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12 And

6 And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made : ? And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth. 8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the ground ; ' But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth : then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark. 10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark ; 11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth. he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove ; which returned not again unto him any more.

Noah sends forth his intelligencers. purity in their lives, bring glad tidings The raven of quick scent, of gross of peace and salvation in their mouths ! feed, of tough constitution. No fowl -Bp. Hall. was so fit for discovery. The like- Some make these things an allegory. liest things succeed not always. He The law was sent forth like the raven, will neither venture far into that soli- but brought no 'tidings of the assuagtary world for fear of want, nor yet ing of the waters of God's wrath with come into the ark for love of liberty, which the world of mankind was debut hovers about in uncertainties. How luged; therefore, in the fulness of many carnal minds fly out of the ark time, God sent forth His gospel, as the of God's church, and embrace the pre- dove, in the likeness of which the sent world, rather choosing to feed Holy Spirit descended; and this preupon the unsavoury carcases of sinful sents us with an olive-branch, and pleasures, than to be restrained within brings in a better hope.'—M. Henry. the strait lists of Christian obedience ! The repeated mention of seven days Next, the dove is sent forth, a fowl seems to imply that from the beboth swift and simple. She, like a true ginning time had been divided into citizen of the ark, returns, and brings weeks, which can no otherwise be acfaithful notice of the continuance of counted for, that I know of, than by the waters, by her restless and empty admitting that, from the beginning, return-by her olive-leaf, of their those who feared God remembered abatement. How worthy are those the Sabbath day to keep it holy.messengers of a welcome, who, with A. Fuller.

13 And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry. 14 And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried. 15 And God spake unto Noah, saying, 16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. 17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth. And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his


sons' wives with him : 19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.

• He that believeth shall not make is nothing like having a commission haste.' Had Noah gone out of the from God. When our mercies are ripe, ark sooner the earth would have and we ourselves are ready for them, been damp, and provisions would have we may then, and not till then, exbeen wanting for the beasts, and all pect to enjoy them.-Orton. might have perished together. There

20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake ; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.

Before the flood, God saw that the cerning the state of man repeated. It wickedness of man was great upon is repeated, indeed, in very striking the earth,' and that

terms-in terms which indicate that gination of the thought of his heart moral pollution is not a thing grafted was only evil continually :' and, after upon the human character, but natural the flood, we find this testimony con- to it.—Dr. Payne.

22 While the earth remaineth, seed time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.

Partial and occasional failures in refuses to sow.-A. Fuller. the crops can scarcely be called ex- The provision made for the constant ceptions to this rule; since from the regulation of the universe in the distime of the flood there has never been position of the heavenly bodies, so that a year in which there has been no in the course of several thousand harvest throughout the world. To un- years nature should ever exhibit the derstand the promise of God's engag- same useful and grateful variety in ing never to afflict any particular na- the returns of light and darkness, of tion, or number of nations, with fam- summer and winter, and ever furnish ine, is to make it universal as to food and habitation to all the animals place, as well as uninterrupted in re- that people the earth, must be a lastspect of time; and this would go to ing theme of wonder to every reflectensure a harvest to the sluggard who ing mind.—Dr. H. Blair.


every ima


fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. And the fear of

you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your

hand are they delivered.

It is probable that the subjection regarded man as a friend ; but since of the animals before the fall was that event it bath been more the voluntary, and that by instinct they result of fear; most of them dread


ing him as a powerful enemy whom by a single youth, who, conscious of his they must either submit to or flee superiority, fears not them, while they from. We continually witness the ful- stand in awe of him, are circumstances filment of this promise among crea- which would be deemed very wondertures of all sorts. The ease with which ful were they not so common. Were horses are managed, notwithstanding this instinctive fear removed, and their strength and spirit, and the se- should the animals, conscious of their verity with which they are treated, force, rise in general rebellion, what and the safety with which large droves confusion and devastation would enof oxen are goaded forward, frequently sue !-Scott.

Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you ; even as the green herb I have given you all things.

To Adam and his posterity had tually refrained from the flesh of anibeen granted at the creation :

every mals is another question. Might not, herb for meat,' and nothing more. however, some of the stricter sects In the last clause of this passage among the antediluvians be scrupulous the old grant is recited and ex- as to this point? And might not Noah tended to the flesh of animals. But and his family be of this description ? this was not till after the flood; the For it is not probable that God would inhabitants of the antediluvian world publish a permission to authorize a had, therefore, no such permission practice which had been never disthat we know of. Whether they ac- puted.--Paley.

* But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

It appears that the Israelites, in To prevent this, Saul caused a great the days of Saul, had a strong pro- stone to be rolled to him, and ordered pensity to this crime. After they had that the cattle should all be killed upconquered the Philistines they flew on that stone, by cutting their throats. upon the spoil, and took sheep, and Thus the blood was poured upon the oxen, and calves, and did eat them ground like water, and the animal with the blood, that is, they cut off known to be dead before its flesh was the flesh of the beasts while they were eaten.-Anon. alive, and ate it raw. (1 Sam. xiv. 33, 34.)

5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require ; at the hand of every beast I will require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man. 6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed : for in the image of God made he man. ?And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.

According to the genius of the He- will have it counted precious, and prebrew language, the words of the sixth served as such. • This creature of verse may be understood as the utter- mine,' says God, 'I will not have ance of a prediction, as well as the touched, for he carries my image upon enunciation of a law.-L.

him; I will not have any violence of. There is a peculiar sacredness put fered to my image.'-Howe. upon the life of man, beyond that of To deface the king's image is a sort all other creatures that inhabit the of treason among men, implying a haearth ; because this is an improvable tred against him, and that if he himlife; this is a thing that may be graft- self were within reach he would be ed upon. Noble grafts may be inserted served in the same manner; how much here into a human life; therefore God more treasonable must it be to destroy,


11 And

curse, or any way abuse the image of is principally struck at when one man the King of kings! and it is God who murders another.-A. Fuller; Howe.

8 And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, ' And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you ; 10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you ; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. I will establish my covenant with you ; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.

It is obvious to infer from this pas- capable of understanding anything sage that creatures are capable of be- about it. The application of this reing parties in a covenant, and receiv- mark to the subject of infant baptism ing benefit from it, who are not is at once apparent.-L.

19 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations : 18 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. 14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud : 16 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16 And the bow shall be in the cloud ; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.

The rainbow is a token of the cove- tion of the beams of the sun; so all pant of preservation made with Noah, the glory of the covenant of grace, and and with all the creatures of the earth. the significancy of its seals, are deIt is fixed and sure. It may be consider- rived from Christ, the ‘Sun of Righted also as an emblem of the covenant of eousness. Once more, the bow speaks grace, or rather of Christ Himself (Rev. terror; but this is without string or 1. 1), as appears in many particulars. arrow, is directed upwards, and not to When we are apt to fear being over- the earth. God looks upon the bow to whelmed by the rain, Jehovah shows remember His covenant; so should we, this seal of His promise that we shall that we may be mindful of the covenot. Thus He removes our fears when nant of grace, with faith and thankfulWe weep for sin, and are afraid of a flood ness.-M. Henry. of wrath, by reminding us of the cove- I behold this resplendent and beaunant of grace established in Jesus. tiful exhibition of my Maker's skill, Again, the thicker the cloud, the which adorns the retiring storm and brighter is the bow in the cloud; so cheers the face of nature. It seals sewhen afflictions abound, spiritual con- curity upon the promise made to Noah; solations do much more abound. The it instructs me to believe that my Lord bow appears when one part of the sky looks upon it with designs of mercy. is clear; which intimates mercy re

So, blessed Lord, look also upon me, membered in the midst of wrath. The who am a sinner; take me into coverainbow, again, is caused by the reflec- nant with Thee; cause the infinitely

17 And glorious Sun of Righteousness to arise succeed the relentings of repentance; upon my soul; let His effulgent beams and when I supplicate for pardon bedispel the clouds of sin and ignorance fore a throne of grace, may the bow, which envelope my mind; let the as a token of mercy, surround the storms of deserved judgment pass by, throne !—Mary Grafton. and the clear shining after the rain'

18 And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. 19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread. 20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard : 21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken, and he was uncovered within his tent.

V. 21. One hour's drunkenness be- This was like a ship, which had gone trays that which more than 600 years' round the world, being overset in sailsobriety had modestly concealed.—Bp. ing into port.-A. Fuller. Hall.

22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. 23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness.

The sins of those we love and ho- acknowledge with grief and shame, nour we must hear of with indigna- hide with honest excuses, and bury in tion, fearfully and unwillingly believe, silence.—Bp. Hall.

24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. 25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. 26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. 27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

Bishop Newton gives good reasons malediction.-L. for believing that, instead of reading Canaan' signifies depressed, abject, • Cursed be Canaan,' the expression humbled; "Shem,' renowned;

Jashould be · Cursed be Ham the father phet,' enlarged. This play on words of Canaan;' this reading, if admitted, is common in the Hebrew writings.will obviate some of the objections Old Bible. which have been urged against this

28 And Noah lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years. 29 And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.

CHAP. X. Now TOW these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem,

Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood. The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai,

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