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Spes bene coenandi vos decipit. Ecce dabit jam
Semesum leporem, atque aliquid de clunibus apri.
Ad nos jam veniet minor altilis. Inde parato
Intactoque omnes et stricto pane tacetis.
Ille sapit, qui te sic utitur. Omnia ferre 170
Si potes, et debes. Pulsandum vertice raso
Praebebis quandoque caput, nec dura timebis
Flagra pati, his epulis et tali dignus amico.

Roman customs, was probably Etru- 171. vertice raso] Like a slave. rian: hence · Etruscum,' 1. 164. Slaves, on manumission, had the

166–169.] " The fact is, you head shaved, and a felt hat (pithink the good dinner must come at leus ') given them. See Pers. Sat. last;—which it never does."

v. 82, "Haec mera libertas, hanc no168. minor] half eaten.

bis pilea donant."

Plaut. Amphit. 169. stricto) ready for action ;- i. 1. 306, “Ut ego hodie raso capito like a drawn sword.

calvus capiam pileum."

SATIRA VI.

WOMEN.

may have

The sex

Credo pudicitiam Saturno rege moratam been vir

In terris, visamque diu, quum frigida parvas tuous in Praeberet spelunca domos, ignemque laremque the

Et golden

et dominos communi clauderet umbra :

pecus age;

Silvestrem montana torum quum sterneret uxor 5
Frondibus et culmo vicinarumque ferarum
Pellibus, haud similis tibi, Cynthia, nec tibi, cujus
Turbavit nitidos exstinctus passer ocellos,
Sed potanda ferens infantibus ubera magnis,
Et saepe horridior glandem ructante marito. 10
Quippe aliter tunc orbe novo coeloque recenti
Vivebant homines, qui rupto robore nati

Compositive luto nullos habuere parentes. hardly in Multa pudicitiae veteris vestigia forsan, the silver.

Aut aliqua, exstiterint et sub Jove; sed Jove non

dum
Barbato, nondum Graecis jurare paratis

Per caput alterius, quum furem nemo timeret 1.-28.).“I think it possible that Passeris” (Cat. Od. iii. last two in the golden age (1-13) there was lines),such a thing as female virtue. Even in the silver (14—24) it had not “ Tua nunc opera meae puellae quite departed. But now (25—28) Flendo turgiduli rubent ocelli." do you think of marrying ?-You must be mad."

12, 13.) So Virg. Aen. viii. .1. Sat. rege). In the golden age. 315, “Gensque virum truncis, et Virg. Aen. viii. 324, “ Aurea quae duro robore nata.” perhibent, illo sub rege fuerunt sae- 13. Compositive luto] See note on cula" (scil. .Saturno).

Sat. iv. 133. 7. Cynthia] Mistress of Proper- 15. sub Jovel in the silver age, tius.

16-18.] Before there were either 11.] Lesbia, mistress of Catullus. perjurers or thieves. See the well-known Ode, “In funus 17. per caput alt.] Cf. Virg. Aen.

15

Caulibus aut pomis, et aperto viveret horto.
Paulatim deinde ad superos Astraea recessit
Hac comite, atque duae pariter fugere sorores. 20
Antiquum et vetus est, alienum, Postume, lectum
Concutere, atque sacri genium contemnere fulcri.
Omne aliud crimen mox ferrea protulit aetas :

Viderunt primos argentea saecula moechos. Ursidius Conventum tamen et pactum, et sponsalia nostra of sewife. Tempestate paras, jamque a tonsore magistro 26

Pecteris, et digito pignus fortasse dedisti?
Certe sanus eras! Uxorem, Postume, ducis ?
Dic, qua Tisiphone, quibus exagitare colubris ?
Ferre potes dominam, salvis tot restibus, ullam ?
Quum pateant altae caligantesque fenestrae ? 31
Quum tibi vicinum se praebeat Aemilius pons ?
Sed placet Ursidio lex Julia: tollere dulcem

Cogitat heredem, cariturus turture magno, ix. 300: “Per caput hoc juro, per 27. digito] of your bride. It has quod pater ante solebat.”

been inferred from this passage that 20. Hac) scil. “pudicitia.". the giving a ring to the bride formod

20—24. “So early dates female part of the marriage contract. dishonour. Other crimes arose in 28. eras) “used to be." the iron age ;—this only in the 30_32.J“ When you might hang silver.”

yourself, or jump out of window 22.) The bridal bed was usually or off a bridge.' placed in the atrium;' see note on 31. caligantes] 'dizzy;'i. e. makSat. i. 12. As the source of exist- ing those who looked from it dizzy, ence, it was sacred to the “Genius” from its height. (see note on Sat. iv. 66), and was 32. Aemilius pons] Now Ponte called “lectus genialis.”" Cf. Hor. Rialto. It was commenced B.c. 179, Ep. i. 1. 87,,“ lectus genialis in aula in the censorship of M. Aemilius est. ." See also Sat. x. 334.

Lepidus. 25. Conrentum] This seems to be 33. Ursidio] Posthumus. much what we call " an engage

ib. lex Julia) i. e. the “lex Julia ment;"—the consent of the parties et Papia Poppaea,” for regulating themselves previous to any formal marriages. To discourage celibacy, contract.

it precluded a bachelor from taking ib. pactum! The preliminary set- any haereditas' or legacy, unless tlement of the terms of the con- he married within 100 days from the tract.

testator's death. ib. sponsalia! The marriage con- ib. tollere) A new-born child was tract itself. See note on Sat. ii. lifted from the ground by its father, 119.

which precluded him from after26, 27. a tonsore-pecteris] Have wards questioning its legitimacy. your hair dressed by some master- The term is therefore equivalent to hand in the art. Or perhaps it • habere' -“he looks forward to means, “ by the proprietor himself;" having a child of his own. not the assistant.

39, 40.] “ Although he will lose

Mullorumque jubis, et captatore macello. 40
Quid fieri non posse putes, si jungitur ulla
Ursidio ? si moechorum notissimus olim
Stulta maritali jam porrigit ora capistro,

Quem toties texit perituri cista Latini ?
He ex-

Quid? quod et antiquis uxor de moribus illi 45 pects a Quaeritur ? O medici, mediam pertundite venam! good one! Delicias hominis ! Tarpeium limen adora

Pronus, et auratam Junoni caede juvencam,
Si tibi contigerit capitis matrona pudici.
Paucae adeo Cereris vittas contingere dignae, 50
Quarum non timeat pater oscula. Necte coronam
Postibus, et densos per limina tende corymbos.
Unus Iberinae vir sufficit ? Ocius illud

Extorquebis, ut haec oculo contenta sit uno. Even in Magna tamen fama est cujusdam rure paterno 55. the coun- Viventis. Vivat Gabiis, ut vixit in agro, try, you

Vivat Fidenis ! Et agello, cedo, paterno.

cannot

the presents of the legacy-hunters." Ceres ;" i. e. to join in her festival. See note on Sat. iv. 18_22.

On fête-days the images of the gods. 40. jubis) for 'barbis.' The mullet were crowned with garlands. See has a beard, and is hence called ' bar- Virg. Aen. ii. 168, Virgineas ausi, batulus.' Cic. Par. v. 2.

Divae contingere vittas." At the 44.) “Whom the chest of the im- Greek festival of Ceres (Thesmoperilled Latinus has so often con- phoria) strict purity was required; cealed :" i.e. whose hair-breadth es- and the usage seems to have been capes have been the subject of so retained in the Roman “ Cerealia." many farces. Latinus had often re- See Dion. Hal. i. 83, iopúo avto Òè presented Ursidius on the stage a8 και Δήμητρος ιερόν, και τας θυσίας hiding in a chest from the husband's αυτή δια γυναικών τε και νηφαchastisement. For Latinus, see λίoυς έθυσαν. note on Sat. i. 36.

51, 52. Necte-corymbos] The 47. Delicias hominis] Ridiculous wedding festivities took place at the

Lit. the trifling (i. e. folly) bridegroom's house, to which the bride of the man. • Deliciae' gets this was escorted in the evening. The meaning from its sense of a beloved doorway was festooned with flowers object; hence, the caresses bestowed and clusters of ivy-berries (corymbi).

53. Iberinae] his intended wife. ib. Farp. lim.] The temple of 55_58.] “ In the country indeed Jupiter Capitolinus.

you do find a reputation here and 48. auratam) with the horns gilt. there. Let its possessor (when Virg. Aen. ix. 627, "aurata fronte married) live up to it, even in the juvencum."

quietest of towns, and I will grant it ib. Junoni] See Virg. Aen. iv. was merited." 59, “ Junoni ante omnes, cui vincla 56, 57. Gabiis Fidenis] These jugalia curae.”

towns were so deserted that they 50.) “ To touch the chaplets of bad passed into a proverb. See Sat.

F

man !

on one.

ensure

Porticibusne tibi monstratur femina voto 60 but with Digna tuo? Cuneis an habent spectacula totis, in reach Quod securus ames, quodque inde excerpere possis ? of the theatres !

Ast aliae, quoties aulaea recondita cessant,
Et vacuo clausoque sonant fora sola theatro,
Atque a plebeiis longe Megalesia, tristes
Personam thyrsumque tenent, et subligar Acci. 70
Urbicus exodio risum movet Atellanae

69.]

The “

x. 100; and cf. Hor. Epist. i. 11.7, the piece was over, the ‘siparium' “Gabiis desertior atque Fidenis was raised ;—where our curtain vicus."

drops. 60. porticibus] The public por- ib. cessant) Rest. ticoes round the Forum, Campus 68. foru] The law-courts. Martius, and elsewhere, which were

And there is the long resorted to both for business and break between the ‘Plebeii ludi' and recreation. Or the porticoes of the the ' Megalesia' (when the theatres

thermae' may be meant. See note will open again)." The ‘Plebeii on Sat. vii. 233.

ludi' were in November, the “Mega61. Cuneis] blocks," or lesia' in April. The former comcompartments of seats at the theatre. memorated the termination of the They were called 'cunei,' because the dispute between the plebs and patribenches were arranged in semicir- cians, after the first secession of the cular tiers rising one above the former to the Mons Sacer. The Meother; see note on Sat. iii. 154. galesia were the festival of Cybele, The circumference was thus greater the meryann Mýtnp: see notes on in the top tiers than at the bottom; Sat. iii. 137, and Sat. xi. 191. and the rows of stairs which gave 69, 70. tristes-Acci] “ They are access to them divided the whole dull, and have private theatricals." into compartments of the shape of a 70. persona] “ mask.” blunt wedge.

ib. thyrsus) The pole carried by 61–81.) “Will you find a blame- the Bacchanals;-here, of course, the less character among the spectators dramatic thyrsus, carried by the at the theatre?-_Why, they act farces dancers, who personated them. Its themselves at home (67–70); or, upper part terminated in a fir-cone, worse still, admit the comedians to or a cone-shaped bunch of ivy and their favours."

acanthus leaves. 67. aulueu rec. cessant] The dra- ib. subligar Acci] The drawers of matic performances were exhibited Accius. He was a performer of the only at certain festivals; see line day, like Urbicus, Echion, and the 69,' also Sat. iii. 174. When they other names in this passage. were over, the stage machinery was 71. exodio-Atell.] See note on put away (* recondita'), including of Sat. iii. 175. course the aulaea,' or curtain. The 71, 72. ris. movet-gestibus Autolatter was technically called “si- noes ] “ draws down the house by his parium.” It differed from our personation (lit. gestures) of Autostage-curtain in being lowered by noe." Pentheus, king of Thebes, machinery under the floor, in- disturbed the Bacchanals in their stead of lifted, at the commence- rites, and was torn to pieces by his ment of the piece. See Hor. Ep. mother Agave. His aunt Autonoë ii. 1. 189, “Quatuor, aut plures, assisted. This was a favourite tragic aulaea premuntur in horas.” When subject (see Eurip. ‘Bacchae'), and

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