« PreviousContinue »
nobles against the depositaries of power,-lo all|ficer, and the performance of which was secured by those projects of innovation, which always ended the protection of the laws. (5) by a stroke of state policy; we must add a cause not “The parlours of the convents of noble ladies, less titted to spread contempt for ancient doctrines, and the liouses of the courtesans, though the police this was the excess of corruption.
carefully kept up a number of spies about them, “That freedom of manners, which had been long were the only assemblies for society in Venice; and boasted of as the principal charm of Venetian so- in these two places, so different from each other, ciety, had degenerated into scandalous licentious- there was equal freedom. Music, collations, galness: the lie of marriage was less sacred in that Ca- lantry, were not more forbidden in the parlours tholic country, than among those nations where the than at the casinos. There were a number of calaws and religion admit of its being dissolved. Be-sinos for the purpose of public assemblies, where cause they could not break the contract, they feigned gaming was the principal pursuit of the company. that it had not existed; and the ground of nullity, I was a strange sight to see persons of either sty immodestly alleged by the married pair, was ad- masked, or grave personages in their magisterial
milled with equal facility by priests and magistrates, robes, round a table, invokirg chance, and giving alike corrupt.
These divorces, veiled under an-way at one instant to the agonies of despair, at the other name, became so frequent, that the most im- next to the illusions of hope, and that without ulportant act of civil society was discovered to be tering a single word. amenable to a tribunal of exceptions; and to re- “The rich had private casinos, but they lived strain the open scandal of such proceedings became incognilo in them; and the wives whom they abanthe office of the police. In 1782, the Council of doned found compensation in the liberty they enTen decreed, that every woman who should sue for joyed. The corruption of morals had deprived them a dissolution of her marriage should be compelled of their empire. We have just reviewed the whole to await the decision of the judges in some convent, history of Veniee, and we have nol once seen them to be named by the court.(1) Soon afterwards, the exercise the slightest influence.”—DARU: Hist. de same council summoned all causes of that nature la Répub. de Venice, vol. v. p. 95. before itself. (2) This infringement on ecclesiastical jurisdiction having occasioned some remon
NOTE (D.] strance from Rome, the Council retained only the right of rejecting the petition of the married per
ACCOUNT OF THE ANCIENT VENETIAN NOBILITY, sons, and consented to refer such causes to the Holy
WITII TIIE CAUSES OF ITS DECAY. Office as it should not previously have rejected. (3)
“She shall stoop to be “There was a moment in which, doubtless, the
A province for an empirc, pelly town destruction of private fortunes, the ruin of youth, In lieu of capital, with slaves for senates, the domestic discord occasioned by these abuses, Beggars for nobles, panders for a people!" determined the government to depart from its esta
Act V. Scene 3. blished maxims concerning the freedom of manners “The nobles of Venice, though all cqual in the allowed the subject. All the courtesans were ba- eye of the law, were fancifully divided into three nished from Venice; but their absence was not classes; the first distinguished as that of the sangue enough to reclaim and bring back good morals to blò or sangue colombin, i. e. blue blood or pia whole people brought up in the most scandalous geon's blood; the second, as the division of the licentiousness. Depravily reached the very bosoms morèl de mezo, or the middle piece; and the poorof private families, and even into the cloister; and est of all as Bernaboti, or Barnabites, from their they found themselves obliged to recall, and even inhabiting small and cheap houses in the parish of io indemnify (4) women who sometimes gained pos- St. Barnabas. session of important secrels, and who might be use- “It will be easily conceived that the poor nobilifully employed in the ruin of men whose fortunesty must have been numerous in a state which consimight have rendered them dangerous. Since that dered all the legitimate sons of a patrician as noble ; time, licentiousness has gone on increasing; and where commerce no longer offered a resource, and we have seen mothers, not only selling the inno- the only profession left was that of the law. This cence of their daughters, but selling it by a con- class, therefore, subsisting upon the employments tract, authenticated lıy the signature of a public of- of the republic, civil or military, at home and abroad,
1) Correspondence of M. Schlick, French chargé d'affaires. merile merelrici:a fund and some houses, called Case rampane, Despatch of 24th August, 1782.
were assigned to them; hence the opprobrious appellation of (2) Ibid. Despatcb, 31st August.
Carampane. (3) Ibid. Despatch of 3d September, 1785.
(8) Mayer, Description of Venice, vol. ii.; and M. Archenholz, (4) The degree for their recall designales them as nostre bene- Picture of Kaly, vol. i. ch. 2.
was necessarily ruined by the revolution. But the day out of the ruins of the aristocracy. Poor as this cause of the almost general havoc which involved piltance was, even in this country where necessaries the Venetian aristocracy is not so immediately vi- bear a price out of all proportion to luxuries, numsible; the less so, as the laws of the fede-commesso, bers did accept it, under the idea that it would be which corresponds with our entail, were suffi- increased under happier circumstances; but the ciently rigorous in old Venice.
French, it will be easily believed, did not augment " I shall lry, according to the information I have it, and (what could scarcely be believed but by received, to explain how this was accomplished. those versed in the proceedings of the cabinct of The first and foremost carise was the excessive in- Vienna) the Austrian government clipped this midolence and profusion of the last generations of the serable mite, and clogged it with conditions which nobility, who appear to have resembled the ances- neither the revolutionary municipality nor the lor of Sir Roger de Coverley; who, he tells us, French were illiberal enough to impose • would sign a deed for a mortgage covering one “The municipality gave their compensation, and, half his estate with his glove on :' with this diffe- the whole of the terra ferma being in possession rence, however, that the Venetian patrician could of the enemy, perhaps they could yive no moreonly mortgage his estale during his own natural the municipality gave it as unrestricted as the penlife; a circumstance which, it appears at first sight, sions it was to replace: the French made no alterashould have been the protection of the ancient houses tion in the system; but the Austrians have not only of Venice. The protection was, however, in most limited it to persons not having two hundred ducats instances of no avail.
a-year (twenty-live pounds sterling), but have in"In almost all countries the laws of honour often sisted upon its being spent in their own dominions. contravene the laws of the land, often mischie- of the rigour with which this condition is exacted, vously; but they sometimes come in aid of sound take the following example:-A lady, ignorant of inorality. Such was their effect here. The law of the regulations which had been introduced, was the fede-commesso allowed a son to charge him- absent iwo years in the south of France; she reself with the debıs of a father, without prejudice to turned, and claimed the arrears of her pension,
his successors; but it being considered as a point of without having specified where she had been. The honour to take up this burden, the son's son suc- arrears were paid, after the usual difficulties; but ceeded to it, and the debts of one generation were her absence having been ascertained, she was orperpetuated through diverse sucreeding ones. dered to disgorge her prey, under the threat of
"Things were in this state when the old govern- being excluded from all further provision. ment was overthrown, and the law of fede-com “I have said, after the usual difficulties: I will messo abolished here, as well as all over the coun now illustrate these.(1) Another lady claimed setries revolutionised by France. The consequence ven months' arrears of pension, due during a rewas, the immediate seizure of property so encum- sidence in Lombardy and the Venetian state. Now, bered. This was inevitable; and the creditor of this was a claim verifiable by a single instrument, the family of Corner, or any other Venetian house, her passport, which ascertained the day of her arseized upon his own.
rival in every lown, by the signature of accredited “Thus one of the indirect consequences of the officers of the Austrian police. Notwithstanding; revolution was the destruction of an immense nun- this, she was seven months more before she could ber of Venetian families of the sangue blò and obtain her demand. These were spent in the premorèl de mezo. It was, however, more immedi-sentation of petitions, always by order, always on ately destructive to those denominated the Barna- stamped paper, and in the almost daily beat of half bites, who were at once cut off from all the lucra- the official stairs of Venice, either in person or in tive offices of the state. Nor was this all: the proxy. daughters of the indigent nobility had all of them “But I willingly turn away my eyes from a picpensions which they brought in dowry to their hus-lure, every detail of which is painful, and, having bands; but place and pension, though bestowed described the fortunes of the Venetian nobility, for life, were annihilated, and, in the place of these, shall give some account of their honours. The paa miserable stipend of two Venetian livres a-day tricians, as I said before, all equal in the eye of the (not quite ten-pence English) was bestowed on law, had no titles as such, excepting that of your those who condescended to accept of it, by the Excellency; though some bore them, as Counts, etc. mushroom municipality which flourished for its of terra ferma, before being enrolled in the nobi
(1) This is by no means a single case: A Venetian Judge, said he, “ will you not give me what others have received ?" displaced, but pensioned by the Austrians, neglected to receive "No!" was the answer, "and those others will be forced to his allowance according to the example of the others. Al length resund." --Note that these peusions had been paid in virtue of a he applied for his arrears, which were denied him. “What?" solcmn and printed decree.
lity of Venice; and some had titles assigned them “The great political revolution that has taken as compensations for, or rather as memorials of, place, destroying the splendour of the libro d'oro, fallen greatness. Thus the Querini, formerly has induced some to produce their terra ferma lords of Crema, had the distinction continued to lilles; but the majority content themselves with the them, after Crema was absorbed in the Venetian style of Cavaliere, (2) which does not necessarily state.
denote aclual knighthood; and is often used al“These families, however, usually let their titles most as liberally in Italy, as the denomination of sleep, considering the quality of an untitled Vene- Syuire now is in England. A striking proof, indeed, tian patrician as superior lo any other distinction. of good sense and dignity was given by the great Nor does this seem to have been an odd refinement, body of the Venetian nobility, on being invited by for the old republic sold titles for a pittance to Austria to claim nobility and title from her, on whoever could pay for them, though such a person the verification of their rights; the great body of might not even bave had the education of a gentle-them merely desiring a recognition of their rank, man.(1) Il was natural, therefore, that a lord of without availing themselves of the offer held out to Crema should fear being confounded with this them. A few indeed, have pursued a different countly canaglia, and sink his having any thing line of conduct, and received patents of princes," in common with such a crew.
etc.-Rose: Letters from the North of Italy.
(1) The qualification to be a Count was about what is supposed (2) No order of knighthood was peculiar to Venice, and her to qualify for koighthood in England, and the fee paid for the title, citizens were precluded by law from becoming members of foreign if I am rightly informed, L. 20 or L.40.
The Vision of Judgment.
BY QUEVEDO REDIVIVUS. (1)
SUGGESTED BY THE COMPOSITION SO ENTITLED BY THE AUTHOR OF “WAT TYLER.”
“A Daniel come to jodgment ! yea, a Daniel !
I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.”
no business, and where he never was before, and never will be again, the following poem would not
have been written. It is not impossible that it may It hath been wisely said, that “One fool makes be as good as his own, seeing that it cannot, by any many;" and it hath been poetically observed,
species of stupidity, natural or acquired, be worse. “That fools rush ia where angels fear to tread.”- Pope. The gross flattery, the dull impudence, the renegado If Mr. Southey had not rushed in where he had intolerance and impious cant, of the poem by the
(1) Mr. Southey the Laureate, in 1821, published a piece, in Eng- lisher, or was to be procured at any respectable bookseller's. lish hexameters, entitled A Vision of Judgment: and which 'This was particularly the case with regard to our poetry. It is Lord Byron, in criticising it, laughs at as “the Apotheosis of
now no longer so: and woe to those by whom the offence cometh! George the Third.” In the preface to this poem, after some ob- The greater the talents of the offender, the greater is his guilt, servalions on the peculiar style of its versification, Mr. Southey and the more enduring will be his shame. Whether it be that the introduced the following remarks:
laws are in themselves unable to abate an evil of this magnitude, “I am well aware that the public are peculiarly intolerant of or whether it be that they are remissiy administered, and with such innovations; not less so than the populace are of any foreign such injustice that the celebrity of an offender serves as a privifashion, whether or soppery or convenience. Would that this lege whereby he obtains impunity, individuals are bound lo conlitorary intolerance were under the influence of a saner judgment, sider that such pernicious works would neither be published nor and regarded the morals more than the manner of a composition; written, if they were discouraged as they might, and ought to the spirit rather than the form! Would that it were directed be, by public feeling: every person, therefore, who purchases against those monstrous combinations of horrors and mockery, such books, or admits them into his house, promoles the mischiel, lewdness and impiety, with which English poetry has, in our and thereby, as far as in him lies, becomes an aider and abeltor days, first been polluted! For more than half a century English of the crime. literalure bad been distinguished by its moral purity, the effect, “The publication of a lascivious book is one of the worst ofand, in its turn, the cause of an improvement in national manners. fences which can be committed against the well-being of society. A father might, without apprehension of evil, have put into the It is a sin, to the consequences of which no limits can be assigned, hands of his children any book which issued from the press, is it and those consequences no after repentance in the writer can did not bear, either in its title-page or frontispiece, manifest signs counteract. Whatever remorse of conscience he may feel when that it was intended as furniture for the brothel. There was no his hour comes (and come it must!) will be of no avail. The danger in any work which bore the name of a respectable pub- poignancy of a death-bed repentance cannol cancel one copy of
author of Wat Tyler, are something so stupendous So much for his poem-a word on his preface. as to form the sublime of himself-containing the In this preface it has pleased the magnanimous Lauquintessence of his own attributes.
reale to draw the picture of a supposed “Satanic
the thousands which are sent abroad; and as long as it continues the whole class by the existing despotism. In the next place, Lo be read, so long is he the pander of posterily, and so long is the French Revolution was not occasioned by any writings he heaping up guilt upon his soul in perpetual accumulation. whatsoever, but must have occurred had no such writers ever
* These remarks are not more severe than the offence deserves, existed. It is the fashion to allribute every thing to the French even when applied to those immoral writers who have not been Revolution, and the French Revolution to every thing but its
conscious of any evil intention in their writings, who would ac- real cause. That cause is obvious—the government eracled lno koowledge a little levity, a little warmth of colouring, and so much, and the people could neither give nor bear more. Without forth, in that sort of language with which men gloss over their this, the Encyclopedisls might have written their fingers of favourite vices, and deceive themselves. What then should be without the occurrence of a single alteration. And the English said of those for whom the thoughtlessness and inebriety of wanlon revolution—(the first, I mean)- what was it occasioned by? The youth can no longer be pleaded, but who have written in sober Purilans were surely as pious and moral as Wesley or his biomanhood and with deliberate purpose ?- Men of diseased' hearts grapher. Acts-acts on the part of government, and not writings and depraved imaginations, who, forming a system of opinions against them, have caused the past convulsions, and are tending to suit their own unhappy course of conduct, have rebelled to the future. against the holiest ordinances of human society, and hating that "I look upon such as inevitable, though no revolutionist; I revealed religion which, with all their efforts and bravadues, they wish to see the English constitution restored, and not destroyed. are unable entii ely lo disbelieve, labour to make others as mise- Born an aristocrat, and naturally one by temper, with the greater rabie as themselves, by infecting them with a moral virus that part of my present property in the funds, what have I to gain by cats into the soul! The school which they have set up may a revolution? Perhaps I have more to lose in every way than properly be called the Satanic school; for though their produc. Mr. Southey, with all his places and presents for panegyrics and tions breathe the spirit of Belial in their lascivious parts, and abuse into the bargain. But that a revolution is inevitable, I the spirit of Moloch in those loathsome images of atrocities and repeat. The government may exult over the repression of petty horrors which they delight to represent, they are more especially tumults; these are but the receding waves repulsed and broken characterised by a Salanic spirit of pride and audacious impiety, for a moment on the shore, while the great lide is still rolling on which still belrays the wretched feeling of hopelessness where with and gaining ground with every breaker. Mr. Southey accuses it is allied.
us of attacking the religion of the country; and is he abelling it " This evil is political as well as moral, for indeed moral and by writing lives of Wesley? One mode of worship is merely political evils are inseparably connecled. Truly has been destroyed by another. There never was, nor ever will be, a aflirmed by one of our ablest and clearest reasoners, that the country without a religion. We shall be told of France again: destruction of goveroments may be proved and deduced from the but il•was only Paris and a frantic party, which for a moment general corruption of the subjects' manners, as a direct and na-upheld their dogmatic nonsense of theo-philanthropy. The church tural cause thereof, by a demonstration as certain as any in the of England, if overtorowa, will be swept away by the sectarians mathematics.' There is no inaxim more frequently enforced by and not by the sceptics. People are loo wise, too well informed, Machiavelli, than that where the manners of a people are gene- too certain of their own immense importance in the realms of rally corrupted, there the government cannot long subsist,- space, ever to submit to the impiety of doubt. There may be a truth which all history exemplifies; and there is no means a few such distident speculators, like water in the pale sunbeam wbereby thal corruption can be so surely and rapidly diffused, of human reason, but they are very few; and their opinions, as by poisoning the waters of literature.
without enthusiasm or appeal to the passions, can never gain "Let rulers of the state look to this in time! But, to use the proselytes-unless, indeed, they are persecuted-That, to be sure. words of South, If our physicians think the best way of curing will increase any thing. a disease is to pamper it,--the Lord in mercy prepare the king "Mr. Southey, with a cowardly ferocity, exults over the antidom to suffer, what He by miracle only can prevent!'
cipated death-bed repentance of the objects of his dislike: and "No apology is offered for these remarks. The subject led to indulges himself in a pleasant Vision of Judgment, in prose as them; and the occasion of introducing them was willingly taken, well as verse, full of impious impudence. What Mr. Southey's because it is the duly of every oue, whose opinion may have any sensations or ours may be in the awful moment of leaving this influence to expose the drift and aim of those writers who are stale of existence, neither he nor we can pretend to decide. In labouring to subvert the foundations of human virtue and of hu- common, 1 presume, with most men of any reflection, I have not man happiness."
waited for a «dcath-bed' to repent of many of my actions, notLord Byron rejoined as follows:
withstanding the diabolical pride' which this pitiful renegado “Ur. Southey, in his pious preface lo a poem whose blasphemy in his rancour would impute to these wbo scorn him. Whether is as harmless as the sedition of Wat Tyler, because it is equal y upon the whole the good or evil of my deeds may preponderate is absurd with that sincere production, calls upon the legislature not for me lo ascertain ; but as my means and opportunities have to look to it,' as the soleration of such writings led to the French been greater, I shall limit my present desence to an assertion Revolution : nol such writings as Wal Tyler, but as those of the easily proved, if necessary), that I, 'in my degree,' have done
Satanic school. This is not true, and Mr. Southey knows it to more real good in any one given year, since I was twenty, than be not true. Every French writer of any freedom was perse- Mr. Southey in the whole course of his shifting and turncoat esculed; Voltaire and Rousseau were exiles, Marmonlel and Diderotistence.+ There are several actions to which I can look back were stot to the Bastille, and a perpetual war was waged with with an honest pride, not to be damped by the calumpies of a
["Summi poelie in omni poctarum sæculo viri fuerunt probi ; plusquam mediocria, nihil compositum, arduum, æternum." Sava. in postris id vidimus et videnius; neque alius est error a veritate sius Lindor, De culou atque Usu Latını Sermonis. “ This essay, longius quam magna ingenia magnis necessario corrumpi vitiis. Se. which is full of fine critical remarks and striking thoughts felici. cundo plerique pusthabent primum, dui malignitate, illi ignorantia : tously expressed, reached me from Pisa, while the proof of the preet quum aliquem inveniunt styli miorunique vitiis nolatum, nec in- sent 'sheet was before me. Of its author (the author of Cebir and ficetum tamen nec in libris edendis parcuri, cum stipunt, prædicant, couni Julian) I will only say in this place, that, to have obtained his oceupant, ansplectantur. Si mores aliquantulum vellet corrigere, approbation as a poet, and possessed his friendship as a man, will si styluni curare paululum, si fervido ingenio temperare, si nioræ be remembered among the honours of my life, when the petty tantillum interponere, lum ingens nescio quid et verè epicum, eumities of this generation will be forgollen, and its ephemeral quadraginta annos natus, procuderat. ignorant verò sobrirulis reputations shall have passed away."- Mr. Suuthey's Noie.) don indicari rires, impatientiam ab imbecillitate non differre; + " Here Lord Byron very modestly informs us, ihat be bas done ignorant a leri homine et inconstante multa fortasse scribi posse more good in any one year of his life, than Mr, Southey has done in
school,” the which he doth recommend to the no- there exists any where, excepting in his imagination, fire of the legislature; thereby adding to his other such a school, is he not sufficiently armed against laurels the ambition of those of an informer. If it by his own intense vanity? The truth is, that
bireling. There are others lo which I recur with sorrow and Virgins of Cologne-not of Lord Byron. I sought for no staler repentancr; but the only acl of my life of which Mr. Southey subject than St. Ursula can have any real knowledge, as it was one which brought me in “Once, and only once, in connection with Switzerland, I have contact with a near connection of his own, did no dishonour to alluded to his Lordship; and as the passage was curtailed in the that connection nor lo me.
press, I take this opportunity of restoring il. In the Quarterly "I am not ignorant of Mr. Southey's calumnies on a different Review, speaking incidentally of the Jungfrau, I said, 'It was the occasion, knowing llicm lo be such, which he scallered abroad scene whicre Lord Byron's Manfred mel the Devil and bullied bim on liis riurn from Switzerland against me and others: they have though the Devil must have won his cause before any tribunal done him no good in this world ; and if his creed be the right one, in this world, or the nex, if he had not pleaded more seebly for they will do him less in the nexi. What his deallı-hed'may be, himself than his advocare, in a cause of canonization, ever it is not my province to predicalc; let him selile it willi his pleaded for him.' Maker, as I must do with minc. There is something at once “With regard to the others', wl.om his Lordship accuses me ludicrous and blasphemous in this arrogant scribbler of all work of calumniating, I suppose lie alludes 10 a party of his friends, silting down to deal damination and destruction upon his fellow-whose names I found wrillen in the album at Mount-Anvert, with creatures, with Wal Tyler, the Apotheosis of George the Third, an avowal of Atheism annexed, in Greek, and an indignant and the Elegy on Marlin the Regicide, all shumed together in comment, in the same language, underneath it. ** Those names, his writing-desk. One of his consolations appears to be a Lalin with that avowal and the comment, Iisanscribed in my note-book, note from a work of a Mr. Landor, the author of Gebir, whose and spoke of the circumstance on my relurn. If I had published friendship for Robert Southey will, it seems, be an honour to it
, the gentleman in question would not have thoughi bimself him when the ephemeral disputes and ephemeral reputations slandered, by having ihal recorded of him, which he has so often of the day are forgotten.'. j for one neither envy him 'the recordel of himself. friendship,' nor the glory in reversion which is to accrue from it, “ The many opprobrious appellations which Lord Byron has belike Mr. Thelusson's fortune, in the third and fourth generation. stowed upon me, I leave as I find them, with the praises wbich This friendship will probably be as memorable as his own epics, he has bestowed upon bimself. which (as I quoted to him len or twelve years ago in English .llow easily is a noble spirit discern'd Bards) Porson said would be remembered when llomer and
From harsh and sulphurous matter that flies out Virgil are forgotten, and not till then.' For the present, I leave
In contumelies, makes a noise, and stinks!'-B. Jenson. him.”
But I am accustomed to such things; and, so far from irritating Mr. Soutbey was not disposed to let this pass unanswered.
me are the enemies who use such weapons, thal, when I bear of Ile on the 5th of January, 1822, addressed to the Editor of the their altacks, it is some satisfaction to think they have thus emLondon Courier a letter, of which we quole all that is of impor-ployed the malignity which must have been employed somewhere, tance:
and could not have been directed against any person who.n it "I come at once to his Lordship's charge against me, blowing mous in purpose, is harmless in effect, while it is biling at the
could possibly molest or injure less. The viper, however venoaway the abuse with which it is frothed, and evaporating a strong file. It is seldom, indeed, that I waste a word, •or a thought, acid in which it is suspended. The residuum then appears to be upon those who are perpetually assailing me. But abhorring, as that Mř. Southey, on his return from Switzerland (in 1817), scatlered abroad calumnies, knowing them to be such, against Lord
I do, the personalities which disgrace our current literalure, and Byron and others. To this I reply with a direct and posilive nation, I make no profession of non-resistance. When the of
averse from controversy as I am, both by principle and inclidenial.
fence and the offender are such as to call for the whip and the “If I had been told in that country that Lord Byron had turned branding-iron, it has been both seen and felt that I can inflict Turk, or Monk of La Trappe,-that he had surnished a harem, or them. endowed an hospital, I might have thought the account, whichever “Lord Byron's present exacerbation is evidently produced by it had been, possible, and repeated it accordingly; passing it, as an infliction of this kind- not by hearsay reports of my converit had been taken, in the small change of conversation, for no sation, four years ago, transmilled him from England. The cause more than it was worth. In this manner I might have spoken of may be found in certain remarks upon the Satanic school of him, as of Baron Geramb," the Green Man,t* the Indian Jugglers, poetry, contained in my preface to the Vision of Judgmeni. or any other figurante of the time being. There was no reason Well would it be for Lord Byron if he could look back upou any for any particular delicacy on my part in speaking of his Lordship; of his writings, with as much satisfaction as I shall always do and, indeed, I should have though' any thing which might be upon what is there said of that flagitious school. Many persons, reported of him would have injured his character as little as the and parents especially, have expressed their gratitude to me for story which so greatly annoyed Lord Keeper Guildford, that he having applied the branding-iron where it was so richly deserved. had ridden a rhinoceros. He may ride a rhinoceros, and though The Edinburgh Reviewer, indeed, with thai honourable feeling every body would stare, no one would wonder. But making no by which his criticisms are so peculiarly distinguished, suppressing inquiry concerning him when I was abroad, because I felt no the remarks themselves, has impuled them wholly lo envy on my curiosity, I heard nothing, and had nothing to repeat. When I part. I give him, in this instance, full credit for sineerity: 1 spoke of wonders to my friends and acquaintance on my return, believe he was equally incapable of comprehending a worthier it was of the flying-tree at Alpnacht, and the Eleven Thousand motive, or of inventing a worse ; and, as I have never conde
the whole of the years he has lived upon the earth. We are much at a loss to understand the drift of tnis very candid communication. much public attention in London, by the extravagance of his dress,
+ Baron Geramb,-a German Jew, who, for some time, excited Does Lord Byron mean to say, that he has given away more money Being very troublesome and inenacing in demanding remuneration in charity than the Laureale could afford to do? this may very well be so ; but why trumpet his own almsgiving in
We belleve that from Government, for a proposal he had made of eagaging a body
of Croat troops in the service of England, he was, in 1812, sent out such a pompous fashion upon the house-top ? There are plenty of of the country under the Alien Aci.-E. good rich old widow ladies, wbo bave subscribed lots of money to ++ The Green Man was a popular atterpiece, so called from the all sorts of charities, and advertised all their largesses in the news hero, who wore every thing green, bat, gloves, etc. etc.-E. papers ;-but are they entitled on that account to talk of themselves as doing more 'good' than Southey ?" Blackwood, 1822.
** Mr. P. B. Shelley signed his name, with the addition of a osos, * Mr. Coleridge. -See Moore's Life of Byron.
in this album.-E.