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Topographical Description




By an Act of the British Parliament, passed in the 31st year of His present Majesty, repeal certain parts of an Act passed in the 14th year of His Majesty's reign, entitled “ An Act “ for making more effectual Provision for the “ Government of the Province of Quebec, in “ North America, and to make further Provision “ for the Government of the said Province;" the province of Quebec was divided into the provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, which two provinces were separated, according to the following line of division, as set forth in His Majesty's Proclamation of the 18th day of November, 1791, Alured CLARKE, Esq. Lieutenant Governor, &c. &c. &c. viz.-" To commence at

a stone boundary on the north bank of the " lake St. Francis, at the cove west of Pointe au


“ Bodet, in the limit between the township of “ Lancaster and the seigneury of New Lon

gueïl, running along the said limit in the “ direction of north 34 degrees west, to the “ westernmost angle of the said seigneury of “ New Longueïl; then along the north-western

boundary of the seigneury of Vaudreïul, run

ning north 25 degrees east, until it strikes the “ Ottowas river; to ascend the said river into “ the lake Tomiscanning ; and from the head “ of the said lake, by a line drawn due north, “ until it strikes the boundary line of Hudson's

Bay, including all the territory to the westward «. and southward of the said line, to the utmost " extent of the country commonly called or ;" known by the name of Canada.” . The province of Upper Canada is bounded to the eastward by the United States of America; that is, by a line from the 45th degree of north latitude, along the middle of the river Iroquois or Cataraqui, into lake Ontario ;, through the middle likewise, until it strikes the communication by water between that lake and lake Erie; thence along the middle of the communication into lake Erie; through the middle of that lake, until it arrives at the water communication be"tween it and lake Huron ; thence, through the uniddle of lake Huron, to the water communication between it and lake Superior ; thence, through lake Superior northward, to the isles Royale and

Philipeaux; to the Long Lake, and the water communication between it and the Lake of the Woods; thence through that lake to the most north-western point thereof; and from thence a due west line to the river Mississippi.

To the westward, and to the northward, west of the Mississippi, its boundaries are indefinite; the northern limits of Louisiana not being well known.

To the northward, it is bounded by Hudson's Bay, as settled by the treaty of Utrecht, in the 49th parallel of north latitude, extending due west, indefinitely.

Soon after his Excellency John Graves Simcoe, Esq. the first Lieutenant Governor, had taken upon

him the administration of the government of the province, he divided it by proclamation into districts, counties, and townships, which have been new modelled, and several others added by His Excellency Francis Gore, Esq. the present Lieutenant Governor; the whole being now constituted agreeable to the following table

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