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his stead. 38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead. 89 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. 40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, 41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 13 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram : these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.
God often gives ungodly people a scure, and despised! But soon the large portion of this world; and, sa- state of things will be reversed: the tisfied with it, they leave others to wicked shall be cut down, and wither possess and enjoy spiritual blessings as the grass; while the righteous shah unenvied and unmolested. This is flourish as the cedar in Libanus; and Esau: still the profane despiser of having their good things when those of heavenly things, as when he sold his the sinner are spent and gone, they birthright; though not the same ma- shall have them durably, yea eternally. licious persecutor, as when he vowed Let us then seek an interest in these Jacob's destruction. Yet he, and such blessings, and not covet the fading disas he, look great, become dukes and tinctions which the enemies of God princes, and are envied and courted; enjoy.-Scott. while the Israel of God are poor, ob
ND Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger,
Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.
‘And Joseph brought,' &c. In this cannot be, that they may be able to counhe was to be commended; for though teract its effects. But that which was a child should not indulge, nor be in- commendable in him, produced hatred dulged by his parents, in reporting in his brethren. In this, the outset of every trivial tale to the disadvantage Joseph's story, we perceive a striking of his brothers and sisters; yet, where resemblance between him and our Lord wickedness is acted, it ought not to be Jesus Christ, whom the world hated concealed. The parents should know because He testified of it that the it, that they may correct it; or, if that works thereof were evil.'-A. Fuller.
3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colours. 4 And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.
Vestures of distinction, similar to is one instance in which Paul's advice Joseph's, are worn all over Persia, In- may be applied: 'Fathers, provoke dia, and China, to this day.
not your children to anger, lest they 'It is dangerous for parents to mani- be discouraged.'—Orton. fest too great a partiality to their chil- There is no partiality displayed by dren. Allowances ought to be made our heavenly Father; His children do for merit; and where there is anything not, indeed, all equally share the conserious and pious, it ought to be che- solations of His presence in this world; rished and rewarded; but this should and too generally this is owing to their be done prudently; for the spirit even own infirmities; but He says to each of children •lusteth to envy. The alike, 'I have loved thee with an everdifference should not be too remark- lasting love' (Jer. xxxi. 3).—Anon. able between one and another. This
5 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brethren: and they hated him yet the more. 6 And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I dreamed: ?For, behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright: and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf. 8 And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words. 9 And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me. 10 And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed ? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? 11 And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
Observe here, Joseph dreamed of his gracious conversations, as thou would'st preferment, but he did not dream of his do the notions of some excellent book, imprisonment. Thus many young peo- which is not thy own, but lent thee ple, when they are setting out in the for a time to peruse : indeed, upon these world, think of nothing but prosperity terms, and no surer, do we enjoy our and pleasure, and never dream of trou- gracious friends and relations. They ble.-M. Henry.
are but lent us for a while, and improve When Joseph told his dream to his them or not improve them, they will brethren, their envy, which before lay be called for ere long; and will it be smothering in their breasts, took fire for thy comfort to part with them, bepresently, and soon after flamed forth fore thou hast had a heart to get good into that unnatural cruelty which they by them ?---Gurnall. practised upo him. There was all God keeps an exact account of the the use they made of it: but of good means He offers us for our salvation, Jacob it is said, by way of opposition and the lives of His holy servants are to them, ‘His brethren envied him, but not of the lowest rank. You may obhis father observed the saying'; he serve that God is very curious in Scriplaid it up for future use as that which ture, to record the time that His faithhad something of God in it. Thus, ful servants lived on earth ; and sure Christian,do thou by the holy breathings among other reasons, He would have of the spirit of those thou livest with. us know, that He means to reckon Note the remarkable passages of their with those that lived with them, for every year, yea, day and hour that
they had them so long; and God will they had among them. They shall know of them what use they made of know they had a prophet, a father, a them.-Ibid. husband, that were godly, and that
12 And his brethren went to feed their father's flocks in Shechem. 13 And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here am I. 14 And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it is well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks: and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15 And a certain man found him, and, behold, he was wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, What seekest thou ? 16 And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray thee, where they feed their flocks.
17 And the man said, They are departed hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan. 18 And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him. 19 And they said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh. 20 Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.
V. 20. A man once applied to the dream. We will tell you,' said Mr. Rev. Rowland Hill for admission to Hill, what we think of your dream, his church, and began to give an ac
after we have seen how you go on count of his experience by relating a when you are awake.'- Anecdotes.
21 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him. 22 And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit, that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again. 23 And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on him: took him, and cast him into a pit; and the pit was empty, there was no water in it. 25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt. 26 And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood ? 27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh. And his brethren were content. 28 Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
24 And they
Recent travellers testify that they who would, in all likelihood, be still have seen caravans near the spot where ready to buy another Joseph, were he Joseph must have been sold, and that offered to them.-Anon. they were of that class of merchants
29 And Reuben returned unto the pit: and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes. 30 And he returned unto his brethren, and said, The child is not; and I, whither shall I go? 81 And they took Joseph's coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood; 82 And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it be thy son's coat or no.
83 And he knew it, and said, It is my son's coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces. 34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days.
35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him. 36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, and captain of the guard.
We may reflect here with admiration means all in train for execution. This on the astonishing machinery of provi- event shall issue in Israel's going down dence. The malignant brothers seem to Egypt; that, in their deliverance by to have obtained their ends; the mer- Moses; that, in the setting up of a cenary merchants, who care not what true religion in the world ; and that, they deal in so that they get gain, have in the spread of it among all nations also obtained theirs ; and Potiphar, by the Gospel. The wrath of man having got a fine young slave, has shall praise the Lord, and the remainobtained his. But, what is of greater der thereof He will restrain.' -A. importance, God's designs are by these Fuller.
CHAP. XXXVIII. A ND it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down
from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. 8 And she conceived, and bare à son; and he called his name Er. And she conceived again, and bare a son; and she called his name Onan. 5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; and called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when she bare him. 6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar. ?And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him. 8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother. 9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground,
lest that he should give seed to his brother. 10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he slew him also. said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house. 12 And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was comfort and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 18 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep. 14 And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face. 16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me? 17 And he said, I will send thee a kid from the flock. And she said, Wilt thou give me a pledge, till thou send it ? he said, What pledge shall I give thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him. she arose, and went away, and laid by her vail from her, and put on the garments of her widowhood. 20 And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman's hand; but he found her not. 21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place. 22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I cannot find her; and also the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place. 23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, and thou hast not found her.
V. 23. How many dread shame more Seneca, a heathen, could say, 'Though than sin; the tongues of men more all men should be ignorant of the evil than the eyes of God! Lest we be I do, and I knew the Gods would forashamed, has a greater influence with give me, yet for the filthiness there is many, than lest we be damned; so in sin, I would not commit it.' Fear unaccountable is the folly of this of shame may preserve from some world. But how unworthy is this of sins, but the fear of God is the only the character of one of God's people ! preservative from all sin.-Orton.
24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. 25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose