« PreviousContinue »
Will drain one draught in memory of many
Rather let them be borne abroad upon A joyous banquet past.
The winds of heaven, and scatter'd into air, (SARDANAPALUS takes the cup, and after Than be polluted more by human hands
drinking and tinkling the reversed cup, as : Of slaves and traitors. In this blazing palace,
And its enormous walls of reeking ruin,
We leave a nobler monument than Egypt
Hath piled in her brick mountains, o'er dead Myr. Why
kings, (2) Dwells thy mind rather upon that man's name Or kine, for none know whether those proud piles Than on his mate's in villany ?
Be for their monarch, or their ox-god Apis : Sar.
So much for monuments that have forgotten
record! (3) Of human sword in a friend's hand : the other
Then farewell, thou earth! Is master-mover of his warlike puppet :
And loveliest spot of earth! farewell, lonia !
Aloof from desolation! My last prayer
Was for thee; my last thoughts save one, were of Myr. And dost thou think Sar. And that?
[thee! A Greek girl dare not do for love that which
Myr. An Indian widow braves for custom ?(1)
[The trumpet of PANIA sounds without. Sar.
Adieu, Assyria! In sounding.
I loved thee well, my own, my fathers' land, Sar. Now, farewell; one last embrace. And better as my country than my kingdom. Myr. Embrace, but not the last; there is one more. I sated thee with peace and joys; and this Sar. True, the commingling fire will mix our Is my reward! and now I owe thee nothing, ashes.
Not even a grave.
[He mounts the pile. Myr. And pure as is my love to thee, shall they,
Now Myrrha! Purged from the dross of earth, and earthly passion, Myr.
Art thou ready? Mix pale with thine. A single thought yet irks me. Sar. As the torch in thy grasp. Sar. Say it.
[MYRRHA fires the pile. Myr. It is that no kind hand will gather Myr.
'T is fired! I come. The dust of both into one urn.
(As MYRRHA Springs forward to throw hersell Sar. The better :
into the flames, the Curtain falls.(4)
(1) In the MS.
illustrious names and early associations; and sufficiently remole - " And what is there
and obscure to admit of any modification of incident or character An Indian widow dares for custom which
which a poet may find convenient. All that we know of Nineveh A Greek girl dare not do for love?"-E.
and its sovereigns is majestic, indistinct, and mysterious. We (2) "These iines are in bad taste enough, from the jingle between read of an extensive and civilized monarchy erected in the ages kings and kine, down lo lhe absurdity of believing that Sardana- immediately succeeding the deluge, and existing in full might and palus at such a moment would be likely to discuss a point of anti-majesty wbile the shores of Greece and Ilaly were unoccupied, quarian curoisily. But they involve also an anachronism, inas- excepl by roving savages. We read of an empire wbose inmuch as, whatever date be assigned to the erection of the earlier Quence extended from Samarcand to Troy, and from the inoudpyra 1.ds, there can be no reason for apprehending that, at the lains of Judah to those of Caucasus, subverted, after a continuance fall of Nineveh, and while the kingdom and hierarchy of Egypt or thirteen hundred years, and a dynasty of thirty generations, in subsisted in their full splendour, the destination of those immense an almost incredibly short space of lime, less by the revolt of Iwo fabrics could have been a matter of doubt lo any who might in provinces than by the anger of Heaven and the predicted sury of quire concerning them. Herodotus, three hundred years later, natural and inanimate agents. And the influence wbich boih the may have been misinformed of these points ; but, when Sardana- conquests and the missortunes of Assyria appear to have eserled palus lived, the erection of pyramids must, in all probability, have over the fates of the people for whom, of all others in ancient not been still of unfrequent occurrence, and the nature of their history, our strongest feelings are (from religious motives) incontents no subject of mistake or mystery." Heber.
lerested, throws a sort of sacred pomp over the greatness and the (3) Here an anonymous critic suspects Lord Byron having crimes of the descendants of Nimrod, and a reverence- which do read old Fuller, who says, in his quaint way, “the pyramids, other equally remole portion of profane history is likely to obtain doling with age, have forgotten the names of their founders." with us. At the same time, all which we know is so briel, so -E.
general, and so disjointed, that we have few of those preconceived (4) “ In Sardanapalus Lord Byron bas been far more forlu. notions of the persons and facts represented, which in classical nale than in the Doge of Venice, inasmuch as his subject is one dramas, if servilely followed, destroy the interest, and, is rashly eminently adapted not only to tragedy in general, but to that pe-departed from, offend the prejudices, of the reader or the auditor. cuiiar kind of tragedy which Lord Byron is anxious to recommend. An outline is given, of the most majestic kind; but it is an outline The history of the last of the Assyrian kings is at once sufliciently only, which the poel may fill up al pleasure; and in ascribing, as well known to awaken that previous interest w ich belongs to Lord Byron has done for the sake of his favourite unities, the
destruction of the Assyrian empire to the treason of one night, , danapalus had been working in his brain for seven years before instead of the war of several years, he has neither shocked our he commenced it.” Trelawney. beller koowledge, nor incurred any conspicuous improbability... (1) The Two Foscari was composed at Ravenna, between the Sell, however, the development of Sardanapalus's character is 11th of June and the 10th of July, 1821, and published with Sardaincidental only to the plot of Lord Byron's drama, and though the napalus in the following December. “The Venetian slory,”.
unities bave confined his picture within far narrower limits than writes Lord Byron to Mr. Murray, “is strictly historical. I am he might otherwise have thought advisable, the character is ad- much mortified that Gifford don't take to my new dramas. To be mirably sketched; nor is there any one of the portraits of this great sure, they are as opposite to the English drama as one thing can master which gives us a more lavourable opinion of his talents, be to another; but I have a Dotion that, is understood, they will, in bis force of conception, his delicacy and vigour of louch, or the time, find favour (though nol on the stage) with the reader. The richness and harmony of his colouring. He had, indeed, no un simplicity of plot is intentional, and the avoidance of rant also, as lavourable groundwork, even in the few hints supplied by the also the compression of the speeches in the more severe situations. ancient historians, as to the conduct and history of the last and What I seek to show in 'the Foscaris' is the suppressed passions, most unfortunate of the line of Belus. Though accused (whether rather than the rant of the present day. For that mallertruly or falsely), by his triumphant enemies, of the most revolting Ivices, and an effeminacy even beyond what might be expected from
• Nay, if thou'lt mouth, the last dregs of Asiatic despotism, we find Sardanapalus, when
l'll rant as well as tbou'ronsed by the approach of danger, conducting his armies with a would not be difficult, as I think I have shown in my younger courage, a skill, and, for some time at least, with a success not productions-nol dramatic ones, to be sure.' inferior to those of his most warlike ancestors. We find him Jeffrey observes that “the disadvantage, and, in truth, absurretaining to the last the fidelity of his most trusted servants, bis dily, of sacrificing higher objects to a formal adherence to the Dearest kindred, and no small proportion of his hardiest subjects. unities is strikingly displayed in this drama. The whole interest We see him providing for the safety of bis wise, his children, and here turns upon the Younger Foscari baving returned from babis capital city, with all the calmness and prudence of an expe- nishment, in defiance of the law and ils consequences, from an rienced caplain. We see him at length subdued, not by man, unconquerable longing after his own country. Now, the only but by Heaven and the elements, and seeking his death with a way to have made this sentiment palatable, the practicable foun mixture of heroism and ferocity which little accords with our no.dation of stupendous sufferings, would have been, to have pretions of a weak or ullerly degraded character. And even the sented him to the audience, wearing out his heart in exile, and strange story, variously told, and without further explanation forming his resolution to return, at a distance from his country, scarcely intelligible, which represents him as building (or forti- or hovering, in excruciating suspense, within sight of its borders. fying) two cities in a single day, and then desorming his exploits We might then have caught some glimpse of tbe nature of his with an indecent image and inscription, would seem to imply a motives, and of so extraordinary a character. But as this would mixture of energy with his folly not impossible, perhaps, lo the have been contrary to one of the unities, we first meet with him madness of absolute power, and which may lead us to impule his led from the Question, and afterwards taken back to it in the (all less to weakness than to an injudicious and ostentalious con- Ducal Palace, or clinging to the dungeon walls of bis native city, tempt of the opinions and prejudices of mankind. Such a charac- and expiring from his dread of leaving them; and therefore feel ter,-luxurious, 'energetic, misanthropical,- assords, beyond a more wonder than sympalby, when we are told, that these agodoubl, no common advantages to the work of poetic delineation; nising consequences have resulted, not from guilt or disaster, but and it is precisely the character which Lord Byron most delights | merely from the intensity of his love for his country.” to draw, and which he has succeeded best in drawing." Heber. “The character of Loredano," says Heber, “is well conceived
"I remember Lord Byron's mentioning, that the story of Sar- and truly tragic. The deep and seliled principle of hatred which
Rejoin our colleagues in the Council, and
Bar. Nay, let him profit by
Bar. 1 yield not to you in love of justice,
animales him, and which impels him to the commission of the eager grasp at the slightest clew which suspicion could afford. A most atrocious cruelties, may seem, at first, unnatural and over. domestic in the service of Giacopo Foscari had been seen in strained. But not only is it bistorically true; but, when the cause Penice on the evening of the murder, and on the following of that batred (the supposed murder of his father and uncles), morning, when met in a boat off Mestre by a Chief of the Ten, and when the atrocious maxims of Italian revenge, and that ha- and asked, "What news ?' be had answered by reporting the asbitual contempt of all the milder feelings are taken into consi- sassination, several hours before it was generally known. It deration which constituted the glory of a Venetian patriot, we might seem that such frankness of itself disproved all participamay conceive how such a principle might be not only avowed, tion in the crime ; for the author of it was not likely thus unseabut exulted in, by a Venetian who regarded the house of Foscari sopably and premalurely to disclose ils committal. But the Ten as, at once, the enemies of his family and his country.". thought differently, and matters which to others bore conviction
The best English account of the incidents on which this play is of innocence, to them savoured strongly of guilt. The servant founded, is in the second volume of the Reverend Mr. Smedley's was arrested, examined, and barbarously lortured ; but even the Sketches of Venetian history:
eightieth application of the strappado failed to elicit one syllable “The reign of Francesco Foscari had now been prolonged to which might justify condemnation. That Giacopo Foscari bad the unusual period of thirty-four years, and these years were experienced the severity of the Council's judgment, and that its marked by almost continual warfare; during which, however, the jealous watchfulness was daily imposing some new restraint upon courage, the firmness, and the sagacity of the illustrious Doge bis father's authority, powersully operated to convince the Ten had won four rich provinces for his country, and increased her that they must themseives in return be objects of his deadly englory not less than her dominion. Ardent, enterprising, and am- mity. Who else, they said, could be more likely to arm the hand bitious of the glory of conquest, it was not without much oppo of an assassin against a Chief of the Ten, than one whom the Ten sition that Foscari had oblained the dogeship: and he soon disco- have visited with punishment? On this unjust and unsupported vered that the throne which he had coveted with so great earn- surmise, the young Foscari was recalled from Treviso, placed on estness was far from being a seat of repose. Accordingly, at the the rack which his servant had just vacated, tortured again in peace of Ferrara, which in 1433 succeeded a calamitous war, his father's presence, and not absolved even after he resolutely foreseeing the approach of fresh and still greater troubles, and persisted in denial unto the end. wear:ed by the factions which ascribed all disasters lo the Prince, “The wrongs, however, which Giacopo Foscari endured had he tendered his abdication to the senate, and was refused. A like by no means chilled the passionate love with which he continued offer was renewed by bim, when nine years' further experience to regard his ungrateful country. He was now excluded from all of sovereignty bad confirmed his former estimate of its cares ; communication with his family, torn from the wife of his affecand the Council, on this second occasion, much more from adhe- lions, debarred from the society of his children, hopeless of again rence lo cxisting institutions than from any attachment to the embracing those parents who had already far outstripped the naperson of the Doge, accompanied their negative with the exaction tural term of human existence; and to his imagination, for ever of an oath that he would retain bis burdensome dignity for life. centering itself upon the single desire of reluro, life presented Too early, alas! was he to be laught that lise, on such conditions, no other object deserving pursuit: till for the attainment of this was the heaviest of curses! Three out of his four sons were al- wish, lise itself at length appeared. 10 be scarcely more than an ready dead: lo Giacopo, the survivor, he looked for the conti- adequate sacritice. Preyed upon by this sever of the heart, after nuation of bis name and the support of his declining age; and, six years' unavailing suit for a remission of punishment, in the from that youth's intermarriage with the illustrious house of Con- summer of 1436 he addressed a letter to the Duke of Milan, im- 1 tarini, and the popular joy with which his nuptials were cele ploring his good offices with the senate. That letter, purposely brated, the Doge drew favourable auspices for future happiness. left open in a place obvious to the spies by whom, even in his Four years, however, had scarcely elapsed from the conclusion exile, be was surrounded, and afterwards intrusted to an equally of that well-omened marriage, when a series of calamities began, treacherous hand for delivery to Slorza, was conveyed, as the from which death alone was lo relieve either the son or his yel writer inlended, to the Council of Ten; and the result, which more wretched father. In 1445, Giacopo Foscari was denounced equally fulfilled his expectation, was a hasty summons to Venice to the Ten as having received presents from foreign potenlates, to answer for the heavy crime of soliciting foreign intercession ! and especially from Filippo-Maria Visconti. The offence, ac- with his native government. cording to the law, was one of the most heinous which a noble “For a third time, Francesco Foscari listened to the accusation could commit. Even if Giacopo were guiltless of infringing that of his son; for the first time he heard him openly arow the charge law, it w s not easy to establish innocence before a Venetian tri- of bis accusers, and calmly stale that his offence, such as it was, bunal. Under the eyes of liis own father, compelled to preside had been commilled designedly and aforethought, with the sole at the unnatural examination, a confession was extoried from the object of detection, in order that he might be brought back, eren prisoner, on the rack; and, from the lips of that father, be re- as a malefaclor, lo Venice. This prompt and voluntary declaceived the sentence which banished bim for 1 se to Napoli di Ro- ration, however, was not sufficient to decide the nice hesitation mania. On his passage, severe illness delayed him at Trieste; of his judges. Guilt, they said, might be too easily admitted as and, at the especial prayer of the Doge, a less remote district well as luo pertinaciously denied; and the same process therefore was assigned for his punishment; he was permitted to reside at by which, at other times, confession was wrested from the har. Treviso, and his wise was allowed to participate his cxile. dened criminal might now compel a loo facile self-accuser to
“It was in the commencement of the winter of 1450, while retract his acknowledgment. The father again looked on while Giacopo Foscari rested, in comparative tranquillity, within the bis son was raised on the accursed cord no less than thirty times, bounds lo which he was restricted, that an assassination oc- in order that, under bis agony, he might be induced to uller a curred in the streets of Venice. Hermolao Donato, a chief of the lying declaration of innocence. But this cruelty was exercised Ten, was murdered on his relurn from a sitting of that council, in vain ; and, when nature gave way, the sufferer was carried to at his own door, by unknown bands. The magnitude of the of the apartments of the Doge, lorn, bleeding, senseless, and dislo fence and the violation of the high dignity of the Ten demanded | cated, but firm in his original purpose. Nor had his persecutors a victim; and the coadjutors of the slain magistrale caught with relaxed in theirs; they renewed his sentence of exile, and added
You, Loredano, His crime?
Pursue hereditary hate too far.
To extermination. of Milan, and his sufferings half atone for
When they are Such weakness.
Extinct, you may say this.-Let's in to council. [not Lor. We shall see
Bar. Yet pause—the number of our colleagues is that its first year should be passed in prison. Before he em- posal for the deposition of the aged Doge, which was at first,
barked, one interview was permilled with his family. The Doge, however, received with coldness; for those who had twice beas Sanulo, perhaps unconscious of the pathos of his simplicity, fore refused a voluntary abdication shrank from the strange bas narrated, was an aged and decrepit man, who walked with contradiction of now demanding one on compulsion. A junta the support of a crutch, and when he came into the chamber, he
was required to assist in their deliberations, and among the asspeke with great firmness, so that it might seem it was not his sessors elected by the Great Council, in complete ignorance of sa abom be was addressing, but it was his son-bis only son. the purpose for which they were needed, was Marco Foscari, a Go, Giacopo,' was his reply, when, prayed for the last lime lo
Procuratore of St. Mark, and brother of the Doge himself. The salicil mercy;'Go, Giacopo, submit to the will of your country, Ten perceived that lo reject his assistance might excite suspiand seek nothing farther.' This effort of self-restraint was cion, while to procure his apparent approbation would give a beyond the powers, not of the old man's enduring spirit, but of show of impartiality to their process: his nomination, therefore, his exhausted frame; and when he retired, he swooned in the was accepted, but he was removed to a separate apartment, exarms of his attendants. Giacopo reached his Candian prison, cluded from the debate, sworn to keep that exclusion secret, and and was shortly afterwards released by death.
yet compelled to assent to the final decree in the discussion of " Francesco Foscari, far less happy in his survival, continued which he had not been allowed lo participate. The council to live on, but it was in sorrow and feebleness, which prevented sal during eight days and nearly as many nights; and, at the attention to the duties of his high office: he remained secluded close of their protracted meelings, a committee was deputed lo
in his chamber, never went abroad, and absented himself even request the abdication of the Doge. The old man received them from the sittings of the councils. No practical inconvenience with surprise, but with composure, and replied that he had sworn could result from this want of activity in the chief magistrate; not to abdicate, and therefore must maintain his faith. It was nol for the constitution sufficiently provided against any accidental possible that he could resign: but if it appeared fit to their wissuspension of his personal functions, and his place in council, dom that he should cease to be Doge, they had it in their power and on stale occasions, was supplied by an authorised deputy. 10 make a proposal to that effect to the Great Council. it was some indulgence, moreover, might be thought due to the extreme far, however, from the intention of the Ten to subject themselves age and domestic griefs of Foscari; since they appeared to pro- 10 the chances of debate in that larger body; and assuming to mise that any favour which might be granted would be claimed their own magistracy a prerogative not attributed to it by the
but for a short period. But yet farther trials were in slore. constitution, they discharged Foscari from his oath, declared his Giacopo Loredano, who in 1467 was appointed one of the Chiefs office vacant, assigned to him a pension of two thousand ducals, of the Ten, belonged to a family between which and that of Fos- and enjoined him to quit the palace within three days, on pain cari an bereditary feud had long existed. His uncle Pietro, after of confiscation of all his property. Loredano, lo whom the right gaining high distinction in active service, as Admiral of Venice, belonged, according to the weekly routine of office, enjoyed the on his return to the capital, headed the political faction which barbarous satisfaction of presenting this decree with his own opposed the warlike projects of the Doge; divided applause with hand. "Who are you, Signor?' inquired the Doge of another bim by bis eloquence in the councils; and so far extended his Chief of the Ten who accompanied him, and whose person be
influence as frequently to obtain majorities in their divisions. did not immediately recognise. “I am a son of Marcn Memmo. la an evil moment of impatience, Foscari once publicly avowed Ah! your father,' replied Foscari, “is my friend.' Then dein the senate, that so long as, Pietro Loredano lived he should claring that he yielded willing obedience to the most excellent never seel himself really to be Doge. Not long afterwards, the Council of Ten, and laying aside the ducal bonnel and robes, Admiral, engaged as Provveditore with one of the armies opposed he surrendered his ring of office, which was broken in his preto Filippo-Maria, died suddenly at a military banquet given during sence. On the morrow, when he prepared to leave the palace, a short suspension of arms; and the evil-omened words of Foscari it was suggested to him that he should retire by a private 'stairsere connecled with his decease. It was remarked, also, ibat case, and thus avoid the concourse assembled in the court yard bis brother Marco Loredano, one of the Avvogadori, died, in a below. With calm dignity he refused the proposition: be would somewhat similar manner, while engaged in instituting a legal descend, he said, by no other than the sell-same steps by which process against a son-in-law of the Doge, for peculation upon the be had mounted thirty years before. Accordingly, supported by state. The foul rumours partially excited by these unloward his brother, he slowly traversed the Giants' Slairs, and, at their coincidences, for they appear in truth to have been no more, met root, leaning on his staff and turning round to the palace, he ac
with little acceplation, and were rejected or forgollen except by companied his last look to it with these parting words, “My sera single bosom. Giacopo, the son of one, the nephew of the other vices established ine within your walls; it is the malice of my deceased Loredado, gave full credit to the accusation, inscribed enemies which tears me from them!' on bis fathers's tomb at Santa Elena that he died by poison, bound “It was to the oligarchy alone that Foscari was obnoxious; by bimself by a solemn vow to the most deadly and unrelenting pur- the populace, he had always been beloved, and strange indeed suit of revenge, and fulfilled that vow to the uttermost.
would it have been bad he now failed to excite their sympathy. "During the lifetime of Pietro Loredano, Foscari, willing to But even the regrets of the people of Venice were settered by terminate the feud by a domestic alliance, had lendered the hand their tyrants; and wbatever pity they might secretly continue of his daughter to one of his rival's sons. The youth saw bis to cherish for their wronged and humiliated prince, all expression proffered bride, openly expressed dislike of her person, and re- of it was silenced by a peremptory decree of the Council, forjected her with marked discourtesy; so that, in the quarrel thus bidding any mention of his name, and annexing death as a pebeightened, Foscari might now conceive himself to be the most nalty to disobedience. On the fifth day after Foscari's deposition, injured party. Not such was the impression of Giacopo Lore- Pascale Malipieri was elected Doge. The dethroned prince beard
dano: year after year be grimly awaited the season most filled the anpouncement of his successor by the bell of the campanile, for bis unbending purpose; and it arrived at length when be suppressed his agitation, but ruptured a blood-vessel in the exerbound himself in authority among the Ten. Relying upon the lion, and died in a few hours."-Vol. ii. p. 93.-E. ascendency belonging to that high station, he hazarded a pro
1 Complete yet; two are wanting ere we can
You see the number is complete. Proceed.
[Brit LOREDANO. Lor. And the chief judge, the Doge?
Bar. (solus.) Follow thee! I have follow'd long (2) Bar.
No-he, Thy path of desolation, as the wave With more than Roman fortitude, is ever
Sweeps after that before it, alike whelming First at the board in this unhappy process
The wreck that creaks to the wild winds, and wretch Against his last and only son.
Who'shrieks within its riven ribs, as gush Lor.
The waters through them; but this son and sire His last.
Might move the elements to pause, Bar. Will nothing move you ?
Must I on hardily like them-Oh! would Lor.
Feels he, think you? I could as blindly and remorselessly!Bar. He shows it not.
Lo, where he comes !-Be still, my heart! they are Lor.
I have mark'd that-the wretch! Thy foes, must be thy victims : wilt thou beat Bar. But yesterday, I hear, on his return For those who almost broke thee? To the ducal chambers, as he pass'd the threshold, The old man fainted.
Enter Guards, with young FOSCARI as prisoner.
It begins to work, then! Bar. The work is Half your own.
Let him rest. Lor.
And should be all mine- Signor, take time.
I thank thee, friend, I'm feeble; By poison. (1)
I'll stand the hazard. Lor. When the Doge declared that he
Jac. Fos. That's kind:-1 meet some pity, but no Should never deem himself a sovereign till
mercy; The death of Peter Loredano, both
This is the first. The brothers sicken'd shortly :-he is sovereign.
Guard. And might be last, did they
Who rule behold us.
Bar. (udvancing to the Guard.) There is one Orphans ?
who does : Bar. But did the Doge make you so ?
Yet fear not; I will neither be thy judge Lor.
Yes. Nor thy accuser; though the hour is past, Bar. What solid proofs ?
Wait their last summons-I am of "the Ten," Lor.
When princes set themselves And, waiting for that summons, sanction you To work in secret, proofs and process are
Even by my presence: when the last call sounds Alike made difficult; but I have such
We ’ll in together.-Look well to the prisoner! Of the first, as shall make the second needless.
Jac. Fos. What voice is that?—'T is Barbarigo's! Bar. But you will move by law ?
Our house's foe, and one of my few judges. [Ah! Lor.
By all the laws
Bar. To balance such a foe, if such there be, Which he would leave us.
Thy father sits amongst thy judges.
He judges. Than 'mongst remoter nations. Is it true
Bar. Then deem not the laws too harsh That you have written, in your books of commerce
Which yield so much indulgence to a site The wealthy practice of your highest nobles),
As to allow his voice in such high matter “Doge Foscari, my debtor for the deaths
As the state's safetyOf Marco and Pietro Loredano,
And his son's. I'm faint; My sire and uncle ?”
Let me approach, I pray you, for a breath
Of air, yon window which o'erlooks the waters.
Enter an Officer, who whispers BARBARIGO. Bar. And how? [Two Senators pass over the stage, as in Bar. (to the Guard.) Let him approach. I must
their way to “the Hall of the Council of not speak with him
Further than thus: I have transgress'd my duty
(1) “ Veneno sublatus." The tomb is in the church of Santa comes for no end that we can discover, but to twit him with Elena.-E.
conscientious cavils and objections, and then to second him by (2) "Loredano is accompanied, upon all emergencies, by a his personal countenance and authority." Jeffrey. senator called Barbarigo-a sort of confident or chorus-who