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Character of Shaftesbury 356

The Holy Scriptures


The Monarch of Dulness


Character of a good Parson 360
406 Extracts from the “ Night



POPE. Biographical and Critical Notice..

363 Extracts from the “ Essay on

Criticism :"
Nature the Basis of Art.... 367
Impediments to the attain-

ment of just Taste ... 371 The Toilet

375 Extracts from the “Essay on

Man's Ignorance.

376 Gradation of the sensual and

mental Faculties.. 378 Happiness....


AKENSIDE. Biographical and Critical Notice.

413 Extracts from “ The Pleasures

of Imagination :'
God the Source of Excel-

414 The Soul's Sympathy with Greatness

415 Moral Beauty

417 Advantages of a cultivated Taste..


GRAY. Biographical and Critical Notice

420 Hymn to Adversity

422 The Progress of Poetry 424 The Bard


THOMSON. Biographical and Critical Notice

382 Extracts from “ The Sea

sons : The Summer Morning 383 Traveller lost in the Snow 385

The Hymn of the Seasons.. 387 Description of the Castle of Indolence ..


COLLINS. Biographical and Critical Notice

395 Ode to Fear

397 On the Poetical Character. 400 The Passions


GOLDSMITH. Biographical and Critical No. tice

434 The Traveller

436 Picture of a Village Life 446

COWPER. Biographical and Critical Notice

450 Extracts from The Task: A Landscape

452 Rural Sounds

453 Slavery

454 Address to Winter

455 The Winter Walk at Noon 456 The Millennium.

457 BURNS. Biographical and Critical Notice

459 The Cotter's Saturday Night 461 Verses left at a Friend's House 465 APPENDIX


YOUNG. Biographical and Critical Notice

Thoughts :"
Wondrous Nature of Man .. 408

410 The Man whose Thoughts

are not of this World .... 411

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AUTHOR of Good! to thee I turn :

Thy ever-wakeful
Alone can all my wants discern,

Thy hand alone supply.
Oh let thy fear within me dwell,

Thy love my footsteps guide!
That love shall meaner loves expel,

That fear all fears beside.2
And oh! by Error's force subdued,

Since oft my stubborn will,3
Preposterous, shuns the latent good,

And grasps the specious ill;4
Not to my wish, but to my want,

Do thou thy gifts apply;
Unasked, what good thou knowest, grant;

What ill, though asked, deny. Merrick,

(1) Thy love, dc.-Jet my love towards thee (not thy love towards me) guide my footsteps, i.e. influence my actions.

(2) The line in Racine's “ Athalie" in which Joad says. “Je crains Dieu, cher Abner, et n'ai point d'autre crainte,” has been deservedly admired, but the above expression conveys the same sentiment with at least equal force.

(3) And oh! &c.—i.e. and oh! since my stubborn will, subdued by the forfe of error, often preposterously shuns, &c.

(4) Specious - from the Latin species, an appearance; hence specious ill is evil which has the appearance of good.



WHEN the British warrior queen,

Bleeding from the Roman rods, Sought, with an indignant mien,

Counsel of her country's gods; Sage, beneath the spreading oak,

Šat the Druid, hoary chief! Every burning word he spoke

Full of rage, and full of grief :“ Princess! if our aged eyes

Weep upon thy matchless wrongs, 'Tis because resentment ties

All the terrors of our tongues." “Rome shall perish—write that word

In the blood that she has spilt;a Perish, hopeless and abhorred,

Deep in ruin as in guilt. “Rome, for empire far renowned,

Tramples on a thousand states; Soon her pride shall kiss the ground

Hark! the Gaul is at her gates! “Other Romans shall arise,

Heedless of a soldier's name;


(1) This passage is somewhat obscure. The Druid's“ burning words ” which follow seem inconsistent with the assertion that the “terrors of his tongue “ tied” or restrained. The meaning may perhaps be thus represented:-Princess if you find us weeping over your wrongs in private, instead of denouncing the perpetrators in public, blame us not, for our silence hitherto has arisen from the very intensity of our indignation.-Your personal appeal, however, demands that we should now give utterance to it:-Rome shall perish, &c.—This interpretation is based on the conjecture that “ ties" is used for “ has hitherto tied.” Another explanation may be found in the Appendix, Note A.

(2) In the blood-that is, with the blood, as we say, to write in ink.

(3) Gaut-It does not appear that the Gauls were among the nations that swept over the Roman empire in the fifth century.--Perhaps“ Goth” should be read for “Gaul."

Sounds, not arms, shall win the prize;

Harmony the path to fame.?
“ Then the progeny that springs

From the forests of our land,
Armed with thunder, clad with wings,

Shall a wider world command,
“Regions Cæsar never knew,

Thy posterity shall sway;
Where his eagles never flew

None invincible as they.”3
Such the bard's prophetic words,

Pregnant with celestial fire,
Bending, as he swept the chords

Of his sweet but awful lyre.
She, with all a monarch's pride,

Felt them in her bosom glow;
Rushed to battle, fought, and died ;4

Dying, hurled them at the foe:-
“Ruffians! pitiless as proud,
Heaven awards the


due; Empire is on us bestowed,

Shame and ruin wait for you.”



The stag at eve had drunk his fill,
Where danced the moon on Monan's rill,

(1) In allusion to the love of the Italians for music. As a striking indication of the change in character above referred to, it may be mentioned that the word virtus, which among the ancient Romans meant "active courage,” is used by the modern Romans in the softened form of virtù, to signify" a taste for the fine arts.”

(2) Progeny, &c.—the ships of England.
(3) They-the British, not the Romans.
(1) According to Tacitus, Boadicea poisoned herself.
(5) Monan-a spring in the district of Menteith, Perthshire, Scotland.

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