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vidual can, in what is termed the borough market, buy for £4,000 a seat in the House of Commons for seven years, as easily as he can purchase a new coach, or a box at the opera. But however this may be, if we take into consideration that the British have been accustomed for ages to a monarch and a nobility, it seems probable that a Republican Government would not suit them so well as their present one. Of course I must be understood as speaking of the British constitution in its theoretical purity, as described by De Lolme, Blackstone, and others, and not as disfigured with rotten boroughs, sinecures, &c. &c.
At the revolution, the United States enjoyed an advantage which has not been duly estimated. This was, that they had scarcely any thing to undo. In all other countries, where revolutions have taken place, there has been an aristocracy and a priesthood, naturally adverse to change, and who, after a change had taken place, were anxious to retain their privileges. But the Americans had the rare good fortune to be free from these evils; and, therefore, their internal government required little alteration. The only question at the revolution was this, “ Shall we remain as colonies, or be independent ? ” and, when this question was decided, every thing went on as quietly as possible.
In England, it was owing to the discontent of the rich nobles and the high churchmen, that the Republican Government was overthrown, and the
country subjected to the tyranny of that profligate monarch Charles the Second. The French in their revolution entirely abolished the feudal nobility, and the Roman Catholic priesthood," who have indeed re-appeared, but only, as we may hope, to be finally annihilated. .
It must be a most mortifying spectacle to those would-be political philosophers, who have so rancorously maintained that the people must be kept down, and ruled with a rod of iron, as utterly'uncapable of governing themselves, to see the wisdom and vigour manifested by the cheap and unostentatious Government of the United States. Yes! let those who have so stoutly urged the absurd dogma, “ that the people are their own worst enemies," look at the spectacle presented to them by this great Republic, and acknowledge that the experiment of a people governing themselves has there been made, and has succeeded. . . Most other governments are maintained by force. In every direction, we meet with soldiers, civil officers, nobles, prelates, and all the other appendages of despotism ; while the mass of the people are oppressed, hoodwinked, and plunged into a state of political slavery. But in the United States one looks in vain for any thing of the kind; and a stranger, on going through the country, exclaims, - Where is the Government? what is it? I see nothing of it.” It is almost impossible for Europeans to form any idea of this, so profoundly ignorant are they in general of all real liberty.
After Monsieur Dupont, who acted a distinguished part in the French revolution, had returned to France from America, he was one day asked by the Emperor Napoleon, who was surrounded by many of his marshals, generals, and great officers, what he saw extraordinary in the Government of the United States. “ Sire," replied he, " On ne le voit pas, on ne le sent pas." How completely do those few words express the genius of the American Government !
It is, indeed, entirely a Government of opinion. Whatever the people wish, is done. If they want any alteration of laws, tariffs, &c. they inform their Representatives, and if there be a majority that wish it, the alteration is made at once. In most European countries, there is a portion of the population denominated the mob, who, not being acquainted with real liberty, give themselves up to occasional fits of licentiousness. But in the United States there is no mob, for every man feels himself free. At the time of Burr's conspiracy, Mr. Jefferson said, that there was little to be apprehended from it, as every man felt himself a part of the general sovereignty. The event proved the truth of this assertion; and Burr, who in any other country would have been hanged, drawn, and quartered, is at present leading an obseure life in the city of New York, despised by every one.
The good effects of a free Government are visible throughout the whole country. There are no
tithes, no poor rates, no excise, no heavy internal taxes, no commercial monopolies. An American can make candles if he have tallow, can distil brandy if he have grapes or peaches, and can make beer if he have malt and hops, without asking leave of any one, and much less with any fear of incurring punishment. How would a farmer's wife there be astonished, if told that it was contrary to law for her to make soap out of the potass obtained on the farm, and of the grease she herself had saved! When an American has made these articles, he may build his little vessel, and take them without hindrance to any part of the world: for there is no rich company of merchants that can say to him, “ You shall not trade to India ; and you shall not buy a pound of tea of the Chinese; as, by so doing, you would infringe upon our privileges.” In consequence of this freedom, the seas are covered with their vessels, and the people at home are active and independent. I never saw a beggar in any part of the United States; nor was I ever asked for charity, but once, and that was by an Irishman.
Hired and servile writers may abuse as much as they please the people and government of the United States; but fortunately, whatever they may say, they cannot prevent the Americans from advancing by gigantic strides towards the acme of wealth, power, and population. Who can contemplate without astonishment the spectacle they
already offer? With a vast extent of territory rapidly covering with population ; and with a revenue of 23,000,000 dollars (without direct taxes), and a surplus 3,000,000 dollars after defraying all the expenses of the country * (a phenomenon unknown in Europe) ; their commerce is so considerable, that America has become the rival of Great Britain herself, and is the only maritime power that can give her any uneasiness. Yet forty-seven years ago, this grand nation consisted only of a few in. ' significant colonies, supplied in all its wants by the mother country, which, for that purpose, employed but a few ships.
No people, in the same space of time, has ever made a hundredth part of the progress; and to what is this progress owing? To freedom.
Albeit many sage Europeans have constituted themselves prophets, and declared, that the federate Republic will fall to pieces; that it will sink into insignificance from the very form of its Go: vernment; and that the States will quarrel with one another, and degenerate into monarchies. But, for my own part, I should humbly beg leave to think, that these modern prophets are somewhat inspired by the lying spirit of Zedekiah, the son of Chenaanah.
“ The United States owe to the world a great example; and, by the means thereof, to the cause