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open at His knock, and He will be your never comes to fetch it off. Thou mayguest, you shall have His sweet com- est come to the word, and converse pany; repulse Him, and you have not with other ordinances, but in vain. It a promise He will knock again. And if is the spirit of them which is both tide He once leave off striving with thee,un- and wind, to set the soul afloat, and happy man,

thou art lost for ever; thou carry it on; or else it lies like a ship liest like a ship cast up by the waves on dry ground, which stirs not.—Gurupon some high rock, where the tide nall.

4 There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. 5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

V.5. The very embryo of every idea, cuous as they appear to be, they are the fragment of every thought, the linked together with all the strength very materials out of which perception, and sequence of a chain; and the conception, and ideas were formed, principle which thus unites them we were all evil. The fountain which call the principle of suggestion—the produced them, with every thought, • law of association. Now, admitting purpose, wish, desire, and motive, were the existence of such a law-a law incurably poisoned.—Dr. A. Clarke. common to all minds, like gravity to

What an affecting proof we have all matter-operating by mental affihere of man's apostasy! For can any nity and attraction, it is only to supman imagine that God should make a pose that Satan has mastered this thinking creature-endow a creature principle,—that the result of the exwith a power of thought, originally perience of many thousand years, in from the beginning—to think nothing studying the structure, watching the but what was evil, and continually movements, and experimenting on the evil ?-Howe.

properties of mind, is, that he knows And who is the prime agent in all the universal bearing and operation of this ? Satan. He keeps the baneful this principle; and what a fearfu machinery a-going, and that with the amount of power, what an immense most consummate ease. We ourselves command over the human mind, may allow that there is an established order

he possess in the knowledge of this in which our thoughts succeed each principle alone!-Dr. J. Harris. other; that, detached and promis

6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. ?And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air ; for it repenteth me that I have made them.

Repentance in God is only a change sin, and His resolution to punish it, of His outward conduct, according to after man had made himself quite anHis infallible foresight and immu- other thing than God had made him.. table will. When God speaks of His It repents me,' that is, I am pur

repenting that He had made man,' posed to destroy the world, as he that. it is only His changing His conduct repents of his work throws it away; as from a way of kindness to a way of if a potter cast away the vessel he had severity, and is a word suited to our framed, it were a testimony that he capacities, to signify His detestation of repented that ever he took pains about


it; so the destruction of them seems made them ; it is a change of events, to be a repentance in God that ever He not of counsels.-Charnock.

8 But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD. 9 These are the generations of Noah : Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God.

V. 9. It is easy to be religious when and to appear for God when no one religion is in fashion ; but it is an evi- else appears for Him. So Noah did, dence of strong faith and resolution to and it is on record to his immortal swim against the stream to heaven, honour.-M. Henry.

10 And Noah begat three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. 12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth. 1: And God said unto Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

When wickedness is become gene- 16); but when all hands are at work to ral and universal, ruin is not far pull down the fences by sin, and none off. While there is a remnant of pray- stand in the gap to make up the ing people in a nation, to empty the breach, what can be expected but an measure as it fills, judgment may be inundation of wrath ?-M. Henry. kept off a great while (see ch. xv.

14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch.

Bishop Wilson observes that great tible, so that the remains of the quantities of this wood grew about ark might have been seen in JoseBabylon, near which place the ark phus's time, as he and others say it was built.

The wood is incorrup15 And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. 16 A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.

The cubit being nearly 22 inches, 81,062 tons burden. The dimensions and the ark being 300 cubits in length, were sufficient to contain all the per50 in breadth, and 30 in height, sons and animals said to have been in its size was equal to 547 feet long, it, with sufficient food for more than 91 feet broad, and 54 feet high ; twelve months.—Comp. Bible. and it is computed to have been

17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven ; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. 18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them, alive with thee; they


shall be male and female. 20 Of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. 2 And take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them. 22 Thus did Noah; according to all that God commanded him, so did he.

V. 22. Noah's obedience to the Di. pose that every one that passed by vine command was thorough, and it and saw such a huge bulk stand there exposed him to the continual re- laughed at it, calling it Noah's folly. proaches of all his neighbours for 120 It is very difficult for a man to go on years. None of them believed what in a way wherein he makes himself the he told them of a flood which was laughing-stock of the whole world. coming to drown the world. For a Where is the man that could stand man to undertake such a vast piece of the shock of such a trial for twenty work, under the notion that it should

years ? Such an undertaking Noah be the means of saving him when the engaged in and went through in order world should be destroyed, it made to a temporal salvation. How great him the continual laughing-stock of an undertaking, then, should men be the world. When he was about to willing to engage in and go through in hire workmen, doubtless all laughed order to their eternal salvation !-a at him; and we may suppose that, salvation from an everlasting deluge ; though the workmen consented to from being overwhelmed by the billows work for wages, yet they laughed at of God's wrath, of which Noah's flood the folly of him who employed them. was but a shadow ! - President EdWhen the ark was begun, we may sup


CHAP. VII. A ND the LORD said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into

the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation.

Though saving grace descends not are bestowed on them for their sakes. by generation from parents to their --M. Henry. children, yet many temporal blessings

2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female. 8 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female ; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth. For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth. And Noah did according unto all that the LORD commanded him. 6 And Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters was upon the earth. And Noah went in, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him, into the ark, because of the waters of the flood. 8 Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of fowls, and of every thing that creepeth upon the earth, There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had com


manded Noah. 10 And it came to pass after seven days, that the waters of the flood were upon the earth.

The unclean beasts God would have week, and made one for Himself, did to live, the clean to multiply; and here preserve of seven clean beasts, therefore He sends to Noah seven one for Himself for sacrifice. He gives of the clean, and of the unclean us six for one in earthly things, that two. But why seven? Surely that in spiritual we should be all for Him.God that created seven days in the

Bp. Hall. 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

The first king of Phrygia men- plied, that at his death all things tioned in history is Nannacus, who should perish; whereupon he reis said to have reigned before the paired, with his subjects, to the temflood. He attained to a very great ples, and strove, with many sighs and age, for it is recorded of him that

tears, to appease the wrath of the when he was 300 years old, he sent to gods. However, Nannacus died soon inquire of all the oracles that were after, and the deluge ensued, which then in repute how long he should was attended with the threatened delive. The oracles unanimously re- struction.-Universal History.

13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark; 14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of

15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life.

The suspension of the ferocity of position of sinners when they enter the savage beasts during their con- the true church of Christ ; but it may tinuance in the ark is generally also remind us of the hypocrite's exconsidered as an apt figure of the ternal good behaviour, though his nachange which takes place in the dis- ture is not changed.—Scott.

16 And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in.

· The Lord shut him in.'-The door family in, shut them for ever out! of such a stupendous building may And let it be considered that somebe supposed to have been too large thing very nearly resembling this will for human hands to fasten, espe- ere long be acted over again: 'As it cially so few as they were, and all was in the days of Noah, so shall it be within-side of it. It is possible, too, at the coming of the Son of man.' there might be, by this time, numbers Not only shall the world, as then, be crowding round it for admittance; for full of dissipation, but the concluding those who trifle with danger at a dis- scene is described in nearly the same tance are often the most terrified when words, •And they that were ready it approaches. But lo, all is over! went in, and the door was shut!' That act which shut Noah and his A. Fuller.

every sort.


17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth ; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. 18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth ; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. 19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail, and the mountains were covered. A And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beasts, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man : 22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. 23 And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.

24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days.

Observe, 1. The waters, which broke spiritual promotions.-M. Henry. down everything else, bore up the The highest and most inaccessible ark. That which to unbelievers is mountains afforded the delinquents no a savour of death unto death,' is to retreat. In vain does he fly whom the faithful • a savour of life unto life.' God pursues. There is no way to fly 2. The more the waters increased, from Divine judgments but to fly to the higher the ark was lifted towards Divine mercy by repenting.

Bp. heaven. Thus sanctified afflictions are Hall.

CHAP. VIII. ND God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the

cattle that was with him in the ark : and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged ; 2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained ; 3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated. And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.

How soon is God weary of punish- under God's hand, we should not ing who is never weary of bless- know how sweet His mercy is, nor how ing! Yet may not the ark rest sud- great our thankfulness should be. denly. If we did not stay some time

Bp. Hall. 5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month : in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.

If we had been on a long and dan- which this sight must have occagerous voyage at sea, we should be sioned, than we possibly can be withbetter able to conceive of the joy out it.-A. Fuller.

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