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Give it way;
Have judged it fitting, with all reverence,
My lord, if I intrudem The resignation of the ducal ring
Perhaps you fain would be alone ? Which you have worn so long and venerably: Doge.
Alone! And, to prove that iney are not ungrateful nor Alone, come all the world around me, I Cold to your years and services, they add
Am now and evermore. But we will bear it. An appanage of twenty hundred golden
Mar. We will, and for the sake of those who are, Ducats, to make retirement not less splendid Endeavour--Oh
my husband! Than should become a sovereign's retreat.
Doge. Doge. Did I hear rightly?
I cannot comfort thee. Chief of the Ten. Need I say again? Mar.
He might have lived-
So form'd for gentle privacy of life,
As my poor Foscari ? Nothing was wanting
Unto his happiness and mine save not Will now relire.
To be Venetian.
Mur. Yes; all things which conduce to other men's Chief of the Ten. Speak!
Imperfect happiness or high ambition, Doge.
When I twice before reiterated by some strange desliny, to him proved deadly. My wish to abdicate, it was refused me:
The country and the people whom he loved, And not alone refused, but ye exacted
The prince of whom he was the elder-korn, An oath from me that I would never more
AndRenew this instance. I have sworn to die
Doye. Soon may be a prince no longer. In full exertion of the functions which
How ? My country callid me here to exercise,
Doge. They hav- taken my son from me, and now According to my honour and my conscience At my too long woi a diadem and ring. [aim I cannot break my oath.
Let them resume the gewgaws! Chief of the Ten. Reduce us not
Oh the tyrants ! To the alternative of a decree,
In such an hour too ! Instead of your compliance.
'T is the fittest time; Dage. Providence
An hour ago I should have felt it.
Mar. Prolongs my days, to prove and chasten me;
And But ye have no right to reproach my length
Will you nol now resent it?-Oh for vengeance! Of days, since every hour has been the country's.
But he, who, had he been enough protected, I am ready to lay down my life for her,
Might have repaid protection in this moment, As I have laid down dearer things than life:
Cannol assist his father. Bul for my dignity-I hold it of
Nor should do so The whole republic; when the general will
Against his country, had he a thousand lives is manifest, then you shall all be answerd.
Insteat of that
They tortured from him. This Avail you aught.
(but it cannot Doge. I can submit to all things,
To me my husband and my children were But nothing will advance: no, not a moment!
Country and home. I loved him-how I loved him! What you decree-decree.
I have seen him pass through such an ordeal as Chief of the Ten. With this, then, must we
The old martyrs would have shrunk from : he is Return to those who sent us?
You have heard me.
And I, who would have given my blood for him, Chief ofthe Ten. With all due reverence we retire. Have nought to give but tears! But could I compass [Exeunt the Deputation, etc. The retribution of his wrongs !-Well, well;
I have sons, who shall be men.
Your grief distracts you.
Mar. I thought I could have borne it, when I saw Alt.
him The noble dame Marina craves an audience. Bow'd down by such oppression; yes, I thought Doge. My lime is hers.
That I would rather look upon his corse
If it be so,
Than his prolong'd captivity :-I am punish'd Even their exorbitance of power: and when
States, slung humanity will rise to check it.
Come with me! Lor. You talk but idly. Doge. Is he-
That remains for proof, Mar.
Our bridal bed is now his bier. Here come our colleagues.
Enter the Deputation as before.
Chief of the Ten. Is the Duke aware Enter BARBARIGO and LOREDANO. We seek his presence ?
He shall he inform’d. Bar.(lo an Allendant.) Where is the Doge ?
[Erit Attendant. Alt.
This instant retired hence Bar. The Duke is with his son. With the illustrious lady his son's widow.
Chief of the Ten. Lor. Where?
We will remit him till the rites are over. Alt. To the chamber where the body lies. Let us return. 'Tis time enough to-morrow. Bar. Let us return, then.
Lor. (aside to Bar.) Now the rich man's hell-fire Lor. You forget, you cannot.
upon your tongue, We have the implicit order of the Giunta
Unquench’d, unquenchable! I'll have it torn To await their coming here, and join them in From its vile babbling roots, till you shall utter Their office: they'll be here soon after us.
Nothing but sobs through blood, for this! Sage Bar. And will they press their answer on the Doge?
signors, Lor. 'T was his own wish that all should be done I pray ye be not hasty. [Aloud to the others. promptly.
But be human!
Enler The Doge.
Die in his rubes.
I have obey'd your summons. My best to save his honours, and opposed
Chief of the Ten. We come once more to urge our This proposition to the last, though vainly.
Doge. And I to answer.
(past request. Why would the general vote conipel me hither? Chief of the Ten. What ? Lor. ’T was fit that some one of such different Doge.
My only answer: thoughts
You have heard it. Fronı ours should be a witness, lest false tongues Chief of the Ten. Hear you then the last decree, Should whisper that a harsh majority
Definitive and absolute! Dreaded to have its acts beheld by others.
To the pointBar. And notless, I must needs think, for the sake To the point! I know of old the forms of office, Of humbling me for my vain opposition.
And gentle preludes lo strong acts-Go on! You are ingenious, Loredano, in
Chief of the Ten. You are no longer Doge; you Your modes of vengeance, nay, poetical,
From your imperial oath as sovereign ; [are released A very Ovid in the art of haling;
Your ducal robes must be put off; but for 'Tis thus (although a secondary object,
Your services, the state allots the appanage Yet hate has microscopic eyes), to you
Already mention’d in our former congress. lowe, by way of foil to the more zealous,
Three days are left you to remove from hence, This undesired association in
Onder the penalty to see confiscaled
All your own privale fortune.
That last clause, Bar.
Yours! I am proud to say, would not enrich the treasury. They speak your language, watch your nod, approve Chief of the Ten. Your answer, Duke! Your plans, and do your work. Are they not
Your, answer, Francis Foscari! yours?
Doge. If I could have foreseen that my old age Lor. You lalk unwarily. ’T were best they hear not Was prejudicial to the state, the chief This from you.
Of the republic never would have shown Bar. Oh! they'll hear as much one day Himself so far ungrateful, as to place From louder tongues than mine; they have gone His own high diguity before his country; beyond
But this life having been so many years
Not useless to that country, I would fain
We are going; do you fear that we shall bear Hare consecrated my last moments to her.
The palace with us? Its old walls, ten times But the decree being rendered, I obey.(1)
As old as I am, and I'm very old, Chief of the Ten. If you would have the three Have served you, so have I, and I and they days named extended,
Could tell a tale; but I invoke them not We willingly will lengthen them to eight,
To fall upon you! else they would, as erst
The pillars of stone Dagon's temple on
The Israelite and his Philistine fces.
(Taking off his ring and cap. In such a curse as mine, provoked by such And there the ducal diadem. And so
you; but I curse not. Adieu, good signors ! The Adriatic's free to wed another.
May the next duke be better than the present. Chief of the Ten. Yet go not forth so quickly. Lor. The present duke is Paschal Malipiero Doge.
I am old, sir, Doge. Not till I pass the threshold of these doors. And, even to move but slowly, must begin
Lor. Saint Mark's great bell is soon about to toll To move belimes. Methinks I see amongst you
For his inauguration. A face I know nol-Senator! your name,
Earth and heaven! You, by your garb, Chief of the Forly!
Ye will reverberate this peal; and I Vem.
Live to hear this !- the first doge who e'er heard Tam the son of Marco Memmo.
Such sound for his successor. Happier he, Doge.
My allainted predecessor, stern Faliero-
Do you regret a traitor?
Chief of the Ten. My lord, if you indeed To part from hence upon the instant.
Are benl upon this rash abandonment Chief of the Ten.
Of the state's palace, at the least retire So rashly? 't will give scandal.
By the private staircase, which conducts you towards Doge.
Answer that; (To the Ten. The landing-place of the canal. It is your province.—Sirs, bestir yourselves :
No. 1 (To the Servants. Will now descend the stairs by which I mounted There is one burthen which I beg you bear
To sovereignty—the Giants' Stairs, on whose
My services have call'd me up those steps,
The malice of my foes will drive me down them. The body of his son.
There five-and-thirty years ago was I
Install’d, and traversed these same halls, from which Ny daughter:
I never thought to be divorced except
A corse--a corse, it might be, fighting for themBnter MARINA.
But no: push'd hence by fellow-citizens.
But come! my son and I will go togetherDoge.
Get thee ready; we must mourn He to his grave, and I to pray for mine. (2)
Chief of the Ten. What! thus in public?
I was publicly Doge.
True; but in freedom, Elected, and so will I be deposed.
Here's my arm!
1) In the MS.
“ The act is pass'd-I will obey il.-" E. 9 "And now he goes. It is the hour and past.
I have no business here.'--But will thou not
By the same stairs up which he came in stale;
Doje. And here m; staff: thus propp'd will I go Doge. No; my seat here has been a throne till now. forth.
Marina ! let us go. Chief of the Ten. It must not be the people will Mar.
Most readily. perceive it.
Doge (walks a few steps, then stops). I feel Doge. The people!—There's no people, you well
athirst-will no one bring me here know it,
A cup of water ? Else you dare not deal thus by them or me.
I-There is a populace, perhaps, whose looks
And I May shame you; but they dare not groan nor curse
And I-Save with their hearts and eyes.
[The Doge takes a goblet from the hand of Chief of the Ten. You speak in passion, LOREDANO. Else
Doge. I take yours, Loredano, from the hand Doge. You have reason. I have spoken much Most fit for such an hour as this. (1) More than my wont: it is a foible which
Why so? Was not of mine, but more excuses you,
Doge. ’T is said that our Venetian crystal has Inasmuch as it shows that I approach
Such pure antipathy lo poisons as
To burst, if aught of venom louches it.
Lor. Well, sir!
Doge. Then it is false, or you are true. An escort fitting past and present rank.
For my own part, I credit neither; 't is We will accompany, with due respect,
An idle legend. The Doge unto his private palace. Say!
Mar. You talk wildly, and My brethren, will we not ?
Had better now be seated, nor as yet Different voices. Ay!-Ay!
Depart. Ah! now you look as look'd my husband! Doge.
You shall not Bur. He sinks !-support bim !-quick-a chairStir-in my train, at least. I enter'd here
support him! As sovereign-I go out as citizen
Doge. The bell tolls on!-let's hence-my brain's By the same portals, but as citizen.
on fire! All these vain ceremonies are base insults,
Bar. I do beseech you, lean upon us! Which only ulcerate the heart the more,
No! Applying poisons there as antidotes.
A sovereign should die standing. My poor boy! Pomp is for princes-I am none !—Thal's false, Off with your arms !—That bell! Tam, but only to these gates.--Ah!
(The Doge drops down and dies. (2) Lor.
My God! My God! [The great bell of St. Mark's tolle. Bar. (to Lor.) Behold! your work's completed! Bar. The bell!
Chief of the Ten.
Is there iben Chief of the Ten. St. Mark's, which tolls for the No aid ? Call in assistance ! Of Malipiero.
'Tis all over. Doge. Well I recognise
Chief of the Ten. If it be so, at least his obsequies The sound! I heard it once, but once before,
Shall be such as befils his name and nation, And that is five-and-thirly ycars ago;
His rank and his devotion to the duties Even then I was not young.
Of the realm, while his age permiiled him Bar.
Sit down, my lord! To do himself and them full justice. Brethren, You tremble.
Say, shall it not be so ? Doge. 'Tis the knell of my poor boy!
He has not had
The misery to die a subject where
He reign'd: then let his funeral rites be princely.(3)
(3) By a decrce of the Council, the trappings of supreme power “I lake yours, Loredano-'l is the draught
(1) In the MS.
of which the Doge had divested himself while living, were reMost filling such an hour as this.” E.
stored to bim when dead; and he was interred, will ducal magni
ficence, in the church of the Minorites, the new Doge áitending (2) The death of the elder Foscari took place not at the palace, as a inourner. See Daru -E. but in his own house; not immediately on his descent from the Giants’ Stairs, but five days afterwards. “En entendant,” says *" Before I was sjuicen years of age," says Lord Byron, "I was M. de Sismondi,“ le son des cloches qui sonnaient en actions de witness to a melancholy instance of ihe saine eitect of mixed pus
:10ns upon a young person who, however, did not die in conse graces pour l'election de son successeur, il mourut subitement
quence, it that time, but fell a vitim, some years afterwards, tu a d'une hémorrhagie causée par une veine qui s'éclata daus su poi- seizure of the same hind, arising from culises jolim lely connected trine."'-E.
with agitation of mind." See Dun Juan, c. 18. st. lix, peste
Chief of the Ten. We are agreed, then ? Which shall be consecrated to his rites,
Yes. And those of -- [She slops with agitation. Chief of the Ten. Heaven's peace be with him! Chief of the Ten. Best retain it for your children,
Mar. Signors, your pardon: this is mockery. Mar. Ay, they are fatherless, I thank you. Juggle no more with that poor remnant, which, Chief of the Ten.
We A moment since, while yet it had a soul
Cannot comply with your request. His relics (A soul by whom you have increased your empire, Shall be exposed with wonted pomp, and follow'll And made your power as proud as was his glory), Unto their home by the new Doge, not clad You banish'd from his palace, and tore down As Doge, but simply as a senator. From his high place, with such relentless coldness; Mar. I have heard of murderers, włohave interr'i? And now, when he can neither know these honours, Their victims; but ne'er heard, until this hour, Nor would accept them if he could, you, signors, Of so much splendour in hypocrisy Purpose, with idle and superfluous pomp,
O'er those they slew. (1) I've lieard of widows' To make a pageant over what you trampled.
tearsA princely funeral will be your reproach,
Alas! I have shed some-always thanks to you! And not his honour.
I've heard of heirs in sables—you have left none Chief of the Ten. Lady, we revoke not
To the deceased, so you would act the part Our purposes so readily.
Of such. Well, sirs, your will be done! as one day, Mar. I know it,
I trust, Heaven's will be done too! As far as louches torturing the living.
Chief of the Ten.
Know you, lady, I thought the dead had been beyond even you, To whom ye speak, and perils of such speech? Thoughi (some, no doubt)consign’d to powers which Mar. I know the former better than yourselves; may
The latter-like yourselves; and can face both. Resemble that you exercise on earth.
Wish you more funerals ? Leave bim to me: you would have done so for
Heed not her rash words; His dregs of life, which you have kindly shorten’d: Her circumstances must excuse her bearing. It is my last of duties, and may prove
Chief of the Ten. We will not note them down. A dreary comfort in my desolation.
Bar. (turning to Lor. who is writing upon his Grief is fantastical, and loves the deaa,
What art thou writing, And the apparel of the grave.
With such an earnest brow, upon thy tablets ? Chief of the Ten.
Lor. (pointing to the Doge's body.) That he has Prelend still to this office ?
paid me!(2) Yar. I do, signor.
Chief of the Ten. What debt did he owe you ? Though his possessions have been all consumed
Lor. A long and just one; Nature's debt and In the state's service, I have still my dowry,
(1) The Venetians appear to have had a particular turn for breaking the hearts of their Doges. The following is another jostaoce of the kind, in the Doge Marco Barbarigo, whose chief Derit is here mentioned :—"Le Doge, blessé de trouver consLaoment un contradicteur el un censeur si amer dans son frère, lui dit un jour en plein conseil: 'Messire Augustin, vous faites 190t votre possible pour häter ma mort; vous vous flattez de me socceder; mais, si les autres vous connaissent aussi bien que je
(3) “But whence the deadly bat
vous connais, ils n'auront garde de vous élire.' Là-dessus il se leva, emu de colère, rentra dans son appartement, et mourut quelques jours après. Ce frère, contre lequel il s'était emporté, lut precisement le successeur qu'on lui donna. C'était un mérite
doni on aimait á tenir comple, surtout à un parent, de s'ctrc mis en opposition avec le chef de la Republique."-Daru, Hist. de Venise, vol. ii. p. 533.
(2) **L'ha pagala." An historical fact. See Hist. de Venise, par P. Daru, t. ii. p. 411.-(Here the original MS. ends. The ivo lines which follow were added by Mr. Gifford. In the margin of the MS. Lord Byron has written—"If the last lide should appear obscure to those who do not recollect the historical fact Bentioned in the first act of Loredano's inscription in his hook, of Doge Foscari, debtor for the deaths of my father and uncle,' 100 may add the following lines to the conclusion of the last act:
Chief of the Ten. For what has he repaid thee?
For my father's
That caused all this-the hate of Loredano?
When his father died,
Ye who sit