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at their pleasure. The party in the commons put their 1704. whole ftrength on the carrying this point. They went farthet in their design ; that, which was truly aimed at by those in the secret, was to break the war, and to force a peace. They knew, that a bill with this tack could not pass in the house of peers; for: fome lords, even of their own party confeffed, that they would never pass it in that manner. By this means money would be stopped ; and this would throw all matters into great confusion both at home and abroad, and dispose the allies, as despairing of any help from England, to accept of such terms as France would offer them. Thus, an artful design was formed, to break, or at leaft to shake, the whole alliance. The court was very apprehensive of this, and the lord -treasurer Godolphin oppoled it with much zeal. The party disowned the design for some time, till they had brought up their whole strength, and thought they were sure of a majority. The debate held long: Those, who opposed the tacking, urged, that it was a change of the whole conftitution, and was in effect turns ing it into a commonwealth, for it imported the denying, not only to the lords, but to the crown, the free use of their negative in the legislature. If this was once settled, then, w often as the public occasions made a money-bill necessary, every thing, which the majority in the commons had a mind to, would be tacked to it. It is true, some tacks had been made co money-bills in king Charles's time; but even those had Atill fome relation to the money, which was given. But in this case a bill, whose operation was only for one year, and which determined as soon as the four shillings in the pound were paid, was to have a perpetual law tacked to it, which must continue in force, after the greatest part of the ad was expired. Besides these arguments, Mr. Secretary Hedges and the Lord Cutts represented to the house, that the duke of Marlborough had lately concluded a treaty with the king of Pruffia for eight thousand of his men, to be employed towards the relief of the duke of Savoy, who was in most imminent danger. That these troops were actually on their march, upon the credit of a vote of that house, that they would make good her majesty's treaties : And that the obfructing the money-bills, which the tacking would infallibly do, would put an immediate stop to the march of those troops, and thereby occasion the intire ruin of the duke of Savoy. The dord Cucts urged, " That the English nation u was now in the higheft confideration abroad. That all 4 Europe was attentive to the resolutions of this parliament ;

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1704.

" and that, if any divisions should happen between the two
« houses, it would cast a damp upon the whole confederacy,
" and give the French king almost as great advantage, as
“ we had gained over him at Blenheim." Mr. Boyle, chan-
cellor of the Exchequer, spoke on the same side, and asked,
" Whether any wise man amongst them would venture hisi
“ whole estate upon a vote?” And, answering himself in the
negative, Then, added he, shall we now venture the safety
of all England, nay, of all Europe, upon this vote? Sir
John Hollis perceiving, that many members had left the
high-church party, observed, “That for his own part, he.
“ had been against this bill from the beginning, but he won-
« déred, that those gentlemen, who had all along pretend-i
" ed, that the church of England was on the brink of ruin,
“ unless such a bill should pass, did not pursue the only
" method, that might secure the passing of that bill. I put:
« it (added he) to the conscience of those gentlemen, who
“ are come over to us, whether they were before fatif-
« fied, as to the reasonableness and neceffity: of this bill,
w since now they desert their own friends! I wish they had
“ voted on our side-two years ago, for it would have saved
ų us a great deal of trouble, the greatest part of the nation

a great deal of uneasiness, and themselves the confusion « of abandoning their party at a pinch.”

Sir Thomas Littleton spoke on the fame fide, and said, " By the tacking of this

bill, we mean to throw a necessity « upon the lords to pass it. But suppose the lords think « fit toʻuntack what we have tacked, and to acquaint us " that they are ready to pass the money-bill, but will cons « sider of the other; whose fault will the nation account it " to be, that the queen's business is retarded? In answer to all these objections, some precedents were alledged, and the neceffity of the bill for the preservation of the church was urged, which they saw was not like to pass, unless sent to the lords fo 'accompanied; which some thought was very wittily expressed by calling it a portion annexed to the church, as in a marriage; and they said they did not doubt but thofe of the court would exert themselves to get it paf; sed, when it was accompanied with two millions as its price. Upon the division, the tack was rejected by a majority of two hundred and fifty one voices against one hundred and thirty-four.

Thus that design was lost by those who had built all their hopes upon it, and were now highly offended with some of their own party, who had, by their opposition,

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* wrought themselves into good places, and forsook that in- 1704

terest to which they owed their advancement. These, to redeem themselves with their old friends, seemed still zealous for the bill, which afterwards went on coldly and slowly in the occathe house of commons, for they lost all hopes of carrying it fional-bill in the house of lords, now that the mine they had laid was

set {prung. However, it was sent up on the 14th of Decem- the lords,

is debated ber; and the next day it was read for the first time. If the queen had not been present, there would have been no long

jected by debate on that head, for it was scarce possible to say much, them. that had not been formerly said'; but to .give her majesty Burnet. full information, since it was supposed that she had heard Pr. H.C. that matter only on one side, it was resolved to open the III. whole in her hearing. The topics most infifted on were, the quiet that the nation enjoyed by the toleration, on which head the severities of former reigns were laid open, both in their injustice, cruelty, and their being managed only to advance popery, and other bad designs. The peaceable behaviour of the diffenters, and the zeal they expressed for the queen and her government, were likewise copiously set forth, while others thewed a malignity to it.

That which was chiefly urged was, that every new law made in the matter, altered the state of things from what it was, when the act for toleration first passed. This gave the disfenters an alarm : they might from thence justly conclude, that one step would be made after another, till the whole effect of that act should be overturned. It did not appear, from the behaviour of any among them, that they were not contented with the toleration they enjoyed, or that they were carrying on designs against the church. In that case it might be very reasonable to look for a further security; but nothing tending that way was so much as pretended : all went on jealousies and fears, the common topics of sedition. On the other hand, to support the bill, all stories were brought up to thew how restless and unquiet that fort of men had been in former times. The archbishop of York declared, " That he was for so much of the bill as con"cerned the church.” Whereupon the earl of Peterborough said, " That he was glad to hear that learned pre“ late make a diftinction between the ecclesiastical and poli“tical part of the bill; and he hoped, that all the lords, “ who, in their consciences, were satisfied, as his grace “ seemed to be, that this bill was framed to serve a tempo“ral, as well as a spiritual end, would vote against it.” The question being put, whether the bill should

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1704.

second time, it was carried in the negative by a majority of seventy-one voices against fifty ; fifty-one members prefent, and twenty proxies, being for rejecting it; and thirty-three peers in the house, and seventeen proxies, for giving it a

second reading Debate By this time the lords were engaged in an affair which concern. made no less noise than the conformity-bill, and was occaing Scot- fioned by a speech of lord Haversham ; his lordship having land.

acquainted the peers, that he had matters of great importPr. H. L.

ance to lay before them, but that he desired it should be in III. Hit. of

a full house ; all the lords in town and in the neighbourhood Europe.

were summoned to attend three days after, when his lordBurnet. ship made a speech, of which these are the most remarkable

passages :

“ I would be far from detracting or lessening any man's “ just praise, and do really believe, that the wonderful « victory obtained over the French, under the conduct and “ command of prince Eugene and the duke of Marlborough, “ if considered in all its circumstances, especially the un“ usual secrecy with which the orders were executed, is the “ greatest any history can lew us.

“ And, though our success at sea was not equal to whát « it was at land, yet the English courage and bravery “ Thewed itself the same. I cannot indeed congratulate Sír “ George Rooke's intire victory over the French; but I can, « and do most heartily, his fafe deliverance from them.

« Let our victories be what they will ashore, while France * is thus powerful at sea, and more so daily, not only by “ her new additions, but by our too easy conceffions, as “ were those of St. Christopher's, Newfoundland, and Hud. « fon's-bay ; while our trade is thus neglected, and your “ lordships faithful and provident advice baffled by the dark « counsels of no body knows who; England, in my opi“ nion, can never be safe.

“ Another thing that I shall take notice of, is the present « state of the coin

; and I dare venture to say, that, if such “ vast exportations be much longer continued and allowed, “ we thall have very little left at home. France may be “ beaten, but England must be beggared. I know we are “ not lo sensible of this, because there is a paper-money “ now current ; but, should there ever happen to be a stop “ there, I pray God preserve us from finking all at once.

“ The last thing that I fall mention to your lordships, « is in relation to Scotland. I think I need but lay before “ your lordships the true matrer of fact to convince you how

« much

“ much it deserves your confideration. A little before the 1704. « balt sitting down of the parliament there, it was thought « necessary to make some alteration in that ministry, and “ accordingly some were displaced to make room for others, “ taking some from each party, who might infuence the “ rett. Things being thus prepared, and a motly ministry 'fet up, the parliament met about the 6th of July latt. « And, though the succession to the crown in the protestant “ line was the main thing recommended with the greatest " earneftness by the queen in her letter to them, yet was it « so postponed and baffled," that at length it came to no" thing; partly, because the ministry was so weak and di“ vided, that, instead of doing every thing, they could do

nothing; and partly from a received opinion, that the < succellion itself was never sincerely and cordially intended, “ either by the ministry there, or by those that managed the 'n Scots affairs here.

« This is very evident ; for, at the opening of the session, “ my lord secretary himself diftinguithes between a secret cc and revealed will. And not only that, but upon the fourth Sederunt (as they call it) a motion was made for ^ a bill of exclusion; I take it formally to be to, though it

bears the title of an act of security, which was read the “ first time on the 7th, and ordered to lie on the table till “ they heard from England ; and, on the 10th, it passed « into a law. Now can any reasonable man believe, that « those who promoted a bill of exclusion there, or thofe “ who here advised the passing of it, could ever be really « and cordially for the English succesfion. I know there is “ an exception in the act itself; but it is such a one as “ might have full as well been left out. For he that asks “ what he knows before will never be granted, only asks “ the denial. And yet this is not all, but in this very bill s of exclusion, as I call it, all the heretors and boroughs u are not only allowed, but ordained (as the word is) to « be armed, and to exercise their fencible men once every « month.

“ This being the fact (and, I think, I have stated it very “ truly) furely, my lords, it is what deserves your conside66 ration; and I shall make but one or two observations to

your lordships. There are two matters of all troubles ; “ much discontent, and great poverty; and whoever will “ now look into Scotland, will find them both in that king“ dom. It is certain, the nobility and gentry of Scotland are as learned and as brave as any nation in Europe can

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