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TRAVELS

THROUGH

CANADA,

AND THE

UNITED STATES

or

NORTH AMERICA,

IN THE YEARS

1806, 1807, Sf 1808.

TO WHICH ARE ADDED,

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES AND ANECDOTES OF SOME OF THE
LEADING CHARACTERS IN THE UNITED STATES.

BY JOHN LAMBERT.

IN TWO VOLUMES.
WITH A MAP AND NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS.

VOL. II.

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Printed by Richard Taylor and Co., Printers' Court, Shoe-lane, London. CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XXV.

Journey to New York. Leave Montreal. LaPrairie. St.John's.

Independent Whig. Fellow Travellers. Sloop Dolphin.

David. Crossing the Line. Merman seen in the Richlieu

River. English Negotiators. Isle au Noix. Anecdote of

a Soldier. Cumberland Head. Canoe upset. Ducking.

Shelburne Bay. American Hospitality. Lake Champlain.

Crown Point. Accident. Floating Ice. Old Ti, or Ticon-

derago. Gale of Wind. Wood Creek. Run the Vessel

ashore. Excursion through the Woods. Whitehall. Cap-

ture of General Burgoyne. Account of Saratoga. American

Stage Waggon ... page 1

CHAPTER XXVI.

Leave Skenesborough. American Taverns. Hire another

Waggon. Dine at Salem. Captain White. Humorous

Waggoner. Turnpikes, a profitable Speculation. Travel-

ling by Night. Lansingburgh. Troy. Newspapers. Fe-

deralists and Democrats. Stage-coach. Steam-boat. City

of Albany j its improved State. Gregory's Hotel. Mode of

Living at Taverns. Town of Hudson. Experiment Sloop,

a new Packet Vessel. The Hudson River. Beautiful Sce-

nery. Theological Dispute. Entertainment on board the

Sloop Major Ajidre. West Point. Arrival at New York.

Appearance of the City at Night - page 28

CHAPTER XXVIJ.

Boarding-House. Evacuation of New York, celebrated on the

25th of November. The Harbour. The Broadway. Bow-

ery Road. Shops. Hotels. Public Buildings. The Park.

Caterpillars. The Theatre. Mr. Cooper's Performances.

Richard the Third. Vauxhall. Ranelagh. Wharfs. Ware-

houses. Shipping. State of New Yoi k before the Embargo.

Bustle and Activity which prevailed. Melancholy Effects of

the Embargo. Annihilation of Commerce. - page 51

a2

IT CONTENTS. ►

CHAPTER XXVIII.

Places of Worship. Public Buildings. State Prison. Courts

of Law. Board of Health. Quarantine Station. Chamber

of Commerce. Inspectors of Lumber, &c. Commerce of

New York. Increase of Commerce. Abundance of Provi-

sions. Articles brought to Market. Price of Commodities

at New York. Charitable Institutions. The Ladies' So-

ciety for the Belief of poor Widows with small Children.

Newspapers. Literary Fair - - page 66

CHAPTER XXIX.

Number of Deaths at New York. Mode of living in America.

The Yellow Fever. Population of New York. Deaths.

Church-yards. Funerals. Society of New York. Elegant

Women. French and English Dresses. Fine Figures. De-

licate Complexions. Bad Teeth, a groundless Charge. Edu-

cation. Thirst after Knowledge. Arts and Sciences. Li-

terature. Taste for Reading. Salmagundi. The Echo.

Barlow's Columbiad. Smoking. Style of living at New

York. Splendid Marriages. Great Fortunes. Anecdote of

a Sailor. Quakers' Meeting. Quakers. Anecdote of a

Jew. Singing Schools. Christmas Day. Political Parties.

Duels ----- page 8)

CHAPTER XXX.

Leave New York for Charleston. Take passage in the Callir

ope. Fellow PasseDgers. The Irish Knife-grinder. Gun-

boats. Quarantine Ground. Sandy Hook. Gulf Stream.

Arrival at Charleston. Streets. Houses. Public Buildings.

East Bay. St. Michael's. The Branch Bank. Charleston

Library. The Museum. Poisonous Tree. Pernicious Ef-

fects of the Pride of India. Turkey Buzzards. Dead Horses.

The Golgotha. Negligence of the Municipality. Public

Buildings. The Orphan House. The Theatre. Vauxhall.

Anecdote of Mrs. S—. Unfortunate Courtship. The Mar-

ket-place. Productions. Price of Provisions, &c. page 114

CHAPTER XXXI.

Population of Charleston. Society. The Planters. Extrava-

gance and Dissipation. Money Lenders. Long Credit.

CONTENTS.

Charleston Races. Jockey Club. Race Course. Balls and

Concerts. Amusements of the People. Rifle Shooting.

Duelling. Sullivan's Island. Outrages at Charleston. Riots

among the Sailors. Consequences of the Embargo. Ameri-

can Seamen enter the British Service - page 145

CHAPTER XXXII.

Servants at Charleston. Slaves. Slave Trade. Slave Mer-

chants. The Bargain Buyer. Observations upon the Slave

Trade. The Treatment of Africans. Refined Cruelty.

People of Colour and Mulattoes. Negro Characteristics.

Religious Fanaticism. Methodist Preachers pelted in their

Pulpits. Manners of the Negroes. An Anecdote of a Ne-

gro and his Wife. Their intrepid Death. Religion. Ser.

vice of the Episcopal Churches in the United States. Meth-

odist Meetings. Marriages. Funerals. Novelty of an Un-

dertaker's Profession in Charleston. Charitable Societies.

Free.Masons. • page 163

CHAPTER XXXIII.

Legislature of South Carolina. City of Columbia. Revenue.

Expenses of the City of Charleston. Taxes. Courts of Law,

Curious Trial. Portraits of Washington and Hamilton more

saleable than those of Jefferson. Roview on Charleston

Race Ground. Militia of South Carolina. Volunteer Corps

of Charleston. Field-day. Military Force of the United

States badly disciplined. Satire upon American Discipline.

A Militia Muster ... page 183

CHAPTER XXXIV.

Arts, Sciences, and Literature of South Carolina. Newspapers,

Incomes of the Planters. Houses. Productions of the Soil.

Implements of Husbandry. Waggons. Sledges. Grasses.

. Pasture Lands. Manufactures. Gunpowder. Grist Mills.

Manufactories of Cordage. Commerce of South Carolina.

Neutral Trade. Conduct of (lie Belligerent. Exports from

Charleston .... page 203

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