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Numquam animo pretiis obstantibus. Interius si 15
In summis minimisque, etiam quum piscis emetur, 15, 16, interius si attendas] Ex- 22. Ventidio Sat. vii. 199. amine more narrowly; lit. inwardly. 26, 27.) “ The difference between
17, 18. perituram--fracta). "pro- a strong box and a purse;" i. e. becure the price of these indulgencos tween what a rich man may spend by pawning." “ Oppositis," sub. and a poor one. "pignori ;" lit. given to pledge, i. e. 27. Tuwi gravTÓv] It is doubtpawned.
ful which of the sages of antiquity 18. matris imagine fracta) sub. was the author of this. Hence, per“opposita pignori" "fracta" being haps, “e coelo descendit." used as an adjective. “ Lancibus et 31. se traducebat Ulixes) imagine oppositis" are the ablative Ulysses did not show to advantage;" of the means, after “arcessere ;" lit. discredited himself. See note on " by pawning them."
Sat. ii. 159. The contest of Ulysses 19. condire]
season," i. e. load and Ajax for the arms of Achilles is with delicacies. “Quadringentis nu- well known. mis," abl. of the price. " Numis,"
33. te consule] “deliberate well i, e." sestertii,” See note on Sat. i. first of all whether you have capacity 106.
20. miscellanea] sub. “ fercula;" 34. vehemens) "powerful." scrap-dinner.” “ Sic," “ by this ib. Curtius), Sat, iv. 107 and note. course."
For“Matho," see note on Sat. i. 32. ib. ludi] Of the lanista's school, ib. buccae) “mouthing actors ;" 1. 8.
lit. cheeks. Cf. Sat. iii. 35,
Ne mullum cupias, quum sit tibi gobio tantum
Pauci ridiculum et fugientem ex Urbe pudorem. 55 A dinner
Experiere hodie, numquid pulcerrima dictu, should be, Persice, non praestem vita, vel moribus, et re;
40. fenoris] Note on Sat. ix. 140. “ Vertere solum ” is properly to go 43. 'annulus) The badge of eques- into voluntary exile. 'It is used hutrian or senatorial rank.
morously here of a residence at ib. Pollio] Perhaps the Crepe- Baiae. The latter would seem to reius Pollio of Sat. ix. 6, 7.
have been the same refuge for “the 44, 45.] “What spendthrifts have unfortunate” which Boulogne is to fear is not an early death, but now.a-days. For “ostrea,” see note more than even death itself, old on Sat. viii. 86. age. “ Luxuriae” (for 'luxurio- 50. cedere foro]. “ become banksis '), dat. after“ metuenda."
rupt.” This was the technical term 44. praematuriacerbum] These for it, the shops of the bankers were technical terms. The death of (* argentarii) being round the foyouths was 'praematura,' or 'imma- rum. Cf. Sat. x. 25 and note. tura.' “Quod si immatura manebat ib. Subura] Sat. iii. 5 and note. Sors natum" is used by Evander of “ Ferventi,' bustling." Pallas. “Acerba mors' was the death 51. Esquilias] The "gelidas Esof an infant. So Virg. Aen. vi. 428, quilias” of Sat. v. 77, 78. So Hor. 429, “Quos dulcis vitae exsortes, et Sat. i. 8. 14, “ Nunc licet Esquiliis ab ubere raptos Abstulit atra dies, habitare salubribus." et funere mersit acerbo.'
53. Circensibus] sub. “ludis." See 46. hi] “ the following are.” Sat. iii. 223 and note.
47, 48. dominis -- fenoris auctor] 57. Persice] A friend of Juve" the creditors."
nal's, whom he thus invites to a 49.] Those who do not mind a frugal supper. temporary absence from Rome, go ib. non praestem – re] “fail to to some pleasant watering-place.” carry out in life, character, or fact."
Sed laudem siliquas occultus ganeo; pultes
Auctumnum et crudi posuere pericula succi. 58. laudem-ganeo] Imitated from been transported to heaven, and Hor. Ep. i. 7. 35, “Nec somnum Aeneas was worshipped on plebis laudo satur altilium."
banks of the river as Jupiter 59. coram — puero] give my Indiges.' slave the order for in public.” Opp. ib. alter flammis] The reference to“ in aure.
is to the death of Hercules on the 60–63.] “For as you are en- funeral pyre of Mount Oeta. His gaged to dine with me, you will find wife Deianira unwittingly sent him me an Evander (of frugality), and a poisoned shirt, which caused such must yourself be as condescending agony that Hercules resolved on as Hercules or Aeneas." See Virg. burning himself to death. He was Aen. viii. 359_366, “ Talibus inter carried up from the pyre to Olympus. se (Evander and Aeneas) dictis ad The story of the robe and the suffertecta subibant Pauperis Evandri ... ings of Hercules form the subject of Ut ventum ad sedes: Haec, inquit the “ Trachiniae" of Sophocles. (scil. Evander), limina victor Al- 70. torto calentia foeno] Still cides subiit; haec illum regia cepit. warm in their twisted hay” (that Aude, hospes. contemnere opes, et in which they were laid, and which te quoque dignum Finge deo; re- was wrapped round them); i.e. newbusque veni non asper egenis.”
laid. 62. contingens sanguine coelum] 72 parte anni] through some scil, through his mother Venus. portion of the year.” It was now
63. alter (Aeneus) aquis) scil. “ad spring. See 1. 75, 76. sidera missus." He fell in battle 74. Picenis) dat. after “aemula." with the Rutulians, and was sup- Cf. Hor. Sat. ii. 4. 70, Picenis posed to have been drowned in the cedunt pomis Tiburtia succo." river Numicius. As the body was 75, 76. siccatum - Auctumnum] never found, it was believed to have “Now that they have lost their
Haec olim nostri jam luxuriosa Senatus
Erectum domito referens a monte ligonem. with fur- Quum tremerent autem Fabios durumque Catonem
Et Scauros et Fabricios, rigidique severos
autumn sharpness, dried up by the 90, 91.] “While people had a cold of winter."
wholesome dread of the censor." 78. Curius] Sat. ii. 3 and note. 90. Fabios --Cutonem_Scuuros 79. brevibus] “pinched.” Sat. iii. Fabricios] Names of famous cen286.
sors. Q. Fabius Maximus, the well. 80. in magna — fossor] “even a known conqueror of Samnium, was slave in the 'ergastulum.”' See censor B.C. 304.
Cato is always Sat. viii. 180 and note.
known as Cato the censor," from 81. vulva popinae) “the swine's the austerity with which he enforced matrix of the cook's shop."
that office. Aemilius “Scaurus 82. rura-crate]
open wicker- was censor B.C. 109. For Fabriwork," to admit the smoke.
cius,” see note on Sat. ix. 142. 84. lardum) contracted from ‘la- 91, 92.] The reference is proridum,' “bacon."
bably to a story of Claudius Nero 85. accedente – carne] “ with the and Livius. They were censors B.C. addition only of a fresh-killed joint 204, and both equites equo pub(in Juvenal's time the Romans had lico.' See note on Sat. x. 94, 95. learnt to hang theirs) if a victim of- Claudius compelled his colleague to fered one;" i. e. if there had been a sell his horse, on account of his consacrifice. The victims, with the ex- demination in a trial by the people ception of the thighs, and other parts some years previously, and Livius burnt on the altar, were eaten by retaliated. See Liv. xxix. 37. The those present at the sacrifice. See Scholiast refers the lines to an alterHom. passim.
cation between Fabius Maximus . (1. 88. maturius] “ earlier."
90) and his colleague in the censorerectum] on his shoulder." ship, P. Decius Mus. This, howib. domito—a monte] “ from the ever, is not mentioned elsewhere ;hillock he had been digging." So they had a dispute in their joint Virg. Aen. ix. 608, “rastris terram consulship nine years afterwards. doinat."
See Liv. x. 24.
Qualis in Oceani fluctu testudo nataret,
95. Trojugenis] See note on Sat. B.c. 146. The general himself told i. 100.
the persons with whom he contracted 96, 97.) “But on its unadorned for the shipment of a portion of side and diminutive couch (an hen- these treasures, that they would have diadys for the bare side of the couch) to replace them if lost. a frontlet of brass exhibited the 100. nescius] “ untaught to." So wreathed ass's head;" i. e. as its “ Pelidae stomachum cedere nescii," only ornament. Hyginus (Fab. 274 Hor. Od. i. 6. 6. init.) speaks of the couches of an- 104, 105.1 The figures of Rotiquity having this decoration. This mulus and Remus. Cf. Virg. Aen. was because the ass had done good viii. 630—634. Vulcan pourtrayed service in cropping the upper twigs on the shield of Aeneas “fetam of the vine, and thus teaching the Mavortis in antro Procubuisse luart of pruning. Columella (x. 344, pam; geminos huic ubera circum 345) mentions the practice of fixing Ludere pendentes pueros, et lambere an ass's head flayed on the boun- matrem Impavidos; illam tereti cerdaries of fields, apparently in con- vice reflexam Mulcere alternos, et nexion with some Etrurian rite. corpora fingere lingua.” 97. vile! “ cheap.”
107. dei) scil. Mars. He is sup98. ruris alumni] “nurslings of posed to be represented on the helmet the rustic home;" the farmer's child- descending from the sky in armour;
hence“ pendentis." -100-107.) “ The soldiers then 109. furrata]
porridge.” Lit. broke to pieces the bronzes of cap- made of
with cibaria' undertured cities, to use the metal for mi- stood. litary decorations." This was pro- ib. Tusco] The Etrurian pottery bably suggested by the wholesale is well known. destruction of works of art at Co- 110.) Ironicè. “ Pray en vy them, rinth, on its capture by Mummius if you are so disposed."