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mam

Numquam animo pretiis obstantibus. Interius si 15
Attendas, magis illa juvant, quae pluris emuntur.
Ergo haud difficile est, perituram accersere sum-
Lancibus oppositis, vel matris imagine fracta,
Et quadringentis numis condire gulosum
Fictile: sic veniunt ad miscellanea ludi.

20
Refert ergo, quis haec eadem paret: in Rutilo nam
Luxuria est, in Ventidio laudabile nomen
Sumit, et a censu famam trahit. Illum ego jure
Despiciam, qui scit, quanto sublimior Atlas
Omnibus in Libya sit montibus; hic tamen idem 25
Ignoret, quantum ferrata distet ab arca
Sacculus. E coelo descendit Γνώθι σεαυτόν,
Figendum et memori tractandum pectore, sive
Conjugium quaeras, vel sacri in parte Senatus
Esse velis: nec enim loricam poscit Achillis 30
Thersites, in qua se traducebat Ulixes.
Ancipitem seu tu magno discrimine causam
Protegere affectas, te consule; dic tibi, qui sis,
Orator vehemens, an Curtius et Matho buccae.
Noscenda est mensura sui spectandaque rebus 35

In summis minimisque, etiam quum piscis emetur, 15, 16, interius si attendas] Ex- 22. Ventidio Sat. vii. 199. amine more narrowly; lit. inwardly. 26, 27.) “ The difference between

17, 18. perituram--fracta). "pro- a strong box and a purse;" i. e. becure the price of these indulgencos tween what a rich man may spend by pawning." “ Oppositis," sub. and a poor one. "pignori ;" lit. given to pledge, i. e. 27. Tuwi gravTÓv] It is doubtpawned.

ful which of the sages of antiquity 18. matris imagine fracta) sub. was the author of this. Hence, per“opposita pignori" "fracta" being haps, “e coelo descendit." used as an adjective. “ Lancibus et 31. se traducebat Ulixes) imagine oppositis" are the ablative Ulysses did not show to advantage;" of the means, after “arcessere ;" lit. discredited himself. See note on " by pawning them."

Sat. ii. 159. The contest of Ulysses 19. condire]

season," i. e. load and Ajax for the arms of Achilles is with delicacies. “Quadringentis nu- well known. mis," abl. of the price. " Numis,"

33. te consule] “deliberate well i, e." sestertii,” See note on Sat. i. first of all whether you have capacity 106.

20. miscellanea] sub. “ fercula;" 34. vehemens) "powerful." scrap-dinner.” “ Sic," “ by this ib. Curtius), Sat, iv. 107 and note. course."

For“Matho," see note on Sat. i. 32. ib. ludi] Of the lanista's school, ib. buccae) “mouthing actors ;" 1. 8.

lit. cheeks. Cf. Sat. iii. 35,

even

for it."

Ne mullum cupias, quum sit tibi gobio tantum
In loculis. Quis enim te, deficiente crumena
Et crescente gula, manet exitus, aere paterno
Ac rebus mersis in ventrem, fenoris atque 40
Argenti gravis et pecorum agrorumque capacem ?
Talibus a dominis post cuncta novissimus exit
Annulus, et digito mendicat Pollio nudo.
Non praematuri cineres, nec funus acerbum
Luxuriae, sed morte magis metuenda senectus. 45
Hi plerumque gradus : conducta pecunia Romae
Et coram dominis consumitur : inde ubi paulum,
Nescio quid, superest, et pallet fenoris auctor,
Qui vertere solum, Baias et ad ostrea currunt.
Cedere namque foro jam non est deterius, quam 50
Esquilias a ferventi migrare Subura.
Ille dolor solus patriam fugientibus, illa
Moestitia est, caruisse anno Circensibus uno.
Sanguinis in facie non haeret gutta: morantur

Pauci ridiculum et fugientem ex Urbe pudorem. 55 A dinner

Experiere hodie, numquid pulcerrima dictu, should be, Persice, non praestem vita, vel moribus, et re;

40. fenoris] Note on Sat. ix. 140. “ Vertere solum ” is properly to go 43. 'annulus) The badge of eques- into voluntary exile. 'It is used hutrian or senatorial rank.

morously here of a residence at ib. Pollio] Perhaps the Crepe- Baiae. The latter would seem to reius Pollio of Sat. ix. 6, 7.

have been the same refuge for “the 44, 45.] “What spendthrifts have unfortunate” which Boulogne is to fear is not an early death, but now.a-days. For “ostrea,” see note more than even death itself, old on Sat. viii. 86. age. “ Luxuriae” (for 'luxurio- 50. cedere foro]. “ become banksis '), dat. after“ metuenda."

rupt.” This was the technical term 44. praematuriacerbum] These for it, the shops of the bankers were technical terms. The death of (* argentarii) being round the foyouths was 'praematura,' or 'imma- rum. Cf. Sat. x. 25 and note. tura.' “Quod si immatura manebat ib. Subura] Sat. iii. 5 and note. Sors natum" is used by Evander of “ Ferventi,' bustling." Pallas. “Acerba mors' was the death 51. Esquilias] The "gelidas Esof an infant. So Virg. Aen. vi. 428, quilias” of Sat. v. 77, 78. So Hor. 429, “Quos dulcis vitae exsortes, et Sat. i. 8. 14, “ Nunc licet Esquiliis ab ubere raptos Abstulit atra dies, habitare salubribus." et funere mersit acerbo.'

53. Circensibus] sub. “ludis." See 46. hi] “ the following are.” Sat. iii. 223 and note.

47, 48. dominis -- fenoris auctor] 57. Persice] A friend of Juve" the creditors."

nal's, whom he thus invites to a 49.] Those who do not mind a frugal supper. temporary absence from Rome, go ib. non praestem – re] “fail to to some pleasant watering-place.” carry out in life, character, or fact."

as it

Sed laudem siliquas occultus ganeo; pultes
Coram aliis dictem puero, sed in aure placentas.
Nam quum sis conviva mihi promissus, habebis 60
Evandrum, venies Tirynthius, aut minor illo
Hospes, et ipse tamen contingens sanguine coelum :
Alter aquis, alter flammis ad sidera missus.
Fercula nunc audi nullis ornata macellis.
De Tiburtino veniet pinguissimus agro

65
Haedulus et toto grege mollior, inscius herbae,
Necdum ausus virgas humilis mordere salicti,
Qui plus lactis habet, quam sanguinis; et montani
Asparagi, posito quos legit villica fuso.
Grandia praeterea tortoque calentia foeno 70
Ova adsunt, ipsis cum matribus, et servatae
Parte anni, quales fuerant in vitibus, uvae :
Signinum Syriumque pyrum, de corbibus îsdem
Aemula Picenis, et odoris mala recentis,
Nec metuenda tibi, siccatum frigore postquam 75

Auctumnum et crudi posuere pericula succi. 58. laudem-ganeo] Imitated from been transported to heaven, and Hor. Ep. i. 7. 35, “Nec somnum Aeneas was worshipped on plebis laudo satur altilium."

banks of the river as Jupiter 59. coram puero] give my Indiges.' slave the order for in public.Opp. ib. alter flammis] The reference to“ in aure.

is to the death of Hercules on the 60–63.] “For as you are en- funeral pyre of Mount Oeta. His gaged to dine with me, you will find wife Deianira unwittingly sent him me an Evander (of frugality), and a poisoned shirt, which caused such must yourself be as condescending agony that Hercules resolved on as Hercules or Aeneas." See Virg. burning himself to death. He was Aen. viii. 359_366, “ Talibus inter carried up from the pyre to Olympus. se (Evander and Aeneas) dictis ad The story of the robe and the suffertecta subibant Pauperis Evandri ... ings of Hercules form the subject of Ut ventum ad sedes: Haec, inquit the “ Trachiniae" of Sophocles. (scil. Evander), limina victor Al- 70. torto calentia foeno] Still cides subiit; haec illum regia cepit. warm in their twisted hay” (that Aude, hospes. contemnere opes, et in which they were laid, and which te quoque dignum Finge deo; re- was wrapped round them); i.e. newbusque veni non asper egenis.”

laid. 62. contingens sanguine coelum] 72 parte anni] through some scil, through his mother Venus. portion of the year.” It was now

63. alter (Aeneus) aquis) scil. “ad spring. See 1. 75, 76. sidera missus." He fell in battle 74. Picenis) dat. after “aemula." with the Rutulians, and was sup- Cf. Hor. Sat. ii. 4. 70, Picenis posed to have been drowned in the cedunt pomis Tiburtia succo." river Numicius. As the body was 75, 76. siccatum - Auctumnum] never found, it was believed to have “Now that they have lost their

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Haec olim nostri jam luxuriosa Senatus
Coena fuit. Curius, parvo quae legerat horto,
Ipse focis brevibus ponebat oluscula, quae nunc
Squalidus in magna fastidit compede fossor, 80
Qui meminit, calidae sapiat quid vulva popinae.
Sicci terga suis, rara pendentia crate,
Moris erat quondam festis servare diebus,
Ac natalitium cognatis ponere lardum,
Accedente nova, si quam dabat hostia, carne. 85
Cognatorum aliquis, titulo ter Consulis atque
Castrorum imperiis et Dictatoris honore
Functus, ad has epulas solito maturius ibat,

Erectum domito referens a monte ligonem. with fur- Quum tremerent autem Fabios durumque Catonem

Et Scauros et Fabricios, rigidique severos
Censoris mores etiam collega timeret;
Nemo inter curas et seria duxit habendum,

89

niture

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autumn sharpness, dried up by the 90, 91.] “While people had a cold of winter."

wholesome dread of the censor." 78. Curius] Sat. ii. 3 and note. 90. Fabios --Cutonem_Scuuros 79. brevibus] “pinched.” Sat. iii. Fabricios] Names of famous cen286.

sors. Q. Fabius Maximus, the well. 80. in magna fossor] “even a known conqueror of Samnium, was slave in the 'ergastulum.”' See censor B.C. 304.

Cato is always Sat. viii. 180 and note.

known as Cato the censor," from 81. vulva popinae) “the swine's the austerity with which he enforced matrix of the cook's shop."

99

that office. Aemilius “Scaurus 82. rura-crate]

open wicker- was censor B.C. 109. For Fabriwork," to admit the smoke.

cius,” see note on Sat. ix. 142. 84. lardum) contracted from ‘la- 91, 92.] The reference is proridum,' “bacon."

bably to a story of Claudius Nero 85. accedente carne] “ with the and Livius. They were censors B.C. addition only of a fresh-killed joint 204, and both equites equo pub(in Juvenal's time the Romans had lico.' See note on Sat. x. 94, 95. learnt to hang theirs) if a victim of- Claudius compelled his colleague to fered one;" i. e. if there had been a sell his horse, on account of his consacrifice. The victims, with the ex- demination in a trial by the people ception of the thighs, and other parts some years previously, and Livius burnt on the altar, were eaten by retaliated. See Liv. xxix. 37. The those present at the sacrifice. See Scholiast refers the lines to an alterHom. passim.

cation between Fabius Maximus . (1. 88. maturius] “ earlier."

90) and his colleague in the censorerectum] on his shoulder." ship, P. Decius Mus. This, howib. domitoa monte] “ from the ever, is not mentioned elsewhere ;hillock he had been digging." So they had a dispute in their joint Virg. Aen. ix. 608, “rastris terram consulship nine years afterwards. doinat."

See Liv. x. 24.

89.

Qualis in Oceani fluctu testudo nataret,
Clarum Trojugenis factura ac nobile fulcrum: 95
Sed nudo latere et parvis frons aerea lectis
Vile coronati caput ostendebat aselli,
Ad quod lascivi ludebant ruris alumni.
Tales ergo cibi, qualis domus atque supellex.
Tunc rudis et Graias mirari nescius artes, 100
Urbibus eversis, praedarum in parte reperta
Magnorum artificum frangebat pocula miles,
Ut phaleris gauderet equus, caelataque cassis
Romuleae simulacra ferae mansuescere jussae
Imperii fato, geminos sub rupe Quirinos, 105
Ac nudam effigiem clypeo fulgentis et hasta
Pendentisque dei perituro ostenderet hosti.
Argenti quod erat, solis fulgebat in armis.
Ponebant igitur Tusco farrata catino
Omnia tunc ; quibus invideas, si lividulus sis. 110

95. Trojugenis] See note on Sat. B.c. 146. The general himself told i. 100.

the persons with whom he contracted 96, 97.) “But on its unadorned for the shipment of a portion of side and diminutive couch (an hen- these treasures, that they would have diadys for the bare side of the couch) to replace them if lost. a frontlet of brass exhibited the 100. nescius] “ untaught to." So wreathed ass's head;" i. e. as its “ Pelidae stomachum cedere nescii," only ornament. Hyginus (Fab. 274 Hor. Od. i. 6. 6. init.) speaks of the couches of an- 104, 105.1 The figures of Rotiquity having this decoration. This mulus and Remus. Cf. Virg. Aen. was because the ass had done good viii. 630—634. Vulcan pourtrayed service in cropping the upper twigs on the shield of Aeneas “fetam of the vine, and thus teaching the Mavortis in antro Procubuisse luart of pruning. Columella (x. 344, pam; geminos huic ubera circum 345) mentions the practice of fixing Ludere pendentes pueros, et lambere an ass's head flayed on the boun- matrem Impavidos; illam tereti cerdaries of fields, apparently in con- vice reflexam Mulcere alternos, et nexion with some Etrurian rite. corpora fingere lingua.” 97. vile! “ cheap.”

107. dei) scil. Mars. He is sup98. ruris alumni] “nurslings of posed to be represented on the helmet the rustic home;" the farmer's child- descending from the sky in armour;

hence“ pendentis." -100-107.) “ The soldiers then 109. furrata]

porridge.” Lit. broke to pieces the bronzes of cap- made of

with cibaria' undertured cities, to use the metal for mi- stood. litary decorations." This was pro- ib. Tusco] The Etrurian pottery bably suggested by the wholesale is well known. destruction of works of art at Co- 110.) Ironicè. “ Pray en vy them, rinth, on its capture by Mummius if you are so disposed."

corn,

ren.

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