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P'R E F A CE. vij Relish of Fruits and other Food, all the Pleasure of Converse, all the Joys of Friend ship, derive a new Value, and are infinitely enbanced by the Consideration that these are tbe Gifts of the great Governor of the Work, .by.whom we are beloved.

BY Thoughts like these we animate our selves with a fresh Vigor to fulfil our Duties. What a new Matter of Admiration is this! To what does this Duty tend? To perfeet ourselves, and render us useful to other

Men, our Equals, our Brethren, who are the Work of our common Mafter, and therefore Subječts worthy of our Affection, E, Steem, and Respect.

PERSONS of this Turn of Thought bend all their Attention to become true, fincere, and friendly; they distribute with Joy their external Goods, and with still greater Earnestness those of their Mind; they apply themselves with the utmost Care to a fcrupulous Examination, in order to assure themselves of what is true, and to introduce it in the Mind of others, who are not so capable of instructing themselves.

THESE are a Series of ideas which came into my Mind upon reflecting on some

Lines of Mr Pope's Effay. Tho' i bade written them, it was not with a Design to prejudice my Readers either in Favour of the EMay itself, or the Examination which I have taken the Liberty to make of ito. My only End was to give my Readers fome Assistance to form right Notions of the Subs ject both of the one and the other.






To Mons. -------, &c.


OU request, Sir, that I would communicate to you the Thoughts

which occurr'd to me upon reading Mr Pope's Essay. It is a Pleasure to obey you ; indeed I can refuse you nothing, and I am at leisure. But do not let it enter into your Thoughts to look upon what I am going to write, as a Criticism ; for you will be extremely mistaken, From my Youth I have always felt



a great Aversion for that Spirit; the very Name of it is odious to me. My first Inclination carries me to acquiesce in whatever is propos'd to me.

I have always need of Violence to bring myself to object, and nothing ever determines me to an Examination, but the Fear of deceiving myself, and afterwards drawing others into Mistakes. Besides, I am too well acquainted with the Charms of Poetry, to engage with a Poet who has already acquir'd so great a Name.

Thro' a Prose Translation I feel the Power of his Enthusiasm ; I have never talk'd on this Subject with any one Person, who has not own'd that Mr Pope is at least a shining Author. It concerns the Intereft of Mankind that Geniuses of this Character should be likewise judicious and circumspect. Their Errors are contagious, we give into them with. Pleasure, and 'tis not without Difficulty that we dissent; especially, when they think in such a Manner as tends ever so little to favour the ruling Passions, and in general that Inclination so universal in Men, to di.


me to


y, to

y aca

e very

rect themselves according to their own Orit I. pinions, and not to bear their Satisfaction what to be molested by any Reproach. I am always far from prejudicing myself against Mr o ob

Pope, by imagining that his End was to

countenance such Inclinations, and to gain eceiv

Applause from Readers of this Character.

I have supposed him to have had in view ell ac

that End I wish'd him. In reading him I have endeavoured to turn his Expressions into a good Sense, and have constantly

been fearful of laying such Principles to his the

Charge as I could not avoid condemning.

The Subject he has undertook to write fon, upon requires our chief Regard, and 'tis cast

of the utmost Importance to us to be so

lidly instructed in it. God is an Object inCha

finitely more exalted, and therefore more worthy our Attention. But if we do not

know ourselves, how shall we arrive at the cre, Knowledge of God our Creator ? What

can we do more to our Advantage than to in

informn ourselves clearly in these Questifa

ons ? Have I always existed ? If my Existence had a Beginning, am I an Effeet of Causes which have no Intelligence ? which B 2



and gi


a Et

ral di: ect

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