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COMPOSITION (MODERN.) Quinctilian has observed that tropes This excellent quality is too often and metaphors should be sparingly in-aped by a political party of a certain troduced into composition, and appear species, which pretends great tenderseldom, like modest virgins. Modern ness towards the lower ranks of society, composition has strangely neglected this and loads them with praises to degrade judicious author's caution, and intro- the higher ranks, and thus hides its duced them too often in its meretricious hatred of superiors under the veil of style. S. Johnson sometimes, Gibbon friendship to inferiors. This political very frequently, and P- always, is hypocrisy reminds me of the trick of the guilty of this unmaiden-like flirtation in stalking horse, who appears a friendly tropes and inetaphors.

visitor to the poor animals whose de

struction is intended, and conceals the How often men who love argument

man with his fatal instrument behind

him. in conversation follow victory, and not truth. In order to entrap the adversary, a brilliant illustration is substituted for How many in youth flourish with argument, to amuse the opponent, and very early blossoms of genius, who in divert him from the line of his reason their more mature age drop them, and ing. Bird-catchers carry a light with bear no fruit; adverse circumstances, them to entice their prey into their nets, ill health, &c. act upon these tender and so the feathered tribe are allured to plants as the frost in March and April their captivity: High-flying disputants nights attacks our most promising fruitwho are thus led aside by false lights are trees before they are set, and the hopes not uncommon.

and the labour of the gardener are lost

in one night. The worst view which we can take of this vice, in a politic sense, is that when Men of extraordinary talents, but of men are sober they may sometimes desultory habits, and starting aside from sacrifice virtuous principle to interest, all the world's customs, are looked up but the drunken man always gives up to by the rest of the species with admihis interest to his passions. The former ration and terror, and are considered as inay for a time be led out of the straight comets, rare and splendid indeed, but way of honour, and return ; the other as not connected with any known system, a madman falls down a precipice, and is and attached to no common center. lost...Oh, thou invisible spirit of wine, If thou hast no name to be known by, let

Fluency of speech in some persons is V Ús call thee Devil.”

no proof of talents or acquirements, and Shakspeare's Othello.

is rather a sign of a morbid than an GRANITY OF FACE (AFFECTED.) healthful state of the mind. It is not Persons who assume reserve, gravity, from the rapid and frequent beats of the and silence, often practise this trick tó pulse that the health of the body is to gain credit of the world for that sense

be inferred, but from their forcible and and information which they are con- vigorous pulsation. scious that they do not possess. When

FEMALE STUDENTS. I see a grave fool put on this pompous disguise, he reminds me of a poor and character lose much of that softness and

Women by assuming the literary vain man who places strong padlocks on his trunks, so that the visitor may sup- commendations to the love of the other

delicacy of manner which are their repose that they contain valuable articles ;

When birds are kept in cages and ihough he knows himself that they are quite empty. How keenly does our great

taught a variety of notes, their power bard satirize such men,

over sounds is indeed much increased;

they are more noisy, but the natural " There are a sort of men whose visages

sweetness of their voices is lost. A Do cream and mantle like a standing pool, And do a wilful stillness entertain,

friend was once asked whether he would 1. With purpose to be dress'd in an opinion

choose a learned wife; “Sir," says he, of Wisdom, Gravity, profound Conceit;

"I would as soon take one with a As who should say, 'I am Sir Oracle,


1 And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark.'” Merchant of Venice,

To be concluded in our nert.





trate in Canterbury to crave an allowThe Trout.-An Anecdote introductory to

ance for herself and her children. I re

lieved the Description ; various Species, and

my feelings of compassion by Haunts of the Trout.

giving her enough to supply the wants

of the day, and I then began to think One morning at the end of May I my time was not entirely lost. Have I sallied forth to the banks of the Stour, not, “thinks I to myself,” heard the near Canterbury, in order to pursue my sweetest warbler of the grove ; and have favourite diversion of angling for trout. I not heard what is far more melodious, The sky, dappled with fleecy clouds the touching and grateful voice of pothat were gently moved by a western verty relieved ? Courage then, and heartbreeze, fattered my hopes of fine wea- felt gratulation, Diem non perdidi - I ther. The season was in its prime; have not lost a day. for, as our favourite Milton says, “all You, whose disposition is truly benethings smiled with fragrance, and with volent, and who, like Uncle Toby, have joy my heart o'erflow'd,” and that joy the milk of human kindness flowing in was excited by “each rural sight, each your veins, will, I am confident, excuse rural sound." The trees were clothed my making this incident the introduce with newly expanded leaves, of tender tion to my remarks on trout-fishing; as green, the hawthorns adorned the hedges it was the prelude to my beginning that with snowy blossoms, the wild rose and sport upon the banks of the Stour: and the honeysuckle perfumed the air with during the frequent intervals of my ditheir fragrance, the notes of the black- version (for I passed several rainy days bird and the cuckoo saluted my ears; there) I drew up the following part of and as I approached the meadows of this Letter for your use. newly-mown grass, the western wind, The trout is thus described : Trutta that gently agitated the poplars and the fluviatilis, with red spots, and the lower willows, seemed to whisper in a lan- jaw rather longer than the upper.” No guage intelligible to an angler, that I fish excel trout in beauty when they are should be gratified by abundant sport. in high season, that is, after they have for

But what are the hopes and expecta- saken the deep for the shallow water, have tions of man? Frail and unstable as felt the genial influence of the vernal the being who forms them. Just as I sun, and sated themselves with minwas approaching a favourite station, a nows and may-flies. Their form is then gust of wind arose from the south, and very elegant, and their most striking a sudden and violent shower compelled characteristic consists in the spots of me to run for shelter to a neighbouring vivid crimson with which they are copse. I soon began to wish I had re- marked. Ausonius has given a very mained at home, where I should not happy description of this distinction. have consumed the best hours of the

Purpureisque salar stellatus tergore guttis. day in idleness, and wasted my time without benefit to myself or others.

“ The salar's back with crimson spots is starrid." Alas! thought I, when night comes, I The female has a smaller head than shall have reason to exclaim as the Em- the male, is deeper and larger in the peror Titus did, when he had passed a body, and is brighter in colour. day without performing a good action, In Aavour, as in colour, trouts differ Diem perdidi –“ I have lost a day.” much. In Berkshire I have caught

My reverie, in which I was acting the some of a dirty white, and yet they self-torinentor, was interrupted by the were tolerably well tasted. In the Kendeep note of a nightingale concealed in net they are, when in high season, of a a neighbouring thicket. It was indeed beautiful pink, and none are of a finer fia“most musical, most melancholy," and In the subterraneous stream that accorded remarkably well with my pen- runs through the cavern in the Peak of sive train of thought. Soon after, a Derby, I saw some that were blackish, poor woman, leading a little girl in as and certainly not inviting either to the mean' attire as her own, came running skill or the taste of the angler. to the same spot for shelter from the Small rivers that flow from a bed of increasing storm. She told me a tale peat-moss produce trout of a dark colour, of woe simple and pathetic ; she was a nearly black on the back and shoulders, soldier's wife, and was going to a magis- and of a yellowish white on the belly.


In the Sprint and Mint, two rivers half hás, in the space of a year, grown whichi unite their streams just above in a stew to the weight of eight pounds Kendal in Westmoreland, trout so rary and a half. Instances have indeed been in colour, that you can easily distinguish known of a trout growing a pound per which are taken froní each' river. The week.*" grey trout, the salmo lucustris of Linnæus, This account confirms the observais found in Kentmere and Whinfell tion of Isaac Walton, that "the trout is Tarns, not far from Kendal. They are of a more sudden growth than other likewise' found in Ullswater.' When I fish; you are also to take notice, that he was there I was informed they reached lives not solong as the pearch, and divers 50 and even 60 pounds weight. This other fishes do, as Sir F. Bacon has ob

fish is of a lightish grey, marked all served in his History of Life and over with spots about the size of a pep- Death. po”. per-corn.

The rapid growth and increase of a You will observe how much trout trout will cease to be a subject of your differ in size, either as they are of dif- surprise, when you are informed that 'ferent species, or as particular streams this fish is a most voracious feeder. As are more or less favourable to their a proof of it, a gentleman informed me growth. A gentleman who lives at that he caught a trout in the Avon, near Ramsbury caught one at Avington in Sommerton in Wiltshire, that weighed the Kennet, that weighed more than not more than two pounds. In his belly five pounds. A trout was caught at were found, undigested and almost perColtishall in Norfolk, in February 1812, fectly fresh, no fewer than forty minthat was 39 inches in length, and nows. Perhaps it is difficult to produce weighed 16 pounds. One was taken an example of a fish, or any other aniin the Stour in December 1797, that mal, that better deserves the name of a weighed 26 pounds. In Llyndivi, a lake glution-except man, the lord of the in South Wales, there are trout called creation, who too often disgraces his Coch y dail, marked with red and black pre-eminence by excess, and not least in spots as big as sixpences. Others are his consumption of the watery tribe, found there without spots, and of a red- particularly turbot and turtle. 'dish hue, that sometimes weigh nearly The smallest of the trout kind is called 10 pounds each, but they are of a bad a samlet, the salmo farius of Linnæus ; taste. In Lough Neah in Ireland are but ought it not to be called more protrout reported to weigh 30 pounds each. perly à troutlet? It is found in the A curious species called the Gillarow Wye, and in the rivers in the north of trout, said to have a gizzard, is a native England, and Wales. Some suppose it of the lake of Killarney.

to be the spawn of the salmon; but The best rivers that I am acquainted Pennant gives very strong reasons for with for trout-fishing are the Kennet in dissenting from that opinion. The most Wiltshire, the Stour near Canterbury, material are—these samlets are found in the Dove and the Derwent in Derby- fresh water all the year, but salmon shire, the Eden and the Pettrel near never are. The salmon reaches a conCarlisle, and the Usk and the Wye in siderable size before it begins to breed; Monmouthshire. But for a whole the samlets, on the contrary, are found, county, Mr. Boulker, the author of the male and female, distinguished by the “ Art of Angling,” an excellent little milt and the roe, of their common size. treatise, says, that Hainpshire bears They seldom exceed six or seven inches the bell for its many great and small, in length. swift, shallow, clear, lovely and pleasant When I was at Keswick in Cumrivers and brooks, abounding with ad- berland, I saw a fly-fisher catch several mirable trout.”

of these samlets in a rocky stream that Trout may.

be increased to a con- runs into the lake. At that time I residerable size in stews. Mr. Toomer, of probated the practice of killing such Newbury, is famous for his success in small fish; but I have since met with this method, as I learn froin Dr. Ma- the observations of Pennant, and they vor's very excellent survey

of Berkshire. have removed my scruples upon the “Mr. T. had three trouts that weighed subject. The samlet is, I think, the 15 pounds each; two of them had been same little beautiful fish that is called a fattened by himself, and the other was par in Scotland, and a skirling in Wales. of that weight when taken out of the Kennet. As a proof of the rapid in- See Mavor's Berkshire, p. 18.

case of trouts, one of a pound and a † Walton's Angler, c. 4.15; ! SI INI!


, a , a where the bottom consists of pebbles, hare." This method is generally pracgravel, smooth stones, or fragments of tised early in the season, before Ay-fishrocks. Trouts differ in quality and size ing is begun. It requires very fine and according to the nature of the soil over strong tackle, a quick eye, aud great which the water runs; the most delicate dexterity: It keeps the angler, as well in favour are found where the bottom as his bait, in almost perpetual motion. is of lime-stone. The larger the trout, As I despair of making the practice perthe more likely he is to be found in fectly easy and pleasant to you by pardeep water, near hollow banks shaded ticular directions, I recommend you to with trees, or at the bending of a stream, make yourself an adept in the art, by or where it makes an eddy. Other fa- observing some experienced angler fix vourite haunts are near the piles of his swivels, hook his bait, so as to make bridges, under the roots of willows that it spin well, and apply it to use. Among hang over the water, or at the tail of other points of peculiar nicety which mill-streams, where he watches for the are requisite in this kind of fishing, you various kinds of prey which the current must ascertain the precise moment brings down to him

when to strike a fish; be very careful !“ The trout of delicate complexion creeps,

not to snatch the bait from his mouth, Sickly, deform’d, and squalid in the deeps ;

and never strike till he has turned with Lean and unwholesome, while descending snows it. Facility and success in doing these Thicken the floods, and scourging Boreas blows; things depend upon the same application But wlien the vernal energy prevails O'er Winter's gelid breath-when western gales

of the eye and the hand, which are neCurl the pure shallows, and his strength restore,

cessary in fly-fishing, as well as in shootHis scales he brightens on the pebbly shore;

ing flying. You desire to be informed, His colours rise, and in the rapid maze,

as artificial flies are found to succeed so Gay as the spring, the lively wanton plays.” well with trout, why artificial minnows

Having thus informed you where the should not answer the purpose as well? tront is to be found, and excited

I see no reason why they should not, if

your desire to catch him, not merely by my they are skilfully made, and used at humble prose, but by the far more proper times, that is, when the weather powerful excitement of the above de- is rough and windy, or when the water scription taken from “The Angler,” a

is not perfectly clear. Isaac Walton - very pleasing poem, the whole of which says he used one that would catch a } well deserves your perusal : I shall re

trout as well as an artificial fly; and he i serve more particulars for another Letter. gives a particular description how it was

made. ‘A Scotch nobleman, an expert trout-angler, informed me that he caught

a brace of large trout near Pangbourn The sulject of Trout-fishing continued.Choicest Baits, the Minnow and the made of some hard composition, and

in Berkshire, with an artificial minnow Fly. -- Remarks on artificial Flies. Anecdotes illustrutive of the Nature of painted of the natural colour." After the Trout.-Approved Method of dress- catching the first fish, the paint was a ing the Trout.

good deal rubbed off, and yet the second

fish seized the bait as eagerly as if the As trout are very crafty, and very imitation of the natural minnow liad nice in their food, be careful to use the continued to be exact. Nicholas Cox, finest tackle, and well-scoured and lively the author of “The Gentleman's Reworms, when you angle for them at the creation,” says, he has found an artificial bottom of the water. You will find, minnow made of cloth every whit as however, that you will angle to most ad- good a bait as what was natural. vantage in the middle and on the surface Other brothers of the angle will tell of the water for them ; and that the you, that it is very true you may attract baits niost conducive to a superior kind trout with an artificial minnow to apof sport when


do so, are the min. proach and gaze at it, buľ the instant now and the fly?

they detect the artifice they turn short, No method of angling is so fatal to a and retreat to their holds. It real mintrout as spinning a minnow, and no nows can be procured, thuse anglers other bait is so cagerly pursued. Isaac who wish to ensure sport always use Walton observes, with his usual apt-' them; and say, as King Philip did when ness of illustration, that a, Jarge he was asked for his approbation of a trout will come as fiercely at a minnow, mimic who imitated the notes of the


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nightingale, “I prefer the nightingale and part of August. For this sport a herself."

larger fly is used than during the day. Yet here I cannot help observing to

When the rivers are low in a dry seayou, how few improvements have been son, it is proper to use a smaller fly; made for a long time in regard to arti- but all fishers do not know this valuable ficial baits in general. Walton speaks practice. The may-fly, or the stone-fly; of artificial minnows as commonly re is the favourite from the month of May ceived into the practice of angling; and to the end of June." Colonel Venables, in his "Experienced These observations, lately communiAngler,” gives particular directions how cated to me by some northern anglers, to make an artificial cadbait. The are so valuable, that they may be refourth edition of his excellent and very garded as jewels of the first water, and scarce work was published in 1676; and are most worthy of a place in the young no man of ingenuity has since arisen to angler's cabinet. make improvements during the long When I proceed to direct your attenperiod of 144 years that have since tion to Aly-fishing, the first remark I elapsed. Yet I see no reason why ar- make is, that of all methods of angling tificial worms and gentles should not be this requires the most skill and activity, tried, as well as artificial flies, grasshop- and a keen eye and a ready hand are as pers, minnows, mice, and frogs ; and if requisite to success as in minnow-fish- . skilfully made, why they should not ing. He who is a proficient in this succeed under certain circumstances branch of the art, and like our friend where fish are numerous and greedy. Captain R-, can throw a fly into a That artist would deserve high praise, saucer at twenty yards distance, or can' and no small reward, who should suc willow a fly- that is, throw it upon a ceed in such contrivances ; and that willow bough on the opposite side, angler might claim a piscatory crown and make it fall so naturally upon the who should succeed in their application, water, as if it was a real one, is qualified and thus spare himself the trouble of to take his Master's degree in the Uniprocuring the living baits, and rescue versity of Anglers. Fly-fishing has this his humanity from the necessity of great advantage over boat or bank fishputting them to the torture.

ing, that it is neither a sedentary nor a The following is the method of ang- stationary amusement, for it requires ling in the North of England, where you to be in constant activity. "The trout abound in the rivers and lakes ground-angler, compared to the flymuch more than with us, and the fisher, is a mere statue upon a pedestal ; knowledge of the fishermen is much but the fly-fisher is like the herald Mergreater in proportion to their greater cury with his caduceus in his hand, experience.

always in motion, or ready for motion -When a river is swelled by heavy The former has this additional advanrains, and is muddy, the northern ang- tage over the latter, that he is free from lers, the expert natives of Cumberland the trouble of baiting his hook, and and Westmoreland, fish at the bottom fouling his fingers, and the fish he with a well-scoured worm. When the catches are of a superior kind. He flood begins to retire, they use the roan, leaves the barbel, the gudgeon, and other or salmon spawn. The excellence of groundlings, to be caught by “ Patience this spawn as a general bait for fish, personified in a Punt,” and whips the was well known to Walton and Barker. * surface of the water to secure the more After the river is grown clearer, they valuable prizes of the trout, the grayling, use the minnow, and when the water and the salmon. has recovered its original orightness, With regard to artificial fies, you their bait is the artificial Ay."

may be shown many in the fishing"In a mild open winter, when the tackle shops that are very neatly finished, weather is warm, trout are caught with and appear to be very fair imitations of the fly, from the first week in January, nature; but let me be credited when I and in February; but the regular fish- assure you of what is the result of my ing commences in March, and continues long experience, that one home-made through April and May. Evening and fly is worth a dozen of them. The art night fishing is begun the latter end of of making them yourself is not, I think, May, and is continued in June, July, very difficult to attain, particularly if you.

have an opportunity of seeing a person * See Bagster's Walton, p. 299, and Vena-' so employed. It is fortunate for the bles, p. 65.

tyro in this kind of manufacture, that

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