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his second queen, which he, with great reluc. conspiracies were plotting against his life; fance, fixed for the 13th of May, 1610. " The and one writer states upwards of fifty plots to more Henry contemplated the approach of have been planned for this king's destruction. that moment,” says Sully," so in proportion An attempt had likewise some years previously did he feel trouble and dread redouble in his been made upon the king's life. soul.” In bitterness and dejection, the poor The last mentioned writer, as well as Sully, king spent whole hours in the study of Sully, states that a month prior to the king's assasseated on a little, low chair, made expressly sination, a report was spread throughout for him. “Ah! my friend,” exclaimed the Spain, and at Milan, of Henry's monarch,“ how this coronation displeases printed document; and that a courier, in his me! I know not what it is, but my fears way through Liege, had announced the tell me that some signal misfortune will monarch's being killed. At Montargis, a happen.” While thus expressing himself, note was found upon the altar of the prinHenry kept striking his spectacle-case with cipal church, containing a prediction of his his fingers, buried in profound thought; and approaching death. The report that Henry from this melancholy reverie, he suddenly would terminate his existence in the course started up, striking his thighs vehemently of this year being generally disseminated with both hands, and crying aloud : “ I shall throughout France, it is, by no means astodie in this city, I shall never quit it-they nishing that the people who adored him will kill me.” Sully then proposed to defer should have imagined they saw fatal proga the coronation. “ I wish to conceal nothing nostics in every direction. from you,” said the king; “I must now Bassompierre says: “ The king, shortly candidly avow that it was formerly predicted before his death, remarked : 'I know not I should be assassinated at the period of a how it is, Bassompierre, but I cannot pergrand solemnity, which I had commanded, suade myself that I shall proceed to Germany.' and that I should expire in a coach; it is He also, at various times, affirmed, • I beon this account I am so fearful.” But the lieve that I shall die soon. queen insisted upon the ceremony. When At Douai, a priest, on his death-bed, said, in private with Sully, the same sombre pre- “ I have just beheld the greatest prince in sentiments took possession of the king's Europe perish :” to which might be added a mind, and he only interrupted the sad and multiplicity of similar tales. At the queen's melancholy silence, by repeating empha- coronation, it was remarked that the arms of tically :
"-" They will kill me, my friend that princess had been improperly blazoned, they will kill me.”
the painter having, by mistake, annexed to A contemporary writer says :-" I shall not the same the attributes of widowhood. dwell
upon the dreams which, it is stated, Every one now recalled to mind with dread, his majesty, as well as the queen, had, on the grand eclipse of the sun which had the night preceding the monarch's death, of occurred in 1608, and the terrible comet of a house falling upon his majesty in the street 1609: in short, tremblings of the earth, the Ferronerie,” &c. One thing, however, is pestilence that raged throughout Paris in certain, that, about six months before the 1606; monsters born in various parts of murder
, one Thomassin, a famous astrologer, France, (extraordinarily hideous and unknown foretold to the king, that it was essential he fish, according to Sully, were caught on the should beware of the month of May, 1610, French coast;) showers of blood, that is, rain and he even specified the day and hour of a reddish colour ; singular inundations, when the king was to be murdered. Henry, an apparition, and many other prodigies, all however, ridiculed the astrologer, and taking which kept men in fear of some horrible him by the hair or the beard, he led him catastrophe. two or three times round the apartment, and The coronation at St. Denis, on Thursday, then dismissed him.
the 13th of May, was performed in sadness On the day preceding the monarch’s death, and silence. The queen was to make her Marshal Bassompierre and the Duke of Guise, public entry into Paris, on the ensuing Sunbeheld, from a window of the Louvre, at day, May 16, and all expedition was used in Paris
, the maypole fall, which had been preparing for that concluding ceremony. The planted near the staircase leading to the day after the coronation, says Sully, the king's royal apartment, not a breath of air stirring sadness so obviously increased, that all the at the time. On witnessing this circumstance, courtiers were struck with his appearance. they looked mournfully at each other, and When he arose, he stated that he had enjoyed Bassompierre remarked, “ I would not for all no rest, and M. de Vendôme entreated his the world that had happened.”
majesty to take care of himself on that day Such superstitious credence is referable to in particular, which had been predicted as the prevalence of an implicit belief in omens fatal; and requested his majesty not to at this period, which also seized upon the go out: “ I perceive,” said the king, “ that king's rooted melancholy. It is proved that you have consulted the almanack, and heard Henry, received numerous intimations that of that fool La Brosse, (the astrologer,) and my cousin, the Count Soissons: the former is Ravillac, who had followed the vehicle from an old idiot; and you are yet very young,
the Louvre, placed his foot upon a spoke of and little experienced.”
one of the hind-wheels, on the side where It was remarked that on the preceding the monarch was seated, and supporting evening, Henry prayed much longer than himself with one hand upon the door of the usual; and during the night, his agitation carriage, he, with the other, struck the king being overheard, some person in attendance with a two-edged knife. The blow grazed approached the royal couch, when the king the second and third ribs, and would not was found upon his knees, praying devoutly. have proved mortal : the king exclaimed, “ I No sooner had he arisen than he retired to am wounded !” at the same instant, he rehis study and prayed : soon after he proceed- ceived a second stab, the weapon pierced ed to mass, and when the service was ended, his heart, and he instantly expired. So deterhe continued a considerable time in fervent mined was the execrable assassin, that he devotion.
aimed a third time, when, however, he struck After dinner, Henry lay down upon his the sleeve of the duke of Montbaron, who bed, but could not sleep. He then inquired had raised his arm to parry off the weapon. the hour, saying, he wished to go to the Of the seven individuals in the carriage Arsenal and visit Sully, who was indisposed. with the monarch, the only person who had But his indecision was painfully evident: he not been on uniformly good terms with the seemed to be struggling against the secret king, was the duke of Epernon. They were, prognostic that troubled him, but which he doubtless, all occupied in observing the vehi. refused to believe. He next consulted the cles which impeded the royal carriage; in queen, but did not wait for a reply; then, addition to which, the blows were struck advancing to the window, and raising his with the greatest rapidity. It is stated that, hand to his forehead, he exclaimed, “My God, during the morning, Ravaillac had continued my God, there is something here that dread- for a greatlength of time at the Louvre, fully troubles me! I know not what is the seated upon the steps of the portal, where matter with me; I cannot go from hence!" the valets were waiting the arrival of the Henry, at length, ordered the carriage, and king. He had intended to strike the blow bequitted the Louvre, followed by the dukes tween the two doors, but he met the duke of 4 of Montbaron and Epernon, marshal La- Epernon on the spot where he had predetervardin, Roquelaure, la Force, Mirabeau, and mined to attack the monarch. Ravillac afterLiancourt, first equerry. Upon the officer wards acknowledged he had followed Henry of the guard appearing, the king said, “ I 'in the morning to the church of the Feuillans, require neither you nor your guards; for these in order to commit the murder ; but that the forty years past, I have almost uniformly been duke of Vendôme, who arrived, forced him to the captain of my own guards; I will not keep at a distance. have any to surround my carriage.” The Not one of the inmates of the carriage coachman then having inquired where he saw the king struck; and, if the villain had was to drive, Henry peevishly replied, “ Con- thrown away the knife, he, probably, would vey me from hence." Upon the driver, sub- not have been detected. All the personages sequently, repeating his former question, the immediately alighted from the carriage, to king said, “to the cross of Trahoir;" and, prevent the people, who flocked from every on arriving at that spot, he observed in a quarter, from tearing the assassin to pieces : bewildered manner, “ To the cemetery of the three of the noblemen stood at the carriageSaints Innocents.” Henry here desired that door to succour their master; and one, perthe curtains of the carriage might be raised; ceiving the blood gush from his mouth, and for, at that period, there were no glasses to that he was speechless, cried out, “ The king the coaches, which were closed in by leather is dead.” Dreadful tumult followed : some curtains. Had they been down, the assassin of the people in the street rushed into the could not have directed his aiin, nor struck shops and houses, as if apprehensive of be. the fatal blow.
coming the prey of some unknown enemies, The populace now gladdened by the pre- and of the city being taken by assault. The sence of their adored monarch, made the air duke of Epernon cried out that the king was ring with acclamations as he proceeded on only wounded; and, to persuade the populace his route. But, Henry appeared insensible that such was the truth, he asked for a to this loyalty, and in profound reverie,—when goblet of wine: many persons instantly the carriage was suddenly stopped at the end rushed from the houses, and the most affectof the street Ferronerie, by two wagons, (one ing exclamations of joy resounded on every loaded with wine, and the other with corn,) side: the people flocked around the carriage which blocked up the road: numerous stalls to see their dear monarch, and could only then placed at the termination of that street, be kept at a distance on being told it was also rendered the passage very narrow. The requisite his Majesty should be forthwith king's foot-pages quitted the carriage in order conveyed to the Louvre for the purpose of to see the way cleared, when one Francis having his wound examined. St. Michel,
of her son.
one of the king's gentlemen in ordinary, had succeeded, he would have undertaken the followed the carriage, but was not near it at deed. the moment of the assassination. He came A careful examination of Ravillac only up on hearing the noise, drew his sword, proved that he was a man of heated imagi. snatched the bloody knife from the hand of nation, who conceiving, according to his the regicide, whom he would have killed, statement, that Henry had resolved on dehad not the duke of Epernon interposed. claring war against the Pope, and did not The villain was then confided to proper take efficient ineasures to convert the Huguehands, and led away. "Two circumstances nots, adopted the resolution of assassinating were particularly remarked,” says Mezerai, him, whom he regarded as a tyrant that " from which the reader may draw what ought to be destroyed: in which ideas he inference he pleases. The one was, that had been strengthened by the sermons of the immediately after the seizure of Ravillac, preachers of the Catholic League. seven or eight men arrived with swords in The torture to which Ravillac was subhand, saying it was requisite the assassin mitted, has few parallels in the records of should be killed; but they instantaneously barbarity. Howel, writing from Paris, thus concealed themselves among the crowd. describes it: “Many consultations were held The other fact was, the murderer's not being how to punish Ravillac, and there were some immediately conveyed to prison, but placed in Italian physicians that undertook to prescribe the hands of Montigny: that he was kept a torment, that should last for three days ; for two days in the hotel of Rais, with so but he escaped only (!) with this :-his body little privacy, that all ranks of people were was pulled between four horses, that one permitted to communicate with him ; and, might hear his bones crack, and after the among others, an ecclesiastic greatly indebt- dislocation they were set again; and so he ed to the king, who, having addressed Ra- was carried in a cart, standing half naked, villac, my friend, cautioned the prisoner not with a torch in that hand which had comto implicate the innocent.”
mitted the murder ; and, in the place where Meanwhile, the sad intelligence was com- the act was done, it was cut off, and a gauntmunicated to the queen, who, on the same let of hot oil was clapped upon the stump, day, was declared regent during the minority to staunch the blood, whereat he gave a
Towards four o'clock, the news doleful shriek; then was he brought upon a reached Sully at the Arsenal, who hastily stage, where a new pair of boots was provided dressed himself to proceed to the Louvre, for him, half filled with boiling oil; then where the king was laid out upon his bed, his body was pincered, and hot oil was poured with his suite around him. Sully did not, into the holes: in all the extremity of this however, enter the palace until two days torture, he scarcely showed any sense of pain, afterwards, owing to some sinister warnings, but when the gauntlet was clapped upon his which he received on his way thither: and arms to staunch the flux, at which time, he he had not fortitude to enter the chamber of reeking blood gave a shriek only; he bore containing the corpse of the monarch he up against all these torments about three adored, though it lay in state during eighteen hours before he died. All the confession days at the palace. The body was embalmed, that could be drawn from him was, that he and placed in a wooden coffin on a wooden thought he had done God good service, to bier
, with a canopy covered with cloth of take away that king, which would have émgold. After the above period, it was con- broiled all Christendom in an endless war."* veyed to St. Denis, and there buried with Ubaldini writes, May 30:-Ravillac pergreat pomp. In the mean time, such was sists that he has no accomplices, and that he the affliction of the Parisians, that the women, has been moved by nothing but religious with dishevelled hair, rushed franticly through zeal. At last he has confessed his folly and the streets; and the men bewildered with an- guilt, with penitence, God be thanked, who, guish, named imaginary accomplices, and according to his wisdom and providence, has swore to sacrifice them to their vengeance. The tumult became terrific, and was only Sir James Crofts.
* Howel's Familiar Letters, vol. i. No. xviii. To
From Paris. Sixth edit. 1688. appeased by the queen sending her nobles to
The date of the letter is, in this edition, May 12, 1620; address the crowds, whom, with great diffi- though the assassination did not take place till culty, they brought to reason.
May 14. Howel adds : " A fatal thing it is that Ravillac, the assassin, was a native of violent deaths in so short a time : Henry 11. running
France should have three of her kings come to such Angouleme, where he kept a school till the at tilt, was killed by a splinter of a lance that pierced age of thirty-one or thirty-two. He was sup- his eye: Henry III., not long after, was killed by a posed by some persons to be of unsound young friar, who, instead of a letter which he pretend
ed to have for him, pulled out of his long sleeve a mind; but this was not denoted by his con- knife, and thrusting it into the king's abdomen, so versation in prison, or his conduct at his dispatcht him ;' but that regicide was hacked to execution. He had a brother, who died in pieces in the place by the nobles. The same destiny Holland, and who, upon his death-bed, de- is now become a common name of reproach and clared that in case Francis Ravillac had not infamy in France.”
not permitted that more than one person of which endless mischiefs might have proshould participate in this frightful crime, and ceeded.*
We have not space to enumerate the par. ties upon whom suspicion fell of participation in the assassination, notwithstanding Ravil. lac's avowal. As may be supposed, they were persons ambitious of power and place, to the acquirement of which the king was the only obstacle.
It remains to be explained that the street in which the assassination was perpetrated, was considerably widened in 1671, when the proprietor of the house marking the spot, placed in front of it a bust of Henry IV. with this inscription :
Henrici Magni recreat presentia cives,
Quos illi æterno fædere junxit amor. The accompanying cut represents the elevation of the house, the present occupier of which is the king's mercer.
* Raumer's Hist. Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Translated by Lord Fraacis Egerton.
IN NATURAL HISTORY.-THIRD
AND LAST SERIES.
By Edward Jesse, Esq. [Our commendatory notices of the two preceding Series of these Gleanings, may be extended to the present volume; so as to render uncalled for the author's “apology for having protracted so light a work to its third series." It is brimful of delightful anecdotes
of the habits of animals, exemplifying their Drupscy
peculiar faculties and sensibilities, and show. Lowviers | Sarban
ing "how capable they are of affection, fideVeru
lity, courage, and, indeed, of many of the Jeauf-ben
virtues which are wont to be admired in the human race.
.” By setting forth these good qualities, and portraying the character of 13
animals in its proper light, Mr. Jesse endea
vours to awaken more kindly feelings towards POURRIER L'Aine MAR CHAND de DRABS KURO! them. He then notices the little inclina
tion of the English to treat the brute creation with kindness, which he indulgently attributes to thoughtlessness rather than absolute cruelty. Yet, in what nation of Europe besides England are laws made for the protection of animals, and where else is published such a work as “The Animal's Friend, or, the Progress of Humanity,”* — the latter
part of the title almost implying that our A
country is scarcely rescued from barbarism. To return to Mr.Jesse: he adds, that his object will be attained, “ should any one be induced to lessen the miseries and sufferings of those
animals which had been previously treated (Ilouse at Paris, marking the site of Henry the
with unnecessary severity.” Fourth's Assassination.)
The natural-historical anecdotes extend that he should be preserved alive, in order to through some two hundred pages of the preproclaim to the world the truth of the trans- # No. III. just published, enumerates 120 prosecuaction, and to contradict the calumnies out tions by the Animal's Friend Society in ten months
sent volume, the remainder being occupied Mr. Poynder, the brother to the Treasurer with some very pleasant gleanings of the of Christ's Hospital, brought home, last Fe. past and present condition of Kew, Rich- bruary, from Newfoundland, a dog, a native mund, Hampton Court, and Windsor Castle; of that country. This animal had established the information in which is worth a shoal of a strong claim on his master's affection, misleading guidebooks, stuck over with insig. from the circumstance of his having twice nificant pictures.
saved his life by his sagacity in finding the We intend to go leisurely through Mr. road home, when Mr. Poynder had lost his Jesse’s book, at this gleaning season, to way in snow-storms, many miles from any garner some of his most interesting facts and shelter. He had also swam more than three observationis. ]
miles to gain the ship, after his master had Sagacity of Dogs.-A gentleman, now re- embarked for England, and determined to siding in London, while travelling on the leave the animal to the care of friends at outside of one of the North mails, was a Newfoundland. · Mr. Poynder landed witness of the interesting fact I am about to Blackwall, and took the dog in a coach to relate. It was a dark night, and as the mail his father's house at Clapham. He was was travelling at the usual rate, a dog barked there placed in a stable, which he did not incessantly before the leaders, and continued leave until the second day after his arrival, to do so for some time, jumping up to the when he accompanied his master in a coach heads of the horses. The coachman, fearful to Christ's Hospital. He left the coach in of some accident, pulled up, and the guard Newgate Street, and proceeded through the got down for the purpose of driving the ani. passage leading to the treasurer's house; not mal away. The dog, however, ran a little being able to gain admission at the garden way before the guard, and then returned to entrance, Mr. Poynder went round to the him, making use of such peculiar gestures, front door, and thinks he left the dog at the that he was induced to take out one of the garden entrance, for he did not recollect lamps, and then follow the dog. After doing seeing him afterwards. In the hurry and so for about a hundred yards, he found a excitement of meeting his friends, he for a farmer lying drunk across the road, and his few minutes forgot his dog, but the moment horse grazing by the side of it. But for this he recollected himself he went in search of extraordinary sagacity, and affection of the him. He was no where to be seen, and his dog for his master, the coach would most master hastened to prepare his description, probably have been driven over the body of and to offer a reward in the public papers. the sleeping man.
Early, however, next morning, a letter arrived A drunken rat-catcher of the name of from the captain of the ship; in which Mr. Tindesley, well known at Hampton Court Poynder had sailed from Newfoundland, inaud its neighbourhood, was always followed forming him that the dog was safe on board, by a large, rough, half-starved looking terrier having swam to the vessel early on the predog. The rat-catcher and his dog were in. vious day. By comparing the time on which separable companions, and one looked just as he arrived, with that when he was missing, wretched as the other. In May last, (1834) it appeared that he must have gone directly the rat-catcher was found dead in a ditch through the city from Christ's Hospital to Dear Thames Ditton. He must have fallen Wapping, where he took to the water. into it when he was drunk. When he was A gentleman was riding, last summer, on discovered, the dog was seen endeavouring the turnpike-road, and perceived an object in with all his might to drag the body out of the middle of it, which, on a nearer apthe ditch, and, in his efforts, he had torn the proach, proved to be two large dogs. As coat from the shoulders of his master. The they did not move on his coming near, he dog had saved his life on two former occa- guided his horse on one side, and dismounted sions, when he was nearly similarly circum- to ascertain the cause of their remaining stanced.
stationary. He found that one of them had An old friend of mine (Major M.) had a broken his leg, and the other had crept under very sagacious pointer, which was kept in a the limb, and placed himself so as to form kennel with several other dogs. His game- an easy support to the broken bone of his keeper having one day gone into the kennel, companion. This anecdote may appear too dropped his watch by some accident. On extraordinary to be true. It is, however, auleaving the place, he fastened the gate as thenticated by a gentleman whose name I usual, but had not gone far from it when he do not feel myself at liberty to mention, but heard it rattled very much ; on looking round, who related the circumstance as he himself he saw his favourite pointer standing with witnessed it. her fore-paws against it, and shaking it, evi- Cats are generally persecuted animals, and dently for the purpose of attracting his atten- are supposed to show but little attachment to tion. On going up to her, he found her those who are kind to them. I have known with his watch in her mouth, which she a cat, however, evince great uneasiness during restored to him with much seeming delight. the absence of her owner; and it is stated