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List of Governors of Virginia, during the
period comprised in this volume.
ROBERT DINWIDDIE, ESQ. who had been ap- Robert Din
widdie, esq. pointed Governor sometime between 1749, and 1752, (see list of Governors prefixed to the 6th volume,) continued until the 10th of February 1758, (see proclamation book in the office of the General Court, from 1748 to 1769, pa. 207,) when Francis Fauquier, Esq. was Francis Fau
quier, esq. appointed his successor.
Hiberniæ, vicesimo nono.
At a General Assembly, begun and held at Robert Din
the Capitol, in Williamsburg, on Thurs- Governor. day the twenty-fifth day of March, in the twenty-ninth year of the reign of our sovereign Lord George II. by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, king, defender of the faith, &C. and in the year of our Lord, 1756, being the first session of this Assembly.
]n Act for raising the Sum of Twentyfive Thousand Pounds, for the better protection of the Inhabitants on the Frontiers of this Colony, and for other pur. poses therein mentioned.
1. WHEREAS it is necessary that the troops rais- Preamble. ed for the protection of the frontiers of this colony should be augmented, and money raised for their support and maintenance: Be it therefore enacted, by the Lieutenant-Governer, Council, and Burgesses, of this present General Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That the sum of one shilling, or ten pounds of tobacco, at the option of the payer, The tax and shall be paid for every tithable person in this colony, how to be to the sheriff of the county where such tithable shall collected be listed, by the person inlisting such tithable, on or
before, the tenth day of April, one thousand seven hundred and fifty-eight, and the further sum of one shilling, or ten pounds of tobacco, for every such tithable, shall be paid, in like manner, on, or before, the tenth day of April, one thousand seven hundred and fifty-nine; and the further sum of one shilling, or ten pounds of tobacco, for every such tithable, shall be paid in like manner, on or before the tenth day of April, one thousand seven hundred and sixty, which shall be collected by the sheriffs, according to the lists of tithables taken, and subsisting at the time of payment in each year. And where any sheriff shall discover any tithables not inlisted, such sheriff is hereby impowered and required to collect and levy the said duties respectively, upon the person so discovered, and account for, and pay the same, in like manner, as if such tithable had been inlisted. And that the sum of one shilling, or ten pounds of tobacco, at the option of the payer, for every hundred acres of land, and after that rate, for a greater or lesser quantity, shall be paid by the owner or proprietor thereof, on the said tenth day of April, in each of the said years, to the sheriff of the county, wherein such land shall lie, and to be collected by, and according to the rent-rolls delivered to the sheriffs respectively, for the collection of his majesty's quit-rents, in each of the said years. And from the proprietors of lands, in the Northern Neck or territories of the right honorable Thomas, lord Fairfax, by, and according to the accounts by them delivered to the sheriffs, which they are hereby required to do, in each of the said years, in the manner, and at the time, directed and prescribed by one act of Assembly made in the twenty-ninth year of the reign of his present majesty, intituled, An Act for raising the sum of forty thousand pounds for the protection of his majesty's subjects on the frontiers of this colony; and every person failing so to du, shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds for every such failure, and the sheriffs of the several counties, within the said territory, are hereby required to collect the said land-tax from the said proprietors, according to the accounts so to be delivered to them respectively, and in case of failure in payment of the said land-tax or poll-tax at the times before limited for the payment thereof respectively, it shall be lawful for the sheriff of each county in this colony, to levy the same by distress, and sale of the slaves, goods and chattels, of the person so failing, in like manner, as is provided in case of other distresses; and where there are no effects to be found upon the lands hereby chargeable with the said land-tax, it shall be lawful for the sheriff of the county, where such lands lie, or the sheriff of the county, where the proprietor of the said land lives, to levy the said tax upon the estate of such proprietor, wherever the same can be found.
II. Provided, That nothing in this act contained, as to the payment of the said taxes, shall extend to the inhabitants residing on the waters of the Missisippi, empted: and in the county of Hampshire, who are hereby exempted for themselves and other tithables on the said waters, and within the said county of Hampshire, from the payment of the said poll tax, and also from the payment of the said land-tax,
lil. And be it further enacted, by the authority aforesaid, That the several sums of money to be collected, Taxes to be by virtue of this act, for the said land and poll tax,
for, on oath, shall be by the sheriffs respectively, accounted for upon by the sheroath, and paid to the treasurer of this colony, for the itf. time being, appointed by, or pursuant to an act of Assembly, on, or before, the tenth day of June next following the time herein before limited, for payment of the said taxes in each year, after deducting five per centum for each sheriff's salary in collecting the same, and be accounted for by the said treasurer to the General Assembly, after deducting two per centum for his salary, in receiving and paying the same.
IV. And be it further enacted, by the authority afore- Sheriff's to said, That the sheriff of every county shall, on, or be- give bond, fore, the first day of Deceinber, in each of the said &c. years give bond and security before the court of the county, whereof he is sheriff, for the due collection and payment of the said duties, so to be collected by him the year ensuing. And if any sheriff shall die, or be removed from his office, after having given such bond, and before the collection is made, for which such bond was given, the succeeding sheriff shall, in like manner, give bond and security at the time he shall be sworn into bis office, and shall collect, levy, and account for 80 much of the said taxes, as shall remain unpaid to the sheriff so dying, or being removed. And if any sheriff shall refuse, or fail to give security according to the direction of this act, the county-court is hereby