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reeoUectipn* of rat&e* an u^pjeasan^kjfoid. <p the mind of an Englishman, as it was here, that oui flotilla was captured, and that the a^my^undei; Sh> George Preyost.. xetrpated disgracefully, ,.. I.,• vmy indeed observe with regard to the first of these occurrences, that the flotilla was certainly not within cannon shot of the shore, and that even hao\ Sit George been successful, he, could nofe as has .been reported, have altered the fate of the Na^al action. But of our second disaster there is hut. one.opinion on both sides, via. that had Sir George attacked the Americans boldly, he must have taken the place, apd destroyed their troops, since he had #0 very much the advantage in point of numbers. J have conversed with several Americans,. who were engaged in the trifling skirmish, that took place.pre vious to the retreat of the British forees* and they all assured me that they were quite astonished, at finding Sir George's Army bad actually retreated, Neyer, perhaps, .was $ere exhibited ,* greater instance of military incapacity and mismanagement, than in this expedition. .., . , ,,i,.virt., .*.A,,,i;ih>i Landing at Burlington, a pretty little. town situated in the State of Vermont, I remarked at once the cleanliness and cheerful appearance that distinguishes the villages of, the^ew England: Stated Each. house, with its large windows*,and prettily painted Venetian Blinds, stands in ijie middle, of a small garden, containing some flowering shrubs, awd surrounded^byja,»ea$, fen^v::,i.: i,, 'wm M;m/hi.i
Lake Ghamplftin forms a beautiful prospect from Burlington, and very much resembles the Lake of Geneva, as seen-from Lausanne. Indeed, as is the case with the Alps* the flue and picturesque chain of the Alleghanies increases in size towards the upper extremity bf the Lake, and decreases towards the lower extremity, I shall, however, destroy the sublimity of this Alpine comparison, if I remark, that on looking up Lake Chanlplain there is an island, which from its small size and conical shape has the appearance of a floating hay-cock.
The road leading from Burlington to Royalton, runs for about ten miles through an undulating and cultivated country. It then enters the lofty mountains of Vermont, which, with the exception of spots that have here and there been cleared, are covered with a thick forest of pine. In one place, the road passes through a most remarkable fissure in the mountains, called "the Gulf," which is so narrow, that we had but just room enough to pass, the trees, that have fixed themselves in the crevices of the rocks, brushing the top of the stage.
Montpelier, the capital of the state of Vermont, is a very thriving town, pleasantly situated at the bottom of a deep valley. The fences to the fields, throughout all this part of the country, are made of the stumps of large trees placed close together with their roots outwards. Formerly, when a settler cleared a piece of land, he was obliged, after cutting down the trees, to leave the stumps to rot
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Byn$$j e$$a#r$n3ry|sect Renominated "$bakers.''. On enterip^ii|/I^»tas^njni.ediately struck,with the remarkable neatness of the houses, farms, and fences; and the first impression was therefore very much in favour of the sect. The Shakers, like the Harmonites, are great manufacturers, and supply the neighbourhood with a quantity of necessary articles at a cheap rate. They apply ma chinery to every purpose that can be imagined, and carry this to such a length, as even to churn butter by the assistance of the wind. This however is a very simple and effectual way, and is worthy of being adopted more extensively; for a very light breeze is sufficient to put in motion the small sails attached to the churn.
The sect of Shakers was founded about the year 1768, by Ann Lee, the wife of an English blacksmith. She pretended to be inspired; called herself " Anne the Word;" and instituted a new mode of worship, "praising the Lord by danciug." Being prosecuted for riotous conduct, she and her followers were thrown into prison ; a treatment which caused their emigration. They came to America in 1774, and settled in the State of New Hampshire. Anne afterwards removed to the State of New York, where she began to prophecy, declaring that she was the second Christ, and that those who followed her should have their sins forgiven. Although she declaimed against all sexual intercourse whatsoever, which she held up as a mortal sin, yet she gained numerous proselytes, who have since made various settlements in different parts of the United States.
The principal persons in the seet, are the elders, father confessors* and saints. They enjoin confessions, penances, absolutions, &c. The members are frequently honoured by the miraculous interpositions of the Deity. Indeed they affirm that they do every thing by "a gift," that is, by an immediate inspiration of the Holy Spirit. An account of the application of this very rational doctrine is thus given in the North American Review. "A youth of one of the Shaker settlements* of a cheerful happy spirit, was once asked, whether he had his liberty, and could do as he pleased. 'Certainly,' said the youth (repeating, doubtless, what all are taught to believe); we do whatsoever we have a gift to.' On being asked therefore, what he would do, if he wanted on a fine winter's morning to go down and skate on Enfield Pond, he replied, .« I should tell the Elder, that I had a gift to go down and skate.' Being further asked, whether the Elder would permit him; he answered, 'certainly, unless he had a gift that I should not go.' But if you