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by Dr. Jenner on his becoming Physician to Her we learn, granted the use of the Guildhall, with very plausible explanation for the phenomena

the courts and offices adjoining, for the purposes of observed in their experiments, by suggesting that Mr. James Lorimer, Advocate, has been ap- the meeting. Much interest is manifested in the at the lower temperature of the gas flame, or weak pointed Professor of Public Law in the University City with regard to the approaching meeting, and spark, the spectrum observed is produced by the of Edinburgh; and Mr. John Nicol, B.A., of the Fishmongers' Company, with their usual liber- lowing vapour of some compound, probably the Balliol College, Oxford, to the New Professorship ality, have contributed a donation of fifty guineas oxide of the difficulty-reducible metal, whereas of English Language and Literature in the Uni-to the fund that is being raised to defray the local at the enormously high temperature of the intense versity of Glasgow

expenses. Papers to be read at the meeting are to electric spark, these compounds are split up, and The Academy of Sciences of Göttingen an be submitted before the 20th of May to the execu- thus the true spectrum of the metal is obtained. nounce the publication of the collected works of tive committee. Lord Brougham has presided at It was found that in none of the spectra, of the Gauss the celebrated mathematician, including the three of the five meetings already held. The siz more easily reducible alkaline metals (potassium, manuscripts left at his decease. The works will departments into which the Association is divided sodium, lithium), could any deviation or dis. appear in seven volumes quarto, under the include jurisprudence, education, punishment and appearance of the maxima of light be noticed on titles, I. Disquisitiones Arithmeticæ ; II. Höhere reformation, public health, social economy, and change of temperature. Arithmetik; III. Analysis; IV. Geometrie und trade and international law; the last-named depart. The annual meeting of the Acclimatisation Methode der kleinsten Quadrate; V. Mathema. ment being established at the Glasgow meeting in Society was held at the society's offices, 3, Duketische Physik; VI. Astronomie ; VII. Theoria 1860. The reception committee, in addition to street, Adelphi, on the 25th March, Higford Burr, Motûs Corporum Cælestium. The first six vo the Lord Mayor and many gentlemen of eminence Esq., in the chair, when the second annual Report lumes will occupy about five or six years in connected wish commercial pursuits, comprises the was presented by the Secretaries. The society publication; the seventh volume will appear later. names of a large number of men of the highest now numbers 41 patrons and 24 life members, The copyright interest on the Theoria Motūs will / scientific reputation.

besides annual subscribers. The balance sheet for not expire for some time.

A new planet has been discovered by Mr. the year shows a balance at the banker's of 4221. The New York papers announce the advent to Safford, which raises the number of asteroids now 148. 4d., besides a sum of 1501. in band for Chinese this country of a Mohawk Indian, en route to known to seventy-two. It is observed that the sheep. Through the kindness of his Grace the Oxford, for the purpose of tinishing his education. newly found member of our system has the least Duke of Newcastle, Her Majesty's Secretary to the Oronhyatekha is reported to be twenty-one years mean distance yet recognised among the minor Colonies, who is also one of the patrons of the of age, and to be from the Reservation of the Six planets. A new star, a companion of Sirius, has society, the Governors of our Colonies throughout Nations, near Brantford, upon the Grand River, also been discovered by Mr. Clark. The discovery the world have been communicated with, with a Canada West. For two years past he has been a has been confirmed by two eminent observers on view of enlisting their aid on behalf of the society. member of Kenyon College, Ohio, and upon the each side of the Atlantic-by Professor Bond, at In consequence of this, relations of the most late visit of the Prince of Wales, tbe royal party the Observatory of Harvard College, U.S., and by satisfactory character have been established with became much interested in him. He comes under M. Chacornac at the Observatory of Paris.

Queensland, Australia, New Brunswick, Prince the auspices of Henry L. Acland, M.D., F.R.S., Some time since a short notice appeared in the Edward's Island, New Zealand, and South Africa. late physician to the royal party, and then and “Geologist Magazine” of the discovery by Her- A gentleman residing at South Africa is also prenow Regius Professor of Medicine in Oxford man von Meyer, of the impression of a feather in pared to send supplies of the eland and other University.

the lithographic slate of Solenhofen. An article useful animals. During the past year, the society We learn from the “ Critic” that Messrs. from the pen of the well known Professor Wagner has imported Chinese sheep, which are recommend. Longman and Co. project the issue of a new has since appeared in the “Sitzungsberichte der ed as extremely fruitful in breeding, excellent for series of wall maps for schools. It is thought by Münchner Akad. der Wiss." entitled, “On a New eating, hardy in their nature, and obtainable at a many teachers that the maps at present in use are Fossil Reptile furnished with Feathers,” in which low cost; in fact, the very sheep for cottagers. faulty in the following respect. 'They do not give is described the skeleton of a reptile from the There have been also several satisfactory experithe physical features of countries with sufficient lithographic stone of Pappenheim, in the possession ments by members in the way of acclimatising and

Clearness and distinctness; the mountains are too of M. Harberlein, and in which the extraordinary hybridising foreign deer. The society is also 31

frequently a confused mass of black, without any association of feathers on the anterior limbs and endeavouring to acclimatise the guan and the curasattempt to show the ranges, the peaks, and detail is exhibited. These feathers agree in cor:- sow-both birds from Central America, and both pressions; the rivers are laid down in a manner | figuration exactly with those of birds.

likely to be valuable additions to our domestic which renders it often impossible to say where The new science of spectrum analysis has received poultry. Among the other birds to which the they rise; places of importance, in a commercial a heavy blow from the recent experiments which society is paying attention, and which it hopes to point of view, are omitted ; and the positions of bave been carried on by Dr. Tyndall and by introduce in abundance, may be named the Talegalla cities and towns are not given with that accuracy Professors Roscoe and Clifton, for the purpose of| (or Australian mound-building turkey), the Austrawhich is essential to sound teaching. It is believed ascertaining the influence of high temperatures on lian and African bustards, the Wonga - Wonga tbat these evils can only be remedied by having metallic spectra. For a long time it was supposed pigeon, a great variety of ducks and water-fowl, two maps for each country; one, in which the that each system of bright bands in the spectra of the Honduras turkey, the Chinese sand grouse, physical features—the mountains, plains, rivers, the various metals remained absolutely the same, Canadian grouse, prairie grouse, American quail &c.-shall be clearly and boldly delineated ; and whether the incandescence of the vapour was pro- and gelinotte. Various valuable crosses of ducks another, which shall contain, in addition to the duced by the comparatively low temperature of the have been obtained. In the way of vegetables, the physical features, the political divisions, cities, coal-gas flame, the higher temperature of the oxy-society is making strenuous endeavours to introduce towns, &c. Upon this plan a map of England hydrogen flame, or the intense heat of the electric the Dioscorea Batatas, or Chinese yam. This and Wales will shortly be published, and, if it discharge; and it was consequently assumed that vegetable is reported to be excellent for eating, meet with favour, it will be followed by others. inferences drawn from the well known appeara!ce and not difficult of cultivation. A specimen was

A new arrangement has been made of the State of a metallic spectrum at the temperature of the exhibited, weighing 3lbs. 150z., and a supply of Papers kept at the Foreign Office, which will pro- coal-gas flame, might be safely employed in specu- tubers for planting has been issued to twelve bably lead to dispositions more favourable to lations involving vastly higher temperatures than members of the society. Several experiments of historical inquiries at the Record Office. It is to we are acquainted with on this globe, such as, for great prospective value are now fairly in progress, be hoped that none of these papers will be lost or example, that of the sun. Later experience has, with every prospect of success, and channels for damaged in their various removals from one however, shown that this opinion must be greatly commencing others of still greater importance have depository to another. Those of a date prior to modified, and the discovery by Dr. Tyndall of a been opened. The system upon which the society 1760, together with their custodian, Mr. Lemon, 1 blue line in the spectrum of lithium, followed by is arranged may now be said to be in good working are now lodged at Fetter-lane, and may be con- similar observations by other experimentalists, has order, and opportunities are offered for conducting sulted by any one obtaining an order from the conclusively proved that an increase of temperature experiments of the highest importance, if the Slaster of the Rolls. The Domestic and Colonial gives rise to new lines in a metallic spectrum. means of bearing the expenses are provided. It kapers, on the contrary, are to be lodged in the Further, Professors Roscoe and Clifton have just must be remembered that in bringing over mammals, Record Office, and none succeeding in date the shown that not only do new lines appear at the birds, and fishes from abroad, not only must the year 1688 are to be open to the public.

high temperature of the intense electric spark, but original cost and expense of transport be borne by The Medical Council will hold their first meeting that the broad bands characteristic of the metal or the society, but it is also necessary to offer rewards for this session on Wednesday, the 14th May. metallic compound at the low temperature of the to the ships' officers who take charge of the crea

George Cooper, of Brentford, has been ap. flame or weak spark, totally disappear at the tures during the voyage, as an inducement to give 2. pointed by the Society of Apothecaries of London higher temperature, being replaced by bright lines. their zealous co-operation. The Council looks

their representative, in room of Mr. Nussey | The speculations of Kirchoff and Bunsen on the forward, indeed, with confident expectation to the deceased.

constitution of the solar body, which have recently time when the society will, like the French Société

attracted so much attention, cannot fail to be Impériale d'Acclimatation, number its members by MONTHLY RECORD OF SCIENCE

greatly modified by this discovery, as it must be thousands, and possess gardens and other appli

obvious that at the enormous temperature of the ances, provided by the Government, for the conduct AND ART.

sun's incandescent atmosphere, known spectra of its operations, similar to those which the French The sixth meeting of the National Association might be so altered in appearance by the introduc- society is fortunate enough to possess. for the promotion of Social Science will be held in tion of new lines, consequent upon the increased By the last American mail we receive the intelLondon, from the 5th to the 14th of June next, heat, that observers would fail to recognize them. ligence that the inhabitants of the Red River colony, and the Corporation of the City of London has, Professors Roscoe and Clinton have proposed a British North America, have inaugurated, under the auspices of the Governor of the settlement, and class-book and submits to the same training. The M.A., Pembroke College ; Rev. Edward Hill, M.A., of the Bishop of Rupert's Land, a scientific associa boys commence their studies at six or seven years Christ Church; Rev. David Melville, M.A., Brasenose tion under the title of “The Institute of Rupert's of age. The school-room is a low shed, or a | College ; Rev. John A. Dale, M.A., Balliol College : Land,” which promises to produce important re- back room in some temple, or an attic in some

Rev. George Rawlinson, M.A., Exeter College; Rev. sults, in collecting and disseminating information shop, where each boy is supplied with a table and

William E. Buckley, M.A., Brasenose College ; Rev. respecting the extensive territories of the Hudson's a stool, and the teacher has a more elevated seat

James T. B. Landon, M.A., Magdalen College ; Bay Company in North America.

Rev. Bartholomew Price, M.A., Pembroke College This immense and a larger table. In the corner of the room is a region,occupying an area nearly equal to the whole of picture of Confucius, before which each pupil pro- ' A. Chretien, M.A., Oriel College ; Rev. William L.

John Ruskin, M.A., Christ Church ; Rev. Charles Europe, has hitherto remained almost a sealed land strates himself on entering the room, and then Bevan, M.A., Magdalen Hall; Rev. Sir Frederick to the traveller and to the man of science. The makes his obeisance to his teacher. He then A.G. Ousley, Bart.,M.A., and Doctor of Mus., Christ expeditions of Franklin, Back, and Richardson, brings his book to his teacher, who repeats over a Church ; Rev. John Wilkinson, M.A., Merton Col. have, it is true, passed at different periods rapidly / sentence or more to the pupil, and he goes to his lege; Rev. George Petch, M.A., Trinity College ; and hastily through the country on their way to place, repeating the same at the top of his voice. | Rev. Charles W. Boase, M.A., Exeter College ; John the scene of their explorations in the Arctic Seas, till he can repeat it from memory, when he returns

be can revext it from memory, when he return's Phillips, M.A., Magdalen College; Rev. Edmund and more recently the Colonial Office, and the to his teacher, and laying his book upon the

H. Goldsmith, M.A., Corpus Christi College ; Francis Provincial Government of Canada, hare each de- eacher's table, turns his back both upon book and

J. Headlam, M.A., University College ; Rev. Charles spatched expeditions to explore the comparatively teacher, and repeats his lesson.

L. Dodgson, M.A., Christ Church ; Rev. George C.

This is called narrow strip of country watered by the Red River | backing the lesson.

Bell, M.A., Worcester College ; Rev. Donald M.

In this way he goes through | Owen. M.Á.. Balliol College: Rev. Charles L. and the Sascatchewan. A geological map of the the volume, till he can back the whole book, and Wingfield, M.A., All Souls' College ; George Griffith, country, and an ethnological map of the Indian tribes then he takes another volume and another, until M.A., Jesus College ; Horace Davey, M.A., Univerinhabiting it, by Mr.A.K. Isbister, have also recently he can back a list of the Classics. The number of sity College ; Richard Harington, M.A., Christ been published by order of the House of Commons, boys in a school varies from ten to twenty. Each Church ; Benjamin C. Brodie, M.A., Balliol College; among the Parliamentary Papers relating to the one goes through the same process, coming up in Theodore Aufrecht, M.A.; George Richmond, Esq. Hudson's Bay Company. But beyond this the turn to back his lesson; and he that has a defective

turn to back his lesson; and he that has a defective Samuel T. G. Erans, Esq.; M. Jules Bué, French immense continent stretching from the frontiers of recitation, receives a blow upon the head from the

Teacher in the Taylor Institution. Canada to the Arctic Sea still remains practically a master's bamboo ferule, and returns to his seat to

In the same Convocation the statute regulating terra incognita to science. The object of the perfect his lesson.

the Chichele Professorship of Modern History, which Institute of Rupert's Land is to dispel the ignorance. The schools are opened at early dawn, and the

was promulgated in Congregation on Tuesday, March which has hitherto prevailed respecting the condi- | boys study till nine or ten o'clock, when they go to was submitted to the House.

25, and accepted by Congregation on Tuesday, Aprill, tion and resources of this extensive and important breakfast. After an hour or more, they return! The next meeting of the Association of Professors territory by aiding and encouraging scientific ex- and study till four or five in the afternoon, and and Tutors will be held on Friday, May 9, in the ploration, and by directing and systematising the then retire for the day. In winter they sometimes Balliol Common-room at 8 p.m. The subjects for observations of individual travellers, missionaries, have a lesson in the evening.

discussion are:-1. Whether any measures can be and traders in all parts of the country, and publish- The teachers are usually unsuccessful candidates taken for making the Professorial and Tutorial sys. : ing from time to time the results, so far as they for preferment and office, who, not having habits tems work better together by a regular division of may prove interesting to science. Copies of the of business or a disposition to labour, turn peda

subjects and hours for lectures. 2. That Pass Exainaugural address of the bishop of Rupert's Land gogues. They receive tuition fees from their pupils.

minations should not take place before the seventh or have been extensively circulated among the leading The fee is proportioned to the means of the parent,

eighth week of term. 3. That a place in the Honour literary and scientific societies of England, Canada, and varies from three to twelve dollars a year, with

List in any of the four Final Schools should be ac.

cepted in lieu of the double Testamur. and the United States.

an occasional gist of food or fruit.- Dean's China The “ Toronto Journal of Education” for March Mission.

CAMBRIDGE, MARCA 29. contains the following announcement (curious, if

ST.CATHERINE'S COLLEGE OPEN SCHOLARSHIPS. true) under the head of “New Hudson's Bay

There will be an Examination at St. Catherine's Animal”:-“The captain of a whaler from the UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE,

College on Thursday, June 12, and Friday, June 13, Shetland Isles hus lately discovered an entirely new

for two Scholarships, open to all persons who shall amphibious animal.

It belongs to the mammifera,

not have commenced residence in the University. is shaped somewhat like the tamanti, manatere, The Ireland Scholarship has been awarded to Mr. The Scholarships will be tenable till the Scholarship and dugong, those singular tropical animals which C. P. Ilbert, Scholar of Balliol College. The Exa- Examination in the College next following. Each of form the link between the hippopotamus and the miners have also mentioned as deserving of commen- | them will be of the value of £40 a-year, with rooms purely aquatic mammals; has paws like the bear, dation Mr. H. C. Ogle, Demy of Magdalen College, rent free. The Examinations for each will be partly and. auomalously enough. eight of these. which. I and Mr. A. S. Chavasse, scholar of Balliol College. I classical and partly mathematical. The classical part spread out in the water, disclose webs between the

Mr. Charles Sankey, from Marlborough School, will comprise translation of passages from the best

was this day elected Lusby Scholar at Magdalen Greek and Latin authors, and composition in those fingers; a triple eye-lid, like the crocodile, and a

Hall. At the same time, Mr. Thomas Cooke Sanders, languages. The mathematical part will be limited to voice described as very plaintive; it spends its days |

from Rossall School, was elected Macbride Scholar, papers in Euclid, arithmetic, algebra, and trigono.« on land, its nights in the water, and is thus invisi

and Mr. W. E. Deane, of St. Mary-hall, was elected metry. ble during the whole period of Arctic darkness. Lucy Exhibitioner.

Each candidate must forward to one of the Tutors The captain has brought his prize to Sheiland. It An election to three postmasterships and to one of the College, on or before Monday, June 2, a certilives on seaweed, and thrives heartily.”

scholarship, on the foundation of Thomas Jackson, ficate of good conduct from a graduate of Oxford or will take place at Merton College on Saturday, Cambridge.

May 3. The postmasterships are of the annual value The successful candidates will be required to enter FOREIGN AND COLONIAL NOTES. of £70, and are tenable for five years from election. their names on the boards of the College immediately FRANCE,

The Scholarship is of the annual value of 501., after their election, and to commence residence in We learn from our French correspondence that and is tepable for five years from election. One the following October the Emperor has at length, on the Report of the

of the postmasterships will be awarded solely for Particulars respecting the conduct of the examina. Minister of Public Instruction, consented to an

proficiency in matematics. Two exhibitions, of the tion and the accommodation of the candidates will be

annual value of £25, tepable for three years, will furnished by the Rev. F. J. Jameson, or the Rev. E. increase of the salaries of the primary Teachers of also be awarded to deserving candidates. Can- / W. Crabtree, Tutor of the College. France, payable by the State. The details of this didates must be under 20 years of age, and, if mem

APRIL 3. important and much needed measure have not yet bers of the University, must not have exceeded three The Chancellor's medals for classical learning have been made public.

terms of standing. The examination will commence been adjudicated as follows:-AMERICA.

on Wednesday, April 30. Candidates should call John Rickards Mozley, King's College; William The following list comprises the principal educa. upon the Warden on Tuesday, April 29, with certifi- Knyvett Wilson, Trinity College ; equal. tional journals published in the United States cates of baptism and testimonials of good conduct.

APRIL 4. during the past year: “ The Massachusetts


A Congregation was held to-day. Teacher," Boston ; “The New Hampshire Journal,

The Examination for Classical Demyships at Mag A grace was passed for obtaining a faculty for the of Education,” Concord; “ The Maine Teacher;"

dalen College has terminated. There was no election, removal of the Doctors' gallery, the well-known TheVermont School Journal,” West Brattleboro';

as none of the candidates came up to the required “Golgotha." It is certainly an unsightly arrangi. standard.

ment for a church, but a comfortable place of repose “ The Rhode Island Schoolmaster,” Providence;


during a long sermon; and many of its present OOCH “ The Connecticut Common School Journal," In the Convocation holden on Saturday, the 12th pants cannot witness its demolition without regret. Hartford ; “ The New York Teacher,” Albany ; ult., at 10 o'clock, the names of the following ger - 1 The Bell Scholarships bave, this day, been ad“ The Pennsylvania School Journal.” Lancaster; tlemen, who have been noininated Examiners under judged to J. M. Image, of Trinity, and Mr. Beebee, "The Ohio Educational Monthly.” Columbus: I the statute De Eraminatione Candidatorum qui non lof St. John's College. “The Indiana School Journal," Indianopolis; sunt de corpore Universitatis were submitted to the

APRIL 8. “ The Illinois Teacher,” Peoria; “The Wisconsin approbation of the House :-Rev. William Jacobson, An examination for three Foundation Scholarships Journal of Education, " Madison; “The lowa D D., Christ Church ; Rev. Charles Balston, B.D., and also for four Minor Scholarships, will be held in Instructor," Davenport.

Corpus Christi College ; Rev. Edward H. Hansell, Downing College, on Monday, the 2nd of June peste

B.D., Magdalen College ; Rev. Arthur W. Haddan, and the two following days, and will begin at 9 8.m.. Chisa.

B.D., Trinity College : Rev. George Hext, B.D., on Monday. The examination will be chiefly in In China there is no royal road to learning, but Corpus Christi College; Rev. Thomas E. Espin, classics and elementary mathematics, but some every boy, whatever his rank, takes the same P D., Lincolo College ; Rev. William R. Browell, weight will be given to proficiency in French and

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German. To the candidates for Foundation Scholarships two additional papers will be set, one on moral philosophy in connection with the principles of jurisprudence, and the other on the elements of the natural sciences in connection with medicine ; and in awarding two of these Scholarships considerable importance will be attached to any special proficiency in the legal or in the medical subject. Persons who have not been entered at any College in the University, or who have not resided one entire term in any such College, are eligible to the Minor Scholarships, which will be of the value of £30 per annum, and tenable for two years, if the holder be not elected before the end of that time to a Foundation Scholarship. Students of the College, or of any other College in the University, who have not kept more than six terms, will be eli. gible to the Foundation Scholarships, which will be of the value of £50 per annum, with rooms and commons, and tenable for three years. Those Foundation Scholars who shall obtain a first class in any Tripos will be entitled to hold their Scholarships till they are of standing for the degree of Master of Arts, or, if they should be elected Fellows of the College before that time, until such election. No one elected Scholar will receive any emoluments until he has commenced residence as a student of the College. Satisfactory testimonials as to their moral character must be sent to the Master by all candidates for these Scholarships on or before Wednesday, the 28th of May.


EXAMINATION. A Mathematical Scholarship of £60 a-year, tenable till B.A., has this day been awarded to J. Pask, North London Collegiate School.

APRIL 14. Christ's College Open Scholarships have been ad. judged as follows:

Ř. H. Blyth, from Uppingham School ; F. R. Sutton, from Bury St. Edmund's School; and T. N. Toller, from Kettering School, have been elected to scholarships of £70 each. J. Nettleship, from Uppinghar. School, to a scholarship of £50. E. Hailstone, from Rugby School, and F. J. Thomson, from East Dereham School, to scholarships of £30 each.

10 of the value of 401. with rooms rent free. | 2 of the value of 501. 9 , , 251.)



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A Meeting of the Council was held on the 29th of March. Present:- Mr. A. Hill, Vice-President, in the Chair ; Dr. Adams, Dr. Aldom, Mr. Bidlake, Mr. Clennell, Mr. Heath, Mr. Herbert, Rev. W. Hodgson, Mr. Isbister, Rev. Dr. Jacob, Rev. W. T. Jones, Mr. Kimber, Mr. Long, Dr. Palmer, Mr. R. Palmer, Dr. Pearce, Dr. Pinches, Mr. W. J. Reynolds, Dr. Schaible, Dr. Wm. Smith, Dr. White, and Dr. E. T. Wilson.

It was Resolved, That the Midsummer Examination of Teachers should commence on Thursday, June 19th; and that the Half-yearly General Meeting should be held on Saturday, June 28th.

The thanks of the Council were voted to the Rev. W. T. Jones, for his recent liberal donation to the Benevolent Fund; and to Mr. Isbister, for his kindness in defraying, during a period of two years, part of the incidental expences connected with the College offices.

The thanks of the Council were also voted to Messrs. Hachette, and to the Editor of the “ Graduated Series of Reading Lesson Books," for their respective donations to the College Library.

The Quarterly Report of the Finance Com. mittee was laid before the Council, and adopted.

The Rev. L. J. Bernays, M.A., and the Rev. E. H. Gifford, M.A., were re-elected Members of the Council.

The following were elected Members of the College:

Miss M. E. Arthur, Coleshill Street, Pimlico.
Mr. R. H. H. Holmes, Worcester.
Mr. T. Horsman, B.A., Leeds.
Dr. C. H. Schneider, Edinburgh.
Mr. R. Waters, Urswick Grammar School.

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Æneid, we ought to consider that Virgil left


the poem unfinished, and that Tucca and
To the Editor of the Educational Times.
Varius, its revisers, may have left many irre-

£. $. d.

Space of Six Lines and under, (Body Type) 0 38 gularities of versification standing, which its Every Additional Line .... SIR,-You invite classical criticism. May

... 0 0 6 Y author, if he had lived to give it further cor Half a Column

... 1 5 I be allowed to ask “R. W.” on what autho

0 A Column ............

2 6 0 rity he makes the second syllable in plebecula rection, would have removed.

Half a Page...................................
I think I have settled the question about

.............. 5 10 short ? I always took my old friends Horace

0 the verse in the Eclogues, a portion of his

Advertisements cannot be inserted without either a and Persius as my authorities for its quantity :

written order, or pre-payment; and it is particularly re

quested that they may be sent in as early in the month as - his nam plebecula gaudet.

I possible, as none can be inserted after the 25th.
Hor. Ep. II, i. 186.

Advertisements, Books, Music, and School Appliances

| for Notice, and Communications, should be addressed to - fervet plebecula bile.

the Editor 1, Gough Square, Fleet Street, Pers. Sat. iv. 6.

The adoption of the Educational Times as the Journal ceived reading.-1 am, &c., . I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

of the College of Preceptors, has made no change what

INQUIRER. ever in the Proprietorship of the Periodical, in which the NOTANS.

College has no pecuniary interest.

** Advertisements may be sent to the Publisher, Xo. [Plebecula is a misprint for plebicola.-E.] munications from our readers on questions re

Gough Square, Fleet Street; or to Mr. W. Wesley.

No. 2, Queen's Head Passage, Paternoster Row. lating to disputed points in classical criticism, To the Editor of the Educational Times. It has been suggested to us by several valued

THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. SIR.- Will you allow me to offer one or two friends, that a department devoted to classical remarks on two passages of Virgil, about “Notes” and “ Queries,” would be a useful which I see some discussion in a contemporary addition to this Journal. We shall be happy scholastic publication, in an article on Yonge's to receive any suggestions or assistance from In another column will be found an interestrecent edition of Virgil ? One of them is Ecl. correspondents desirous of contributing to this ing report of a Meeting held on the 1st of ii. 56:department.-ED.]

April in York, to consider the propriety of Addam cerea pruna; honos erit huic quoque pomo.

applying to Parliament for a Scholastic RegisIn this state Mr. Yonge, I think, very pro

tration Bill. | ETun COLLEGE.- On the 11th ult., the whole perly leaves the verse.

The Meeting consisted entirely, The writer of the article to which I allude would insert et before school took their departure for the Easter holi- we believe, of schoolmasters and persons en

days, and will return to the College on the 7tb, gaged in the work of tuition ; and from the honos ; but et is superfluous, not to say objec

suy odjece 8th, and 9th days of May inst. There were 815 tionable, with quoque. As to the scanning, it students in the various forms, as follows:- Upper

reports it will be seen that those present unani. presents no difficulty ; Virgil has merely for- School--Sixth form, 20 ; fifth form, upper divi- mously recognised the necessity of some test borne, as in some other places, to cut off one sion, 135; fifth form, middle division, 104; fifth being legalised for the exclusion of incompetent vowel before another :

form, lower division, 143; remove, 157; fourth

ilmen from the profession of teaching. The form, 139; unplaced, 4. Total 702. Lower School men Addam cerealprūnă ho nos

on the procession of teaching. The The non-elision in the well known verse of .

ofl -- Third form, 97; second form, 10; first form, 5; wonder is, that in the year of grace 1862 there Catullus is exactly similar :unplaced, 1. Total 815.

should be a necessity for such agitation ; that Hýmēn, ő Hỳmě næě, Hỳ men ades, o Hymenæe!ling list has been issued by the Examiners :

low- one of the most important callings, that of Heyne indeed observes on Virgil's line, Necole, K. S., Scholar. i Hollingworth, K. S. educating the youth of this country, should be hiatus offendat, aspiratio in honos fortius est Smith, K. S., Medallist. Kennedy, K. S. still, as it were, a kind of debateable land into efferenda. But, pace tanti viri, I would say Butler.

Martyn, K.S. that the observation is quite needless, for h Fremantle.

which quacks of every kind may venture, and

Witt, K.S. goes for nothing in Latin verse. Wagner. | Pollock, K.S.

Young, K.S.

wherein they may, unreproved, play the mast whom Conington follows, tells us the h is here


| fantastic tricks. We have long ceased to in

Examiners. fantastic tricks. We have a semi-consonant, which it is not; but if it

Duncan MATIAS, M.A., Ś'

trust the care of our lives and our properties to were, how would it affect the verse ? If it!

The two classes are arranged in alphabetical

any but persons supposed to be competent; but were even a whole consonant, it would not Charles Cameron, the captain of Eton, a can. the minds of our sons and daughters are, as it lengthen a short vowel before it.

didate for the Scholarship, was prevented from Many greater liberties are taken by Virgil going in for the examination in consequence of a

were, the vilia corpora upon which every prewith vowels, and with diphthongs, than this, serious accident, which has incapacitated him for tender may make his mischievous experiments. e. g.:the present from any serious study.

No doubt public opinion has done a good deal Insulæ Ionio in magno, quas dira Celæno


for the scholastic profession. It has furnished Ter sunt conati imponere Pelio Ossam.. P. C. Ilbert, of Balliol College, who has just Nomen et arma locum servant, te amice, gained the Ireland Scholarship, in the University the schools for our higher classes with teachers nequivi.

of Oxford ; Mr. T. L. Papillon, of Balliol Col. of rare skill and learning. No“heaven-born” Where vowels and diphthongs are not only

not only lege, who has gained the Hertford Scholarship;
Mr. E. L. Scott, of Lincoln College, who has pre

: preceptor has a chance of gaining admission left unelided, but at the same time shortened. The other verse is, as it is generally, I be. Mr. A. Robinson, cf University College, who was schools, too. of much humbler pretensions, can

gained the Boden Scholarship for Sanscrit; and into Harrow, Eton, or Rugby. Very many lieve universally, read,

proxime accessit for the junior mathematical schoSancta ad vos anima, atque istius inscia culpæ larship, were all educated at Marlborough College.

have no more efficient masters than those who in which Mr. Yonge reads nescia, with the an- QUEEN ELIZABETH's School, Ipswich.- This at present guide their destinies. But it remains probation of the writer of the article to which school

finle to which school has within one week carried off the only a stern and saddening fact, that a man, how. I refer. But as there is no authority for nescia,

open College Scholarships at Cambridge which
have been as yet competed for this year, - viz.,

." ever gross his ignorance may be, and unsatisI should reject a mere arbitrary innovation, and

two at Caius College, one for classical, the other factory his character, may set up a school, scan the line

for mathematical proficiency, and a third at Em.! and, if he can only get pupils, work a terrible Sanct ad/võs ănilmā ātsqu' istŭs | inscia | culpæ, manuel College for classical proficiency. A fund" considering the å in animă as lengthened by of nearly 10007. has been raised for founding an amount of mischief. This remark applies eren the ictus metricus. This is no greater liberty, 11 Al

• Albert" Scholarship, in commemoration of the more strongly to the other sex. Excluded though of a different kind, than is shown in

Klaying of the foundation stone of the new school from University degrees, and debarred from

buildings in 1851. Insula Ionio, or in the line of Propertius:


Ber opportunities of proving what their education Omphalě | in tantum formæ processit honorem.

Tain.-The following Candidates have passed the really has been, women have often had only to In the one case a syllable is left unelided, and Major Examinatior, April 16th, as pharmaceutical sit down and draw up imaginary prospectuses made short, in the other it is left unelided and chemists:made long; one in the arsis, the other in the

of their knowledge of all languages, arts, and Argles, Robert .


. thesis. Similarly, que is made long by the

Kniglies, John A. . . Norwich. sciences, from moulding war-flowers to decy. ictus metricus, or in the arsis, in

Pearson, Henry J. .

Louth. .

phering hieroglyphics, to strike awe into the Sampson, Roht. G.. .

Limina qui lausrusque deli--

Walkinton, Thos. J. .


| heart, and extract money from the pockets, of | But in all discussions about verses in the Willsber, Stephen H. . Tenterden. many a Paterfamilias. The success of such


would-be educators has often been co-exten. Lancet very considerably understates the case and Riddle as the groundwork of the sive with their impudence; and no person when he sets down the total sum annually dictionary before us. The history of the has a greater right to complain of the existing given by the various Colleges of Cambridge to y

ren by the various Colleges of Cambridge to various steps by which the work has been system than the educated governess or school- Undergraduates at 20,0001.

brought to its present completeness is a very Yet even this interesti

en this interesting one. In the first place, Dr. Freund mistress who disdains the arts of puffery. Ano-amount is a magnificent annual contribution revised Andrews's translation throughout. He ther point deserving of notice was dwelt on by to the cause of polite learning. One point corrected many of the etymologies previously Canon Robinson at the York Meeting. At pre-calls for notice. A very few years ago the given, and pointed out in many instances the

analogy subsisting between the Latin and sent the schoolmaster, per se, has no status. majority of the Scholarships and Fellowships

"Ps | Sancrit languages. Moreover, he contributed

, He may be a man of profound learning, and a in the University were limited to Englishmen, a considerable amount of fresh materials ccl. skilful teacher and administrator; but, unless and often to Englishmen born in some par- lected by himself since the publication of his he be a clergyman, he can hardly hope or ex- ticular county or town. Now a notice that Wörterbuch, which materials consisted partly

of new words, partly of new meanings of pect to enjoy any of the prizes of his calling. I these honours and rewards are “open to all her

words. The copy thus corrected by Dr. At present, too, it is undoubtedly true that Majesty's subjects,” constantly meets the eye Freund was next entrusted to Mr. Riddle, in many persons enter Holy Orders simply that of the reader in the Cambridge Calendar. Many order that he might revise, enlarge, and alter they may get on in the scholastic profession. of the Fellowships, however, are still forfeited it as he thought best. Mr. Riddle's revised This will be more or less the case, so long as it after a short time by holders who refuse to take into

copy was then consigned to Mr. White, that se,

in conjunction with his coadjutor, might make is open to any one to assume, at a moment's Holy Orders. We believe this regulation works it the

ly Orders. We believe this regulation works it the groundwork of the present dictionary, notice, the name and functions of a teacher. badly, and that it leads many youths into the and embody in it a large amount of additional We heartily hope that the proposition ventilated clerical profession whose hearts are not in their matter collected in a long course of reading. at York will not fall to the ground, and that work ; and thus makes many a man, who

Mr. White's portion of the work has been

carried out in the following way :the morally and intellectually halt, maimed, dares not be honest for the nonce, a life-long

After the leading features in the inflection of and blind will be excluded by law from the hypocrite. On the other hand, there appears

each word have been stated, the origin of the Scholastic profession, as they are now from the to be a growing distaste for Holy Orders among word, if known, is placed within brackets ; if professions of Law, Physic, and Divinity. the young men of the present generation, and doubtful, the fact is stated, or the conflicting

lit is of course desirable that the persons elected views of etymologists are given (when they

linto Collece livings should be men of mark in appear really valuable). Fundamental words In another page will be found a tabulated

"Jare traced, wherever it has been found possible, the University. The question is perhaps a to their connection with Sanscrit and Greek, account, taken from the Lancet of the 12th

vexed one, as to whether every Fellow should Secondary words are assigned to the particular April, of the Scholarships and Exhibitions

| not be allowed the option of refusing to take branches of their respective fundamental words. of Cambridge University. The writer, in Holy Orders ; but enough has been said to

| Mr. White adds, "more particularly I would

commenting upon this table, justly remarks show that Cambridge is essentially a liberal

mention that in the classification of the meanthat “the document is of great import- University and that the honours and reve

ings of compound words, especially verbs

formed, in part, of a preposition, I have been ance," and further adds, that “the table at her disposal are very considerable.

careful to exhibit such meanings separately, has been carefully collated from the Cam

according to the respective powers of each bridge Calendar, and from papers supplied by

member, instead of allowing them to be massed the Tutors of the Colleges, and shows, with

REVIEWS, NOTICES, &c. together (as in dictionaries in general) in one

long string of interpretations which are at something like official accuracy, the number

A Latin-English Dictionary, pp. 2103. Bu times, for want of methodical arrangement, and value of the Scholarships.” The special

Rev. John T. White, M.A., of Corpus Christi wholly irreconcilable with one another. A purpose of the writer is to point out to the College, O.xford, and Rev. J. E. Riddle, M.A., / reference to the articles alumnus, eger, arbor, young medical student the bounteous aid of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford. London: Long- alvus, oppidum, talla, sto, ago, actor, irrumpo,

irrideo, amongst others, in the following pages. which the University of Cambridge holds out! man, Green, Longman, and Roberts. 1862.

J will elucidate what has just been stated.” to him, if he be deserving of it. Of course, course MR. White informs us, in the preface to the

Furthermore, when the origin of the word has ? ponderous volume before us, that he and his this aid is by no means limited to students of coadjutor, the late Rev. J. E. Riddle, have

been pointed out, its literal or fundamental medicine ; and the future clergyman, lawyer, spent upwards of nine years in enlarging and

meaning is placed between parentheses. Lastly, or civil servant is equally invited to share in revising Dr. Andrews's Latin-English Diction

the several meanings are classified according the good things offered. The table thouchary, which, as doubtless most of our readers are to. strict principles suggested by Dr. Freund.

laware, is itself a translation of Dr. Freund's / When we add that this plan has been carried apparently drawn up with some care, is by now by | Wörterbuch der Lateinischen Sprache. That

out with remarkable accuracy and care, it will means strictly accurate. For instance, St. the two competent scholars just mentioned

a be seenPeter's College has twelve open Scholarships have einployed their time wisely and diligently,

Quantæ molis erat librum hunc excondere. of the value of 601. each instead of four. as we have abundant proof in nearly every page! The plan suggested by Dr. Freund for clas

The Trinity

Jof this work. given in the table of the Lancet.

The labour of these nine years, sifying the meanings of each word appears to

however, represents but a comparatively small us a very excellent one. As it is, however, to Hall Scholarships range from 131. to 601. I portion of ihat which has been required to be found stated at length in the Preface to instead of from 201. to 601. as stated. King's | bring the dictionary before us to its present Andrews's Translation (from which it has College, perhaps the wealthiest foundation at perfection. It was, we believe, in the year | been reproduced in the pages before us.) wo

li718 or 1719 that Forcellini determined to do not think it necessary to requote it at preCambridge, is altogether omitted in the calcu.

compile an original Latin dictionary. This sent. A notable point in the present work is lation. This College has no less than forty- I work, after various interruptions and delays, the introduction of words to a large extent eight Scholarships, each worth 801. per annum, was completed in 1761 and published in 1771, which belong to Ecclesiastical or Patristic with (in certain cases) rooms and tuition free. , unfortunately some two years after the death | Latinity. The Editor alludes to another trait By a regulation made by the Commissioners, of

lof the learned and painstaking scholar who in his work, the carrying out of which he found

had made it the labour of a long life. On to be the most laborious part of his undertwenty-four at least of these are to be Open Forcellini's creat dictionary it was that Dr. taking, viz., the classification of quotations Scholarships. Magdalene College has six (in-Freund based his Wörterbuch der Latein- according to the principles of syntax. This stead of three) Scholarships of the value of |ischen Sprache, a work which was in many classification required, of course, that the 201. per annum. When the number of Scholar, respects a vast improvement upon Forcellini's passages should be quoted at Jength, and ex

I previous labours. As we before stated, Dr. amined by the Editor. He found, however, ships at Downing College is completed, the Freund's Wörterbuch was translated by Dr. that his task would thus be a never-ending bumber will be ten of 507. each per annum. Andrews, and the translation by the American one if he were to attempt to complete it unOn the whole, we believe that the writer in the scholar has been employed by Mr. White aided, and accordingly he called in the assist.

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