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878 C1Fa B4 1853

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1853, by

JOHN BARTLETT, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.





It is a few years only since the introduction of this treatise of Cicero, as a class-book, into the course of Latin studies of Harvard College. The book seems to have been received with favor, and adopted in other institutions, so as to call now for a new edition. The editor is gratified with this proof of the judiciousness of the addition to the stock of available class-books, and has seized the opportunity to subject the text to a more careful revision, and prepare some notes whose aid the young student seems to require, who cannot be expected to be surrounded by many works of reference.

The editor has followed the text of Orelli, with the exception of a few passages only, where critical caution seemed to justify a suspension of judgment, although other considerations might have tempted him to follow Orelli's example in adopting very ingenious and probable emendations.

With regard to the subject of the book, the chief difficulty arises from the mention of so many persons of whom the student, naturally, knows little or nothing. The notes have been prepared with reference to this difficulty, and, consequently, are chiefly historical. The object has not been to furnish articles for a biographical dictionary, but simply to inform the student of each individual's place in history, and his relation to the subject under discussion. The notes, though brief, will, if attentively consulted, be found sufficient for the object. To avoid repetition, and assist the reader in finding the wishedfor information, a list of the names, and the places where they occur, is added. This was thought the more necessary, as the similarity or identity of the names of different individuals (a circumstance not a little embarrassing in Roman history) might lead some to imagine several persons to be one and the same. The labor of col. lecting these notes has been great, the hope of their usefulness the only encouragement.

This is not the place to discuss the relative merit of the chronology of Varro and Cato, the latter of whom fixes the foundation of the city the 21st April, 751, or the first year of the seventh Olympiad. It is sufficient to state that the former has been followed, which fixes the building of Rome the 21st April (a. d. xi. Kal. Majas), 753 before the Christian era, or the third year of the sixth Olympiad. As a justification of this portion of the notes, the editor would appeal to the opinion of Cicero himself: Haec si minus apta videntur huic sermoni, Brute, Attico assigna, qui me inflammavit studio illustrium hominum aetates et tempora persequendi. Ego vero, inquit Brutus, et delector ista quasi annotatione temporum, et ad id, quod instituisti, oratorum genera distinguere aetatibus, istam diligentiam esse accommodatam puto.

Difficulties of expression and construction have been noticed and explained so far only as the student may require aid beyond that furnished by a good grammar and dictionary, which latter


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