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16

MONKEYS OF AMERICA-THE SAGOINS.

[QUADRUMANA.

The Sagoins comprehend several groups of of its countenance is that of melancholy mixed American monkeys, which, although differing with ferocity; and its character, according to the from each other in many points, agree in this; accounts received, for it has never been brought that the tail (unlike that of the preceding genera) alive to Europe, is in accordance with its aspect. is altogether incapable of grasping. In habits Fierce, wild, and active, it is impatient of conand disposition they are irritable, but lively, and finement; and, unlike the Sagoins in general, very timid; and their actions bear more resem- will make a furious assault when irritated ; at the blance to those of squirrels than of monkeys. same time manifesting its displeasure by rubbing Light, airy, and graceful, they are by far the its beard violently, and grinding its teeth in a most beautiful of their race; they are favourites manner too expressive to be misunderstood. in captivity, and much valued even in their own A singular circumstance connected with this country. They live in troops among the branches: animal is its manner of taking liquids, so diffefruit, eggs, young birds, and especially insects, rent from that of other monkeys, and from which constitute a principal part of their food.

its appellation it derived. It seldom drinks; but

when it does, instead of applying its lips to the The SQUIRREL MONKEY, or Saimiri of Buffon, liquid, or to the vessel containing it, the liquid is (Callithrix sciureus,) isa beautiful little animal, taken into the hollow of the hand, and conveyed which we give as an example of the genus Cal- thus to the mouth, while the head is inclined on lithrix, having, as the distinguished characters, a one shoulder. It appears to have a great averrounded form of head, short muzzle, very large sion to the beard being wetted. ears, and tail covered with hair. The native The present species is one of the very few of country of the Squirrel Monkey is Brazil, Cay- this order which choose a solitary life : instead enne, etc. It is a gentle, lively, little animal ; of congregating in troops, it lives in pairs only, measuring about a foot in length, and of an olive and is very shy and retiring. grey colour on the body; the face is black; the fore-arms and the legs a fine orange red ; the The CacaJAO, (Pithecia melanocephala,) a spefour hands are formed with great exactness, the cies found on the banks of the Cassiquiaire and nails of the thumbs being large and flat, and those Rio Negro, belongs to the present genus, and is of the fingers straight; it is, however, in the hind distinguished by its brown fur, short tail

, and feet only that the thumb is opposable to the fin- black head. It appears to be a weak, inactive, gers. Although the tail is not prehensile, and but docile little animal, much annoyed by the never used for the purpose of handling, yet, ac- petulance of other monkeys, which disturbs the cording to an account of this animal by M. F. natural quiet of its disposition; and when at Cuvier, it would seem to be habitually employed length irritated, which is but seldom, the feeling to wind round objects, if not for the purpose of is displayed by a ludicrous distorted expression adding to security by a firm grasp, at least of of countenance like a convulsive laugh. It has acting as a feeler or support. The Sairimi may,

none of the active dexterity of its order, but is therefore, be regarded as forming a link between altogether awkward and inanimate. this and the preceding division; proving, among many other evidences, that in the chain of nature

Another of this genus is the Widow MONKEY, there is no disruption, but that all is harmony black and white, which its natural dress displays.

(Pithecia lugens,) so called from the contrast of and order; the link that succeeds differing from that above by imperceptible shades, which become

Its colour is uniformly black, with the exception stronger and stronger as we pass along the series whitish; the face being surrounded with a nar

of the fore-hands, face, and neck, which are of concatenations; so that, however dissimilar the links at a distance from each other may be, South America say that it wears the veil, ker

row belt of purer white: hence the creoles of there will exist a middle point between them where they blend in unison. To our description chief, and gloves of widowhood, according to the of the present animal we may add, that it is ac

custom there. It is a pretty, lively, and gentle customed to sleep in a sitting posture, with the

animal ; but, like the cat, conceals beneath a head bent over between the legs ; and that its promising exterior a fierce spirit and carnivorous cry is a kind of hissing sound, or slender whistle, appetite, small birds being its favourite food, in repeated three or four times, and expressive of the capture of which it exhibits the mixture of impatience or auger.

sly cunning, address, and activity, which so mucke

characterize that animal. Of other monkeys it The Sakis form another genus of the Sagoins, appears to stand in great fear. characterized not only by the rounded form of

Of all this numerous race the OUISTITIS (Jacthe head, but by the bushy fox-like tail. Among chus) constitute the most interesting genus. the most remarkable is that called by M. Hum- Squirrel like in their habits and manners, they boldt the ORONOCO CAPUCHIN, or Hand-drinker, are active and lively, although timid, and ex(Pithecia cheiropotes,) a species distinguished by tremely delicate. Natives of the warm regions two distinct tufts, formed by the parting of the

of South America, they will not bear the cold of hair above the eyes, and by the long black beard our climate without the utmost care, requiring of crisped hair which rises below the ears and hangs over the chest. The canine teeth are oftained.

an even temperature to be perpetually mainenormous length and size ; the nostrils far apart; the eyes large and deeply seated ; the nails bent, The species most commonly seen in captivity with the exception of that on the thumb, which in England is the STRIATED OUISTITI, or Maris flat and round ; the tail is very bushy ; its fur mozeet, (Jacchus vulgaris) a pretty little creais of a reddish chestnut colour. The expression l ture, with a tail ringed alternately brown and

QUADRUMANA.)

THE TITI-THE MARIKINA-LEMURS.

17

white, a grey body, and two large tufts of white to preserve alive in a climate like ours. In its hairs standing out before the ears. Although so own country, South America, the Marikina is sensible of cold, several instances are known of kept as a pet by the ladies, and highly esteemed its having produced young in captivity. M. F. for its elegance and docility. Neatness and Cuvier gives an account of one in the menagerie cleanliness to a fastidious degree are said to be at Paris, which in April, 1819, had three young characteristic traits in its disposition; the slightones at a birth ; and a pair in the Zoological est degree of dirt annoying it so greatly as to Gardens bred during the year 1832, producing produce melancholy, loss of appetite, and death. twins, but which soon died, apparently from de- It is also impatient of solitude, and pines if deficiency of nutriment on the part of the mother. prived of companions of its own species ; it is If a judgment may be formed from the speci- therefore usual to keep the Marikina in pairs, as mens referred to in the Zoological Gardens, the the most certain means of preserving it, not only Ouistiti does not seem a very intelligent little in health, but in cheerfulness and comfort. The animal, as these manifest none of that restless colour of the fur is a golden red. The length of curiosity and archness so characteristic of the this species is about a foot, exclusive of the race : instead of courting the attention of visitors tail, which is equal to the body. Although the as the rest, they seem annoyed by their presence, hands are used in handling, there is no distinct and glad to escape from their curiosity. To thumb; in fact, the actions of this animal, as of keep themselves warın, as well perhaps as to all of its genus, have a close resemblance to screen themselves from observation, they will those of squirrels. crouch together in the cage, covering themselves with wool or soft materials, and peep out with a Leaving the monkeys, we pass, by a very natimid air, but never make any advances towards tural transition, to a singular race, which form familiarity. Their voice is a sharp whistling the ultimate grade of the quadrumanous animals, cry, repeated when irritated or alarmed.

connecting them to the genuine quadrupeds. In the first number of the Magazine of Na- They are known by the appellation of Lemurs, tural History, we are favoured with a notice of a name which, in consequence of their generally one of these animals, procured in Brazil, which, nocturnal habits, was given them by Linnæus, in with its timidity, manifested a fierce and wild reference to Roman mythology, lemures signifyspirit, “screeching most vehemently when any ing ghosts. The Lemurs are all natives of Madaone dared to approach it ;” and “it was long gascar, in which they occupy the station of monbefore it was so reconciled, even to those who keys in other parts of the world ; for it is not a fed it, as to allow the slightest liberty ;” the most little singular, that in this island, so adjacent to gentle attempt exciting its anger. " Its sense of Africa, so wooded, and apparently so favourable hearing appeared to be exceedingly acute, so in temperature for being a chosen locality, not a that the slightest whisper was sure to arouse it.” single species of the tribe exists. Their place, Its favourite food on board was cockroaches, of however, as we have said, is occupied by the Lewhich it “would eat a score of the largest kind, murs, which are indigenous to this island, having and a great number of the smaller ones, three or never been themselves discovered elsewhere. four times a day,” rejeeting the wing-cases and It is here worthy of observation, that the laws legs. In addition to these, the diet was fruit, by which the distribution of animals is regulated milk and bread, etc.

are still enveloped in much mystery. For inWe may here observe, that insects seem a fa- stance, to elucidate our meaning, let us take a vourite food with all monkeys, but especially survey of India and the islands of the Indian with those from South America, which, as we Archipelago ; how thronged do we find the woods have often seen, will hunt for them with amus- and jungles with deer, and buffaloes, and zebus, ing eagerness.

the tiger, the lion, and the panther, with the

orang-outan, gibbons, and monkeys innumerable. To this genus belongs the Titi of the Oro- Borneo, Java, Sumatra, and the surrounding noco, a beautiful little animal, scarcely a foot in smaller isles, are all replete with these or allied length, with the fur of a golden yellow, exhaling species ; but pass on to Australia, a new race prea faint odour of musk. In its movements it is sents itself; a race differing most widely from light, airy, and graceful ; in its manners gentle the races of India and her islands, not only in and inoffensive. A stranger to irritation or species, but in genus and order. With the excepanger, its countenance expresses tranquillity and tion of the wild dog, which is with reason supgladness. It is said to have a singular habit of posed to be an introduction, and that of a comparawatching the lips of a person while speaking, tively late period, there is no quadruped there at which, if allowed to sit on the shoulder, it will all resembling those of the nearest continent. In frequently touch. Peculiarly susceptible of the woods are phalanders and opossums; on the changes of temperature, even in its own climate, plains kangaroos; in the morasses, ornithorynchi; it can ill bear our northern regions. In its na- but the deer, the tiger, and the wild ox do not tive woods, during cold or damp weather, it as- exist. Temperature will not account for facts sembles in clusters on a branch or tree, all like these, for in the mountains of India deer crowding closely together, and embracing each and tigers abound along the borders of the line other with their arms and tails, so as to secure

of snow. But thus it is that we are daily taught as much warmth as possible.

our own ignorance, and that we know even in

nature but a part of His ways. “ Knowest thou We may also here notice the MARIKINA, or the time when the wild goats of the rock bring Silky Monkey, a beautiful and delicate little ani- forth? or canst thou mark when the hinds do wal, and, like the rest of the Ouistitis, difficult | calve ?” " Who hath sent out the wild ass

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LEMURS-RED LEMUR-RUFFED LEMUR.

[QUADRUMANA.

ass?"

free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild sphere much better than the monkey race; and

with warmth and cleanliness will live in health To return. The Lemurs are a race by no and comfort. Dirt and wet not only annoy them, means remarkable for intelligence : their dispo- but produce disease and death. When suffered sition, however, is gentle, and their habits active ; to run about a room, (and it is a pity to confine but they manifest neither the sprightly vivacity, them.) they are very amusing ; it is then only nor the cunning, nor the curiosity of the mon- that they display the native ease and sweeping keys; to which, although quadrumanous, (four- grace of their leaps ; and as they are perfectly handed,) they bear but a distant resemblance in gentle, and have no love of mischief to gratify, form. Their muzzle is in general long and they may be allowed their liberty so far with pointed; their fur woolly; the thumbs both on safety. One of their favourite situations is the the anterior and posterior limbs are well develop-edge of the fender, on which they will rest, ed, and antagonise with the fingers, but those of spreading out their hands before the fire, half the posterior are large, and remarkably expanded closing the eyes, and luxuriating in the genial at the tips ; the nails at the extremities of the glow. fingers are flat, excepting on the first finger of Their temper is placid ; but it sometimes hapeach of the hinder limbs, where they are long, pens, that two fellow prisoners cannot agree; and raised, and pointed. Their teeth exhibit the in- we have seen them pursue each othe: evidently dications of sharp tubercles fitting into each with the intention of biting; indeed, they have other when the jaws are closed, as is characteris- been known to fight with fury. The noise which tic of insectivorous quadrupeds.

the Lemur makes when alarmed, or suddenly The true Lemurs have six slender incisor teeth startled, is very singular; it is a sort of braying, below, set close together, and projecting forwards, or roar of interrupted hoarse sounds, ending of which the outermost-on each side is regarded abruptly. by some naturalists as a canine ; four above, As we have only seen these animals in a state straight, and the intermediate ones separated one of captivity, and know little of them in their from the other; the canine teeth above are long, native forests, we cannot speak with certainty pointed, and cutting on their posterior edge: the as to their natural food : we believe it to be molar teeth are six on each side in both jaws. fruits, eggs, and small animals, as young birds

Among these singular and imperfectly known and insects. animals there is but little difference, except as it In their general size, although a little difference regards colour ; the habits, manners, and general in this point exists among the species, the Lemurs figure of every species being the same. In equal a large cat; but their hinder limbs are captivity they can hardly be said to exhibit any much longer, and the body more tapering. The marks of attachment to the person most familiar eyes are full, the pupils round, the irides bright to them; but, on the other hand, they are gentle hazel, more or less inclining to orange. In to strangers, not easily irritated, and seldom bite; confinement blindness is a common occurrence. when they do, the wound from the length and The species are numerous; and it would seem cutting edge of the canine teeth is very serious. that in Madagascar the term Mongous is apTheir habits are evidently nocturnal ; during the plied indiscriminately to all those whose colour greatest part of the day they rest dozing on their is of a uniform brownish grey : and the name of perch, and, if two are together, they embrace Mococo to that species distinguished by the tail each other with their arms and long tails, twist-being ringed with alternate black and white. ing the latter between the legs, and then coiling it A common appellation to the whole race is that round the body, at the same time that the head of Madagascar Cats. is bent down between the arms, so that they present the appearance of a single woolly animal The RED LEMUR is one of the largest of the rolled up like a ball. As twilight comes on they genus, but appears to bear our climate less easily begin to be more alert, springing lightly and than the others. Its fur is of a deep rich chestactively about their cage, and from perch to nut; the under parts and tail are however black, perch, uttering a peculiar grunt of pleasure and as are also the face and four hands. It is easily satisfaction. At this time they seem most desi- tamed, and is very gentle; but passive and indorous of food; this, which in confinement is usually lent, sleeping during the day in a coiled posture, bread and various fruits, they take in their hands which if disturbed from it for a short time, it like a monkey, but without raising themselves

The Mococo, or RING-TAILED up or resting on the haunches. They are essen- LEMUR, is a much more lively animal; it is fond tially climbing animals, and their activity is very of being noticed, and is very playful. The unigreat: they will traverse a tree with prodigious form colour of the fur is a dark grey, becoming bounds, and pass from one to another with sur- paler beneath; the tail, which is its characterisprising rapidity. Although capable of twisting tic ornament, is marked, as we have noticed, their tail round objects, and thereby evidently with alternate rings of black and white. adding to their security while perched aloft, they do not use it as a fifth hand, or true organ of But the most striking and elegant of its race is grasping, like the monkeys of America ; and it the RUFFED LEMUR, or Le Vari; of which we have is uniformly covered with long soft fur : it adds given a faithful portrait. (See Engraving, No. 7.) greatly to their elegance and the tout ensemble This species exceeds the others in size, and its of their figure.

voice is louder and more hoarse ; its fur is varied Notwithstanding the delicacy of their con- with pure white and black in nearly equal prostitution, and the temperature of their native portions, subject however to individual differclimate, they endure the changes of our atmo- ences; but the four hands are always black; and

soon reassumes.

CARNIVORA.]

LORIE-GALLAGOS.

19

three kinds.

a full white ruff, or tuft, surrounds the face. In its | animal; the length of the body is about seven habits and disposition it is similar to its congeners. inches, that of the tail nine.

Closing the series of quadrumanous animals are several genera which have been confounded by We here close our sketch of this order, having earlier writers with that of the true Lemurs ; but | traced it receding from the orang by successive from which they are now rightly separated, not steps, until those prominent features which marked only because they differ it respects the coun- it at its outset become softened down as it were tries they inhabit, but because they exhibit mark in the distance. But in tracing it thus step by ed generic characteristics. They are nocturnal step we have only done half our work, if we have animals, pursuing their food, which consists of forgotten Him whose mighty wisdom conceived insects and small animals, solely during the night. the plan, and bade all spring into life out of Their eyes are extremely large, and adapted to nothing; all the harmonies of nature; all the their babits. The day is passed in profound accordances of being; and those endless grades sleep, from which they rouse as the dusk comes which constitute a chain, returning as a circle on, to begin to search for their prey

into itself, and forming one great whole. “These

are thy works, Parent of good !” But these are The genus termed Loris, Geoff., or STENOPS, not all his works in which we are interested; in II. (Erevoc, contracted, and "Qy, countenance,) the plan of redemption God not only displays his which is characterized by shortness of muzzle, wisdom and power, but his love and mercy. “In want of tail, and roughness of tongue, includes, this was manifested the love

od toward us, among a few other species, that very singular ani- because that God sent his only begotten Son into mal the LORI, or Slow Lemur, a native of Bengal, the world, that we might live through Him,” where it is called in Malay the Poucan. Of 1 John iv, 9. Reader, think on this God of all animals the Lori is one of the most slow and power and love, and then on yourself, “What indolent, creeping along with an air of difficulty is man that Thou art mindful of him? and the and constraint. It seems, however, not altogether son of man that Thou visitest him ?” devoid of intelligence, and may be partially tamed.

D'Obsonville, who kept one in his possession, says, that “at the approach of night it would rub its eyes, then, looking attentively on all

ORDER III.-CARNIVORA. sides, would walk over the furniture, or, rather, over the cords which I had disposed for that Extremities four: neither in this nor in the succeeding purpose. Milk and very ripe fruits were not orders is there a thumb free and antagonising with

fingers, and consequently no true hands; teeth of disagreeable to it; but its chief food consisted of insects or small birds. If it perceived any thing of this kind, which I used to amuse myself by The third order of Mammalia, is that compreplacing at the extremity of the room, it would hending the CARNASSIERS, (Carnivora,) or aniapproach with a lengthened circumspect pace, like mals whose appetite is more or less exclusively one who was groping his way in the dark. Ar- carnivorous. rived within about a foot of its prey, it would The great tribes into which this order is divided stop, then raising itself upright, would advance differ considerably in their habits and manners, in that posture, stretching out its arms gently, and present a group much less united by similiand would suddenly seize the object, which it tude, much less bound together by strongly instantly strangled.”. In size the slow Lori is marked features pervading every subdivision, equal to a lemur, being fifteen or sixteen inches than we have found obtaining among the previin length; its fur is short, and of a yellowish ous quadrumanous order. Some, like the bird, grey, with a brown stripe along the back. are expressly formed for flight, while, on the con

trary, others tenant the sea, and prey upon the The GALLAGOS form another singular tribe of finny tribes of the waters. animals, and are peculiar to Africa. Their habits Although the circumstance of living upon the are nocturnal; their eyes large ; and their food flesh of other animals is one of the chief peculiinsects and birds. Their hinder limbs are very arities of this order, and one from which it delong; their tail long and tufted; and they jump rives its generic title, still it must be taken to a with extreme agility. The ear is large, mem- certain degree in a limited sense only; for, in one branous, and naked ; and its powers are highly family at least, we find the diet to consist in a acute. According to Adamson, their manners great measure of vegetable substances, to which are those of monkeys and squirrels, perching flesh is only added occasionally. The differences among the foliage of trees, where they pursue in habits and structure which occur in this order their insect food, which they take with the prevent the possibility of arranging the genera in hand. They make their nests like squirrels in a line perfectly unbroken and uniform, but rather the branches of trees, and cover a bed of grass conduce to their distribution into families branchand leaves for their little ones. With the natives ing out from a common centre, and connected of Senegal they are an article of food: they among themselves by various and multiform ties abound in the gum-tree forests of the deserts of of relationship. We do not, however, mean to Sahara, and_are caught by the Moors, and say by this observation, that there are no grounds brought to Europeans on the coast for sale. which the order can occupy as a common restingThey are there called “the animals of the gum.” | place: on the contrary, its title is established, and When sleeping, the Gallago closes its ears, by its boundaries are fixed by natural limits, which folding down the external membrane, but opens it is impossible to mistake. In defining the charthem on the slightest noise. It is a pretty, gentle acters of this order we may state, that the teeth

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BATS.

[CARNIVORA.

are always of three kinds, namely, incisores, or appreciation by this faculty of the modified imcutting teeth ; canini, or canine teeth; and molares, pressions which the air produces, in consequence or grinders. The incisores are generally small either of its currents, and their strength and diand feeble, while the molares are modified in rection, or its quiescence, or its temperature, or form according to the predominating quality of all conjoined, the Bat is capable of directing its the food, and the canine teeth are strong, firm, and course through the most intricate mazes, and in well developed. The jaws are restricted to a profound darkness, nay, even when deprived of scissor-like motion, the articulation being on the sight altogether. Various experiments have at principle of a simple hinge, and not admitting of different times been tried in order to ascertain that grinding movement from side to side which how far, and under what circumstances, this pewe see in animals purely herbivorous.

culiar faculty or sense is called into operation ; Of the senses, that of smell is the most acute, and it has been found that, though the eyes be the organization for this purpose being peculiarly sealed up, or even removed entirely, and the anideveloped, a circumstance the reason of which is mal let loose in a room with a thousand intricavery evident, as many follow their prey by this cies and objects, it will pursue its abruptlyfaculty.

wheeling flight as usual, threading every labyThe power of turning the fore-arm, although rinth, avoiding every obstacle, nor yet striking with less facility, is continued from the previous against the walls ; and all this with the same order;

but there is no thumb, (a member from ease, quickness, and precision, as would have which so much advantage accrues,) and the feet, been the case had the sight been ever so perfect. although divided, have little resemblance with Of the many species inhabiting our climate, one those of the quadrumana. In the more typical or two, it has been suspected, are migratory; all order their construction is pre-eminently adapted are exquisitely susceptible of cold, and, in the for lacerating, while the fore-arm enjoys an ac- northern parts of Europe at least, pass the winter cording degree of liberty.

in a state of lethargy, retiring as autumn gives Among the most singular of this order, and token of a decrease of temperature, to their lurkplaced at its head, is a family called Cheiroptera, ing places in old ruins and hollow trees, till the (xep, a hand, and at tepov, a wing,) from a thin spring recalls them to activity. The Bat is a membranous expansion, which, extending down twilight rambler, remaining concealed during on each side, encloses the extremities, and, serv- the day, but making its appearance as the dusk ing the office of wings, affords the power of flight of evening advances, when it begins its flight in Our readers will easily perceive that we allude to pursuit of moths and other insects, skimming the Bats, a numerous tribe, consisting of many the water like a swallow, darting through the genera, differing from each other in various par- sombre foliage of the trees, or wheeling round ticulars, but into the minutiæ of which it is the barn, repeatedly uttering its sharp shrill cry foreign to our design to enter. As generic char- of exultation or delight. acters, besides the possession of wings, we may During the fine calm evenings of summer, the add, that in each jaw there are two canine teeth, activity of this little animal seems wound up to large and sharp, the incisores varying not only in its highest pitch ; then, occupied by the ardour number, but in relative proximity together, a cir- of the chase, and heedless of every thing else, cumstance which, connected with concomitant the mousing owl or insidious net too often prove peculiarities, is one of the grounds of subsequent its destruction. division.

The majority of Bats live, as we have intiThe Bats then are distinguished by membran- mated, on insects; the intestinal canal is short, ous wings stretched over the limbs, of which and of nearly equal diameter throughout; the the anterior as well as the fingers, excessively incisores are lobular, the molar teeth bristling lengthened, serve the same office as the whale- with points. Some confined to the hotter porbone of a parasol or umbrella. These wings tions of the globe exhibit a fondness for blood, present an extent of surface much greater in whence many wild and singular fables have proportion than obtains in birds; and, as the arisen ; but in others, on the contrary, as the muscular powers for moving this apparatus are Roussettes, (Pteropus,) the diet is chiefly fruit, in due accordance, the flight of the animal is while the teeth manifest a corresponding deparstrong, rapid, and marked by sudden evolutions ture from that modification which may be and turns, executed with astonishing celerity. deemed characteristic or typical of the family ; The thumb, however, or rather that which we the incisor teeth being sharp-edged, and the momay so denominate, instead of being long and lares having a flattened surface crossed by two atténuated like the fingers, or enclosed in the longitudinal bands, which are raised by an intermembrane, is free, short, and armed with a

mediate groove. strong hooked claw, by which the animal ma- Before proceeding to several interesting partinages to crawl along the ground. The hind feet culars respecting the Bats of our own country, are feeble, divided into five toes, furnished with and those far more extraordinary in size and sharp-edged and pointed claws: the eyes are habits which infest regions beneath a tropical extremely small; but the external ears, which sun, we would introduce the subject by remarkare membranous, are often large, and form, in ing that the Bat, in general terms, is among the conjunction with the wings, an extensive surface animals mentioned in the Holy Scriptures. The nearly naked, and endued with the most singular first notice we have of this singular creature is and exquisite degree of sensibility. This sensi- in Lev. xi. 19, and again in Deut. xiv. 18, where bility is, indeed, of such a nature as to endow we find it among the articles prohibited from use the Bat with something like a new sense, which as food. Subsequently we find a graphic allusion goes far to serve it in lieu of sight. From the to its habits in Isa. ii. 18—20: “And the idols

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