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Most-favored-nation clause, and reci Greenbackers, 216, 286, 287; defia-
procity treaties, 255.

tion policy checked, 217; M. and re-
Motley, J. L., on Morrill Tariff, 113; sumption, 217, 286; panic of 1873

recall from London and Grant and agitation, 285; M.'s fears as to
Sumner break, 231-37.

Hayes's soundness, 288; M. on
Mount Vernon, M. on (1841), 41-43.

flood of bills (1896), 343.

Pardoning power, and impeachment
Napoleon I, M.'s collection of medals, and resignation, 244.
311.

Paris, M. on, 202.
Napoleon III, stables, 202.

Parker, J. W. D., candidacy against
National banking system, M. and ex M., 60.
tension, 217.

Parliament, visits of M. to Houses,
National Road, M. on, 43.

186, 187, 206.
Navy, M. and grog, 60.

Partridge, Alden, and public-land
Nesmith, J. W., M. on, 152.

schools, 275, 280.
New Hampton, N.H., founding, 3. Payne, H. B., and M., 226.
New York City, collectorship contro Peabody, George, and M. in London,
versy under Hayes, 290.

186.
New York Tribune, M.'s articles on his Peace Congress, failure, 123.

tariff bill, 113, 114. See also Gree- Pearce, J. A., and M.'s Land-Grant
ley, Horace.

College Bill, 264, 277.
Norwich University, M. as trustee, Peel, Sir Robert, Webster on tariff
261.

speech, 167.

Pendleton, G. H., and M.'s tariff bill,
Ohio River, travel conditions (1841), 105.
44.

Pennington, A. C. M., in Speakership
Olmsted, F. L., and Capitol grounds, contest (1855), 65, 66.
251.

Pennsylvania, and Morrill Tariff, 106.
Ompompanoosuc River, Morrill dam, 109, IIO.
5; Colfax on, 17.

Pennsylvania Railroad, M. and sta-
Orr, J. S., and Keitt-Grow affair, 69, tion on Mall, 249.
70; and M., 93, 334.

People's College, and M.'s Land-
Oxford University, M. on, 189. Grant College Bill, 264.

Phelps, E. J., formal candidacy
Page, W. H., correspondence with M. against M., correspondence on

on article for Forum, 330, 331. M.'s victory, 338-40.
Paine, Elijah, appearance, 37.

Pictures, M.'s collection, 223-25.
Panic of 1857, Republicans and, 91; Pierce, Franklin, M. on administra-

and governmental finances, 103. tion, 78.
Panic of 1873, and paper-money agi- Plattsburgh battle, Strafford volun-
tation, 285.

teers, 4, 5.
Paper money, M.'s opposition to le- Poland, L.P., appointment to Senate,

gal tender, 134, 136-42, 144, 218; 165, 172; first senatorial contest
and forced loan, 137; inflation and with M., 170-74, 183; appearance
cost of war, 138; constitutionality, and character, 172; second contest,
138; and disappearance of specie, 291-95; and salary grab, 292; satir-
139: irrevocable step, 139, 144; M.'s ical verses on, 292, 293; third con-
substitute, 140, 141; M. and bill to

test, 307.
contract (1866), 178-82; M. and Politics, M.'s bent, 34-38; intensity

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of American, 35; M.'s preparation, Republican Party, M. and Vermont
47, 48. See also Elections; and organization, 61; confidence (1857),
parties by name.

84; loses ground (1857), 91; M. and
Polygamy. See Mormons.

dissensions, 230; Grant-Sumner
Pomeroy, S. C., and M.'s Land-

break, 231-37;

Grant-Greeley
Grant College Bill, 277.

break, 237-40; effect of Grant's
Populist Party, M. on, 4.

administration, 285; loses control of
Portland, Me., M. at, 28.

Congress, 285, 293. See also Elec-
Portraits of M., 225, 304, 305.

tions.
Potter, J. F., Pryor affair, 116, 117; Resumption of specie payment, M.'s

and M.'s Land-Grant College Bill, policy, 217, 286.
269-71.

Rice, A. H., M. and reëlection, 101.
Powers, Hiram, statue of Collamer, Rich, Abel, character, 14, 15.
letter from M., 248.

Richardson, W. A., in Speakership
Prairies, M. on farming, 46.

contest (1855), 66.
Proctor, Redfield, and M., 354. Richmond, Eng., M. on, 190.
Progress during Civil War, 145, 146. Richmond Examiner, on M.,
Pryor, R. A., Potter affair, 116, 117. Rhine River, M. on, 194-96.
Public debt, M. and refunding, 217, Rhodes, J. F., on Lecompton message
218. See also Paper money.

in House, 91; on legal tender, 141.
Public lands, M. on squatter claims, Roads, M. on English, 189.

46, 47. See also Land-Grant Col- Roberts, D., letter to M. on chief-j'is-
lege Acts.

ticeship, 257.

Rockwell, Porter, murderer, 88.
Railroads, M. on English, 188; inva- Rome, M. at, 298.
sion of Mall, 249.

Roosevelt, Theodore (1), and collec-
Randolph Academy, M. attends, torship, 291.
23; Lafayette at, 52.

Roosevelt, Theodore (2), and M., 222.
Reciprocity, M.'s early opposition, Ross, E. G., and trial of Johnson, 213.

97, 136; M. and denunciation of Ross, Jonathan, on general store as
Canadian treaty, 148; constitu institution, 37.
tionality, 149, 150, 225; effect on Rutland Herald, on M.'s services in
trade balance, 151, 256; and annex Congress, 309.
ation, 151, 320, 321; substitute fish-
eries bill, 164, 165; M.'s later oppo Salary grab, M. and, 241-43; statistics
sition, 254, 320; and most-favored on return, 243, 244; Poland and,
nation clause, 255; as Republican 292.
measure, 320.

San Domingo, M. opposes annexation,
Reconstruction, tariff and tax, 167; 229, 254.

M. and Southern, 176; Johnson and Sanborn, Kate, correspondence with
Congress, 176–78, 183; act to re M. on his book, 326–28.
duce legal tender, 178; impeach- Schurz, Carl, M. on bolting, 237; cor-
ment of Johnson, 208-16; M. and respondence with M. on sound
financial, 216–18; election of 1868, money, 288, 289.
218-21.

Scotland, M. in, 207.
Reid, Whitelaw, correspondence with Scott, H. D., dough face, 75.

M. on Grant and Conklin, 303, 304. Scott, Winfield, presidential candi-
Reni, Guido, picture in M.'s collec dacy, 54; and Bull Run, 126.
tion, 225.,

Scottish, M. on, 207.

Secession. See Compromise efforts; Collamer on pertinacity of ques-
Disunion.

tion, 93; amendment to protect, in
Self-Consciousness of Noled Persons, States, 124. See also Emancipation;

privately printed, 323, 324; en Kansas.
larged public edition, 323, 324; Smith, J. G., letter from M., 296.
planned third edition, 324, 342; Smith, S., letter to M. on slavery
character, extracts, 324-26; M. on question, 59.
title, 328.

Smith, Sydney, on taxation, 143.
Senate, M. declines to consider (1853), Smith, W. F., M.'s resolution for re-
56; assault on Sumner, 75–77, 80;

moval from command, 129, 130.
power under Grant, 226. See olso Social conditions, American, during

Morrill, Justin S. (In Senate). M.'s early years, 12; in early Ver-
Seward, W. H., M.'s resentment, 208, mont, 16.
209; and Johnson, 215.

Sound money controversies. See Pa-
Seymour, Horatio, candidacy, 218–

per money; Silver.
20.

Spanish dollar, M.'s, 28.
Shafter, O. L., candidacy against M., Spanish War, M.'s opposition, 345.
60.

Speakership contest (1855), 64-68,
Sheep, M. on, 48, 49.

73-75.
Sheldon, C. M., letter from M., 320. Spinner, F. E., and M.'s Land-Grant
Sherman, John, and Southerners, 70; College Bill, 277.

relations with M., alienation, Spofford, A. R., and bill for Library
102, 222, 300-02; and M.'s tariff

of Congress, 322.
bill, 105, 109; and M. as financier, Spooner, J. C., and M., 322.
133; presidential candidacy, 286, Spranger, Bartholomeus, picture in
306, 307; and sound money, 288; M.'s collection, 223.
New York collectorship contro Springfield Republican, pen portrait
versy, 291; and M.'s White House

of M., III.
Bill, 302; period of congressional Spurgeon, C. H., M. on services, 204.
services, 337

Stanton, E. M., death, 216.
Sherman, W. T., and M., 222, 226. Statuary Hall in Capitol, M. and, 158,
Shipman, Mrs. boarding-house, 248.
114

Stephens, A. H., M. on, 71; on Keitt-
Sickles, D, E., and M.'s Land-Grant

Grow affair, 92.
College Bill, 267, 268; killing of Sterne, Laurence, and Beecher, 326–
Key, 268.

28.
Silver question, M. and Warner Bill Stevens, Thaddeus, and M., 102; and

(1885), correspondence with Bay M.'s tariff bill, 106; and South-
ard, 314-16; Democratic split, 316; erners, 115; chairman of Ways and
non-circulation of dollars, 317; pay Means, 125; and M.'s son, 151,
ment of bonds in, 317, 318; M. and 159; letter to M. on reëlection, 159;
final contest, 342-45; danger of sil chairman of Appropriations Com-
ver standard, 343; Crime of '73, mittee, 162; death, 216; M.'s eu-
344; M. on Bryan and free coinage,

logy, 329.
345. See also Paper money. Story, W. W., on Washington Monu-
Skinner, Hampden, sugar venture, 25. ment, 252.
Slavery, M.'s experience, 44-46; M.'s Strafford, Vt., arrival of Morrills, 3;

views, 59, 60, 79; and territorial ex M. on character of settlers, 13-15;
pansion, 68; as issue in 1856, 80; aspect, 17, 18; M.'s attachment,

18–20; school, 20, 21; President ley Bill, 338; M.'s reasons for being
Monroe's visit, 21-23; copperas a protectionist, 340; political effect
works, 22, 31; general village store, of McKinley Act, 336, 342. See
25, 32, 36, 37; Judge Harris, 26–28; also Reciprocity.
Harris Library, 27; M. as store- Taxation, M. and postbellum reduc-
keeper, 29-33; M.'s house, 51; M.'s tion, 217. See also Internal rev-
tomb, 360.

enue; Tariff.
Stranahan, F. S., letter from M., 341. Taylor, Zachary, M. supports, 50;
Strasbourg, M. on cathedral, 199. anecdote, 62.
Stratford-on-Avon, M. on, 189. Thetford Academy, M. attends, 23,
Stuart, C. E., and M.'s Land-Giant 24.
College Bill, 266.

Thirteenth Amendment, M. on, 162,
Sumner, Charles, Brooks assault, 75 163

77, 80; and Fessenden, 115; corre- Thompson, Zadok, claim, 81.
spondence with M. on election Tiepolo, G. B., picture in M.'s collec-
(1864), 160; break with Grant, let tion, 225.
ters from M., 231-37; Hoar on ego-Tocqueville, Alexis de, on American
tism, 235; M. on lecture topics, 237; politics, 35.
M.'s resemblance, 310; M.'s eulogy, Toombs, Robert, and method of dis-
329.

union, 67.
Sunderland, Byron, on assault on Tracy, Andrew, declines further can-
Sumner, 75.

didacy, 56; on Kansas question, 92.
Supreme Court, Dred Scott decision, Travel, western, in 1841, 43, 44; M.

90; on legal tender, 138; Edmunds in Europe, 185–207, 297, 298.
and justiceship, 289, 290; Arthur Treasury Department, M. and port-
and appointment to, 299; M. and folio, 134, 287.
building for, 359.

Trees, M. on, in Europe, 192.
Swan, Caleb, M.'s father-in-law, 53. Trumbull, Lyman, and trial of John-
Swan, Louise, and M., 151; trip to son, 210, 213.
Europe, 297.

Turner, J. B., claim to authorship of
Swan, Ruth B., M.'s wife, 52. Morrill Act considered, 278-84;

career, 279.
Taft, W. H., and reciprocity, 320.
Taney, R. B., Dred Scott decision, 89. University of Vermont, M. as trustee,
Tarifi, M. and bill of 1857, 85-87;.

261, 294.
M.'s attitude, 103; preparation of
M.'s bill (1859), 103-05; bill in Vance, Z. B., and M., 226.
House, 105-09; as issue in 1860, Vanity, M. on, 326.
109, 110; northern attacks on the Van Winkle, P. G., and trial of John-
bill, effect abroad, 113; war-time, son, 213
133, 147, 148; M.'s understanding, Van Wyck, C. H., and M.'s White
134, 136; postbellum, 166-69; M.

House Bill, 302.
on Greeley's political economy, Vermont, human type, 1; in youth, 5;
238; M. and Commission (1882), topography, 15; social conditions,
300; M. and act of 1883, 301, 302; 16; M. on, 16; growth and prosper-
M. and Cleveland's message, 318; ity, 30; militia claim (1838), 82; M.
M. and campaign (1888), 319; as true representative, 97, 157-59;
M.'s reply to Gladstone's article, as barometer State, 159; statues for
332; maple sugar bounty in McKin Federal Capitol, 248.

58.

1

Vermont Historical Society, portrait Webster, Daniel, candidacy for presiof M., 305, 342.

dential nomination (1852), 53-55; Verses by M., 20, 119, 120.

M. on, 54, 55; on Peel's tariff Voorhees, D. W., and Library of speech, 167; and Tyler, 215. Congress, 322.

West, M.'s tour (1841), 39-47.

Wheeling, aspect (1841), 44.
Wade, B. F., and Southerners, 92; | Whig Party, M.'s adherence, 50, 51;

and trial of Johnson, 210; and M.'s and Compromise of 1850, 53; con-
Land-Grant College Bill, 267, 269, vention of 1852, 53-56; dissolution,

277. Walbridge, D. S., and M.'s Land- Whiskey Ring, M. and, 244.

Grant College Bill, 264, 265. White, A. D., and M., 256, 261; on Walton, E. P., and office for M., 56, Land-Grant College Act, 259.

59; letter to M. on office-seeker, 257. White, Horace, letter to M. on tariff, Walworth, R. H., and Supreme 169. Court, go.

White House, M.'s bill to extend, 302. War of 1812, Strafford volunteers for Wilder, M. P., and M.'s Land-Grant Plattsburgh, 4, 5.

College Bill, 269, 277. Warner, A. J., M. and silver bill, 314- Wilderness campaign, M.on, 131, 132. 16.

Wilkinson, M. S., and M.'s LandWashburn, C. C., and Keitt-Grow af Grant College Bill, 270. fair, 70.

Willard, C. W., and M.'s senatorial Washburn, Israel, and M. and Blaine,

contest, 172. 152; and M.'s Land-Grant College Williams, G. H., nomination as Chief Bill, 265.

Justice, 257 Washburn, W. B., and Motley's re- Windom, William, and M., 222; and moval, 237.

M.'s Land-Grant College Bill, 271. Washburne, Elihu B., and Keitt-Grow Wine, M. on culture in Rhine Valley,

affair, 69; mess, 114; letter from M., 194, 195. 154.

Winthrop, R. C., and South, 74; Washington, Bushrod, and Mt. Ver Washington Monument oration, non, 43.

letter from M., 310, 311. Washington City, M. visits, 38, 40, Wise, H. A., on disunion (1856), 81.

41, 62; M. and Hall of Statuary, Woman suffrage, M. on, 341.
158, 248; M.'s house, 222–25; M.'s Women, as laborers in Europe, 194,
birthday receptions, 225, 305, 358;
railroad invasion of Mall, 249; Li- Wood, Fernando, M.'s attack on, 123.
brary of Congress, 249, 252, 321, Wood, T. W., portrait of M., 305.
322; Washington Monument, 249, Woodruff, John, and Kansas, 93.
252, 310, 311; M. and improvement, Wool, M. and tariff, 86, 97; in post-
249-52; M.'s defense, 253.

bellum tariff, 168; in tariff of 1883, Washington Monument, M. and com 301, 302.

pletion, 249, 252, 310, 311. Wrifford, Allison, teacher, 24. Waterloo, M. on battlefield, 192, 193. Watts, Frederick, displacement, 288. Young, Judith, Mrs. Harris, 27. Ways and Means, Committee of, M. as Young, N. S., partnership with M., member, 93;

chairmanship, 125, 162. 33; debating society, 39. Weaver, J. B., presidential candidacy, 297.

Zollverein Treaty, before Senate, 255.

200.

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