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Pro populo faciens quantum Laufella bibebat.
125 Deceptas ? Festinat enim decurrere velox Flosculus, angustae miseraeque brevissima vitae Portio : dum bibimus, dum serta, unguenta,
Poscimus, obrepit non intellecta senectus. Modest O parvi nostrique Lares, quos thure minuto hopes un- Aut farre et tenui soleo exornare corona, realized.
Quando ego figam aliquid, quo sit mihi tuta
quae Fabricius censor notet, et duo fortes 117. Laufella) some drunken thousand sesterces income" (lit. inpriestess. « Saufeia'
is another terest) " on good security.”. See reading
note on Sat. i. 106, and on 1. 7 of ib. faciens] Like the Greek toleiv this Satire. or ρέζειν. Sacrificing."
141. puri] 'plain,' as in Sat. x. 121, 122.] “ Although, bad as the 19. It is opposed to 'argentum asslaves may be, the master, who thus perum' (Sat. xiv. 62) ;—plate chased lives in servitude to them, is worse.
or embossed. · Illis," i. e. "ab illis ;" as
142. Fabricius censor] This was metu, cura.
“ Illis_aere is of the famous Luscinus C. Fabricius,
a periphrasis for “ his who commanded in the war against slaves."
Pyrrhus. In his censorship, B.C. 124. modo] “just now.
275, he expelled from the senate 137. nostrique] opp. to the pa- P. Cornelius Rufinus, for possessing tron's house.
ten pounds of silver-plate. * Notet, 139. figam] “ make sure of;" lit. in this line, was the technical term strike down, like an animal of chase. for this; see note on Sat. iv. 12. In 140. tegete) See Sat. v. 8, and aftertimes Fabricius was spoken of
“ Baculo," the mendicant's as the type of the old republican staff.
character 140, 141, viginti-positis] “twenty 142–144.] Two strong slaves
De grege Moesorum, qui me cervice locata
Votum miserabile, nec
to carry my litter to the Circus.” work. The slaves are “ Moesians” here, 146, 147. sufficient - ero] Of
“ Liburnians Sat. iii. 240, and course ironical. The establishment “ Medians ” Sat. vii. 132.
he stipulates for is a fairly luxuri143. locata] adjusted to the poles ous one. of the litter.
“ His” is 144. clamoso-Circo] So“ rauco," for “horum," unless
“ frui " is unSat. viii. 59. See note there.
derstood. 145, 146. caelator-alter, qui- 149, 150. illa — nave] that of pingat] In addition to the usual U ysses. See Hom. Od. xii. 165– domestic offices, slaves at Rome 177. For “ ceras
see 1. 173 seqq. were employed a8 artisans and me- εγώ κηροίο μέγαν τροχών οξει chanics, like domestic servants in χαλκό Τυτθα διατμήξας χερσί India. "In wealthy families, they otißapņoi mlijevu . εξείης δ' also practised some departments of étápolóiv ÉT ούατα
πασιν art, as painting and silver-chasing. άλειψα. .
ib. curvus] with being kept at
Their ob- Omnibus in terris, quae sunt a Gadibus usque
Auroram et Gangem, pauci dignoscere possunt
Confisus periit admirandisque lacertis.
Strangulat, et cuncta exsuperans patrimonia census,
4. ratione] “ according to 8. toga] Note on Sat. xvi. 8.
10. ille] Probably Milon, the 5, 6. quid-peracti] “What peti- famous athlete of Crotona.' His tion do you ever frame so auspi- strength was immense, and led to ciously, that you have not to repent his death, hy his attempting, in old of your act. and offered vow?" age, to force asunder the partially“Concipere ” and “ peragere are cleft trunk of a tree. It closed upon the technical terins for a set form of him, and wedged him in, until he prayer. “ Dextro pede” is unusual, was devoured by wolves. Milon except with verbs of motion, but flourished B.c. 511. was perhaps suggested by Virgil's 13. census] See note on Sat. i. " dexter adi pede sacra secundo,” 60. Aen. viii. 302.
14. Britannica] i.e. of the North 7. optantibus ipsis] " at their own Sea. request;" i. e. by granting what 16. Longinum] Cassius Longinus,
a famous jurist in the reigns of
Clausit et egregias Lateranorum obsidet aedes
Claudius and Nero. He was exiled 19. puri argenti] See note on by the latter, on account of the in- Sat. ix. 141. fluence he had acquired by his large 25. nostra - foro] The“ fortune. Longinus was recalled from (strong-box) would be that of the banishment by Vespasian.
bankers, or 'argentarii.' Their place ib. Senecaej The well-known phi- of business was in the porticoes losopher and dramatist, put to death which surrounded the forum. by Nero, who had been his pupil. 26. fictilibus] sub. “ vasi bus." His wealth was enormous, and no 27. Setinum] See note on Sat. v. doubt contributed to his fate. The 34. immediate cause, however, was a 28. jamne igitur] “Do you not charge of his baving been concerned then ?" in Piso's unsuccessful conspiracy 28–30. alter — alter] Democriagainst Nero, A.D. 65. Seneca was tus is the well-known philosopher allowed to open his own veins, and of Abdera (born B.C. 460), and 'Hehis wife Paullina did the same. The racleitus, an Ephesian philosopher, philosopher's blood flowed slowly, who flourished about B.c. 513. Deand his torture was extreme. After mocritus took as cheerful a view of taking hemlock ineffectually, he en- human errors as Heracleitns did the tered a bath to accelerate his death, reverse. Hence the former became and was finally suffocated in a va- proverbial as the “ Jaughing,” the pour-stove. Paullina recovered. latter as the "crying," philosopher.
17. Lateranorum] Plautius Latera- 31, 32.] "Not indeed that the nus joined in the unsuccessful con- former was surprising. The satire spiracy against Nero, A.D. 65, and of a laugh was easy enough; but it was executed by that emperor's or- is wonderful where Heracleitus could der.
have found his tears." Rigidi," 18. coenacula] Note on Sat. vii. “reproving." 118, scalarum.
Praetexta et trabeae, fasces, lectica, tribunal. 35
35. praetexta — trabeae - lectica] toga,” which was probably of great See notes on Sat. i. 78; viii. 259; size. “Aulaea" means usually the and i. 32.
siparium’in the theatre. See Sat. ib. tribunal] The praetor's seat viji. 186, and note. The term, howfor administering justice. See note ever, is also used for hangings in a on Sat. iii. 213. It was erected at private house. They caused the accione end of the basilica,' or “law- dent at the dinner of Nasidienus, Hor. court.” There were several of these Sat. ii. 8.54, “ Interea suspensa graves “basilicae' in Rome, and their size aulaea ruinas In patinam fecere." was considerable. On the establish- 41. tenet] Above the praetor's head. ment of Christianity the ' basilicae' 41, 42. publicus servus) A large were mostly converted into churches, body of slaves belonged to the state, the altar being placed where the and were hence called “publici sertribunal' previously stood.
vi ;” as 'publirus ager' means the 36–46.] “What would he have state lands. They were employed in said if he had seen the praetor pre- the care of the public buildings, as siding at the Circensian games ?” See attendants on the magistrates (and note on Sat. iii. 223; vii. 87. The priests), executioners, and jailors, and praetor rode in procession to the in similar capacities. These" pubCircus Maximus, and afterwards lici servi” were better treated than presided at the chariot races. See those who were in the hands of prinote on Sat. iii. 223. The descrip- vate proprietors. tion here (from "praecedentia,"].44) 41. Consul] i.e. the praetor. The seems to apply to the former part of terms were originally identical. the ceremony, viz. the procession. 45. niveos] with whitened togas. In Sat. xi. 191–193 it is probably So Hor. Sat. ii. 2. 60, “natales, the races at which the praetor is pre- aliosve dierum Festos albatus celesiding.
bret.” 38. tunica Jovis] This was kept 46. sportula] See Sat. i. 95, and in the Capitol, and used only on state note. occasions.
ib. defossa in loculis] “interred ib. Sarrana) i.e. Tyrian. “Sarra” in his cupboards.” It was as hard was the ancient name of Tyre. to get at as buried treasure.
39. aulaea togue] “ curtains of bis 47, 48. invenit] scil. Democritus.