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aid of the Herschelian telescope, in so were we to repeat the same flight, and small a part of the heavens that, sup- be again wafted through the same disposing this part to be sown no thicker tance, it is not improbable that we than the rest, the same telescope would should behold a new repetition of the reach at least 75 millions in the whole same sublimity and glory. In this sphere. Every one of these is ration- manner immensity appears, in a sense, ally concluded to be the sun and centre to be peopled with worlds innumerable, of a system of planetary and cometary constituting the boundless empire of worlds. Beyond this it is not impro- Jehovah. How amazing, then, must bable that, were we transported to the be the power and greatness of Him who most distant of the visible stars, we not only telleth the number of the should find there a firmament expand- stars, and calleth them all by their ing over our heads, studded in the same names, but who with a word spake manner with stars innumerable. Nay, them all into being !-Dwight.
17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
God did not first create these lights, both at once; with His own hand He and then place them in the firma- lighted up at once innumerable suns, ment, as He made man out of Para- and rolled around them innumerable dise, and afterwards put him into worlds.-Dwight. it; but He made and placed them
And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. 21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind : and God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth. 28 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
God's blessing is necessary in order not the strength of stones; it is a to the continuance of the creatures. candle that will burn out, if it be not Life is a wasting thing; its strength is first blown out.-M. Henry.
44 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind : and it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
The transmission and distinct pre- -such antipathies and contrarieties in servation of the several species af- the natures of things—their natures fords an admirable proof of the Di. are yet continued and preserved entire vine wisdom and providence, and is from being confounded with each other, too little considered and reflected on. through so many thousands of years.It is most wonderful that, whilst there Howe. is such a collision in this natural world
26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Let us make man,' &c. This, ac- the image'-resided ; and it was this, cording to Mr. Howe, is the language pre-eminently, which was lost by sin. of self-excitation, and contains an al- L. lusion to human methods; as when Mr. Howe has ingeniously shown men intend this or that work, they that, by an analysis of the several often use somewhat of self-excita- parts of the nature of man, we may tion; in order thereto they do accin- discover a manifest resemblance to the gere se, they apply themselves to the Trinity of Persons in the Godhead. action they intend, and, as it were, re- 'I remember once,' says Andrew collect their strength, that is now to Fuller, 'on seeing certain animals be exerted and put forth. So God is which approached near to the human here introduced speaking, Come now, form, feeling a kind of jealousy (shall let us go to work afresh, and make I call it ?) for the honour of my species. that creature man, even the resem- What a condescension, then, thought blance of Ourselves.'
I, must it be for the eternal God to As lord of the creation, man sus- stamp His image upon man ! tained a political resemblance to his Man was evidently formed to be reMaker. In regard to the natural powers ligious. His assimilation to his Maker with which he was endowed, such as shows this, according to the maxim, reason, understanding, liberty, con- *Like associates with like. Hence we science, &c., he sustained a natural may with certainty determine that resemblance to Him. But it was in • religion is his great business, whatthe original rectitude of his moral cha- ever else be neglected, superseded, or racter that the chief resemblance- postponed.'—L.
29 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
Mankind throughout the whole world, that attains to an equality with him, with some rare and very limited ex- none that acquires an analogous doceptions, enjoy an undisputed domi- minion over any other species. There nion and superiority. There is no is no subduing of one race to another. animal, however powerful, but man -Dr. Redford. can conquer. There is no creature
And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 80 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
V. 31. 1. All things were acoording who saw that all that He had made to the plan of the Divine mind. 2. was good ; that is, conformable to His Nothing was useless, or spoiled in the will, which abhors deformity, and is making. 3. All things answered the the rule of order and beauty.--Sir purposes intended by them. 4. Every- Thos. Brown. thing was perfect in its kind. 5. All As God Himself, who must be althings as a mirror displayed the per- lowed to be the only competent judge, fections of God.-L.
has pronounced His whole work to be I cannot tell by what logio we call a very good, it must be great presumptoad, a bear, and an elephant ugly, they tion for us to find fault with any part being created in those outward shapes of it.-Scott. and figures which best express the ac- God,' says Dryden, 'never made tions of their inward forms, and having His work for man to mend.' passed that general visitation of God,
CHAP. II. THUS the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of
them. 2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 8 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
The Divine rest was not a rest of flections of a well-instructed conscience weariness, but of complacency. And upon that !-Howe. how blessed an imitation herein might A week filled up with selfishness, there be of the blessed God Himself, and the Sabbath stuffed full of reliwho beheld His six days' works, and gious exercises, will make a good Pharilo! they were all very good! So we see, but a poor Christian. There are may, in some degree of conformity to many persons who think Sunday is a Him, finding our works to be in that sponge with which to wipe out the sort good as that He will by gracious sins of the week. Now, God's altar indulgence accept them as such, have stands from Sunday to Sunday, and our own sabbath,-a sweet and peace- the seventh day is no more for religion ful rest in our own spirits. Though than any other. It is for rest. The we can pretend no higher than sin- whole seven are for religion, and one cerity only, yet how sweet are the re- of them for rest.-H. W. Beecher.
* These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, 5 And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.
It is God's immediate work to by the instrumentality of man.-A. communicate the first principles of Fuller. things; but their growth is promoted
* But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.
It is said that in the island of of water sufficient to supply every Ferro there exists a certain tree, from living creature on the island. As there the leaves of which distils a quantity is neither spring, well, nor river in
this island, Providence has thus sup- large stone reservoir to the quantity of plied this want. The branches of this many hogsheads. This singular phewonderful tree are thick and extended. nomenon is attested by travellers, who Every morning a cloud rises from the affirm that they were eye-witnesses of sea, which, being driven by the wind the fact, and is only contradicted by to the summit of the cliff on which one who, it is said, is no farther a phithe trees grow, by degrees settles on losopher than he is sceptical and inthe trees, from the leaves and branches credulous.-Universal History. of which the water flows down into a
? And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life ; and man became a living soul.
We now know from chemical analy- word! what a thing! Did you ever sis, that the animal body is composed, revolve it? A deathless creature, an in the inscrutable manner called or- everlasting existence! Such is your ganization, of carbon, hydrogen, oxy- soul. Eternal duration alone, apart gen, nitrogen, lime, iron, sulphur, and from the consideration whether it is to phosphorus. Now all these are mate- be spent in torment or in bliss, is an rial substances which, in their various awful idea. You are to live somewhere combinations, form a very large part for ever. Should this matter be al. of the solid ground.—Dr. J. Pye Smith. lowed to lie forgotten among the thon
Imagination here presents to us the sand unconsidered subjects? How can heavenly Potter at work. We see Him you help being anxious ? Going on first collecting the clay; next arranging step by step to eternity, should you and tempering it; afterwards setting not pause, ponder, and say, 'Whither the wheel in motion, and then there am I tending?' The rational course is gradually rises up before us the ap- either to disprove your immortality, or pearance of a perfect man; but it is seriously to reflect upon it ; either to cold and motionless, like a statue. persuade yourself that, though you The blood has not been made to circu. live as a man, you shall die as a brute, late, the heart to beat, the lungs to or else to act as an immortal being. play. The Divine Artist proceeds next The careless infidel is more consistent to impart the vital principle : than the unanxious nominal believer breathed into his nostrils the breath of in revelation. For a man to express life' (or lives '), 'and man became a his belief that he is immortal, and yet living soul.'—Dr. Payne.
to care nothing about immortality, is Yes, reader, you are not only mortal, the most monstrous inconsistency in but immortal. Immortality! What a the universe.-J. A. James.
8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. 9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
This paradise was the beautiful called, because that, by a prohibition metropolis of a beautiful world.- of its fruit, a revelation was made to Dwight.
Adam of his Creator's will ; of his The tree of life' seems to have own duty, interest, situation, and dan. been a sacramental pledge of immor- ger; of the consequences of his future tality; and by eating the fruit of it conduct; and of the prescribed condilife and felicity were sealed to Adam, tion of life and death, happiness or so long as he continued obedient. The misery ; in which things his most in"tree of knowledge' might be thus teresting knowledge consisted. By ab
staining from this fruit the knowledge daries to his thirst for knowledge, and of good would be enjoyed; and by eat- covet rather to know and obey the ing of it the knowledge of evil would commands of God than to pry into anbe fatally introduced. It might also revealed secrets.--Scott. intimate that man should set boun
10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison : that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 12 And the gold of that land is good : there is bdellium and the
stone. 18 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. 14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel : that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.
Havilah had gold, and spices, and dians; they have the gold, but we precious stones ; but Eden had that have the gospel. The gold of their which was infinitely better, the tree land is good, but the riches of ours of life, and communion with God. So are infinitely better.-M. Henry. we may say of the Africans and In
15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
The garden of Paradise itself, al- ness consists in slothful ease, or in though planted by the hand of God, having nothing to do. The idle, whehad its proper cultivation been ne- ther among the very rich or the very glected, would speedily have become poor, are commonly among the most a desert.-Anon.
worthless and miserable of mankind. Man, even in Eden, was not to be -A. Fuller. idle. It is a stupid notion that happi
16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat : 17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
The probation to which our first and, being confined to a single point, father was subjected strongly illus- he was enabled to summon all his trates the benevolence of God. Man watchfulness, resolution, and strength lived in the midst of abundance. The to this point only, to keep it supremely palate and the eye were alike gra- in view, and to guard against every. tified, and the wishes seemed to have thing that might tempt him to transnothing left to ask. One fruit only gress. Were an earthly parent to try was forbidden; and this merely for the obedience of a child, and make his the purpose of trying his fidelity. Had right to the inheritance of an estate to he been placed in hard and difficult depend on the performance of his filial circumstances, encircled by few enjoy- duty, such a mode of trying him would ments, exposed to great temptations, at once be pronounced as most reasonand the subject of ignorance and doubt able and generous, and as strongly inconcerning his duty, he would still dicative of parental affection.-Dwight. have been indispensably bound to obey. I marvel, then, that even the infidel But his real situation was the reverse himself does not blush when he talks of all this. In his circumstances obe- of the little sin’ of eating the apple ! dience was most reasonable and easy, Can any sin, I ask-even the sin of