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170. in Flanders, under the duke of Wirtemberg, followed the w e duke of Marlborough, who marched from Ladenburg to June 9. Mildenheiin, where, the next day, prince Eugene paid him

a vifit. The consultations between the prince and the duke lasted several hours; and it was agreed upon, that the two armies ihould join, and the duke and prince Lewis of Baden should command each day alternately, and that prince Eugene

should go upon the Rhine to command a separate army, June 12. The troops being drawn up in order of battle, the duke ac

companied prince Eugene to a review, when the prince

seemed wonderfully pleased to find them in such excellent June 14. order after so long a march (a). The next day, prince

Lewis of Baden arrived in the camp at Great- Heppach, where a conference was held in the evening. The day following the troops marched from Great-Heppach, and prince Lewis went to his army on the Danube, and prince Eugene rid post for Philipíburgh to command the army on the Rhine, and on the 22d joined prince Lewis of Baden at Wasterftet. On the 24th the army marched from thence to Elchingen, the next day to Gingen. On the 30th the army marched from thence to Landhauflen on the right, and Balmertfhofien on the left, and passed so near the enemy's camp, that lieutenant-general Bulau was sent out the night before

with a detachment of two thousand horse and dragooris, to Ć secure the avenues, by which they might have disturbed the march of the allies, who, by this means, proceeded without any opposuion. On the first of July they continued their march in fight of the enemy's intrenchments at Dillingen, and incamped the right at Aierdighen, and the left at Onderingen

While they lay in this camp, the duke received advice, that the clector of Bavaria had sent the best of his infantry to reinforce count d'Arco, who was posted at Schellenberg, a rising ground on the Danube, near Donawert, where, for feveral Cavs, he had caused some thousands of men to work upon intrenchments, as being a post of vast importance.

"The cuke resolved to maich and attack the enemy; and tie of the neceiiary directions being given to the army, on the 2d Schellen- of July, early in the morning, he advanced with a detachburg

ment (a) Pincc Eugene faid to the “rage which appears in the dona, "I never saw better" countenance of the soldiers, ** hories, arons, and cloathing, "of which I never saw the like 6 but all these thing; may be " in any troops.” Lamberti 56 purchased with money ; what ll. 80. Hitikes me mot, is the cou

ment of thirty squadrons of English and Dutch, a confider- 1704. able number of foot commanded by lieutenant-general Goor, bet three battalions of imperial grenadiers under prince Lewis of Baden, and the rest of the army followed with all possible diligence. But the march being long, and the ways very bad, they could not reach the river Wermitz, which run by Donawert, till about noon, and it was three hours before the bridges were finished, for the troops and cannon to pass over. About five o'clock in the afternoon, they came before Schellenberg, and the duke of Marlborough moved up with the horse as near the enemy's intrenchments as was necessary to take a view of them. In the mcan time, the artillery began to fire upon the enemy, who answered briskly from their batteries for about an hour, when the Englith and Dutch foot, supported by the horse and dragoons, began the attack with prodigious resolution, before the inperialists could arrive ; but, having the greatest part of the enemy's forces to contend with, they were at first obliged to give ground. Soon after the imperialists came up very seasonably, and being led on in good order by prince Lewis of Baden, advanced to the enemy's works without once firing, threw their fascines into the ditch, and passed over with inconsiderable loss. The enemy's horse charged them vigorously, but were repulsed ; and then, the imperial cavalry entering their intrenchments, and the English and Dutch breaking in about the same time, the confederates made a dreadful Naughter of the enemy. Lieutenant-general Goor, who commanded the first detachment of foot, and major-general Beinheim, both in the Dutch service, lost their lives very much lamented. The horse and dragoons shared the glory of the day with the infantry, and all the confederate troops behaved themselves with incredible bravery and resolution. But, as the attack was begun by a battalion of the English foot-guards, and the regiments of Orkney and Ingoldby, they suffered very much. The enemy's forces conditted of thirty-two thousand men, all choice troops, commanded in chief by count d'Arco, and under him by two Bavarian and two French lieutenant-generals. As soon as the conii de rates had poflefled the intrenchments, the enemiy ran away in great confusion to Donawert and the Danube; but, be. ing closely pursued by the horse and dragoons, a great in any followed the example of their generals, who laved theinselves by swimming over that river. The lols of the enemy was computed to be about six thousand men. The conte'. derates made themselves masters of fixteen piccci (481111,



1704. thirteen colours, with all their tents and baggage. The

duke of Marlborough gained great honour in this action, giving directions with extraordinary presence of mind, and expofing his person to the greatest danger. Prince Lewis of Baden was wounded, having performed the part of a brave experienced general; as was also the hereditary prince of Helle-Caflel, who, throughout the whole action,' gave signal proofs of an undaunted courage. Count Stirum was mortally wounded. General Thungen, count Horn, lieutenant-general Wood, major. general Paland, and several other officers of distinction, were likewise wounded. The next day, the Bavarian garrison quitted Donawert (a) upon the approach of the contederates, and broke down the bridges, but had not time to destroy their ammunition and provisions, as they had intended.

The elector of Bavaria was no sooner informed of the defeat of his troops at Schellenberg, then he quitted his strong camp between Dillingen and Lavingen, and came to the other side of the Danube, over-against Donawert, in his march to the river Leche, to prevent the confederates cutting off his retreat to his country.

On the 5th of July, the duke of Marlborough passed the Danube near Donawert; and, on the 17th, count de Frise, with a detachnient of four-thousand men and twelve pieces of cannon, marched over the river Leche, and took post in the county of Bavaria. The whole arıny marched at the same time, and incamped with the right at Hamber, and the left at Ginderkingen. Upon the first notice of the allies having begun to pass the Leche, the garrison of Newburg marched out and retired to Ingoldstadt. Whereupon a detachment of dragoons was immediately sent out by the duke of Malborough to take poffefsion of that place; and prince Lewis of Baden ordered general Herberville, who commanded a separate body of between three and four-thousand men on the other side of the Danube, to remain there for the security of that important place, and for the drawing of provisions out of Franconia for the subsistence of the confederate troops, while they continued in Bavaria. On the Ioth, the whole army passed the Leche; and, on the 13th


1a! Donawert is a city of It ftands on the river Danube, Germany, in the confines of twenty-five miies north of Aug. Suabia, Neuberg, and Bavaria. sburg, seventeen weit of NeuIt was taken by the duke of burg, ard forty-four north east Marlborough after the memo. of Ulm. sable victory above mentioned. "

ugene pållard ha elector porte, con which

count Vecklen, general of the Palatine horse, arrived from 1704. prince Eugene of Savoy with an account, that the marshals Villeroy and Tallard had passed the Rhine above fort Kehl, in order to fuccour the elector of Bavaria ; for which reason he desired a reinforcement of horse, to inable him the better to observe the enemy's motions. Upon which prince Maximilian of Hanover was detached with thirty squadrons of imperial horse, with orders to join prince Eugene with all pollible diligence.

The enemy having left a garrison at Rain (a), the con- Rain sure federate generals resolved to attack it; and, in order there- renders to to, the army decamped from Ginderkingen, passed the the allies. Leche, and came with the right to Stauda, and the left to Berchiem. The garrison at first seemed resolved to defend the place to the last extremity ; but the besiegers playing upon the town with twenty-seven pieces of cannon, their approaches were carried on so successfully, that in two days July 16. the governor desired to capitulate : and, the articles being agreed on, the garrison marched out the next day, to the number of about four hundred foot, commanded by the count de Mercy, brigadier-general, and were conducted by a party of horse to the elector of Bavaria's camp near Augsburg. There were found in the place twenty four brass cannon, a considerable quantity of provisions, and some ammunition. The allies, encouraged by the success of their arms, were willing to push their advantages; and, on the 18th, marched to attack the post of Aicha, which had a garrison of eight or nine hundred Bavarians; who refusing to submit, were part of them put to the sword, the rest made prisoners of war, and the town permitted to be plundered by the soldiers. The confederate army having refrelhed themselves two days at Aicha, marched from thence on the 21st, and the next day possessed themselves of Friburg.

The duke of Marlborough having now the elector of Ba. Burnet. varia at so great a disadvantage, entered upon a treaty with him, and offered him what terms he could desire, either for himself or his brother, even to the paying him the whole charge of the war, upon condition that he would immediately break with the French, and send his army into Italy to join with the imperialists there. The elector's subjects, who were now at mercy, presled him vehemently to


(a) Rain is a little town in Leche, fix miles east of DonaGermany, in the circle of Ba- wert, and nine west of Neuyaria, near the Danube and berg.

1704. accept of these terms, and he seemed inclined to hearken to

them, and messengers went often between the two armies.
But this was done only to gain time, for he sent courier after
courier with most pressing instances to haften the advance of
the French army. When he saw, that he could gain no
more time, the matter went so far, that articles were ordered
to be made ready for signing, which, in conclusion, he re-
fused to do. This refusal was bighly resented by the duke
of Marlborough and prince Lewis of Baden, who immedi-
ately sent out the count de la Tour, general of the imperial
horse, and the count of eaft Friseland, lieutenant-general in
the Dutch service, with thirty squadrons of horse and dra.
goons, to plunder and burn the country of Bavaria as far as
Munich, the capital city, hoping, that either a generous
compasfion for his subjects, or the want of subsistence, would
conquer the elector's obstinacy. In the mean time, the in
habitants of these parts were in the greatest confternation,
and sent deputies to the duke of Marlborough, offering to pay
large contributions to prevent military execution. But the
duke replied, " That the forces of the queen of Great-
“ Britain were not come into Bavaria to get money, but
“ to bring their prince to reason.” The two generals
therefore put their commiffion in execution with the utmost
severity, while the elector of Bavaria and the inarshal de
Marsın, having evacuated Ratisbon, were obliged to confine
themselves within their strong camp and intrenchments as
Augsburg, in expectation of another army from France un-
der Marshal Tallard, which, notwithstanding all the vigi-
lance and precaution of prince Eugene, arrived before the
end of July at Biberach near Ulm, to the number of about
twenty-two thousand men. Upon this, the elector marched
with his army from Augsburg, and took that opportunity
to join the French.

The confederate army, under the duke of Marlborough, having intelligence of these proceedings, decamped on the 4th of August from Friburg, and marched that night to Kippach.

The next morning they encamped from thence, and marched to Hokenwert, where they continued two days. During that time, the duke of Marlborough, prince Eugene, and prince Lewis of Baden held a council of war ; wherein it was agreed, that prince Lewis should besiege Ingoldstadt, whilst the other two were to observe the elector of Bavaria. On the 8th, the army under the duke of Klarlborough marched from hiukenwert to Sr. Sanditzel; and, on the

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