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6. Conspiracy against, the dominion shall be
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„• 7„.$l(haey£r sa|$,. ?//there is. a power holding jurisdiction oyerr and: ahoye this dominion,'' shall be punished with Death, and loss of property. ,
t §•;; Whoever attempts,j^o change or; overturn this pinion, shaU,8U^J9^v; \ , ". ^
&,The Judges !siall determine controversies
...)1P, Np.on|e shall be a freeman, or give a vote, unless he be converted, or a member in free communion of one ;©f the. churches allowed in this dominion.
_ IK,No• one shall hold any office who is not
.sound in ttye faith\ and faithful to this dominion;
_ and whoever gives a vote to such a person shall pay
- a fine of one pound.—For the second offence; he
shall be disfranchised.
% 12. No Quaker, or dissenter from the established •worship of this dominion, shall be allowed to give a vote for the election of magistrates, or any officer.
,13. No food dr lodging shall be afforded to a Quaker, Adamite, or other heretic. . .;r -. 14. If any person turns quaker,' he shall be banished, and not suffered to return, On pain of Death.
15. No Priest shall abide in this dominion. He shall be banished, and suffer'Death on hisreturn.
it'i/il .-iT> '/-Iliir:n•• - .? /:•,-,. ,77/..;
,Priests may be. seized by any one, without a war
rant. . ., .. ,
16. No oile shall cross a river bat with an ftuthorized ferryman. •-• i•'••'i ;-iiW.
17. No one shall run of a Sabbath-day, or walk in his garden, or elsewhere, except reverently to and from church. nitnl '••'.
18. No one shall travel, cook victuals, make beds', sweep houses, cut hair, or shave, on the Sabbathday.
19. No woman shall kiss her child on Sabbath or fasting day. . ' ": 'r •"*••
20. A person accused of trespass in the night, shall be judged guilty, unless he clear himself by his oath. "-; ••■•'•'"'.
21. When it appears that an accomplice has confederates, and he refuses to discover them, he may be Racked.
22. No one shall buy or sell lands without the permission of the select men.
23. A drunkard shall have a master appointed by the select men, who is to debar him the !privl* lege of buying or selling.
24. Whoever publishes a lie to the prejudice of his neighbour, shall sit in the stocks, or be Whipped fifteen stripes. •-»;'''' '.'•''-' •*'ii'
25. No Minister shall keep a schdok'
26. Man stealers shall suffer Death.
27. Whoever wears clothes trimmed with silver or bone lace above two shillings a yard, shall be presented by the grand jurors; and the select men
i shall tax the offender at the rate of three hundred
pound estate. .."•i - '• • M 1-•'1*
28. A debtor in prison, swearing he has no estate, shall be let out and sold to make satisfaction.
29. Whoever sets fire to the woods, and it burns a house, shall suffer Death—and persons suspected of the crime shall be imprisoned without the benefit of bail. ''
30. Whoever brings cards or dice into this dominion shall pay a fine of five pounds.
31. No one shall read common prayer, keep Christmas, or saints day, make minced pies, dance> play cards, or play on any instrument of music, except the drum, the trumpet, and the jews-harp.
32. When parents refuse their children suitable marriages, the magistrates shall determine the point.
33. The select men, on finding children igno* rant, may take them away from their parents, and put them into better hands, at the expense of the parents. :-- • • •'
34. A man that strikes his wife shall pay a fine of ten pounds;—a woman that strikes her husband shall be punished as the court directs. •• :< 1
• 35. A wife shall be deemed good evidence against her husband. .-• ».•'•.. :• • ~• ;•
36. No man shall court a maid without first obtaining the consent of her parents—five pounds penalty for the first offence—ten for the second,—* and for the third, imprisonment during the pleasure of the court.
37. Married persons shall live together or he imprisoned.
38. Every male shall have his hair cut round according to a cap."
Some remains of the "Blue Laws" are still to he found in the New England States. Thus on going through New Hampshire, I was obliged to halt on the Sabbath, it being contrary to law for any horseman or vehicle, with the exception of the United States mail, to travel on that day.
Nothing can well create more astonishment, than that the same men who fled from England to avoid persecution, should have become, in their turn, the most violent and intolerant persecutors, so dangerous it is to entrust authority to any religious sect. "Having served a regular apprenticeship in the school of persecution, it behoved them to show that they had become proficients in the art. They accordingly employed their leisure hours in banishing, scourging, or hanging, divers heretical papists, quakers, and anabaptists, for daring to abuse the Liberty of Conscience, which they now clearly proved to imply nothing more, than that every man should think as he pleased in matters of religion— provided he thought right, for otherwise it would be giving a latitude to damnable heresies. Now, as they, the majority, were perfectly convinced, that they alone thought right, it consequently followed, that whoever thought different from them, thought wrong—and whoever thought wrong, and obstinately persisted; in not being convinced. and ^onverted, was a flagrant violator of the inestimable Liberty of conscience, and a corrupt and infectious member of the bqdy politic, and deserved to be lopped off, and cast into the .fire." * ., ... ,
The present inhabitants of New England are the most intelligent, active, and enterprising men in the United States; and a man is looked upon as a prodigy who cannot read and write. It is amusing to see what a jealousy exists between the New Englanders and the inhabitants of the rest of the (Union. Nothing could offend a southern or western r American more than being called a Yankee; while a New Englander would be equally offended at being called a Buckskin. -. •
The only good derivation of the word Yankee is given by.Knickerbocker, who, after noticing the extraordinary volubility of tongue, with which the first settlers were,gifted, says: w the simple aborigines of the Jand for awhiie contemplated these strange folk in utter astonishment; but discovering that they wielded harmless, though noisy weapons, and were a lively, ingenious, and good humoured race of men,'they became very. friendly and sociable, and gave them the name of Yanokies, which in the Mais-Tchusaeg (or Massachusett) * Knickerbocker's New York, Book 3, cap. vi.