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SATIRA IV.

A CABINET COUNCIL.

“ Crispi

Ecceiterum Crispinus! Etest mihisaepe vocandus nus again."

Ad partes, monstrum nulla virtute redemtum
A vitiis, aeger, solaque libidine fortis.
Quid refert

igitur, quantis jumenta fatiget 5
Porticibus ? quanta nemorum vectetur in umbra ?
Jugera quot vicina foro, quas emerit aedes ?
Nemo malus felix; minime corruptor et idem
Incestus, cum quo nuper vittata jacebat
Sanguine adhuc vivo terram subitura sacerdos. 10
Sed nunc de factis levioribus : et tamen alter

Si fecisset idem, caderet sub judice morum. 1. iterum] Juvenal had attacked a lamp, and a small quantity of him in Sat, i. 26.

food. The earth was then filled 2. ad partes] To (play) his part. in over her. This punishment dated Actors were said agere primas, se- from the first Tarquin ;—the laws of cundas partes.?

Numa prescribed stoning only: It 5, 6. quantisumbra] The por- is not known who was the Vestal ticoes of private houses were large here referred to. enough to admit carriages. See Sat. 12. caderet sub] “be condemned vii. 178 and note. They were by.” planted with trees : so Hor. Od. iii. ib. judice morum] Under the 10. 5, 6, “nemus inter pulcra satum republic, this was the censor's office. tecta remugiat Ventis."

In making out the census, he ap9. incestus] Here, one who has pended a remark (nota censoria) to defiled a Vestal, the latter being con- the name of any citizen who had been secrated.

guilty of private or political miscon9, 10. vittata sacerdos] i.e. a Ves- duct. The consequence of such a tal, from the fillet they wore. censure was the citizen's “ignomi

10.] A Vestal who had been un- nia,” which however did not affect chaste was buried alive in the Cam- his private rights, although he lost pus Sceleratus near the Colline gate. some political privileges. It differed Sho was conducted thither by the from the “infamia," which resulted Pontifex Maximus, and placed in from a conviction for crime, or, in an underground vault, with a couch, some cases, from its mere perpetra

Nam quod turpe bonis, Titio Seioque, decebat
Crispinum. Quid agas, quum dira et foedior omni
Crimine persona est? Mullum sex millibus emit,
Aequantem sane paribus sestertia libris, 16
Ut perhibent, qui de magnis majora loquuntur.
Consilium laudo artificis, si munere tanto
Praecipuam in tabulis ceram senis abstulit orbi.
Est ratio ulterior, magnae si misit amicae, 20
Quae vehitur clauso latis specularibus antro.
Nil tale exspectes: emit sibi. Multa videmus,
Quae miser et frugi non fecit Apicius. Hoc tu,
Succinctus patria quondam, Crispine, papyro ?
Hoc pretium squamae ? Potuit fortasse minoris

" The

tion. The “ignominia" might be ness, if" &c. ; i. e. I should recognize removed by subsequent censors, or the artist's hand. remedied by amendment, while the 19. praecipuam ceram] “ infamia" was perpetual.

first place in the rich man's will;" Here, by ‘judice morum' is meant lit. "first wax in the tablets.' See Domitian, who had revived the note on Sat. i. 63. The meaning is, office in his own person, and ex- got named either as sole . haeres,' or ercised it with severity; of course, for the principal share among several sparing his own favourites. See 'cohaeredes.' Sueton. Domit. cap. 8; and cf. Sat. 20. magnae amicae] See note on ii. 29, 30 and note. The purchase Sat. iii. 129. of the mullet by Crispinus was an 21. specularibus] See Sat. iii. offence against the “leges sumtua- 242, and note. Antro,' from the riae," and therefore properly cogniza- size of the litter. ble by the censor.

22, 23. multaApicius] Api13. Titio Seioque] Generally, for cius was abstemiousness itself to any good man; “A” and “B.” They what we now see.'

." There were three were the names used in discussing famous epicures of this name, the points mooted in legal treatises. most distinguished of whom flou

15. crimine] imputation of rished under Tiberius ;-M. Gabius crime.”

A picius. ib. persona] " The offender." 23. miser] “mean.” 15, 16.] See note on Sat. i. 106, 24. Succinct. patria papyro] Aequantem ... libris ;” “ squaring Bustling about in thy native papyin fact the sestertia' to match the rus." Coarse tunics were made of this pounds."

material. “Succinctus'comes to mean 18–22.). “ There might be some 'active' or 'bustling,' from the belt excuse if he had bought it as a (cinctus' or cinctura') with which legacy-hunter's present. But no, it, the tunic was fastened up round the was for his own eating.” Cf. Sat. waist when the wearer was in moiii. 126-130; v. 98. 137-142; vi. tion, and which was removed_at 38_40; x. 202 ; xii. 93-130 ; and other times. Cf. Sat. viii. 162. For cf. Horace's description of Ulysses the same reason, 'discinctus' means turned captator,' Sat. ii. 5.

lazy.' 18. Consil. laudo artificis). “I ib. patria] Because Crispinus (should) praise the designer's clever- came from Egypt. See Sat. i. 26.

Piscator, quam piscis, emi. Provincia tanti 26
Vendit agros ; sed majores Appulia vendit.
Quales tunc epulas ipsum glutisse putemus
Endoperatorem, quum tot sestertia, partem
Exiguam et modicae sumtam de margine coenae,
Purpureus magni ructarit scurra Palati, 31
Jam princeps Equitum, magna qui voce solebat
Vendere municipes Pharia de merce siluros ?

Incipe, Calliope ; licet et considere ; non est
Cantandum, res vera agitur. Narrate, puellae 35

Pierides : prosit mihi, vos dixisse puellas! A fisher- Quum jam semianimum laceraret Flavius orbem man's

Ultimus, et calvo serviret Roma Neroni,
Incidit Adriaci spatium admirabile rhombi
Ante domum Veneris, quam Dorica sustinet Ancon,

gift.

39

26, 27.1. “You might buy a large burghers. He had probably hawked estate in the provinces at that price, them dried about the villages. Phaor nearer home a still larger one.' ria' means Egypt generally, from Landed investments in the provinces the well-known Pharos. were in fashion, which lowered the 34, 35. licet et considere-cantanprice of even good land in Italy. dum] “And you may as well be

Appulia' is used with particular seated about it, for it is grave earforce, as it was the best grazing. land nest—no mere trick of poetry.” in Italy. See Sat. ix. 55 and note. 35. puellae] transl. "maids."

29. endoperutorem! Lengthened 37, 38.] Vespasian, the first of the form of “imperator.'

Endo' or Flavia gens who became emperor, indu' stood 'for 'in'. the old was succeeded by his sons Titus and Latin.

(subsequently) Domitian. With the 31. Palati] The Palatine hill; latter the Flavian dynasty terminated originally Pallanteum, and shortened at this period, although it was revived into Palatium. Under Augustus, it in the Constantines. became the imperial residence, and

38. calvo Neroni] “ Nero the was entirely occupied by buildings of bald ;" as if it were an epithet by the Court, with a temple of Apollo, which one monarch was distinguished and public library contiguous. See from a predecessor of the same name. Hor. Ep. i. 3. 17, “ Scripta Palati- The meaning of course is that Dominus quaecunque accepit Apollo." In tian was Nero over again in tyranny. the Latinity of the empire it is there- From a passage in Ausonius, the fore equivalent to our "palace.” nickname would scem to have been

32. princeps Equitum] Probably given by others besides Juvenal. no office is designated; the term Domitian was extremely sensitive merely means a leading man on the score of his baldness. amongst.

ib. serviret] Domitian was the 33. municipessiluros] “ the com- first emperor who assumed the title patriot shads of his Pharian stock-in- of“ Dominus." trade.” Crispinus was an Egyptian ; 40. Dorica] Anco a sea-port see l. 24 and note; hence the shads in Picenum, on the Adriatic; the are called his ' municipes' or fellow- modern Ancona. It was colonized

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Implevitque sinus: neque enim minor haeserat illis,
Quos operit glacies Maeotica, ruptaque tandem
Solibus, effundit torpentis ad ostia Ponti,
Desidia tardos, et longo frigore pingues.
Destinat hoc monstrum cymbae linique magister
Pontifici summo. Quis enim proponere talem 46
Aut emere auderet, quum plena ea litora multo
Delatore forent ? dispersi protenus algae
Inquisitores agerent cum remige nudo,
Non dubitaturi fugitivum dicere piscem,
Depastumque diu vivaria Caesaris, inde
Elapsum veterem ad dominum debere reverti.
Si quid Palfurio, si credimus Armillato,
Quidquid conspicuum pulcrumque est aequore toto,
Res fisci est, ubicumque natat. Donabitur ergo,

50

by Syracusan exiles in the reign were merely ministerial. The duties of Dionysius, B.c. 380. Syracuse it- of the coilege were detailed in the self was colonized from Corinth; libri pontificales' of Numa. They and Corinth was conquered by the consisted chiefly in regulations of Dorians on the return of the He- ritual, and in deciding on the adracleidae to Peloponnesus. Ancon mission or exclusion of new objects was therefore of Doric extraction, of worship. The pontifices also acted and is hence called “Dorica' here. as judges in causes affecting reli

41. sinus) The folds of the net. gion.

43. Ponti] sub. “Euxini." The The Pontifex Maximus was always turbots which thus descended from chosen from the highest families, and the sea of Azoff (Palus Maeotis) into the office was compatible with civil the Euxine formed a considerable and military appointments. Thus the item of traffic at Byzantium. See Pontifex Maximus was frequently Tac. Ann. xii. 63.

consul; see Livy xxviii. 38. He 46. Pontifici summo] i. e. Max- was not, however, until the later imo. This was one of the titles period of the republic, allowed to assumed by the emperors. The leave Italy. Pontifex Maximus was the head of ib. proponere) sub. “venalem." the college of five pontifices ap- Expose for sale.” pointed by Numa, but eventually 48. protenus] “In one hour." (under Sulla) increased to fifteen. 48, 49.] “ There would be officials They were a self-elected body (co- all over the place, hunting up the optati '). After the ‘lex Domitia' sea-weed, and litigating with the however (B.c. 104) the election fisherman." was practically transferred to the 53. Si] “In fact if." comitia of the tribes, the college ib. Palfurio, Armillato] Inreceiving what we should call a formers.

congé d'élire” to choose their 55. Res fisci] Under the empire, nominee. The pontifices had the the public revenue was distributed general control of religion, thus in two classes. That administered by differing from the priests attached to the

emperors was called 'fiscus particular temples, whose functions (lit. a basket). That which remained

Ne pereat. Jam letifero cedente pruinis 56
Auctumno, jam quartanam sperantibus aegris,
Stridebat deformis hyems, praedamque recentem
Servabat: tamen hic properat, velut urgeat Auster.
Utque lacus suberant, ubi,quamquam diruta, servat
Ignem Trojanum et Vestam colit Alba minorem, 61
Obstitit intranti miratrix turba parumper.
Ut cessit, facili patuerunt cardine valvae.
Exclusi exspectant admissa opsonia Patres.
Itur ad Atridem. Tum Picens, Accipe, dixit, 65
Privatis majora focis : genialis agatur
Iste dies ; propera stomachum laxare saginis,
Et tua servatum consume in saecula rhombum.
Ipse capi voluit.—Quid apertius? Et tamen illi
Surgebant cristae. Nihil est, quod credere de se
Non possit, quum laudatur Dîs aequa potestas. 71

under the senate's control kept its Vesta existed at Alba before the old name of aerarium.'

foundation of Rome. See Livy i. 55. ubicumque natat] Properly, 20;-Silvia, the mother of Romulus, it was only in certain waters that was a Vestal. Numa did not superfish could be claimed by the crown. sede the worship of Vesta at Alba, These spies however would have although he fixed its principal site at claimed the turbot, from its excel- Rome. lence, wherever taken. This was a 65. Atridem] The emperor. wider ground than that of the 'in- 66. genialis agatur] Be“ devoted quisitores,' l. 49. The latter would to the genius;" i. e. kept as a holionly allege that the fish had escaped day. So Hor. Od. iii. 17. 14, “cras from the imperial preserves.

genium mero Curabis." The 'ge56. pereat] “be seized.”

nius' was a kind of guardian angel, 57. sperantibus) Merely “anti- attached to each person at birth, and cipating.” It bas been rendered, having an existence coincident with

hoping that these tertian fevers and causative of his own. Hence, would turn into quartan (come the genius' was worshipped on the every four days instead of three), birthday and other festive occasions, which happens late in the autumn. as the source of life and its enjoyBut this is far-fetched.

ments. In effect, this was the idea 59. hic] The fisherman.

of individual life made objective, and 60, 61.] On the destruction of invested with a distinct being; Alba by Tullus Hostilius (see Livy second self. i. 29), the temples were spared, and 67. laxare) " distend." continued till the time of the em- ib. saginis] With delicacies. Lit. pire. Domitian had a palace there, saginae ' are a cattle-feed for fattenformerly the property of Cn. Pom- ing animals. peius.

Et tamen cristae] 61. Vestamminorem] As com- “ Gross as this flattery was, the empared with her worship at Rome; peror's comb began to rise under it." • less illustrious." The worship of 71. potestas] office" used for

69, 70.

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