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CLASSICS...............

VICE-PRESIDENTS.
A. HILL, Esq., F.C.P., Principal of Bruce Castle School, Tottenham.
Rev. J. S. HowSON, M.A., Head Master of the Collegiate Institution, Liverpool.
Rev. J. R. MAJOR, D.D., Head Master of King's College School, London.

BOARD OF EXAMINERS.
DEAN—The Rev. G. A. Jacob, D.D., Worcester College, Oxford; Head Master of Christ's Hospital.
MODERATOR FOR CLASSICS_Wm. Smith, Esq., LL.D., Classical Examiner in the University of London.

MODERATOR FOR MATHEMATICS--The Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S.; late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge.
VODERATOR FOR SCIENCE AND ART-Dr. L. Playfair, C.B., F.R.S., Professor of Chemistry in the University of Edinburgh, late Inspector General of the

Department of Science and Art.
EXAMINERS.

EXAMINERS.
Rev. W. Rogers, M.A., Incumb. St. Thomas, Charterhouse,

(Dr. L. Loewe, M.R.A.S., late Principal of the Jew's ColChaplain to the Queen.

HEBREW AND ORIENTAL). lege, London. THEORY AND PRACTICE Re Selby Watson, M.A.. F.C.P., M.RAJ.

LANGUAGES

Rev. R. Wilson, D.D., St. John's College, Cambridge. 07 EDICATION .......... Joseph Payne, Esq., F.C.P.

(K. Kalisch, Ph.D., Berlin. (Dr. . S. Turrell, F.C.P.

Prof. Christmas, M.A., F.R.S., Royal Society of Literature.

Rev. W. T. Jones, M.A., F.C.P., Queen's Coll., Cambridge. Rev. G. A. Jacob, D.D., F.C.P., Worcester College, Oxford. HISTORY .............

C.P. Mason, Esq., B.A., Fellow or Univ. College, London.
Rev. J. Selby Watson, M.A., F.C.P., M.R.S.L.

(H. F. Bowker, Esq., Christ's Hospital.
Rev. J. J. Perowne, M.A., King's College, London.
J. Wingfield, Esq., B.A. Christ's Hospital

(Rev. R. Wilson, D.D., F.C.P., St. John's Coll. Cambridge. (John Robson, Esq., B.A., Lond., Barrister-at-Law.

Rev. W. T. Jones, M.A., F.C.P., Queen's Coll., Cambridge.
SCRIPTURB HISTORY.

Rev. P. Smith, B.A. Lond.
Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S., St. John's College, Camb.

(Rev. W. F. Greenfield, M.A., Dulwich College.
W. Lethbridge, Esq., M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.

NATURAL HISTORY: (Dr. Lankester, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., New College, London. Rev, R. H. Wright, M.A., Ashford Grammar School.

Geology, Mineralogy, Phy- Professor Tennant, F.G.S., F.R.G.S.. King's C London Rev. W. C. Izard, M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge. (Rev. T. J. Potter, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge.

siology, and Botany ...... (A. K. Isbister, Esq., M.A., University of Edinburgh.

W. McLeod, Esq., F.R.G.S., Royal Mil. Asylum, Chelsea ***CAL PHILOSOPHY Wi Daunalds BOMA Queen's College, Cambridge. pe (Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S., St. John's College, Camb.

GEOGRAPHY.

{ W. Hughes, Esq., F.R.G.S., King's College, London, W.J. Reynolds, Esq., M.A., Queen's College,

(Professor Miller, M.D., F.R.S., King's College, London. * (Rev. S. Newth, M.A., New College, London.

CHEMISTRY ......

J. P. Bidlake, Esq., B.A. Lond., F.C.P., F.C.S. ENGINEERING AND FOR- SW.J. Reynolds, Esq., M.A., Queen's College, Cambridge.

LJ.C. Buckmaster, Esq., South Kensington Museum. { T. Kimber, Esq., M.A. Lond., L.C.P.

MORAL AND POLITICAL S Professor Hoppus, LLD., P.R.S., Univ. College, London. (L. Stievenard, Lecturer, King's College, London.

PHILOSOPHY ............... | T. S. Baynes, Esq., LL.D., Examiner in Univ. of London,
Professor Marzials, Wellington College.
M. Wattez, L.C.P., King's College, London.

(Professor Leoni Levi, King's College.

CIVIL AND COMMERCIALS (Mr. Chapınan, Christ's Hospital.

T. B. O'Feily, LL.B., Queen's Univ., Ireland; Gray's Inn. LAW ...........

(J. Haddon, Esq., M.A., King's College, London. (Professor Wintzer, King's College, London.

( H. A. Bowler, Esq., Art Inspector, S. Kensington Museum. Karl Schaible, Ph.D., M.D., L.C.P., Examiner in the Uni

J. L. Kenworthy, Esq., L.C.P.. Roy. Mil. Asylum, Chelsea. versity of London.

DRAWING ...............

UH. Hagreen, Esq., Dep.of Art, South Kensington Museum. (Falck Lebahn, Ph.D.

J.C. Ogle, Esq., West Brompton. ..Professor Arrivabene, University College, London.

T.C. Dibden, Esq., Banstead. ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND ( Professor Masson, M.A., University College, London.

(E. F. Rimbault, LL.D., F.S.A. C.P. Mason, Esq., B.A. Lond.

MUSIC ......

Dr. Steggall, (J. P. Bidlake, Esq., B.A. Lond., F.C.P.

(H. T. Leftwich, Esq., M.R.A.M.

MATHEMATICS.

AND ASTROXOWY ......... Rev. S. Newth, 12ty

TIRICATION

..............

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GERMAN

ITALIAN

LITERATURE ..........

The College of Preceptors was Royal Charter, "for the purpose learning and of advancing the inte mont especially among the middle cla al means employed to secur The periodical examinatio 2nd. The union of teache body, so that they may have a rec far with that enjoyed by the oth Ind. The making of provision to sted, and poor mernbers. 4th

communication between Princi Assistants of good character an periodical bringing together of tea subjects in which the scholastic profess The annual subscription is One Guin

exe or Preceptors was incorporated in 1849 by entrance fee. A single payment of Ten Guineas confers of the College are recognized by the Roval Collars of

Surgeons of England as exempting their possessors froin UT," for the purpose of promoting sound the privilege of Life Membership..

in education are admissible as the preliminary literary examination recently instituted advancing the interests of Education. All persons engaged in education

imus ophy that body, the conducting of which has been entrusted only the middle classes." The princi- Members of the Corporation and persons desirous of by that body. the conducting of the aus einployed to secure these objects are: 1st. I joining it, or o

ners of the College of Preceptors.

v riformation. to 1 The Pharmaceutical Society likewise grants a similar Damnation of teachers and of pupils. I to the Secretary, obtain all necessary

Regula. exemption to those who have passed the College Exami15 OI every class in a corporate I gether with copies of the Bye-Laws, and of the Regula-exemption to those who ha ay nave a recognized position on a tions respecting the Examinations of Candidates for the nations,

The Examinations for the College Dinlomas

Diplomas also take njgyed by the other" learned professions. I College Diplomas, and of the Pupils of Schools in Union

place twice a-year, in the Midsummer and in the Christng of provision for the families of deceased, with the College. 2 members. 4th. The providing of a medium 1

mousers the College to hold Examina- mas Vacations. These examinations are arranged with The Charter empowers the Co

ference to the requirements and circumstances Vasetween Principals of Schools and I tions and to grant Diplomas and

lomas and Certificates of Proficiency h nergans of both sexes as have passed the Exami- 1 of School-Assistants; and one of their distinctive

lis, that the theory and practice of education is included in vogether of teachers for the discussion nations satisfactorily.

scholastic profession is interested. The Examinations of Pupils are held twice in each them as a lcaling and indispensable en wsdripao is One Guines. There is no 1 year. beginning on the u

on the third Monday in May, and on the Monthly Meetings of the Members are held for the third Monday in November. The First Class Certificates reading and discussion of Papers . aduentionale

JOHN ROBEON, B.A., Secretary

EDUCATIONAL TIMES. -- SUBSCRIPTIONS. -

TAE OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS FOR 1801.

In 12 Numbers, price 1s. each,

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T AND DESIGN ; or, Pencilled Copies and Easy

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D With Copious Interpretation of the Text; Critical

E.C!" -- Subscribers who have not already paid intended as a preparation for the Drawing Master. By and Grammatical Notes; and numerous Extracts from

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CONTESTS:-No. 1. Straight Lines and Combinations

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of Straight Lines: No. 2.' Rectilineal Figures :- No. 3. guidance of Persons qualifying for the Middle-Class

EDUCATIONAL TIMES. -- All communications Curves ;-No. 4. Outlines of Familiar Objects;-No. 5. Examinations. By the Rev. JOHN HUNTER, M.A.,

to the Editor to be addressed_The Editor Shaded Figures ;-No. 6. Introduction to Perspective;- formerly Vice-Principal of the National Society's Training

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Advertisements may be sent to No. 1, Gough

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2, Queen's Head Passage, Paternoster Row. TAXAMPLES IN ALGEBRA FOR

should apply for

1 SENIOR CLASSES ; Comprising numerous gradu- n J. ALLMAN'S CATALOGUE OF

ated Examples in Fractions, Surds, Equations, Progress 1. SCHOOL-PRIZES AND REWARDS. A List

I sious. &c. with the Examination Papers for Civil Service, of several hundred books, selected especially for rewards,

porated in 1919. by Roval Charter. " for the purpose Staff, and Artillery Appointments, College of Preceptors, offered to the profession only at a discount varying from

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tions for the Examination of the Pupils of Schools in Union

with the College, on amplication at the Olices, 12, Queen TVE KEY; containing Complete Solu-

l contents of the Bible Analysed, Classified, and

placed under distinct heads, so that the actual words of

Square, Bloomsbury, W.C.

1 tions to the Questions in the Examples in Algebra

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Scripture respecting each Fact and Truth may be seen at

ARTOx, M.A., M.C.P. once, and read in Consecutive Order.

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Edited by JOIN EADIE, D.D., LL.D., author of the

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AND GEOLOGY.

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Author of "Text-Books of Geology."

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T OGICAL ARITHMETIC; being a

Text-book for Class Teaching, and comprising

Elementary Arithmetic, with Rules for Mental and Prac-

THE REV. H. MUSGRAVE WILKINS'S

Price 6d., by post 7d.,

tical Calculations; and a Course of Fractional and Propor-

NEW GREEK DELECTUS.

tional Arithmetic, an Introduction to Logarithms, and

New Edition, in 12mo, price 4s. cloth,

PUPILS' EXAMINATION PAPERS, as set at the Selections from the Civil Service, College of Preceptors,

PROGRESSIVE GREEK DELEC-

Christmas Exainination, 1960.

and Oxford Examination Papers. By J. WHARTON, A TUS. By the Rev. H. MUSGRAVE WILKINS, M.A.,

The Papers, for Midsummer and Christmas, 1856, 1857, M.A., M.C.P.

Fellow of Merton College, Oxford; Author of Notes for

1859, 1859, and 1860, can still be had.

Also, Fourth Edition, Corrected,

Latin Lyrics in use in Harrow, Westminster, and Rugby

Also,

Schools.

THE PAPERS SET FOR THE MEDICAL STU.

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS IN THE LOGICAL

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DENTS' EXAMINATION. Prire 6d.

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and the arrangement per

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C. F. Hodgson, 1, Gough Squara, Fleet Street,

Principal of Cheltenham Col.

foct."-Rey, B. H. DRTRY, lege.

one of the Masters of Harrow “We have much pleasure

School.

in bearing our testimony to

UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.

APPROVED SCHOOL BOOKS BY THE

“The Delectus is carefully the excellence of Mr. Wil.

MATRICULATION EXAMINATION.

REV. DR. KENNEDY

and usefully drawn up, and kins's Progressive Greek De-

PROVINCIAL MATRICULATION

A New Edition, in 12mo, price 3s. 6d. cloth, possesses several great ad- lectus: it is infinitely supe-

vantages."--Rev. W.OXEX. rior to the old unphiloso-
H EXAMINATION will be held, by authority of the K

HAM, Second Master of Har- plical Greek Delectus, full
Senate of the University, Queen's College, Liverpool, in U for the use of Schools. By the Rev. B. H. KENNEDY,

row School.

of non-existing nouns and
July next simultaneously with the Examination' in D.D., Head Master of Shrewsbury School,

“The Delectus seems to tenses. Norcan it be doubted
London. Copies of the local Regulations may be obtained Also by the Rev DR. KENNEDY, New Editions. me useful and well done." that such a book as this was

by applying to

ASTRUP CARISS,

KENNEDY'S TIROCINIUM: or. First Latin Rcading.! ---Rev. C. B. SCOTT, D.D., greatly wanted. We recom-

Book.......

Seoretary of Queen's College, Liverpool.

Head Master of Westminster. mend it to the consideration

..........12mo,

“I tbink it very well of masters of private schools

KESYEDY'S SECOND LATIN READING-BOOK,

calculated to meet the wants and tutors as the best intro-

12mo, 5s.

HACKNEY UNION.
KENNEDY'S CHILD'S LATIN PRIMER......12no, 2s. RAUG. BETLER. L'ici-Prin. Iguage that we have vet seen.

expressed by Dr. Temple." duction to the Greek lan-
INTED A SCHOOLVASTER.- KEYNEDY'S LATIN VOCABULARY. on Etymological cipal of Cheltenham College, and as a book which it will
Or inexceptional character, without family. Principles .......

..............12mo, 3s. It seems to me just the be greatly for the benefit
The Salary to be reconimentied to the Poor Law Board PALESTRI STILI LATINI; or, Materials for Trans. thing that was wanted, and of their pupils to have
will be 245 pilinnum, and any excess beyond that sum lation into Latin Prose, selected and progressively we shall adopt it at once."- studied, if ever they quit
allowed by th.. Committee of Council on Bencation, with

ranked........

....... 12mo, 6s. Rev. W. Wood, Subwarden their preparatory institu-

thc ustal Rumns from the Hous, Loving and Washing.

CURRICULUM STILI LATINI: A Course of Examples

of Radley, near Orford. tion for the larger arena of

The duties Tuired of him may be kurwion application

for Practice in the Style of the best Latin Prose

"I like the plan of it! Eton, Harrow, Rugby, &c.--

to the Master and must conform in all respets to the

Autliors ...................

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| Critic.

orders of the or Law Board. A Master accustomed to
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PALESTRA MUSARUM: Materials for Translation into WILKINS'S NOTES FOR LATIN LYRICS, Third

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Greek Verse,

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NEW AND IMPROVED EDITION OF

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CALDER'S ARITHMETIC.

THE LIFE OF RICHARD PORSON,

CHARLES HORTOX PULLEY.

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April 24th, 1861.

Clert to the Guardians,

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QUESTIONS in PART II. separately, ls.

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A ARITHMETIC. By the Rev. FREDERICK CALDER,
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1 London: ROBERT Cocks, and Co., New Burlington

with

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CONTENTS,

feudal system which have never been abolished, old heroic ballads and legeluary tales,

and intimately connected as it is with that sys- abounds with allusions which can only be College of Preceptors: – Fourth Monthly Meeting:

tem, a knowledge of it is calculated to eluci- fully understood by one acquainted with the Paper on the Bearing of Archæology on Education,

date history by presenting to our notice many terms of heraldry. by J. P. Bidlake, Esq. ............... .................... 27

of the customs peculiar to the early inhabitants. I cannot, certainly, agree with the son of The Report of the Royal Commission on Education... 29 |

of Europe.

| Randal Holme, one of Queen Elizabeth's Public Education on the Continent

When this continent was emerging from a heralds, and say, of the man ignorant of The New Regulations for Admission into the Royal Mi

state of barbarism, and a general ignorance of heraldry, that he is litary Academy, Woolwich University Intelligence.....

written language prevailed, heraldic devices “Neither art's nor learning's friend, College of Preceptors: Meeting of Council. &c. ......... were designed to record the achievements of

But an empty, brainless sot;" The Royal Copmissioners and Christ's Hospital.....

the noble and the brave. They embellished Proposed Endowed Schools: Parliamentary Inquiry

I the shield, the banner, and the vestment of the for I wish it to be distinctly understood that I Correspondence :-W. H.; – G. Herbert; -- Cantab

I knight; they were embroidered on the robes do not over-rate its importance, but simply

and mantles of the ladies and formed decora, maintain that inasmuch as it is a means of M.C.P. ........ Reviews and Notices of Books...

38tions, the most estimable, in the dwellings of exercising the intellect, it cannot be wholly Certificate Examinations of the Privy Council ............ 42 the great.

" valueless. Educational and Literary Summary of the Month ...... 43 | In the hall of the fortified castle were dis. It is not my duty at present to give a lecture Monthly Record of Science and Art ......................... 43 played, pensile against the spacious walls, the on the origin and principles of the science, but Foreign Notes ...............

44 shields and helmets of its warrior lord, a me- briefly to show, by a few examples and the aid Mathematical Questions and Solutions ................ 45 mento of the past, a stimulus for the future. of the diagrams on the walls, how it can be List of College and School Books .............

46 When we remember the carly connection considered an auxiliary to the study of bioAnswers to Correspondents ...........

46 of heraldry with the sister sciences of archi-graphy and history. In so doing I shall con

tecture, scuipture, and painting, as well as its fine niyself chiefly to our national insignia. The Educational Times.

inseparable association with the history and Ensigns and flags were of early introduction antiquities of our country, it will not excite among the nations of the world; we find them

surprise that men eminently distinguished for represented on the walls of the temples of anCOLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS,

their erudition and abilities should, in all ages cient Thebes, and in the Mosaic record we

since its origin, have devoted much of their find this injunction, “That every man of the FOURTH EVENING MEETING. time and attention to its cultivation.

children of Israel should pitcli by his own APRIL 3RD.

| As chivalry declined, the study of heraldry standard with the ensigns of his father's The attendance on this occasion was far became gradually neglected, and an art which house." smaller than was expected ; but those who

but those who had for centuries formed a part of the educa- Some of the national emblems of ancient

tion of princes, and had occupied the thoughts days were connected with the mystic figures of were present were amply repaid for any trouble of

repaid for any trouble of the most learned men in Europe, was aban-prophetic vision or the objects of idolatrous that they might have taken, by the in- doned to the coach-painter and the undertaker, worship. Thus the winged human-headed lions teresting nature of the Paper read, and by and stigmatized as “the science of fools witi and bulls of As yria symbolized the omnipothe beautiful display of armorial bearings long memories.” “ For hin, however, who tence, omniscience, and omnipresence of the with which Mr. Bidlake had adorned the walls can decipher it,” says Victor Hugo,“ heraldry | Deity. The ox and sphinx of Egypt, the goat of the Council-roon.

Jis a language, an algebra,--a science, which, of Macedon, the owl of Athens, the pegasus of

rightly studied, will make fools wise; the whole Corinth, the eagle of Rome, the crescent of Mr. Clennell, the Treasurer, having been history of the second half of the middle a

Treasurer, having been history of the second half of the middle ages Byzantium, with the white horse of the Saxon, voted into the Chair, called upon Mr. Bidlake, is written in its symbols, as that of the pre- the raven of the Dane, and the leopards of the who proceeded to read the following Paper :- ceding period is recorded in the symbols of the Norman, must occur to the remembrance of THE BEARING OF ARCHÆOLOGY

all.
Romish church.”
ON EDUCATION:

Changing the figure, we may say with The first mention of banners in English af

Burke, “ The registry of its birth may be fairs is made by Bede, who records their use HERALDRY AS AN AUXILIARY TO THE STUDY

found among the archives of the holy wars; in the processions of Augustine and his forty OF HISTORY.

its cradle was rocked by the soldiers of the monks on occasion of their interview with Ix introducing to your notice & subject of cross; and its nativity attained in those extra- Ethelbert of Kent. necessity so antiquarian in its character, I am ordinary times of reality and romance, of bar- ! We find, at a later period, that all the well aware I expose myself to the objections of barism and civilization-more barbarous than monasteries in England had banners laid up in those, who, constantly engaged in strictly uti- civilized-when feudalism, allying itself with their wardrobes to be produced on the great litarian pursuits, seldom bestow a thought on chivalry, was enabled to reburnish its iron festivals. These were sometimes allowed to be the past, unless it be to subserve some present crown and to prolong its herculean despotism taken from the monastery and displayed on interest. To them, I would say in the words to another age; to lull but not to smother the the field of conflict. of Disraeli, “Every species of study contri- breathings of popular opinion, at the outburst Thus at Ripon there was the banner of St. butes to the perfection of human knowledge by of which, the whole feudal fabric in its great. Wilfred; at Beverley, that of St. John. King that universal bond which connects them all in ness and its grandeur, its massiveness and Edward 1. is recorded as having paid one of a philosophic mind.” Granting, too, that a might, was destined, like another Jericho, to the monks d. per day while carrying the knowledge of heraldry, like other antiquarin crumble into ruins."

latter banner in his army, and 1d. per day knowledge, is trifling, nay, even worthless in “ The language of heraldry," says a recent while taking it back to the monastery. itself, yet it is incidentally useful, as it often writer, “though occasionally barbarous in Both these banners were displayed in the helps to illustrate more important matters. sound and appearance, is always peculiarly field at Northallerton, in the reign of Stephen.

Although the age of chivalry is gone, the expressive: and a practice in conposition in the fight is known historically as the Battle feelings which gave it birth still glow with the volving habitual conciseness and precision in of the Standard. same warmth as ever, and will endure so long their inost attainable degree, and in which In the centre of a car on four wheels was as truth and honour, freedom and courtesy, tautology is viewed as fatally detrimental, may fixed a mast, having at the top a large crucifix, are held in men's esteem.

linsensibly benefit the student on other more and decorated lower down with the banners of " It was chivalry,” says Edmund Burke, important occasions.

English saints. Around this sacred ensign “which, without confounding ranks, produced to some, the symbols of the herali will was stationed a band of valiunt archers from a poble equality, and handed it down through servo as a kind of memoria technica, througlı, the woodlands of Yorkshire, Nottingham, and all the gradations of social life. It was chi- the power of mental association, while the de- Lincoln. valry which mitigated kings into companions, ciphering of its devices will furnish a rational Another consecrated bauner of this sort, and raised private individuals to fellowship amusement to those who desire to relax called St. Cuthbert's, "at sight of which,” with kings. Without force or opposition, it their minds in the intervals of more serious says the old chronicler, "all foes do flee,” was subdued the fierceness of pride and power; it stulies.

carried, together with that of St. William, to obliged sovereigns to submit to the soft soke The sculptured block, or the enıblazoned the fight at Flodden. This banner, at the Reof social esteem; compelled stern authority to shield, often speaks when the records of history formation, fell into the hands of the Dean of submit to elegance; and caused the vanquisher are silent.

Durham, a zealous reformer, whose wife put of laws to be ruled by manners."

| The poetry of Chaucer and of Spenser, of it, with the relics it enclosed, behind the fire.. , Heraldry is one of those appendages to the Shakespere and of Scott, not to mention our The oriflamrue of France, of which so much

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