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To him who wears the regal diadem,
END OF BOOK II.
Satan, in a speech of much flattering commendation, endeavours
to awaken in Jesus a passion for glory, by particularising various instances of conquest achieved, and great actions performed, by persons at an early period of life. Our Lord replies, by showing the vanity of worldly fame, and the improper means by which it is generally attained: and contrasts with it the true glory of religious patience and virtuous wisdom, as exemplified in the character of Job. Satan justifies the love of glory from the example of God himself, who requires it from all his creatures. Jesus detects the fallacy of this argument, by showing that, as goodness is the true ground on which glory is due to the great Creator of all things, sinful man can have no right whatever to it.-Satan then urges our Lord respecting his claim to the throne of David; he tells him that the kingdom of Judea, being at that time a province of Rome, cannot be got possession of without much per sonal exertion on his part, and presses him to lose no time in be. ginning to reign. Jesus refers him to the time allotted for this, as for all other things; and, after intimating somewhat respect. ing his own previous sufferings, asks Satan, why he should be so solicitous for the exaltation of one, whose rising was destined to
be his fall. Satan replies, that his own desperate state, by exclud. ing all hope, leaves little room for fear; and that, as his own punishment was equally doomed, he is not interested in prevent ing the reign of one, from whose apparent benevolence he might rather hope for some interference in his favour. Satan still pur. sues his former incitements; and, supposing that the seeming re. luctance of Jesus to be thus advanced night arise from his being unacquainted with the world and its glories, conveys him to the summit of a high mountain, and from thence shows him most of the kingdoms of Asia, particularly pointing out to his notice some extraordinary military preparations of the Parthians to resist the incursions of the Scythians. He then informs our Lord, that he showed him this, purposely that he might see how necessary mi. litary exertions are to retain the possession of kingdoms, as well as to subdue them at first, and advises him to consider how im. possible it was to maintain Judea against two such powerful neighbours as the Romans and Parthians, and how necessary it would be to form an alliance with one or other of them. At the same time he recommends, and engages to secure to him, that of the Parthians : and tells him that by this means his power will be defended from any thing that Rome or Cæsar might attempt against it, and that he will be able to extend his glory wide, and especially to accomplish (what was particularly necessary to make the throne of Judea really the throne of David) the deliverance and restoration of the ten tribes, still in a state of captivity. Jesus, having briefly noticed the vanity of military efforts and the weak. ness of the arm of flesh, says, that when the time comes for ascending his allotted throne he shall not be slack: he remarks on Sa. tan's extraordinary zeal for the deliverance of the Israelites, to whom he had always showed himself an enemy, and declares their servitude to be the consequence of their idolatry; but adds, that at a future time it may perhaps please God to recal them, and restore them to their liberty and native land,
BOOK III. .
So spake the Son of God; and Satan stood
I see thou know'st what is of use to know,