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go on in the coaches which were waiting for them, and which, to the number of eight, were completely filled, and presented a very extraordinary appearance as they followed one another in a line.
The American stage is very like the old English carriage called a sociable, having an opening all round for about two feet and a half from the top, closed in bad weather by curtains. The whole of the baggage is carried before and behind, on two projecting pieces of wood which are level with the bottom of the stage. There are no outside passengers, but nine inside, upon three seats. This vehicle, which when full is very uncomfortable, is drawn by four horses, and travels at the rate of about six miles and a half an hoxu.
The scenery on the road to Trenton is very uninteresting, being either through thick wood, or else through an open country, covered entirely with fields of Indian corn. Each of these is surrounded by a zigzag fence made of long pieces of split timber laid upon one another.
Indian corn is the staple of all the States, except of those of New England. This beautiful plant often grows to the height of seven or eight feet, and with its large, long, sword-like leaves, spreads over a considerable space. The part of each leaf that is near to the stalk, serves as a kind of gutter, to collect the rain and dew, which are deposited in a small cavity between the leaf and the stalk* After a week or two of dry weather, I have torn off some leaves of the green plant, and have always found a small quantity of water in the cavity. This property of collecting the water makes the plant peculiarly suited to a climate, where it seldom rains during summer, and then only in short and violent showers.
In all the States in which Indian corn will grow, it produces a much greater crop to the acre than any other grain. I have heard it said, as much as double the quantity of flour, whether calculated by weight or measure. In addition to the abundance of valuable food with which this plant supplies the human race, its long leaves, and the covering pulled off the corn itself, afford, when. stacked, excellent fodder for horses and cattle: horses indeed always prefer it to hay. The large stalks look like bamboo; and being very brittle, and full of a soft spungy pith, which absorbs all moisture, form excellent litter for a farm-yard.
Indeed, upon the whole, Indian corn is the most valuable plant I am acquainted with; and I should recommend the English agriculturist to procure some Sioux corn, a species so called from its having been brought from the country beyond the Mississippi, which is inhabited by a tribe of that name. This species ripens very early in the summer; and, when the corn is in a state of verdure, and when each grain is about the size of a young pea, it is boiled as a vegetable for the table, and is excellent.
On our road we passed through Princetown, in which there is a large college, once rather celebrated for the learning of its professors.
At Trenton we stopped at a very good inn, where I was lucky enough to get a single-bedded room. This is the spot where, during the Revolutionary war, the Americans under Washington crossed the Delaware on the ice, and surprised and cut off the Hessian auxiliaries.
Over the river there is here a very large and handsome bridge, which is covered at the top, and left open at the sides. At six o'clock in the morning, we had to walk down about a quarter of a mile to the pier, from which the steam-boat for Philadelphia sets out. In order to pay the bill at a tavern one is obliged to go oneself to the bar, as there is no officious waiter who can be called and ordered to bring word what there is to pay. Indeed paying at the bar is customary throughout the whole of the United States, however long or short a time one may stay at a house. I may here remark, as another peculiarity in American taverns, that nothing is expected, either by the waiter or chambermaid, as they are paid by the master of the house, and do not depend at all upon travellers. When remaining, indeed, at an inn for three or four days, the better order of travellers often give the waiter half a dollar, particularly if they expect to return there again. But no one ever thinks of giving anything to the chambermaid. I may make a similar remark with regard to the drivers
of the coaches, of whom indeed nine out of ten would feel highly affronted at being offered money. All is paid when the passage money is paid. This, from New York to Philadelphia, is only two dollars and a half; in which, however, eating and drinking are of course not included.
By this laudable custom of not paying waiters and coachmen, travellers are exempt from a heavy tax, which is levied in England, and indeed in every other country through which I have travelled.
The scenery, on descending the Delaware, is extremely beautiful:—fine wooded banks, diversified with spots of cleared ground, thriving towns and villages, and here and there picturesque little villas, with their white sides and green Venetian window blinds. i .<,
1 was sitting down in the cabin, reading a book I had brought with me, when my attention was drawn to the conversation of three or four gentlemen who were speaking about the visit of his Majesty King George the Fourth to Scotland. The account of it had just been received ia America, and it appeared that their conversation had arisen, from a paragraph in a paper, which one of them held in his hand. They all laughed a great deal; and one of them observed, that his Majesty must be a most good-tempered man, to put up with the farces, that were usually acted before him on his travels. "Thus," said the man who was speaking, "when his Majesty visited the University of Gottingen in Germany, the learned professors received him in the riding school (of all places in the world !) and the young nobles danced quadrilles before him upon horseback, an exhibition he could have seen better performed at any tolerable circus."
After the American gentlemen had gone upon deck, I took the paper they had been reading, and cut out the paragraph which had caused their observations, and of which I will give some extracts.
M There are some particulars of George the Fourth's visit to Scotland worth recording, as evi* dences of the man-worship which appertains to monarchy. When we see a religious, sober-mind' ed, well educated people like the Scotch, guilty of such idolatrous folly as is detailed, ought we not to be thankful that we have no such temptation to degrade ourselves?
"When George the Fourth landed at Leith, he set his foot on a large mahogany log, which, being thus honoured, is to be made into snuff boxes. Sir Walter Scott presented his Majesty with a splendid gift, of which he was the bearer; the King called for a glass of wine, and drank the health of the donors, Immediately Sir Walter humbly, on his begded knee, besought the King that he might be allowed to carry home, and preserve as a precious relic, the glass which had been kissed by the lips of his Majesty.—What a para