The Literary and Scientific Class Book: Embracing the Leading Facts and Principles of Science with Many Difficult Words Explained at the Heads of the Lessons, and Questions Annexed for Examination. Selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and Scientific Class Book, and from Various Other Sources

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John Prentiss, 1828 - New Hampshire - 318 pages
 

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Contents

Beauty and Sublimity Illustration of
16
Taste Improvement and Pleasures of
18
Poetry its Object
20
Advantages of Studying History
21
Philosophy its leading Offices
23
The Praise of Philosophy
25
General Properties of Bodies
27
Attraction of Gravitation Sir Isaac Newtons 1is coveries
30
Centre of Gravity Pyramids of Egypt Tower of Pisa
33
The Laws of Motion Welocity Momenta Action and Reaction
36
Compound Motion The Pendulum
37
Mechanical Powers The Lever
40
The Pulley Wheel and Axle and Inclined Plane
42
The Wedge and Screw Friction
44
The Laws of Fluids Pressure of Fluids
47
Specific Gravity of Bodies Archimedes
50
Hydraulics Syphon Common Pump Forcing Pump
52
The Diving Bell and Steam Engine
54
Nature and Properties of Air The Air Pump
56
The Barometer Uses of
59
Sound Velocity of Sound Echo
61
Nature of Musical Sounds Musical Barometer
64
1
65
Lesson Page 32 Different Kinds of Lenses Burning Glass
69
Mirrors Convex Reflectors
72
Colours The Prism
73
The Rainbow Halo and Parhelia
75
Structure of the Eye Angle of Vision 78
81
Microscopic Discoveries
83
The Telescope and Telegraph
86
Astronomy Progress of this Science
88
The Solar System Galileo
91
The Sun a magnificent habitable globe
93
Mercury and Venus
95
The Earth Ecliptic and Zodiac Celestial Lati tude and Longitude
98
Day and Night causes of
100
Changes of the Seasons
102
The Moon Harvest Moon
104
The Tides explanation of
107
Eclipses of the Moon and Sun
108
Mars Westa Juno Pallas and Ceres
111
Jupiter his Belts Satellites c
113
Saturn and Uranus Saturns Ring
114
Comets Pope Callixtus II5 54 The Fixed Stars The Milky Way
117
The Earths and Alkalies Uses of Lime
137
Acids and Salts Mountains of Salt
140
Shipbuilding and Navigation
142
Simple Combustibles Carbon Metals
143
Oxyds and Combustion Exhilarating Gas
145
Electricity Electrical Machine Experiments
148
Leyden Phial Dr Franklins Discovery Thun der and Lightning
153
Lesson Page 69 Falling Stars Water Spouts and Northern Lights
154
Galvanism Voltaic Battery
157
Galvanism continued Prof Hares New De flagrator
159
Magnetism Variation of the Needle
163
Magnetical Experiments Amusing Deceptions
164
Aérostation Air Balloons Parachute Death of Rozier
166
Natural History its Objects
169
Mineralogy Characters of Minerals
173
Classification of Minerals The Diamond
174
Goldits remarkable ductility
176
Silver and Mercury Plating with Silver Quick silver Mine
178
Copper and Lead Brass White Lead
180
Iron and Tin Importance of Iron Use of Tin Pewter
183
Painting
184
S3 Study of Geology its objects and uses
185
Geology Stratification Sacred History confirmed
186
Relative Situation of Rocks Decomposition of Rocks
189
Art of Making Pins
190
Biographical Sketch of Linnaeus
191
Study of Botany a Source of Mental Improve ment
194
Texture of Vegetables Bark Wood Pith Age of Trees
197
Sap and Secretions Flowing of the Sap Sugar
198
Process of Vegetation
200
Roots Stems Buds and Leaves Effect of Light upon Plants
202
Flower and Fruit
205
Classification of Vegetables its Importance and Use
207
Flowers Insects in Flowers
210
Animal Kingdom Study of Zoology advanta geous to the Young
212
First Class of Animals Mammalia Orders of
213
Birdstheir Division into Orders Moulting
217
Reptiles and Fishes Electrical Fishes
219
Structure and Transformation of Insects
221
Orders of Insects The Gossamer
225
Account of the Princ
231
Optics Reflection and Refraction of Light 66
295
Benjamins Rudiments of Architecture
318

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Page 266 - TO him who in the love of nature holds Communion with her visible forms, she speaks A various language; for his gayer hours She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty, and she glides Into his darker musings, with a mild And healing sympathy, that steals away Their sharpness, ere he is aware.
Page 266 - A man of a polite imagination is let into a great many pleasures that the vulgar are not capable of receiving. He can converse with a picture, and find an agreeable companion in a statue. He meets with a secret refreshment in a description, and often feels a greater satisfaction in the prospect of fields and meadows, than another does in the possession.
Page 72 - O'er mountains yet untrod, Each mother held aloft her child To bless the bow of God. Methinks thy jubilee to keep, The first-made anthem rang On earth delivered from the deep, And the first poet sang. Nor ever shall the Muse's...
Page 71 - TRIUMPHAL arch, that fill'st the sky When storms prepare to part, I ask not proud Philosophy To teach me what thou art — Still seem as to my childhood's sight, A midway station given For happy spirits to alight Betwixt the earth and heaven.
Page 18 - The world is full of poetry — the air Is living with its spirit ; and the waves Dance to the music of its melodies, And sparkle in its brightness. Earth is veiled, And mantled with its beauty; and the walls That close the universe with crystal in, Are eloquent with voices, that proclaim The unseen glories of immensity, In harmonies, too perfect, and too high, For aught but beings of celestial mould, And speak to man in one eternal hymn, Unfading beauty, and unyielding power.
Page 89 - As home he goes beneath the joyous moon. Ye that keep watch in heaven, as earth asleep Unconscious lies, effuse your mildest beams, Ye constellations, while your angels strike, Amid the spangled sky, the silver lyre. Great source of day ! best image here below Of thy Creator, ever pouring wide, From world to world, the vital ocean round, On nature write with every beam His praise.
Page 245 - As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; Men, who their duties know, But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain...
Page 52 - It has increased indefinitely the mass of human comforts and enjoyments, and rendered cheap and accessible, all over the world, the materials of wealth and prosperity. It has armed the feeble hand of man, in short, with a power to which no limits can be assigned; completed the dominion of mind over the most refractory qualities of matter; and laid a sure foundation for all those future miracles of mechanic power which are to aid and reward the labours of after generations.
Page 98 - Horrid with frost and turbulent with storm, Blows autumn, and his golden fruits, away : Then melts into the spring : soft spring, with breath Favonian, from warm chambers of the south, Recalls the first.
Page 242 - A strong sense of the value and blessings of union induced the people at a very early period to institute a federal government to preserve and perpetuate it. They formed it almost as soon as they had a political existence; nay, at a time when their habitations were in flames, when many of...

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