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ALPHABETICAL LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.

a. or adj... .adjective

ad adverb

alg. algebra

anat. anatomy

iinr. ancient

aritli arithmetic

astron astronomy

bot botany

chem chemistry

chron chronology

comp comparative

conj conjunction

contr contraction

dim diminui ivo

eccles i ecclesiastical af

( fairs Eng. hist...English history

etym. etymology

Fahr Fahrenheit

fern 1. feminine

fort fortification

gen gender; genitive

geog geography

geol geology

geom geometry

gram. grammar

her. heraldry

hUt. history

hort horticulture

lmp f imperfect partl

\ ciple

impera Imperative

Infln infinitive

instr instrument

lnt interjection

mterrog../int,;rroKalive P1* I noun

masc masculine

math mathematics

med. medicine

mil military affairs

myth mythology

n noun

neut neuter

nom nominative

olij objective

opt. optics

ornith ornitholoiry

path pathology

pers person

pert pertaining

I phren phrenology

phys f Physiology or phys

\ leal

plu.. plural

poss possessive

pp perfect particlplo

prep. preposition

pres present

pron pronoun

pt past tense

rel relative pronoun

rhet rhetoric

R. N royal navy

It.Cath. Ch. / Bom*B Catholic I Church

Scrip Scripture

sculp sculpture

sing singular

iuperl superlative

Surg surgery

surv surveying

theol theology

trig. trigonometry

U. S United States

v verb

Amer / American or Amer

(. ica

Ar Arabic

Ay Anglo-Saxon

Uav Bavarian

Bret Breton

Celt Celtic

Chald Chaldee

Chin Chinese

Dan Danish

Dut Dutch

Eng English

F French

Fin :.Finnish

Flem Flemish

Fris Frisian

Gael Gaelic

Ger German

Goth Gothic

Gr Creek

Gris Grisons

Heh Hebrew

Hind Hindustani

Hung. Hungarian

Icel /Icelandic, or old

t Norse

Ind India or Indies

Ir Irish

It Italian

L latin

Lang Languedoc

Lap Lapland

(Latin of the midmid. L... < die ages, or late

( Latin

Norm Norman

Norm. F Norman French

N. Fris North Frisian

old Eng.... old English

old F old French

old H. Ger. .old High German

Piedm Pledmonteso

Pol Polish

Port Portuguese

Prov Provencal

prov. Eng. .provincial EngUsh

Russ Russian

Sans Sanscrit

Scand Scandinavian

Scot. Scotland or Scotch

Sp Spanish

Sw Swedish

Syr Syrfac

Tent Teutonic

Turk Turkish

W Welsh

Wal Walachian

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ABSO

acquittal: absolve', v. (L. $61vq, I Bet free), to release from some penalty, absorb, v. db-sdrb' (L. ah, sorbeo, I drink up),

to drink: in, as a sponge-; wholly to eu-ai,'.': ab3or'bent, a. that which sucks up: abiorp

ab'italn, v. db-stan' (L. obs, Unto, I hold), to refrain from: abstainer, n.: ab'stinence, n,: abstinent, a. _ _ . _ . ,

absta-nious, a. db-stt'mlAs (L. obatemiu*), sparing in the use of abstemiously, ad.: abste

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abitrast, a. db'strdkt (L. ob*, tmctus, drawn), distinct or separate from something else; existing in the mimt only: n. an abridgment: v. dbstrdkt', to separate; to purloin: abstraction, n. deep thought; absence of mind: abstractness, n. being in a separate state: ab stractly, ad. . , .... .

abitruiB, a. dbs/roY (L. dbstruaus, hidden), concealed; difficult to be understood: abstrusely, ad.: abstruse ness, n.

absurd, a. absent'{L. ab. surdus. that will not hear), not flt to be heard; what is plainly opposite to the truth: absurdly, ad.: absurdity, n.: absurd'nejs, n.

abundance, abundant—see abound.

abuse, v dbuz' (F. abuser), to treat 111; to misuse anything: n. d-bds', ill use of anything; rude reproach; abusive, a.: abusively, ad.: abu siveaeas. n.

abut, v. d-b&f (V. aboutir), to border upon: to touch: abutment, n. what supports the end of a bridge.

abyss, n. debts' (Or. dbussos, without a bottom!, a very deep place; a deep mass of water.

academy, n. d-kdd'8-ml (Gr. akademia, name of an anc. school where Plato taught), a public or private school; a society of learned men: academ'io or academical, a. pert, to a university: academician, n.a member of a learned society,

accede, v. dk-sSd" {I*, ad. cedo, I yield), to agree to the proposal of another.

accelerate, v. dk-sSl'^r-dt (L. ad. celero, I hasten), to cause to move faster: accelera tion, n.

accent, n. dk'-sSnt (L. ad, canto, I sins), the force of voice put upon a syllable or word; the mark indicating the same; manner of speaking: accent', v., or accen'tnate, v. to pronounce a word or syllable with a particular force of voice: accentua'tlon, n.

accept, v. dksSpf (L. accept am), to take what & offered; to agree to: accept'er or acceptor, n. one who: accept'able, a. pleasing; agreeable in person or by services: accept'ably, ad.: acceptabil'ity, n.: acceptance, n. a written promise to pay money: acceptation, n. the meaning in which a word or expression la generally understood.

access, n. dk-sSs' or dk's*s (L. accessus, a coming to), admission to; approach, or means of approach: accessible, a. easy of approach; affable: accessibly, ad.: accessibility, n.: accession, n. an addition: ac'cessary, a., also spelt accessory, aiding in doing something, or privy to it; additional.

accident, n. dk'sl-dSnt (L. accidens. happening to), something taking place unexpectedly; :iu event not foreseen: accident al, a.: accidentally, ad.

acclaim, n. dk-kldm' (L. ad, clamo, I cry out), a shout of joy: acclama'tlon, n. applause.

acclimate, v. dk-kli'mdt, also accli'matise, v. (P. arclimater). to inure a plant or animal to a slimate not natural to it: acclimatisation, n. acclivity, n. dk-kllv'-itl (h. ad, clivus, a slope),

rising ground. accommodate, v. dkkdm'mo-dat {L. ad, con,

ACQU

modus, a measure or limit), to make suitable for; to adapt to: accommodation, n.: ac

com modative, a. furnishing accommodation; obliging.

accompany, v. tVckum-pd-n\ (L. ad, con, pango. I drivo in or fix), to attend or escort; to go with as a companion: accom paniment, n.: accompanist, u. in music, the person who accompanies.

accomplice, n. dk-k&m'-plls (L. ad, von, plico, I fold), a companion in doing something wrong, accomplish, v. ak-k6in'ptish (L. ad, compleo, I till completely), to complete; to bring to pass: accom plished, a. rich in acquired qualities and manners: accom pUshment, n. polite maimers or education—usually in plu.

accord, v. akkuwrd' (L. MO. cor, the heartgen, cordis), to grantor give; to be suitable: n. agreement: accordance, n.: accordant, a.: accordingly, ad.: accordion, n. a keyed wind instr.

accost, v. dkko^sf (V. accoster, to Join side to side), to apeak first to; to address or salute.

account, n. OkkoToiW (L. ad, con, puto, I think), a sum stated on a slate or paper; a narrative or statement: V. to esteem; to explain - accountable, a. liable to answer for one's conduct: accountability, n.: accountably, ad.- accountant, n. one skilled in accounts.

accoutre, v. dkko'ter IF. accoutrcr). to equip for military service.

accrue, v. akkrb" {L. ad, crcsco, 1 grow), to arise from.

accumulate, v. dkku'mu-ldt (L. ad, cumulus,

a heap), to heap or pile up: accumuia tion. it.

accuracy, n. dk'-kilrd-st (L. ad, euro, care),

correctness; exactness: accurate, a.: ac cu

rateness. u.: ac'curately, ad.

accurse, v. dk-Mrs' (L. ad, AS. corsiart, to execrate by the sign or the cross), to devote to destruction; to call down evil or misery upon: accursed', a. doomed; wicked.

accuse, v. dkk&z'(L. accuso), to charge with a crime; to blame: accusation, n.: accn'ser, n.: accusative, a. the name applied to the case In Latin which is billed in English the objective. accustom, v. dk-k&s't&m (L. ad, F. coutume, custom, habit), to make familiar with by habit or use; to inure to. ace, n. as{L. as, a, unit), a trifle; a mark. ache, v. Ofc (Gr. achos. pain), to be In continued bodily pain: n. a continued pain.

achieve, v. dchitf (F. achever), to finish successfully: achievement, n. an escutcheon; something donebycontinuedexertion: achievable, a.

acid, n. aVld (L, acidus, sharp to the taste), something which causes sourness to the taste: adj. sour: acidity, n., also ac'idness. n.: acidify, v. to change into an acid: acidulate, v. to make slightly sour: acidulous, a.

acknowledge, v. dk-noT-ej, to own; to admit to be true: acknowledgment, n. the expression of thanks for a benefit received; a receipt. acorn, n. d'kaTvrn (AS.), the fruit of the oak. acquaint, v. dkkwanf (old P. accoinlerl, to Inform ; to make familiar with: acquaint ance. n. knowledge; a person well known: acquaintanceship, n.

acquiesce, v. Ak-kwt-is' (L. ad, quiesco, I am quiet), to agree in; to assent quietly: acquiescence, n.

acquire, v. dk-kioir' (L. ad, qucsro, I seek:), to

gain possession of something: acquire ment, n.

acquisition, n. dk-kioi-zish'^n (L. ad. qucssi

tus, sought), something gained; attainment in

knowledge.

acquit, v. dkkwif(V. acquitter), to clear from blame or guilt: acquittal, n.: acquittance, n. a release from a debt

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properi, to make to correspond; to settle: adjustment, n.

adjutant, n. dd'jdo.tdnt iL. ad, jutum, to helpi, in a regiment, one who assists the major: adjutancy, n. the office.

administer, v. ddmin'ts.tcr iL. ad, ministro, I serve or assisti, to direct the application of laws, as a king or judge; to manage: administration, n. the act of carrying into effect; the government of a country: admin'. istrative, a. ahle to carry into effect: administrator, u. one who.

admiral, n. ad.mi.rdl iF. amirali, the com. inainlrr of a fleet or navy; a flag.officer: ad'. miralty, n. the supreme court in naval affairs.

adm1re, v. dduiir' iL. ad, miror, I wonderi, to look upon with pleasure; to regard with wonder or surprise: admirahly, ad.: admiringly, ad. in a manner to excite wonder: admiration, n.: admirer, n. one who admires.

admit, v. ad'Vtlf iL. ad, mitto, I sendi, to permit to enter; to receive as true: admittance, n. permission to enter: admissi'on, n. iL. missus, senti, power or permission to enter: admissihle, a.: admissihly, ad.

admix, v. ad.mites' iL. ad, mixtum, to minglei, to mingle with something else: admix'ture, n. a suhstance formed hy mingling one suhstance with another.

admonish, v. dd.mdn'ish iL. ad, monco, I warn', to warn; to reprove gently: admo. niti'on, n.: admonitory, a. that conveys warning.

ado, n. d.dd' iAS.i, fuss; hustle.

adolescence, n. dd.y.lis'ens iL. adolesco, I increase or growi, youth up to manhood; adolescent, a . pert, to youth.

adopt, v. d.adpf iL. ad, opto, I wish, I choosei, to take or receive as one's own what la not naturally so; to choose: adoption, n.

adore, v. d.dor' iL. ad, oro, I pray toi, to pay divine honour to: ado'rahle, a. worthy of worship: adorahly, ad.: ado'rahleness, n.: adoringly, ad.: adoration, n. the worship of God.

adorn, v. d.daTcrn' iL. ad. orno. I deck or heautifyi, to deck; to make heautiful: adornment, n.

adrift, a. or ad. ddrlff iAS. adrifan, to drive awayi, floating ahout at random.

adroit, a. ti.drdyriF. a, droit, to the righti, /;lever in the use of the hands; ready.witted: adroitly, ad.: adroitness, n.

adulation, n. ddti.ld'shun iL. adulatio, fawning like a dogi, mean flattery; praise in excess: adulatory, a.

adult, n. dduW iL. adultus, growni, a person grown to maturity.

adulterate, v. ddill'tir.dl iL. adulteratumi, to corrupt; to make impure hy a hase mixture: adulteration, n.: adul'terator, n. one who: adul'terer, n. a man guilty of adultery; an idolater: adulteress, n. : adul'tery, n.

advance, v. dd.vdus'iF. avanceri, to raise to a higher rank; to pay heforehand: n. a moving or hringing forward; a rise in value: advance'. ment. u.

advantage, n. dd.vdn'taj iF. avantagei, superiority; gain: advantageous, a. favourahle; full of henefit: advantageously, ad.

advent, n. ad'v^nt iL. ad, veittum, to comei, the coming of Christ to the earth: adven'turo, n. a hold undertaking; a striking event: adveu'. turer, n. one who risks everything on chancs: adventurous, a. hold: adventuresome, a . daring.

adverh, n. dd'verh iL. ad, verhum, a wordi, in gram., a word used to modify the meaning of a verh, Ac.: adverhial, a.: adverhially, ad.

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advene, a. dd'vtrs (L. adversum, opposite to), opposed to; unfortunate: adversely.au!.; adversensss, n: adver'aity, u. Ill lorlunu: adversary, 11. an enemy.

advert, v. ad-vert (L. ad, verto, I turn), to refer to; to turn the attention to: ad'vertiie, V. to give notice; to inform: adver tisement, i). a public notice lu a newsnaper: ad vertiser, n. one who or that which advertises.

advice, n. d\l-ris' (L. ad, visa, I go to see), counsel; Intelligence: advise, V. adtlz', to give counsel to; to Inform: advisedly, ad. with deliberation: advisable, a, that may properly be done; advi sableness, n.

advocate, n. ad'i'O-kdi iL. advocatvs), one who pleads the muse of another; one who defends: v.: ad'vocacy, n.

aerate, v. a-er-At (Gr. or L. aer, air), to combine with air; to mix with carbonic acid: aeration, n.: aerial, a. belonging to the air; lofty.

aerify, v. dr'l/l (L. aer, air, ficio, I make), to turn into air; to combine with air: aeriform, a. (L. forma, a shape), having the nature or form of air.

aerolite, n. ar'odlt (Gr. aer, air. Who.*, a stone), a stone that falls from the atmosphere to the earth.

aeronaut, n. dr'OnnXvt (O.r. aer, air, nautes, a sailor), one who floats in the air in a balloon: aeronautic, a.

afar, ad. afdr" (AS.), at, to, or from a gTeat distance.

affable, a. df-fd-bl (L. affabitis, accessible, courteous), frank in speech; of easy manners: al'fably, ad.: affability, n.

affair, n. df-far1 (F. affaire), a matter of any kind; bushns* : plu. transactions in general.

affect, v. Offekt'tL. affectum), to act upon or hilluciice In anyway; to move or touch, as the passions: affect'ed, a. assumed; not natural: affect'edly, ad.: affecta'tion, n. the assuming or pretending to what is not natural: affect ednezs, n.: affect'ingly, ad.: affec'tlon, n. love for: affectionate, a. warmly attached to: aifec'tlonately, ad.

affiance, v. affl'dns (L. ad, fldo, I trust), to promise in marriage; to betroth.

affidavit, n. affl-dd'vlt (old law L., he made oath), a declaration as to the truth of a written statement made on oath.

affiliate, v. affU'iat (L. ad.filiua, a son), to adopt; to receive as a child: amlla'tion, n.

affinity, n. Of-flu'ltl (L. afflnis, related to), relation; relationship by marriage.

affirm, v. affirm' (L. ad.Jirmo, I make firm), to maintain confidently as true: afBrma'tion, 11.: affirmative, a. that declares or asserts: n. a word that says yen.

affix, Ji. dffiks (h. ad, flmu, fastened), a syllable or letter put to the end of a word; affix', V. to fix at the end.

afflict, v. dfjilkf (L. ad,fiictum, to strike), to give pain to: affliction, n.; afflictive, a. giving pain.

affluence, n. df'-flob-Sns (L. ad, fiuo, I flow), wealth: affluent, a.: n. a tributary stream.

afford, v. afford' (F. afforer, to Bet a price on), to yield or produce; to be able to bear expenses.

affray, n. affrd' (F. effrayer, to scare), a brawl or petty fight.

affright, v. af-frlf (AS. affrightan). to terrify.

affront, v. affrunt' (FV affronter), to give cause of offence to: to insult slightly: n.

afloat, ad. a-ftof (AS.), on the water.

afoot, ad. afoot" (AS.), on foot.

afore, ad. a-fo-r1 (AH.)', prior or superior to; sooner: afore'hand, ad.: afore'tlme, ad. in time past: aforementioned, a.: aforenamed, a.: afore'said, a.

afraid, a. A-frOd' (AS. pp. of affray, which See), terrified.

afresh, ad. afresh' (A3, a, ferae, pure, sweet), again ; anew; recently.

after, a. after (AS.), later in time: prep, behind; later: conj. when: afternoon, n. the part of the day after 12 o'clock: afterward or aft erwards, ad. later in time.

again, ad. a-gen' (AS.), onto more: against', prep, in opposition to.

age, ii. itj If.), a period of time; the life of man, or a part of It: aged, a. old: n.

agency, n. a'jen-si (L. ayens, acting, doing), the exerting' »'f power; the business or office of an agent: agent, n. the person or thing that exerts power; one intrusted witli the business of another.

aggrandise, v. dg'grdndlz (L. ad, grandia. great), to exalt; to raise to wealth, honour, or power: aggrandisement, n.

aggravate, v. ag'-grd-rdt (L. ad, gravis* heavy), to make anything worse or less endurable: aggrava'tion, n.

aggregate, a. dg'gregdt (L. aggrego, I gather together), funned by a collection of many particulars: n. the sum total.

aggression, n. ag-gre.ih'iin(L. ad, grearua, walked or none), the first act leading to a quarrel or dispute: aggressor, n.: aggressive, a.: aggressiveness, n.

aggrieve, v. Oggiev'(I*, ad, gravis, heavy), to pain or injure any one.

aghast, a. or ad. a-gdst' (AS. a, at, K. gaster, to lay waste), struck with horror; stupefied with sudden fright.

agile, a. aj'il (L. agilis), nimble; active: agilely, ad.: agility, n.

agitate, v. ajltat{L, agito), to put into motion; to stir violently; to disturb: agitation, ».: agitator, n.

ago, ad. d-yo" (old E. ygoar ygon, gone away), time gone by: agoing, ad. in or into action agone , ad. past and gone.

agonise, v. ag'd-nlz (dr. agonia, anguish of mind), to distress exceedingly: agony, n.

agrarian, a. agrd'r\dn (L. ager, a field), relating to land in general.

agree, v. dyrC (F. agrtcr, to receive with favour), to bo of one mind; to live in peace: agreeable, a. pleasing; suitable to: agree ably, ad.: agree ableness, n.: agreement, u. a bargain; a renewal of friendship.

agriculture, n. ag'iikultUr (L. ager, a field, cvltura, tillage), the tilling or working the ground to make it fruitful: agricultural, a.: agriculturist, n. one engaged lu farming.

aground, ad. d-gi-dtvnd (AS.), ou the ground; run asliore.

ague, n. d'gil (F. aigu, sharp, keen), an Intermittent fever.

ahead, ad. dluW (AS.), In advance; further forward than another.

aid, v. ad (F. aider), to help; to support: n. help.

all, v. 01 (AS. eglian, to pain), to be sick: ailing, a. sick : ailment, n.

aim, v. am (old F. esmer, to estimate), to throw at an object; to endeavour: n. the object intended to be struck; intention: aimless, a.

air, n. ar (h. aer, air), the atmosphere; a tune or melody; look or mien: V. to expose to the air: ftir'y, a. high in air; light likeair: air'ily, ad.: airing, n. a ride or walk in the open air: air'* less, a.: air mess, n.

aisle, n. U (F. aisle, a wing), the side passages of a church.

ajar, ad. d-jdr' (AS. ceorran, to turn), a little opened.

akin, a. rt-fcin'(AS. a, cyn, family), related to by blood; having the same properties.

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