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that he was not allowed to give them any more time, but 1704.
This was the state of that nation, which was aggravated very odiously all over England. It was confidently, though, as was afterwards known, very falsely reported, that great quantities of arms were brought over, and dispersed through the whole kingdom. And, it being well known how poor the nation was at that time, it was said those arms were paid for by other hands, in imitation of what it was believed cardinal Richelieu did in the year 1638. Another thing was given out very maliciously by the lord Godolphin's enemies, that he had given directions under-hand to hinder the declaring the succession; and that the secret of this was truited to Mr. Johnston, who, they said talked openly one way, and acted secretly another, though there never appeared any colour of truth in those reports. Great use was to be made of the affairs of Scotland, because there was no ground of complaint of any thing in the adıninistration at home. , All the duke of Marlborough's enemies saw, that his chief strength lay in the credit which the lord Godolphin was in at home, while he was so successful abroad; so that it being impoffible to attack him in such a course of glory, Mey laid their aims against the lord-treasurer. The tories resolved to attack him, and that disposed the whigs to preserve him; and this was so managed by them, that it gave a great turn to all the councils at home.
Immediately after the adjournment of the parliament, 'the Changes courtiers repaired to London, where the marquis of Twee- in the dale was made chancellor of Scotland ; the earls of Seatield Scots and Roxburgh, secretaries of fate; the earl of Rothes, lord- ministry. privy-seal; the carl of Cromarty, juitice-general ; Mr. Bailie Lockhart. of jervis-wood, treasurer-deputy; and the earl of Selkirk lord Belhaven, and Sir John Hume, lords of the treasury: Sir William Hamilton was also made justice-clerk; but he lived not to enjoy that office many months, and was fucceeded by Adam Cockburn of Ormistown. A new commiffion was, at the same time, sent down to Edinburgh, by which most of the cavaliers, and all the duke of QueenVol. XVI.
1704. íberry's friends, were laid afide, and it was made up intirely
y of Scots revolutioners. And thus the administration of affairs
in Scotland was lodged in the hands of a body of men, who concurred with the measures at that time pursued by the court of England. It is now time to turn to the operations
of the war. The duke The affairs of the empire were, in the beginning of this of Marl. campain, in a very desperate condition. The emperor was borough reduced to the last extremities. The elector of Bavaria was conducts master of the Danube as far as Passau, and the malecontents his design in Hungary were making a formidable progress. The emwith great peror was not in a condition to maintain a defensive war
long on both sides, nor was he able to make any oppofition Parnet.
at all against them, should they once come to act by concert. Thus his affairs had a very gloomy appearance, and uttter ruin was to be apprehended. Vienna was in apparent danger of being besieged on both sides, and it was not capable of making a long defence; so that the house of Austria seemed loft beyond all prospect of a recovery. Prince Eugene wisely proposed, that the emperor should implore the protection of the queen of Great-Britain, which was agreed to, and count Wratislaw managed the affair at the court of England with great application and secrecy (a). The duke
(a) However, for form fake, “ance were not applied, proand to prepare the way for the “ portionable to the great danreception of a resolution that “gers they were threatned with. had been alrcady taken, Wra “ He was indeed extremely tislaw prcfented the following " well satisfied with the zeal memorial to the queen on the " which her majesty's ministers 2d of April :
“ had for the common cause, 6. That he had several times " and with the attention they “ represented to her majetty's “ gave to his representations, “ ministers, by word of inouth, “ But nothing being as yet re. " the prelling neceilities of the “ solved on, though the sea. “ Empire, by the breaking in " son was far advanced ; and “ of a conliderable army of " the final resolution on the se“ French into Bavaria ; which “ veral schemes which had been “ (together with the insurrec « presented, being deferred till • tion in Hungary) had reduced “ the arrival of the duke of " the imperial hereditary coun: “ Marlborough at the Hague, “ tries to an incredible per “ he thought himself obliged, “ plexity and confusion; so " before his grace's departure, " that it was to be feared, that “ to do his utrioit endeavour, “ an intire revolution and delo " by representing in writing the “ lation of all Germany would “ danger wherein the emperor 66 follow, if some speedy afuit. " and empire were at present
of Marlborough faw the necessity of undertaking the empe- 1704. ror's relief, and resolved to use all possible endeavours to put her it in execution. When he went into Holland in the winter, he proposed it to the pensionary, and other persons of the greatest confidence. They approved it, but it was not adviseable to propose it to the States ; since at that time inany would not have thought their country safe, if their army hould be sent so far from them; and nothing could be long a secret, which was proposed to such an aflembly, whereas the main hope of succeeding in this design lay in the secrecy with which it was conducted. Therefore, under the pretext of carrying the war to the Moselle, every thing was prepared that was necessary for executing the true design.
“ involved. That her majesty “ ders as were necessary for the
States, in he was attent, the Hagiked for Hall of Orknead
1704. . The duke of Marlborough, with his brother general i n Churchill, lieutenant-general Lumley, the earl of Orkney, The duke and other general officers, embarked for Holland, and in of Marl- three days arrived at the Hague. Two days after his borough coming, he was attended by a solemn deputation of the arrives in States, in order to confer with him. The conference lasted Holland, ē
.: fix hours. The chief subject of debate was about sending April 21, NS a good army towards the Moselle. This was all that was Brodrick. proposed in public, and to this the States of Zealand, and Conduct two other provinces, strongly objected. They would not of the agree, that the duke should have an unlimited command to duchess of lead the army where he pleased, and thought it a very danMarb. gerous project to march the troops at so great a distance, Lamberti. The Zealand deputies opposed it so strenuously, that the
duke was obliged to tell him plainly, that he had the
queen's positive orders to march with the troops in her pay The duke towards the Moselle. Accordingly, having taken his leave of Narls of the States, the duke set out from Holland, and in five borough's days arrived at Maestricht, where his army was incamped. march in. About the same time, the States regulated the posts of their to Ger- general officers. Monsieur Auverquerque, their field-marmany. Thal, was appointed to command their forces on the Maese, May 5. having under him the counts de Tilly and Noyelles ; Slan10. genburg those on the Moselle ; Salisch in Brabant; and
Spaar and Fagel in Flanders. May 18.
From Maestricht the duke of Marlborough marched to Bedburg, and his camp being near Cologne, he was waited on by the canons of that chapter, the prince of Saxzeits, bishop of Zoab, the prince of Heffe, count Briançon, the duke of Savoy's envoy to the queen of England, and other
princes and generals. The The French in Flanders began by this time to be alarmed, French though they were far from suspecting the duke's real design. endeavour His marching towards Coblentz, and the great preparations to Itop his which were making in that place, made them believe, that march.
he designed to open the campain with the the siege of Traer. bach, and endeavour to advance along the Moselle into France. Upon this supposition they detached five thousand foot, and two thousand horse towards that river, and gave out, that they intended the siege of Huy, vainly imagining, that by this report they might stop the progress of the English general. But the duke, well knowing that the forces which were left in Flanders under Auverquerque, were sufficient to frustrate any attempt which the French could make on that fide, continued his march, and advanced from Bedburg to
Kerpenord, the next day to Kalsecken, where he received 1704.-
The French imagining that he would advance to