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the needle painless by a previous application to the gum of the oleate of cocaine. He also uses it hypodermically through the fistulous opening connected with an abscess; in the removal of deep-seated tartar; in the fitting of crowns with bands, and in the application of ligatures. He related a case in which he was enabled to remove a vital nerve from the posterior root of an inferior first molar, by introducing a drop of the oleate of cocaine, and waiting for five minutes. This was accomplished without causing the patient the slightest pain. He had to confess that as an obtundent of sensitive dentine he was not able to make a favorable report of it.
Dr. Jenison said that his experience with cocaine had been quite variable, but he had derived the most satisfactory results from it in applying ligatures where cavities extended beneath the gum, and in removing tartar that was far under the gums.
Dr. Marshall has derived much satisfaction from its use in his practice.
Dr. Frank Allport thinks the best results are obtained on mucous, submucous, and raw surfaces.
The annual election of officers was then held. The list was published in our last number.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DENTAL FACULTIES.
The second regular meeting of the National Association of Dental Faculties was held at the Sherman House, Chicago, commencing Friday, July 31, 1885.
President C. K Peirce in the chair.
The following faculties were represented:
Ohio College of Dental Surgery.—Prof. H. A. Smith.
New York College of Dentistry.—Prof. Frank Abbott.
Baltimore College of Dental Surgery.—Professors E. B. Winder and M. Whilldin Foster.
Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery.—Vvol C. K Peirce.
University of Pennsylvania, Dental Department.—Professors James Truman and E. T. Darby.
Chicago College of Dental Surgery.—Professors A. W. Harlan and T. W. Brophy.
Dental College of the University of Michigan.—Professors J. Taft and J. A. Watling.
Boston Dental College.—Prof. J. A. Follett.
Philadelphia Dental College.—Prof. S. H. Guilford.
Kansas City Dental College.—Prof. J. D. Patterson.
Dental Department, State University of Iowa.—Professors L. C. Ingersoll, A. 0. Hunt, I. P. Wilson, and W. 0. Kulp.
Prof. W. H. Morgan, of the Dental Department of Yanderbilt University, was also present, and by invitation took part in the proceedings.
Letters were received indorsing the objects of the association from Prof. F. J. S. Gorgas, of the Dental Department of the University of Maryland, and Prof. W. H. Eames, of Missouri Dental College? the latter pledging the support of his college.
The communication from Prof. Gorgas was, on motion, received and placed on file.
The application of the Missouri Dental College for membership in the association was favorably acted upon, and the secretary was authorized to sign the name of the institution to the constitution as a member.
The following resolutions were adopted:
Resolved, That the colleges of this association will receive into the senior classes only such juniors as hold certificates of having passed a satisfactory examination in the studies of junior year; this certificate to be a pledge to any college to which they may apply that a previous term has been properly spent in the institution whence they come.
The above resolution shall not apply to candidates holding diplomas from reputable medical schools who apply for admission to the senior classes.
Resolved, That applicants for admission to our senior classes from foreign countries shall be required to furnish properly-attested evidence of study, attendance upon lectures, etc., the same as is required of junior students; and they shall also pass the intermediate examination.
Resolved, That the fees of all dental colleges, as far as possible, be uniform.
A resolution was adopted providing that the preliminary examination shall include a written history of the applicant's life, an English composition of at least two hundred words on a subject to be selected by the examiners, and an examination in English grammar, arithmetic, geography, modern history, and government; further examination to be at the discretion of the examiners. A committee, consisting of Professors Taft, Ingersoll, and Harlan, was appointed to prepare a schedule of questions for the preliminary examinations.
A resolution fixing the latest date when students may matriculate and obtain credit for a full course was adopted; also, a form of certificate to be given to students who pass the intermediate examination.
On the recommendation of the Executive Committee additional standing committees were appointed on text-books and on curriculum.
The president appointed as the Committee on Text-books Professors Winder, Guilford, and Hunt; and as the Committee on Curriculum Professors Taft, Brophy, and Ingersoll.
Prof. Hunt, from the Committee on Text-books, read a report, representing the need of a series of dental text-books, each subject, as anatomy, physiology, oral surgery, materia medica, therapeutics, pathology, operative dentistry, prosthesis, metallurgy, chemistry, dental art, and dictionary, to be in a separate volume whenever practicable. The committee recommended that the subjects be allotted to the colleges represented in the association, the preparation of each volume to be in charge of a committee of three, the chairman of the committee to be a member of the faculty to which the subject has been assigned; the publication of the series to be intrusted to a special committee to be appointed for that purpose. The report also provided for revision of the work, for division of the profits, should there be any, and for the ownership of the volumes in case the association dissolved.
The report was discussed at length, and was referred to a committee consisting of one member from each of the colleges represented in the association, with power to act. The committee is as follows:
Baltimore College of Dental Surgery.—K. B. Winder.
New York College of Dentistry.—Frank Abbott.
Dental College of the University of Michigan.—J. Taft.
Boston Dental College.—J. A. Follett.
University of Pennsylvania, Dental Department—Jantes Truman.
Dental Department, State University of Iowa.—L. C. Ingersoll.
Missouri Dental College.—W. H. Eames.
University of California, Dental Department—8. W. Dennis.
Kansas City Dental College.—J. D. Patterson.
Philadelphia Dental College.—S. H. Guilford.
Ohio College of Dental Surgery.—H. A. Smith.
Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery.—C. N. Peirce.
Chicago College of Dental Surgery.—A. W. Harlan.
Professors Wilson, Watling, and Darby were appointed a committee to take into consideration the advisability of having a uniform practice in the furnishing of equipments for clinical work.
The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as follows: C. K Peirce, president; K. B. Winder, vice-president; H. A. Smith, secretary ; A. W. Harlan, treasurer; Frank Abbott, Jas. Truman, and J. Taft, executive committee.
Professors Abbott, Truman, and Winder were appointed a committee to decide questions which may arise after adjournment before the next meeting of the association.
The resolution providing for biennial sessions was rescinded, and a motion adopted fixing the time for the next meeting for one year hence.
OONNEOTIOUT VALLEY DENTAL SOCIETY.
The twenty-second annual meeting of the Connecticut Yalley Dental Society will be held at Springfield, Mass., on Thursday and Friday, November 5 and 6, 1885.
The programme as already arranged includes a number of interesting papers and reports, indicating that this will be one of the instructive meetings of the year. A cordial invitation is extended to all dentists to attend.
It is earnestly desired that the blanks which this society sent out last January be returned at once, that a report from them may be presented at this meeting.
Geo. A. Maxfield, Secretary, Holyoke, Mass.
FIFTH AND SIXTH DISTEIOT DENTAL SOCIETIES. A union meeting of the Fifth and Sixth District Dental Societies of the State of ISTew York will be held in the Supervisors' Eoom, Binghamton, on Tuesday and Wednesday, October 13 and 14.
All members of the profession are cordially invited to be present.
C. J. Peters, D.D.S., Secretary Fifth District Dental Society.
B. D. Downs, D.D.S., Secretary Sixth District Dental Society.
OHIO STATE DENTAL SOCIETY. The first annual meeting of the Ohio State Dental Society (reorganized) will be held in Chillicothe, commencing on the last Wednesday of October, 1885.
J. E. Callahan, Secretary, Hillsboro, Ohio.
Practical And Analytical Chemistry. Being a Complete Course in Chemical Analysis. By Henry Trimble, Ph.G., professor of analytical chemistry in the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, Illustrated. Octavo, pp. 92 and index. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1855. Price, cloth, $1.50.
This is a work particularly adapted to the needs of the student in analytical chemistry. The first part is devoted to practical instruction in the manufacture of some of the more important gases and a few of the principal salts, by which the student gains a familiarity with the physical and chemical characters of the substances under consideration, and some useful experience in the handling and setting up of chemical apparatus. This is in the right direction, as too often students undertake a course in chemical analysis before they have gained any experience in practical laboratory manipulations or familiarity with the substances used in the work, and in many instances with disastrous results.
In Part II the student is taught to detect the presence of the various bases of different groups, both singly and in the presence of each other in solution, and next the detection of the principal acids, both inorganic and organic. The final section is devoted to the estimation of percentages of the various substances found by gravimetric and volumetric methods. * The subject is presented in a comprehensive way, and graded so that the work is rendered comparatively easy. It is not intended to take the place of larger works on the subject, but is admirably suited to the purpose for which it was written, viz., a practical hand-book and guide for the student in chemical analysis, to be used in connection with more exhaustive works, such as that of Fresenius, where fuller references are required. While there is little that is new in the book excepting the manner of its arrangement, the latter throughout is highly commendable.— E. C. K.
Chemical Problems. By Karl Stammer. Translated from the second German edition, with Explanations and Answers, by W. S. Hoskinson, A.M., Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio. 12 mo, 111 pp. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1885. Price, cloth, 75 cents.
This little work is a collection of problems of a character which the practical chemist is constantly required to solve, and, while not exhaustive, the examples given fully cover the ground ordinarily gone over in laboratory work, from the simpler calculations embraced in the preparation of salts and reagents to the more complex ones involved in gravimetric and volumetric analysis, including the calculations for the reduction of gaseous volumes. A systematic solution of the problems given would afford most excellent practice for the advanced student who has become familiar with stoichiometrical laws, a consideration of which the author, strange to say, has seen fit to omit, though it would certainly have been a welcome addition to the work, being a necessary prelude to a proper comprehension of the problems given. A key giving the correct answer to each problem is added at the end of the book. As a handbook for both teacher and student, the work is a valuable acquisition to the literature of chemistry.—E. C. K.