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to his villa. Rustica is pronounced short, not ac- The peasants show another spring near the mosaic cording to our stress upon—“Ustice cubantis."pavement, which they call “Oradina," and which It is more rational to think that we are wrong, than flows down the hills into a tank, or mill-dam, and that the inhabitants of this secluded valley have thence trickles over into the Digentia. changed their tone in this word. The addition of But we must not hope the consonant prefixed is nothing: yet it is neces “To trace the Muses upwards to their spring," sary to be aware that Rustica may be a modern name which the peasants may have caught from the ..y exploring the windings of the romantic valley
strange that any one should have thought Bandusia The villa, or the mosaic, is in a vineyard on a
a fountain of the Digenlia—Horace has not let drop knoll covered with chestnut-trees. A stream runs down the valley; and although it is not true, as said been discovered in possession of the holders of
a word of it; and this immortal spring has in fact in the guide-books, that this stream is called Licenza, yet there is a village on a rock at the head many good things in Italy, the monks. It was of the valley which is so denominated, and which near Venusia, where it was most likely to be
attached to the church of St. Gervais and Protais, may
have taken its name from the Digentia. Li-found. (2) We shall not be so lucky as a late tracenza contains 700 inhabitants. On a peak a little veller in finding the occasional pine still pendent way beyond is Civitella, containing 300. On the
on the poelic villa. There is not a pine in the banks of the Anio, a little before you turn up into whole valley, but there are two cypresses, which Valle Rustica, to the left, about an hour from the he evidently look, or mistook, for the tree in the villa, is a town called Vicovaro, another favour- ode. (3) The truth is, tha: the pine is now, as it able coincidence with the Varia of the poet. At
was in the days of Virgil, a garden tree, and it was the end of the valley, towards the Anio, there is a not at all likely to be found in the craggy acclibare hill, crowned with a little town called Bardela.vities of the valley of Rustica. Horace probably At the foot of this hill the rivulet of Licenza flows, had one of then in the orchard close above his and is almost absorbed in a wide sandy bed before
farm, immediately overshadowing his villa, not on it reaches the Anio. Nothing can be more fortunate the rocky heights at some distance from his abode. for the lines of the poet, whether in a metaphorical The tourist may have easily supposed himself 10 or direct sense :
have seen this pine figured in the above cypresses; “Me quotiens reficit gelidus Digentia rivus,
for the orange and lemon trees which throw such Quem Mandela bibit rugosus frigore pagus.”
a bloom over his description of the royal gardens at The stream is clear high up the valley, but, before Naples, unless they have been since displaced, were it reaches the hill of Bardela, looks green and assuredly only acacias and other common garden yellow, like a sulphur rivulet.
shrubs. (4) Rocca Giovane, a ruined village in the hills, half an hour's walk from the vineyard where the pave
XXXII. ment is shown, does seem to be the site of the fane
EUSTACE'S CLASSICAL TOUR. of Vacuna, and an inscription found there tells
The extreme disappointment experienced by that this temple of the Sabine Victory was repaired by Vespasian: (1) With these helps, and a position choosing the Classical Tourist as a guide in Italy corresponding exactly to everything which the must be allowed to find vent in a few observations, poet has told us of his retreal, we may feel toler- which, it is asserted without fear of contradiction, ably secure of our site.
will be confirmed by every one who has selected the The hill which should be Lucretilis is called same conductor through the same country. This Campanile, and, by following up the rivulet to the author is in fact one of the most inaccurate, unsatispretended Bandușia, you come to the roots of the factory writers that have in our times attained a higher mountain Gennaro. Singularly enough, temporary reputation, and is very seldom to be the only spot of ploughed land in the whole valley trusted even when he speaks of objects which he is on the knoll where this Bandusia rises :
must be presumed to have seen. His errors, from
the simple exaggeration to the downright mis-state"... tu frigus amabile Fessis vomere tauris
ment, are so frequent as to induce a suspicion that Præbes, et pecori vago."
he had either never visited the spots described, or
IMP. CÆSAR VESPASIANVS
POTEST. CENSOR. ADEM
SVA. IMPENSA. RESTITVIT.
(2) See Hislorical Mustrations of the Fourth Canto of Childe Harold, p. 43.
(3) See Eustace's Classical Tour, etc. chap. vii p. 250. vol. ii.
(4) “ Under our windows, and bordering on the beach, is the royal garden, laid out in parterres, and walks shaded by rows of orange-trees.”. Classical Tour, elc, chap. xi. vol. ii. oct. 368.
bad trusted to the fidelity of former writers. In- ment, or governors, is meant to be here offered ; deed, the Classical Tour has every characteristic but it is stated as an incontrovertible fact, that the of a mere compilation of former notices, strung change operated, either by the address of the late together upon a very slender thread of personal imperial system, or by the disappointment of every observation, and swelled out by those decorations expectation by those who have succeeded to the which are so easily supplied by a systematic adop- Italian thrones, has been so considerable, and is so tion of all the common-places of praise, applied to apparent, as not only to put Mr. Eustace's antigalevery thing, and therefore signifying nothing. lican philippics entirely out of date, but even to
The style which one person thinks cloggy and throw sume suspicion upon the competency and cumbrous, and unsuitable, may be to the taste of candour of the author himself. A remarkable others; and such may experience some salutary example may be found in the instance of Bologna, excitement in ploughing through the periods of the over whose papal attachments, and consequent deClassical Tour. It must be said, however, that solation, the tourist pours forth such strains of conpolish and weight are apt to beget an expectation dolence and revenge, made louder by the borrowed of value, It is amongst the pains of the damned to trumpet of Mr. Burke. Now Bologna is at this toil up a climax with a huge round stone. moment, and has been for some years, notorious
The tourist had the choice of his words, but there amongst the states of Italy for its attachment to was no such latitude allowed to that of his senti- revolutionary principles, and was almost the only ments. The love of virtue and of liberty, which city which made any demonstrations in favour of must have distinguished the character, certainly the unfortunate Murat. This change may, however, adorns the pages of Mr. Eustace; and the gentle- have been made since Mr. Eustace visited this counmanly spirit, so recommendatory either in an author try; but the traveller whom he has thrilled with or bis productions, is very conspicuous throughout horror at the projected stripping of the copper from the Classical Tour. But these generous qualities the cupola of St. Peter's, must be much relieved to are the foliage of such a performance, and may be find that sacrilege out of the power of the French, spread about it so prominently and profusely, as to or any other plunderers, the cupola being covered embarrass those who wish to see and find the fruit with lead. (1) at hand. The unction of the divine, and the ex If the conspiring voice of otherwise rival critics
bortations of the moralist, may have made this work had not given considerable currency to the Classomeiling more and better than a book of traveis, sical Tour, it would have been unnecessary to but they have not made it a book of travels; and warn the reader, that however it may adorn his this observation applies more especially to that en- library, it will be of little or no service to bim in firing method of instruction conveyed by the perpe- his carriage; and if the judgment of those critics tual introduction of the same Gallic Helot to reel had hitherto been suspended, no attempt would and bluster before the rising generation, and terrify have been made to anticipate their decision. As it it into decency by the display of all the excesses of is, those who stand in the relation of posterity to
the Revolution. An animosity against atheists and Mr. Eustace may be permitted to appeal from coregicides in general, and Frenchmen specifically, temporary praises, and are perhaps more likely to may be honourable, and may be useful as a record; be just in proportion as the causes of love and habut that antidote should either be administered in tred are the farther removed. This appeal had, in any work rather than a tour, or, at least, should be some measure, been made before the above remarks served up apart, and not so mixed with the whole were written; for one of the most respectable of the mass of information and reflection, as to give a bit-Florentine publishers, who had been persuaded by terness to every page : for who would choose to the repeated inquiries of those on their journey have the antipathies of any man, however just, for southwards to reprint a cheap edition of the Clashis travelling companions ? A tourist, unless he sical Tour, was, by the concurring advice of returnaspires to the credit of prophecy, is not answerable ing travellers, induced to abandon his design, al
for the changes which may take place in the country though he had already arranged his types and paper, which he describes; but his reader' may very fairly and had struck off one or two of the first sheets. esteem all his political portraits and deductions as The writer of these notes would wish to part so much waste paper, the moment they cease to (like Mr. Gibbon) on good terms with the Pope and assist , and more particularly if they obstruct, his the Cardinals, but he does not think it necessary
to extend the same discreet silence to their humble Neither encomium nor accusation of any govern- partisans. (1) "What, then, will be the astonishment, or rather the horror, that adorn the inside of the edifice, as well as the copper that of my reader, when I inform him.......... the French Committee covers the vaults and dome on the outside." Chap. iv. p. 130, turned its attention to Saint Peter's, and employed a company vol.
ii. The story about the jews is positively denied at Rome. of Jews to estimate and purchase the gold, silver, and bronze
Hints from Horace; (1)
BEING AN ALLUSION, IN ENGLISH VERSE, TO THE EPISTLE “ AD PJSONES, DE ARTE POETICA
AND INTENDED AS A SEQUEL TO “ENGLISH BARDS AND SCOTCH REVIEWERS.'
- Ergo fungar vice cotis, aculum
Hor. de Arte Poel.
Alhens, Capuchin Convent, March 12, 1811 (2). Not all that forced politeness, which defends Who would not laugh, if Lawrence, hired to grace Fools in their faults, could gag his grinning friends. His costly canvass with each flatter'd face,
Believe me, Moschus, (4) like that picture seems Abused his art, till Nature, with a blush,
The book which, sillier than a sick man's dreams, Saw cits grow centaurs underneath his brush ? Displays a crowd of figures incomplete, Or, should some limner join, for show or sale, Poetic nightmares, without head or feet. A maid of honour to a mermaid's tail ? Or low Dubost (3)—as once the world has seen Poets and painters, as all artists (5) know, Degrade God's creatures in his graphic spleen? May shoot a little with a lengthen'd bow;
HUMANO capiti cervicem piclor equinam
Persimilem, cujus, velut ægri somnia, vanæ
(1) Authors are apt, it is said, to estimate their performances some omissions of names and passages, il will do ; and I could put more according to the trouble they have cost themselves, than my late observations for Pope amongst the notes. As far as versithe pleasure they afford to the public; and it is only in this way fication goes, it is good; and, in looking back at what I wrote that we can pretend to account for the extraordinary value about that period, I am astonished to see how little I have trained which Lord Byron altached, even many long years after they on. I wrote better then than now; but that comes of my having were wrillen, to these Hints from Horace. The business of fallen into the alrocious bad taste of the times.” On hearing, Iranslating Horace bas bitherto been a hopeless one; and nol-however, that, ia Mr. Hobhouse's opinion, the iambics would withstanding the brilliant cleverness of some passages, in both require “a good deal of slashing” to suit the times, the notion of Pope's and Swift's Imilations of bim, there had been, on the priating them was once more abandoned. They were first pubwhole, very little to encourage any one to meddle seriously even lished, therefore, in 1831, seven years after the poet's death. with that less difficult department. It is, comparatively, an easy-E. affair lo transfer the effect, or something like the effect, of the (2) The date of this Satire has given rise to Moore's astonishment majestic declamations of Juvenal; but the Horatian satire is cast that Byron, “as il in ulter defiance of the 'genius loci,'" should in a mould of such exquisite delicacy - uniting perfect ease with have penned in such a place such a production, "impregnated as perfect elegance throughout-as has hitherto defied all the skill of it is with London life from beginning to end."-E. the moderns. Lord Byron, however, having composed this piece (3) In an English newspaper, which finds its way abroad at Athens, in 1811, and brought it home in the same desk with wherever there are Englishmen, I read an account of this dirty the first two cantos of Childe Harold, appears to have, on his dauber's caricature of Mr. H-- as a "beast,” and the consequent arrival in London, contemplated its publicalion as far more likely action, ete. The circumstance is, probably, too well known to to increase bis reputation than that of his original poem. Perhaps require further comment. — [The gentleman bere alluded to was Millon's preference of the Paradise Regained over the Paradise Thomas Hope, the author of Anastasius, and one of the most Lost is not a more decisive example of the extent to which a munificent patrons of art this country ever possessed. Having, great author may mistake the source of his greatness.
somehow, offended an unprincipled French painler, by name Lord Byron was prevented from publishing these lines, by a Dubost, that adventurer revenged himself by a picture called feeling which, considering his high notion of their merit, does him “Beauty and the Beast," in which Mr. Hope and his lady were honour. By accident, or nearly so, the Harold came out before represented according to the well-known fairy story. The picture the Hints; and the reception of the former was so flattering to had too much malice not to succeed; and, to the disgrace of Jobn Lord Byron, that it could scarcely fail to take off, for the time, Bull, the exhibition of it is said to have setched thirty pounds in a the edge of his appetite for literary bitterness. In short, he found day. A brotber of Mrs. Hope thrust his sword through the canhimself mixing constantly in society with persons who had from vass; and M. Dubost had the consolation to get five pounds dagood sense, or good-nature, or from both-overlooked the pelu- mages. The affair made much noise at the time, though Mr. Hope lancies of his English Bards and Scotch Reviewers, and felt, as had not then placed himself on that seat of literary eminence he said, that he should be “heaping coals of fire on bis head” in which he afterwards attained. Probably, indeed, no man's repuhe were lo persist in bringing forth a continuation of his juvenile tation in the world was ever so suddenly and completely altered, lampoon. Nine years had passed ere he is found writing thus as his was by the appearance of his magnificent romance.) to Mr. Murray:"Get from Mr. Hobhouse, and send me, a proof -E. of my Hints frem Horace : it has now the nonum premalur in (4) “Moschus."-In the original MS., “Hobhouse."-E. annum complete for its production. I have a notion tbat, with (5) “ All artists."--Originally, “We scribblers."-E.
We claim this mutual mercy for our task,
Unless your care 's exact, your judgment nice, And grant in turn the pardon which we ask; The flight from folly leads but into vice; But make not monsters spring from gentle dams- None are complete, all wanting in some part, Birds breed not vipers, tigers nurse not lambs. Like certain tailors, limited in art. A labour'd long exordium sometimes tends
For galligaskins Slowshears is your man; (Like patriot speeches) but to paltry ends;
But coats must claim another artisan.(3) And nonsense in a lofty note goes down,
Now this to me, I own, seems much the same As pertness passes with a legal gown:
As Vulcan's feet to bear Apollo's frame;(4)
Or, with a fair complexion, to expose
Dear authors ! suit your topics to your strength, King's Coll., Cam's stream, slain'd windows, and Aad ponder well your subject, and its length; old walls;
Nor lift your load, before you 're quite aware Or, in adventurous numbers, neatly aims
What weight your shoulders will, or will not, bear. To paint a rainbow, or-the river Thames. (1) But lucid order, and Wit's siren voice, You sketch a tree, and so perhaps may shine
Await the poet, skilful in his choice;
With native eloquence he soars along,
Grace in his thoughts, and music in his song.
Let judgment teach him wisely to combine
With future parts the now omitted line: Whose wit is never troublesome till true. (2)
This shall the author choose, or that reject, In fine, to whatsoever you aspire,
Precise in style, and cautious to select;
Nor slight applause will candid pens afford
To him who furnishes a wanting word.
(As Pitt(5) has furnish'd us a word or two, I labour to be brief-become obscure;
Which lexicographers declined to do :)
To take this license rarely)-may invent.
New words find credit in these latter days, He spins his subject to satiety:
If neatly grafted on a Gallic phrase. Absurdly varying, he at last engraves
What Chaucer, Spenser did, we scarce refuse Fish in the woods, and boars beneath the waves ! To Dryden's or to Pope's maturer muse.
Sed non ut placidis coeant immitia; non ut
Jofelix operis summa, quia ponere totum Serpentes avibus geminentur, tigribus agni.
Nesciet. Hunc ego me, si quid componere curem, Incæptis gravibus plerumque et magna professis
Non magis esse velim, quam pravo vivere naso, Purpureus, late qui splendeat, unus et alter
Spectandum nigris oculis, nigroque capillo. Assuitur pannus; cum lucus et ara Dianæ,
Sumite materiam vestris, qui scribitis, æquam Et properantis aquæ per amenos ambitur agros,
Viribus; et versate diu, quid ferre recusent, Aut flumeo Rhenum, aut pluvius describitur arcus.
Quid valeant humeri. Cui lecta potenter crit res, Sed nunc non erat his locus; et fortasse cupressum
Nec facundia deseret hunc, nec lucidus ordo. Seis simulare : quid boc, si fraclis enatat exspes
Ordinis hæc virtus erit et venus, aut ego fallor, Navibus, ære dato qui pingitur ? amphora cæpit
Ut jam nunc dicat, jaro nunc debentia dici, Institui; currente rotà cururceus exit?
Pleraque differat, et præsens in tempus omittat; Denique sit quod vis, simplex duntaxat et unum.
Hoc amet, hoc spernat promissi carminis auctor. Maxima pars vatum, pater, et juvenes patre digni,
In verbis etiam tenuis cautusque serendis, Decipimur specie recti. Brevis esse laboro,
Dixeris egregie, notum si callida verbum Obscurus tio: sectantem levia, nervi
Reddiderit junctura novum.
Si forte necesse est Deliciunt animique : professus grandia, turget :
Indiciis monstrare recentibus abdita rerum, Serpit humi, tutus nimium, timidusque procellæ.
Fingere cinctutis non exaudita Cethegis Qui variare cupit rem prodigialiter unam,
Continget; dabiturque licentia sumpta pudenter. Delphinum sylvis appingit, fluctibus aprum.
Et nova fictaque nuper habebunt verba fidem, si In vitium ducit culpæ fuga, si caret arte.
Græco fonte cadant, parce detorta. Quid autem Æmilium circa ludum faber unus et ungues
Cæcilio, Plautoque dabit Romanus, ademptum Exprimet, et molles imitabitur ære capillos;
Virgilo, Varioque ? Ego cur, acquirere pauca (C“Where pure description held the place of sense.” – Pope. form may have since taken place I neither know, nor desire to (2) “ This is pointed, and felicitously expressed.”—Moore. know.
3) Mere common mortals were commonly content with one () MS. “As one leg perfect, and the other lame."-E. tailor and with one bill, but the more particular gentlemen found (5) Mr. Pitt was liberal in his additions to our parliamentary it impossible to confide their lower garments to the makers of longue; as may be seen in many publications, particularly the their body-clothes. I speak of the beginning of 1809 : what re- Edinburgh Review.
If you can add a little, say why not,
The immortal wars which gods and angels wage, As well as William Pitt, and Walter Scott ?
Are they not shown in Milton's sacred page ? Since they, by force of rhyme and force of lungs,
His strain will teach what numbers best belong Enrich'd our Island's ill-united tongues;
To themes celestial told in epic song. 'T is then--and shall be-lawful to present
The slow sad stanza will correctly paint Reform in writing, as jo parliament.
The lover's anguish, or the friend's complaint.
But which deserves the laurel-rhyme or blank ? As forests shed their foliage by degrees,
Which holds on Helicon the higher rank? So fade expressions which in season please ;
Lel squabbling critics by themselves dispute
This point, as puzzling as a Chancery suit.
Satiric rhyme first sprang from selfish spleen.
Though mad Almanzor rhymed in Dryden's days, Protect the vessel from old Ocean's roar,
No sing-song hero rants in modern plays; All, all must perish; but, surviving last,
While modest comedy her verse foregoes The love of letters half preserved the past.
For jest and pun(4) in very middling prose. True, some decay, yet not a few revive; (1) Not that our Bens or Beaumonts show the worse, Though those shall sink which now appear to thrive, Or lose one point, because they wrote in verse; As custom arbitrates, whose shifting sway
But so Thalia pleases to appear, Our life and language must alike obey.
Poor virgin! damn'd some twenty times a-year! Si possum, invideor ; cum lingua Catonis et Eool
Res gesta regumque ducumque et cristia bella, Sermonem patrium ditaverit, et nova rerum
Quo scribi possent numero monstravit Homerus. Nomina protulerit? Licuil, semperque licebit,
Versibus impariter junctis querimonia primum ; Signalum præsente nota producere nomen.
Post etiam inclusa est roti sententia compos. Ut sylvæ foliis pronos mutantur in annos;
Quis lamen exiguos elegos emiserit auctor, Prima cadunt : ita verborum vetus interit ælas,
Grammatici cerlant, et adhuc sub judice lis est. Et juvenum ritu florent modo nata, vigentque.
Arcbilochum proprio rabies armavit iambu; Debemur morti nos nostraque : sive receplus
Hunc socci cepere pedem grandesque cothurni, Terra Neptunus classes aquilonibus arcet,
Alternis aptum sermonibus, et populares Regis opus; sterilisvę diu palus, aptaque remis,
Vincentem strepitus, et nalum rebus agendis. Vicinas urbes alit, e grave sentit aratrum:
Musa dedit fidibus divos, puerosque deorum, Seu cursum mutavit iniquum frugibus amnis,
Et pugilem victorem, et equum certamine primum, Doctus iter melius: mortalia facta peribunt;
El juvenum curas, et libera vina referre. Nedum sermonum stet honos, et gratia vivas.
Descriplas servare vices operumque colores, Multa renascentur, quæ jam cecidere, cadentque,
si nequeo ignoroque, poeta salutor ? Quæ nunc sunt in bonore vocabula, si volet usus,
Cur nescire, pudens prave, quam discere malo ? Quem penes arbitrium est, et jus et norma loquendi.
(1) Old ballads, old plays, and old women's stories, are at pre- wbom, like Pope, it is the present fashion to decry, will ever be sent in as much request as old wine or new speeches. In fact, received by me with that deference which time will restore to him this is the millennium of black letter : thanks to our Hebers, from all; but, with all bumility, I am not persuaded that the PaWebers, and Scotts !-(There was considerable malice in thus radise Lost would not have been more nobly conveyed to posleputting Weber, a poor German hack, a mere amanuensis of Sir rily, not perhaps in heroic couplets,-although even they could Walter Scolt, between the two other names.-E.)
sustain the subject, il well balanced,—but in the stanza of Spenser, (2) Mac Flecknoe, the Dunciad, and all Swift's lampooning or of Tasso, or in the terza rima of Dante, which the powers of ballads. Whatever their other works may be, these originated Milton could easily have grafted on our language. The Seasons in personal feelings, and angry retort on unworthy rivals; and of Thomson would have been better in rhyme, although still inthough the ability of these salires elevates the poetical, ibeir serior to his Castle of Indolence; and Mr. Southey's Joan of Arc poignancy detracts from the personal, character of the writers. no worse."-E. -(For particulars of Dryden's feud with his successor in the (4) With all the vulgar applause and critical abhorrence of laureateship, Shadwell, whom he has immortalised under the puns, they have Aristotle on their side; who permits them to name of Mac Plecknoe, and also as Og in the second part of orators, and gives them consequence by a grave disquisition.Absalom and Achitophel, and for the literary squabbles in -[“Cieero also,” says Addison, "has sprinkled several of his which Swist and Pope were engaged, the reader must turn to works with them; and, in his book on Oratory, quotes abundance the lives and works of these three great writers. See also of sayings as pieces of wit, which, upon examination, prove arrant Mr. D'Israeli's painfully interesting book on The Quarrels of Ar- puns. But the age in which the pun chielly Nourished was in the thors.-E.)
reign of James the First, who was himself a tolerable punster, and (3) Like Dr. Johnson, Lord Byron maintained the excellence made very few bishops or privy counsellers that had not some of rhyme over blank verse in English poetry. “Blank verse,” time or other signalised themselves by a clinch, or a conundrum. he says, in his long-lost letter to the editor of Blackwood's Ma- The sermons of Bishop Andrews, and the tragedies of Shakspeare, gazine, “ unless in the drama, no one except Milton ever wrote are full of them. The sinner was punned into repentance by who could rhyme. I am aware that Johnson has said, after some the former; as, in the latter, nothing is more usual than to see a hesitation, that he could not prevail upon bimself to wish that hero weeping and quibbling for a dozen lines logether.”—E.) Milton had been a rhymer.' The opinions of that truly great man