. I am sure it will « be a great satisfaction, as well as encouragement to the

« whole army, to find their services fo favourably, acv« cepted.”

The fame day, a committee of the house of commons waited on the duke, to give him also the thanks of that

house. The Marshal de Tallard, with the other French generals, French being now at the queen's disposal, the had a fair opportuprisoners nity of Chewing her resentment of the late haughty and sent to contemptuous behaviour of the French towards her royal Notting: person and dignity. For, to omit other insults, it is reham and markable, that, when the lord Cutts was about settling a Litchfeld: cartel with their commiffioners, they would not allow his

title of lieutenant-general of the queen of England's forces
but only of the English forces; upon which, the conferences
were broke off. For this, and some other reasons, it was
resolved to give the French prisoners some small mortifica.
tion, by letting them lie two nights on board the Catharine
and William and Mary yatehs - in the river ; and by fuffers
ing no person of diftinétion to have access to them. And it
is to be observed, that the earl of Feversham having asked
the duke of Marlborough, “Whether he might go and see
« his old friend the marshal de Tallard! The duke told
ti him, That he believed the queen would not refuse him
« leave, if he asked it of her :" Which the earl took for a
foft denial, and forbore to make any application to see the
marshal, who, with the rest of the French prisoners, landed
on the 16th of December, at Blackwall, where they were
magnificently entertained at dinner by Mr Jackson, and,
in the afternoon, set out in several coaches for Barnet, in
their way to Nottingham and Litchfield, where her majefty
thought fit they should refide (1). They were accompanied by
general Churchill, and attended by a detachment of the duke

of

(1) At Nottingham, marshal.goons, the marquis de Valle. de Tallard; the marquis de fame, the marquis de Sappe.

Monperoux, general of horse; ville, che marquis de Silly, the : the count de Blanzac, lieute- chevalier de Croissy, the marquis

nant-general; the marquis de de la Valiere, major-generals; Hautefeuille, general of dra. monsieur de St. Second, briga.

of Northumberland's royal règiment' of horse-guards, who 1904-5. were also ordered to guard them at Nottingham and Litchfield as prisoners, being allowed all manner of freedom, both in those places and ten miles round about.

On the 3d of January, the standards and colours, taken at Blenheim, were set up in Westminster-hall, and three days after, the duke of Marlborough was entertained by the city of London. Two days before, Dr. Delaune, Vicechancellor of Oxford, accompanied by several of the heads · of houses, the proctors, and other principal members of the university, attended the queen wirh a printed copy of the speeches and verses fpoken in the theatre on New-year's day. They presented at the same time an address to her majelty, importing, “ That the exercise performed in their « theatre, was in honour of the great success of her ma“ jesty's arms the last year in Germany, under the admirable " conduct and invincible courage of the duke of Marlbó. " rough; and at sea under the most brave and faithful 'ad“ miral, Sir George Rooke ; actions as beneficial as they “ were glorious, by which the empire was freed from the « power of France, and treachery of Bavaria, Charles III. " possessed of Gibraltar, a happy presage of his speedy set" clement in his kingdoms, commerce in the Mediterrá« néan secured, and the greatest check, that was 'ever given “ to the ambitious designs of France. Concluding with " their prayers to God, that he would still reward her más « jefty's pious care and concern for the established church, * by the continuance of victory to her arms." The queen returned a cold answer to this address, defiting, however, the vice-chancellor to let the university know, " how « kindly the took chis instance of their zeal ;” but adding, « that as they might be assured of her protection, fo the « 'would not doubt of their care to encourage those princi5 ples which would promote the peace and welfare of her at self and all her subjects." The truth was, that the duke

sof

dier; chę marquis de Valley, , monsieur de Balincourt, món. colonel of dragoons : A Litch, fieus de Saúlveboeuf, monsieur feld, the marquis de Marivaux, de Montenay, 'monfiear de Cal. lieutenant-general; monsieur de lart, monfieur de Crefly, 'colola Melfiliere, monsieur Jolly, nels of foot; mondeur de Li monsieur d'Amigoy, brigadiers ; ' gondais, the baron de Htyder, monfieur de St. Maurice, the colonels of horfe ; monsieur de coun: de Lionne, the marquis Price, and monsieur d'Aurival, de Lassey, she baron d'EIA, colonels of dragoons.

1704-56 of Marlborough's friends were greatly offended with an ad

dress, which set the actions of the admiral upon the same level with those of the captain-general. And, as the university of Oxford spoke the sense of the whole high-church party, so it was not long before the court, who now espoused

the opposite interest, Thewed their resentment of it. The ma. On the IIth of January, the commons took into connor of fideration the great services performed by the duke of MarlWood borough the last summer; and Sir Christopher Musgrave, stock settled on the

who, in a former fesion, had chiefly opposed a motion for dule of rewarding the duke, being now silenced, as it was thought. Marlbo by a promise of a place for his son, it was unanimously rerough. solved to present an address to her majesty, expressing, “ć the

« great sense this house had of the glorious victories ob“ tained by the forces of her majesty and her allies under " the command of the duke of Marlborough ; and humbly " defiring her majesty to consider of some proper means to « perpetuate the memory of the great services performed « by his grace.” The queen took a few days to consider of this address; and, on the 17th sent the following message to the commons,.” That the inclined to grant the interest “ of the crown in the honour and manor of Woodstock, " and hundred of Wooton, to the duke of Marlborough

and his heirs; and the lieutenancy and rangership of the « parks, with the rents and profits of the manors and hun« dreds, being granted for two lives, her majesty thought « it proper that incumbrance should be cleared.” Hereupon the commons ordered a bill to be brought in, to enable the queen to grant the honour and manor of Woodstock, and hundred of Wooton, to the duke of Marlborough and his heirs; and resolved to address the queen to advance the money for clearing the forementioned incumbrances. The queen not only complied with this address, but likewise ordered the comptroller of her works to build in. Woodstock-park a magnificent palace, called Blenheim-House. The plan of this magnificent building was formed by Sir John Vanburgh, in which extent and stability seem to be more studied than art and beauty... .

By this time Sir George Rooke had been laid aside ; and it was publicly declared, that the lord-high-admiral had appointed Sir Cloudesley Shovel, admiral of the white squadron, to be rear-admiral of England, and admiral and commander in chief of her majesty's feet. Sir John Leake, who had distinguished himself in the late sea-fight, and had been very

successful fuccessful in the seasonable relief of Gibraltar, was at the 1704-5. same time appointed vice-admiral of the white squadron ; Sir George Byng, vice-admiral of the blue; Sir Thomas Dilks, rear-admiral of the red ; William Whetstone, rearadmiral of the white; Sir John Jennings, rear-admiral of the blue, in the room of Sir James Wishart, who laid down his commission.

Complaints of the mismanagement both at the board of Comthe prince of Denmark's council, as lord-high-admiral, and plaints of at fea, rose now very high. The house of commons, dur- the admi. ing the whole continuance of the parliament, never ap-Talty. pointed a committee to look into those matters which had burnet.. been formerly a main part of their care. They saw, that en things were ill conducted, but the chief managers of seaaffairs were men of their party; and that atoned for all faults, and made them unwilling to find them out, or to consure them. The truth was, the prince was prevailed on to continue still in the admiralty, by those who sheltered themselves under his name, though this brought a great load on the government. The lords proceeded as they had done in the former sessions, examining into all complaints.

They named two committees, the one to examine the books of the admiralty, the other to consider the proceedings at sea. No progress was made in the first of these; for, tho' there was a great deal fuggefied in private, yet, since this feemed to be complaining of the prince, none would appear directly against him. But the proceedings at sea afforded matter enough, both for enquiry and censure. The most important, and that which had the worst consequences, was, that, though there were twenty two fhips appointed for cruising, yet they had followed that service so remissly, and the orders sent them were so languid and so little urgent, that three diligent cruising ihips could have performed all the services done by that numerous feet. This was made out in a scheme, in which all the days of their being at sea were reckoned up, which did not exceed what three cruisers inight have performed. It did not appear, whether this was only the effect of floth or ignorance, or if there lay any defigned treachery at the botiom. It seemed very plain, that there was treachery somewhere, at least among the under-officers; for, a French privateer being taken, there were found among his papers instructions fent him by his owners, in which he was directed to lie in fomnc stacions, and to avoid others; and it happened, that this agreed to exactly with the orders sent from the admiralıv, that it seemed it could Vol. XVI.

not

med to be seat deal lugter in the firlf oft e proceedings oks

F

« PreviousContinue »