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under like circumstances. Arguments with such patients is generally loss of time, without benefit to either party.
Dr. Eegister. The question asked by the essayist, whether a specialist is justified in extracting a tooth "under treatment," ought to be definitely settled. I do not think it good practice to allow a patient to decide what shall be done under any circumstances. Cases occur in which an operator has devoted a great deal of time in the effort to save a tooth, and when, perhaps, the result is almost secured, the patient, because suffering a little pain, goes to the specialist and demands extraction. Under such circumstances he should positively decline. If he complies, he not only deprives the dentist of his fee, but subjects him to the chagrin of failure.
Dr. Daniel JSTeall. A moral principle is involved in this question. If a patient comes day after day, suffering until his patience is exhausted, and when you fail to give relief goes to a specialist and demands the extraction of the tooth, will you condemn the specialist for giving to that patient the relief which you had failed to afford? As for myself, I would not refuse to extract a tooth under such circumstances.
Dr. Thomas. In regard to the extraction of teeth under treatment, I hold that under such circumstances as Dr. Neall has mentioned the specialist has a right to extract the offending tooth. I never advise the extraction of such a tooth; but, if the patient says, "I will not try any longer to save this tooth, and want it out," is it wrong for me to obey his directions? I would like an expression from the members,—shall I refuse in all such cases to relieve the patient?
Dr. Faught. My view of the matter is that, under no circumstances whatever, without the written consent of the dentist, should such a tooth be extracted. It places the practitioner in a mortifying position. After carrying out a line of treatment, and with success almost attained, to find that in the interval between two appointments the tooth has been extracted is certainly very unpleasant. I would not look upon any man as a reputable or conscientious practitioner who should thus step in and mar my work.
Dr. Darby. Dr. Faught's theory is very good as a theory, but does not work in practice. A patient may be perfectly satisfied with his dentist, and yet not be willing to suffer pain to please him. He may have confidence that he would be able ultimately to relieve him,%ut considering that he has borne the pain as long as he was willing to, he claims that the tooth is his own,—that he has a right to do what he pleases with it, and out it must come. The patient, tinder such circumstances, has simply exercised the prerogative which we all demand,—to do as he pleases with his own. I cannot blame anyone for doing just what I would feel at liberty to do under similar circumstances. Our patients often suffer more pain than we would be willing to do if we were in their places. There is, however, a limit to the amount they will voluntarily endure, and because their limit is not ours, we should not censure them for going contrary to our wishes, nor censure the specialist who relieves them of their suffering.
Dr. Guilford. We should be glad to have an expression of opinion as to the after effects from inhalation of the gas. I have administered nitrous oxide several thousand times, and have never known any evil after effects. It will be remembered that Drs. Barker and Webb both declared that they had felt ill effects in their own persons.
Dr. Darby. Several persons have told me that they had never felt well since taking the gas.
Dr. Thomas. From my experience in the administration of the gas, I do not believe there are any ill effects whatever. I have never known a case of sickness which could be traced to the gas. Any nervous excitement will disturb the stomach of some patients, and some will sicken at the sight or even the thought of blood, and occasionally one comes whose stomach has been disordered from long suffering; but we do not have a case of sick stomach in the office once in six months. I have had some narrow escapes where patients, after inhaling the gas, have been taken ill with one or other of the eruptive diseases,—the sickness, until after the appearance of the eruption, being charged to the gas. In one case particularly, when by appointment the gas was to be administered in the afternoon, but was not, the patient died during the night, and if the gas had been given as intended, we should probably h^ave had to bear the suspicion of having caused the death.
Dr. .Register. I desire to be understood as not being uncharitable in regard to the extraction of a tooth under treatment; one should try and put himself in the patient's place. There are people to whom the retention of a tooth is nothing compared to the endurance of a little pain.
Dr. Wood. I appreciate the specialist most in those cases when the extraction of the sixth-year molars is imperative for the future welfare of the mouth.
Dr. Tees. I experimented considerably in the manufacture of the gas in 1863. I found that it required a great deal of ca*re to prevent the white fumes of nitric oxide from being formed and passing over into the receiver. The presence of this noxious agent, and the then practice of allowing the patient to breathe in and out of the bag, had doubtless much to do with the unruliness of patients and in causing the frightful dreams of which they complained. Modern appliances, new methods, and pure gas now prevent any ill effects. When a patient insists upon having a tooth out and will not heed saving counsel, I either extract it or remit the case to the specialist. It is the better practice to extract and at once give relief.
SECOND DISTBICT DENTAL SOCIETY, STATE OP NEW YORK.
At the annual meeting of the Second District Dental Society of the State of New York, held on Monday, March 9, 1885, at the office of Dr. L. G. Wilder, No. 54 Fort Greene place, Brooklyn, 1ST. Y., the following officers were elected:
E. Parmly Brown, president; C. W. Harreys, vice-president; A. N. Eoussel, recording secretary; F. T. Yan Woert, corresponding secretary; L. G. Wilder, treasurer; D. S. Skinner, librarian; A. H. Brockway, Wm. Jarvie, C. F. Allan, O. E. Hill, and H. G. Mirick, board of censors; J. H. Holly and D. J. Fuller, delegates to State Society; W. H. Johnston (chairman), J. J. Pitts, and M. E. Elmendorf, executive committee; J. H. Eace (chairman), Wm. Jarvie, and C. A. Marvin, committee on ethics.
The next meeting takes place on the second Monday in June, and will be held up the Hudson, probably at Poughkeepsie.
A. N. Eoussel, Recording Secretary,
879 Gates avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
TENNESSEE DENTAL ASSOCIATION.
The Tennessee Dental Association held its nineteenth annual meeting in the lecture hall of the Dental Department of the University of Tennessee, Nashville, commencing February 24,1885, and continuing three days.
The following officers were elected: H. W. Morgan, president; M. W. Williams, first vice-president; George Eubank, second vicepresident; A. F. Clay well, corresponding secretary; E. E.Burns, recording secretary; W. H. Morgan, treasurer; W. L. Dismukes, D. E. Stubblefield, and J. S. Franklin, executive committee.
The next annual meeting will be held in the lecture hall of the Dental Department of Vanderbilt University, Nashville, on the last Tuesday of February, 1886.
Eobt. E. Burns, Recording Secretary,
NEBEASKA STATE DENTAL SOCIETY. The ninth annual meeting of the Nebraska State Dental Society will be held at Lincoln, commencing Tuesday, May 12,1885, the sessions continuing for three days.
W. F. Eoseman, Secretary, Fremont, Neb.
ILLINOIS STATE DENTAL SOCIETY. The twenty-first annual meeting of the Illinois State Dental Society will be held at Peoria, 111., commencing Tuesday, May 12, 1885, and continuing four days.
The State Board of Dental Examiners will be at the National Hotel, at 10 A. M., Monday, May 11, at which time candidates for examination must present themselves punctually. The examinations will occupy until Thursday, May 14.
J. W. Wassall, Secretary,
No. 103 State street, Chicago.
GEOEGIA STATE DENTAL SOCIETY AND EXAMINING BOAED.
The annual meeting of the Georgia State Dental Society and Examining Board will be held in Savannah, Ga., commencing on the second Tuesday in May, 1885.
L. D. Carpenter, Cor. Sec, Atlanta, Ga.
FIFTH DISTEIOT DENTAL SOCIETY, STATE OF NEW YOEK. The Fifth District Dental Society of the State of New York will hold its seventeenth annual meeting at the Butterfield House, Utica, on Tuesday and Wednesday, April 7 and 8, 1885.
The sessions will be called to order at 2 p. M. Members of the profession from other societies are cordially invited to be present and take part in the discussions.
G. L. Curtis, Bee. Sec, Syracuse, INT. Y.
SEVENTH DISTEIOT DENTAL SOCIETY, STATE OF NEW YOEK. The seventeenth annual meeting of the Seventh District Dental Society of the State of ISTew York will be held in Kochester, on Tuesday and Wednesday, April 28 and 29, 1885.
Members of the profession are invited to be present.
Chas. T. Howard, Recording Secretary,
224 E. Main street, Kochester, M". Y.
LAKE EEIE DENTAL ASSOCIATION.
The twenty-second annual meeting of the Lake Erie Dental Association will be held in Erie, Pa., commencing at 10 A. M., on Tuesday, May 5, 1885. The sessions will continue for three days.
A cordial invitation is extended to all members of the profession to be present. C. D. Elliott, Secretary, Franklin, Pa.
BALTIMOEE COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGEEY.
The forty-sixth annual commencement of the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery was held at the Academy of Music, Baltimore, Md., on Thursday, March 5, 1885, at 1 o'clock p. M.
The annual oration was delivered by Hon. William L. Wilson.
The class valedictory oration was delivered by Frank K. White, D.D.S.
The number of matriculates for the session was seventy-nine.
The degree of D.D.S. was conferred on the following graduates by Professor B. B. Winder, dean of the faculty:
Eugene F. Adair Georgia.
H. Clay Anders Maryland.
John M. Anderson Virginia.
J. A. Breland South Carolina.
G. P. Chapuis France.
Thos. L. Cobb Alabama.
Ola B. Comfort Pennsylvania.
E. E. Early Maryland.
C. H. Gatewood Virginia.
H. H. Hafer Georgia.
J. E. Hancock North Carolina.
M. Parke Harris California.
L. Hedrick California.
Samuel H. Jones New York.
J. C. Morgan Kentucky.
Herbert Phillips Massachusetts.
C. G. Richardson South Carolina.
Phineas A. Sherman Massachusetts.
G. Marshall Smith Maryland.
W. B. Sprinkle Virginia.
J. M. Staire Pennsylvania.
Claude A. St. Amand...South Carolina.
N. A. Strait Dist. Columbia.
R. E. Sunderlin New York.
J. H. Swartz.... Pennsylvania.
Geo. S. Todd Maryland.
R. C. Warfield Maryland.
P. K. White Maryland.
OHIO COLLEGE OF DENTAL SURGEEY.
The thirty-ninth annual commencement of the Ohio College of Dental Surgery was held at College Hall, Cincinnati, Ohio, Wednesday evening, March 4, 1885, at 8 o'clock.
The annual address was delivered by Professor C. M. Wright, D.D.S.
The class oration was delivered by W. K. Edgar, D.D.S.
The number of matriculates for the session was fifty-five.
The degree of D.D.S. was conferred on the following graduates by W. Storer How, D.D.S., of the board of trustees.
Frank L. King Pennsylvania.
Geo. M. Kinsey Indiana.
J. Fred. Kruger Ohio.
Carrie Lloyd Indiana.
Ben W. McPhee Colorado.
Louis G. Meyer Ohio.
James D. Moore Ohio.
J. E. Morton Indiana.
Adelbert T. Olmstead Illinois.
A. W. Paffenbarger Ohio.
Homer W. Pitner Illinois.
William M. Seeger Wisconsin.
Jerome B. Williams Wisconsin.
G. P. Ambrose Illinois.
John S. Chance Ohio.
Charles Clark Ohio.
Walter L. Conkey Wisconsin.
John W. Cosford , Michigan.
Albert Doerler Ohio.
William Kobert Edgar Ohio.
Charles P. Gray Ohio,
Harry H. Genslinger Ohio.
Edward R. Hoif. Ohio.
C. R. Holt Oregon.
W. P. Jackson Ohio.
Harry M. Kempton Ohio.