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REGULATIONS. 1. Applicants for vacant situations must send to the Secretary a statement of their qualifications, two copies of their testimonials, the names and addresses of their employers, if any, during the preceding three years, the salaries required, and their own addresses. The fee for insertion in the Register is one shilling,

2. The fee to be paid by any person not a Member of the College, on obtaining employment, is two-and-a-half per cent, on a year's salary. The fee payable for Members is ten shillings only. In both cases half-a-crown additional is charged for postages.

3. The requirements of Principals of Schools, Members of the College, are inserted in another Register on payment of one shilling: the foe to non-Members is half-a-crown. These fees cover all charges for correspondence, which will, if required, be undertaken by the Agency Department, and for Advertisements, 4. Every facility is afforded for interviews between Principals and Assistants at the College Offices.

*** All communications must be addressed to the Secretary, 42, Queen Square, W.C.

No. in

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Register. :)

.: : Qualifications. No. in Qualifications Required.

916. The highest Classics and Mathematics. Salary 1001. egister.

947. French, Junior Mathematics, Classics, English, and the Rudiments of 674. Mathematical Master. Must be a graduate of Cambridge. Salary

German and Italian. Age 24. Non-resident For Christmas. 1001., resident. In Hants.

948. German, Italian, Drawing, Etching, Painting, and Music. A Lady. 676. French. Salary 201. In Essex.

Private Lessons. 679. Classics and French. Salary 601, to 701. with capitation fees. In the

951. Mathematics, Classics, and English. A Clergyman, M.A. Cambridge. N. District.

Age 31. Salary 1001. resident, 1501. non-resident. 691. French (good), Arithmetic, and English. Salary from 507. to 601. In

951. Mathematics, Junior Classics, and English. Age 24. Salary 70%. Jersey. For Christmas.

resident, or 1001. non-resident. 692. Mathematics, Classics, and English, French and Drawing desirable. A

958. Mathematics and Junior Classics. 1201. resident, or as non-resident Dissenter preferred. Salary from 501. to 601. N.E. District. For

master. Christmas.

959. Mathematics and Junior Classics. Age 23. Salary 601. to 701. For 694. Junior Assistant, four afternoons per week. No Salary, but instruction

Christmas, given in return for services. In Town.

960. French, German, Mathematics, Fortification, History, Geography, &c. 695. English Subjects, and Junior Mathematics. Salary about 251. In

Age 37. As Visiting Master, Northampton.

961. Latin, French, Junior Mathematics, and English subjects. Age 18.

Salary 201.

969, French, Englislı, and Junior Latin. Age 43. Salary 251.

970. English, French, German, the Rudiments of Italian, Piano-forte and ENGAGEMENTS.

Singing. A Lady. Age 34. Salary 101. 451. Visiting Teacher of French, Mathematics, and Writing.

974. English, Writing, Book-keeping, and Land-surveying. Age 46. 647. German and French. As Visiting Master.

· Salary 401. 649. Classics, Mathematics, and English subjects. Private pupils.

976. English, Arithmetic, and Junior French. Age 21. Salary 101. 740. French, Drawing, Fortification, Mathematics, Surveying, Painting in 977. French, German, and Music. Age 24. Salary 501, to 601. For Water Colours. Salary 1001. resident, non-resident preferred.

Christmas, 757. Landscape and Figure Drawing, Painting in Oil and Water Colours, 980. French and Drawing. Age 34. Salary from 601. to 801. Fortification and descriptive Geometry. As Visiting Master

981. English thoroughly, Mathematics, with Music and Drawing. Age 25. 769. German, French, Spanish, Latin, and Drawing. As Visiting Master.

Salary 801. resident, 1001. non-resident For Christmas. 785. Classics, Prose and Verse Composition, Mathematics, Mechanics, 987. Classics, Middle Mathematics, Junior French, and German, with Hydrostatics, English, French, and Italian. As Visiting Master.

thorough English. Age 32. Salary from 50%. For Christmas. 796. English and German thoroughly; the rudiments of French and Music. | 988. Jatin, French, Greek Grammar, Junior Mathematics, Englisli, and A Lady. Age 21. Salary 251. to 301. .

Book-keeping. Age 18. Salary from 201. 812. French and German. A Lady. As Visiting Governess.

989. Mathematics, and English Subjects. Holds a 2nd class Government 824. Classics and Mathematics. Private Pupils.

Certificate. Age 20. Salary from 401, to 501. 828. Music, French, German, English, and Elementary Drawing. A Lady. 990. English Subjects. A Lady. Age 20. Salary 201. Age 28. Salary 501..

991. French and German. Age 28. Non-resident situation, or private 837. Englishı, Arithmetic, Elementory French, and Music. A Lady. Age pupils required. 18. Salary 15 to 20 Guineas.

992. French and German, with English Subjects, if required. Age 24. 849. Classics, Mathematics, and Surveying. Non-resident or Visiting Master. Salary from 601. to 801. resident, non-resident situation preferred. For Age 29.

Christmas. 871. English, French, German, Rudiments of Music. A Lady. Age 21. 993. French, Italian, and the elements of German, Latin, and Greek. B.A. Salary 201.

of the University of Paris. Age 35. 881. High Mathematies, including the Calculus. Age 23. Private lessons 994. French and German, English, if required. Age 29. Salary 80%. 58. per hour,

resident; a non-resident engagement would be accepted. 882. Classics, Junior Mathematics, Book-keeping & English Subjects. Age 42. 996. Englisli, Latin Grammar, Arithmetic, Drilling, &e. Age 33. Salary 35). 896. English Subjects, French and German, acquired on the Continent, 998. English, Arithmetic, Junior Algebra and Latin; Geometrical and Free Junior Piario. A Lady, Age 17. Salary 301.

land Drawing. Age 24. Salary 501. For Christmas. 904. French, German, Classics, and Mathematics. Age 39. B.A. of Paris. 999. English, Middle Mathematics, Chemistry, and Natural Philosophy, with Non-resident.

Junior Classics. Visiting engagement, or private pupils. 905. English, French, and Classics. Age 21. As Visiting Master.

1000. Classics, Mathematics, French, and English Subjects. M.A. of St. 906. French, Rudiments of German, and English. Age 19. As Visiting Master. | Andrews, and LL.B. of London. As Visiting Master 908. Gerinan, French, Latin, Geography, History, and the rudiments of the 1001. English Subjects, Mathematics, Writing, Music, and Drawing. Age Sclavonic Languages. Age 36. Private lessons from 2 P. M.

24. Experience, 10 years. Salary from 1001. 922. Highest Mathematics, with French. A Wrangler. Age 24.

1002. English Subjects, Arithmetic, and Junior Latin. Age 22. Salary 928. English Subjects thoroughly, Book-keeping, Mechanics, Chemistry. 1. 301, resident.

Drawing, and Elementary Classics. Age 23. Salary 601, resident, 1001. 1003. English Subjects, Junior Mathematics, Classics, and French. Age 41. non-resident.

Salary 401. to 451. resident, 651. to 701. non-resident. 929. German, French, Italian, Classics, Music, and the Natural Sciences. | 1001. English, with Junior Music and Drawing. A Lady, Age 17. No Salary Age 26. Salary 1501., non-resident.

required, but residence, and instruction in Music, French, and Drawing; 932, French, Geriaan, and English Subjects. Age 26. Salary 501.

1005. Junior Classics and Mathematics, with the Elements of French, 933. French, Gymnastics, and Drilling. Salary 401., resident; or as non and Natural Sciences, Undergraduate of London. Age 25. Salary from resident or Visiting Master.

407. to 501. 937. Elementary Latin and French, with English subjects. Age 19.

1006. Junior Classics, Mathematics, and French. Age 19. Salary from 20. Salary 161.

2007. German, Drawing, and Music, in all their branches. Age 33. Salary 942. French, German, and Elements of Italian and Latin. As Visiting Master.

1001. resident, from 1501. to 2007, non-resident. 944. Natural and Experimental Sciences, Mathematics, German, and Drawing. 1008. Mathematics, Junior Classics, Book-keeping, English, Drawing, and A German Graduate. Age 33. As Visiting Master.

Writing. Age 22. Salary 601. resident, 1001, non-resident. 945. French and Italian, Classics and Mathematics, Age 37. Dr. of Laws 1009. French, Music, and English subjects. A Lady. As Visiting Governess of the Univ. of Paris. Salary 1001.

in the afternoons.

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Printed and Published by CHARLES FRANCIS HODGSON, 1, Gough Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the City of London; and sold by W. Aylott and Sov, 8, Paternos

Row; and W. Wesley, 2 Queen's Head Passage, Paternoster Row. NOVEMBER 1, 1861.


Journal of the College of Preceptors. Vol. XIV.] New Series, No. 9. DECEMBER, 1861.

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Registered for UNSTAMPED. 6d. Transmission Abroad. S STAMPED .. 70.


(Incorporated by Royal Charter.)

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THE REV. B. H. KENNEDY, D.D., Head Master of the Grammar School, Shrewsbury.

A. HILL, Esq., F.C.P., Principal of Bruce Castle School, Tottenham.
Rev. J. S. Howson, M.A., Head Master of the Collegiate Institution, Liverpoo).
Rev. J. R. MAJOR, D.D., Head Master of King's College School, London.

Dr. E. T. Wilson, F.C.P., Collegiate School, Brixton Hill.

Dean-The Rev. G. A. Jacob, D.D., Worcester College, Oxford; Head Master of Christ's Hospital.

MODERATOR FOR CLASSICS-Wm. Smith, Esq., LL.D., Classical Examiner in the University of London.

MODERATOR FOR MATHEMATICS—The Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S.; late Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge.
MODERATOR FOR SCIENCE AND ABT-Dr. L. Playfair, C.B., F.K.S., Professor of Chemistry in the University of Edinburgh, late Inspector-General of the

Department of Science and Art.


( Dr. L. Loewe, M.R.A.S., late Principal of the Jews' Col. Rev. W. Rogers, M.A., Incumb. St. Thomas, Charterhouse,

Chaplain to the Queen.

3 Rev. R. Wilson, D.D., St. John's College, Cambridge. Rev. J. Selby Watson, M.A., F.C.P., M.R.S.L.

LANGUAGES .......... 05 EDUCATION .........

(K. Kalisch, Ph.D., Berlin.
Joseph Payne, Esq., F.C.P.
( Dr. H. S. Turrell, F.C.P.

( Rev. W. T. Jones, M.A., F.C.P., Queens' Coll., Cambridge. Rev. G. A. Jacob, D.D., F.C.P., Worcester College, Oxford.

C. P. Mason, Esq., B.A., Fellow of Univ.College, London.

Dr. C. H. Pinches, F.C.P., F.R.A.S.
C. S. Townshend, Esq., M.A., Fellow of Jesus Coll., Canıb.

(H. F. Bowker, Esq., Christ's Hospital.
Rev. J. Selby Watson, M.A., F.C.P., M.RS.L.
J. Wingfield, Esq., B.A., Christ's Hospital.

( Rev. R. Wilson, D.D., F.C.P., St. John's Coll., Cambridge. ( John Robson, Esq., B.A. Lond., Barrister-at-Law.

J Rev. W. T. Jones, M.A., F.C.P., Queens' Coll., Cambridge.

SCRIPTURE HISTORY ..3 Rey. P. Smith, B.A. Lond.
Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S., St. John's College, Camb.

( Rev. W. F. Greenfield, M.A., Dulwich College.
W. Lethbridge, Esq., M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.
Rev. R. H. Wright, M.A., Ashford Grammar School, NATURAL HISTORY :- (Dr. Lankester, F.R.S., F.L.S., etc., New College, London.
Rev. W. C. Izard, M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge. Geology, Mineralogy,Phy- Professor Tennant, F.G.S., F.R.G.S., King's Coll.. London.
Rev. T.J. Potter, M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge.

siology, Zoology, & Botany (A. K. Isbister, Esq., M.A., University of Edinburgh. Rev. J. H. Stevens, M.A., Magdalen College, Cambridge,

(W. McLeod, Esq., F.R.G.S., Royal Mil. Asylum, Chelsea. SAICRAL PHILOSOPHY ( Rev. C. Pritchard, M.A., F.R.S., St. John's College, Camb.

GEOGRAPHY ......... W. Hughes, Esq., F.R.G.S., King's College, London, AND ASTRONOMY .... 3 W.J. Reynolds, Esq., M.A., Queens' College, Cambridge.

(Dr, White, F.C.P. (Rev. 8. Newth, M.A., New College, London.'

( Professor Miller, M.D., F.R.S., King's College, London. EXGINEE ENGINEERING AND FOR / W.J. Reynolds, Esq., M.A., Queens' College, Cambridge.

W.Odling, Esq., M.B. Lond., P.R.S.

CHEMISTRY ... FICATION .............. T. Kimber, Esq., M.A. Lond., L.C.P.

J. P. Bidlake, Esq., B.A. Lond., F.C.P., F.C.S. (L. Stievenard, Esq., Lecturer, King's College, London.

(J.C. Buckmaster, Esq., South Kensington Museum. Professor Marzials, Wellington College.

MORAL AND POLITICAL S Professor Hoppus, LL.D., F.R.S., Univ. College, London, PIESCE..... M. Wattez, L.C.P., King's College, London.

............ | T.S. Baynes, Esq., LL.D., Examiner in Univ. of London. W. Chapman, Esq., Christ's Hospital. J. D'Arnaud, Esq., L.C.P.


( Professor Leoni Levi, King's College.

T. B. O'Feily, Esq., LL.B., Queens' University, Ireland. F. Braudicourt, Esq., B.A.


(J. Haddon, Esq., M.A., King's College, London, Karl Schaible, Ph. D., M.D., L.C.P., Examiner in the Uni

H. A. Bowler, Esq., Art Inspector, S. Kensington Museum CERMA................... versity of London.

J.L.Kenworthy, Esq.,L.C.P.,F.R.A.S.,R.Mil. Asyl.Chelsea. Professor Wintzer, King's College, London,


H, Hagreen, Esq., Dep.of Art, South Kensington Museum. (Falck Lebahn, Ph.D.

J. C. Ogle, Esq., West Brompton, . Professor Arrivabene, University College, London.

T.C. Dibden, Esq., Banstead. ( Professor Masson, M.A., University College, London.

(E. F. Rimbault, LL.D., F.S.A. HLANGUAGE AND C. P. Mason, Esq., B.A. Lond.

J. Hullah, Esq.

MUSIC ......
2 J. P. Bidlake. Esq., B.A. Lond., F.C.P.

Dr. Steggall.
Dr. E. Adams, University College.

(H. T. Leftwich, Esq., M.R.A.M.

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LITERATURE ................

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The College of Preceptor

Burpose of promoting sound learn

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llus ohjects are: Ist. The periodicale
The union of teachers of ever
Preschized position on a par with tha

te making of provision for the tan

A providing of a medium of comm TE Axistants of good character

tychers for the disc ested

The annual subscription is
Ponent of Ten Guineas conter:
All persons engaged in education are a
Al terme

persoas desirous of joining it, or
She Secretary, obtain all necessa
w of the Regulations respectul
Diplomas, and of the Pupils of

uere of Preceptors was incorporated in 1849. by Royal Charter, "for the

d learning and of advancing the interests of Education,
y among the middle classes.” The principal means employed to secure
: 1st. The periodical examination of teachers and of pupils. 2nd.

3 of every class in a corporate body, so that they may have a
na par with that enjoyed by the other learned professions. 3rd.
alon for the families of deceased, aged, and poor members. 4th,

num of communication between Principals of Schools and
1. Character and attainments. 5th. The periodical bringing together

discussion of subjects in which the scholastic profession is

The Charter empowers the College to hold Examinations and to crant Din and Certificates of Proficiency to such persons of both sexes as have passed the Examinations satisfactorily.

The Examinations of Pupils are held twice in each year, beginning on the third Monday in May, and on the third Monday in November. The First Class Certificates of the College are recognized by the General Medical Council as guarantees of good general education, and by the Royal College of Surgeons of England as exempting their possessors from the preliminary literary examination recently instituted by that body, the conducting of which has been entrusted to the Board of Examiners of the College of Preceptors. The Pharmaceutical Society also recognizes in a similar way all the College Certificates the holders of which have passed the Examination in Latin

The Examinations for the College Diplomas also take place twice a-year, in the Midsummer and in the Christmas Vacations. These examinations are arranged with special reference to the requirements and circumstances of School-Assistants: and one of their distinctive features is, that the theory and practice of education is included in them as a leading and indispensable subject.

Monthly Meetings of the Members are held for the reading and discussion of Papers on educational subjects,

JOHN ROBSON, B.A., Secretary.

Uscription is One Guinea. There is no entrance fee. A single
Wheas confers the privilege of Life Membership.

education are admissible as Members of the Corporation;

ning it, or of promoting its objects, may, on application to necessary information, together with copies of the Bye-Laws,

respecting the Examinations of Candidates for the College e Pupils of Schools in Union with the College,

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1s. 6d.

15. 6d.

Now ready, post 8vo, cloth, 10s. 6d.,


HE NEW SPEAKER; with an Essay

Just published in crown 8vo, cloth, pp. 500, price 4s. Bd. Post Office Orders to be made payable to Mr.


on Elocution. C.F. Žodgson, 1, Gough Square, Fleet Street, S

U RATURE; comprehending specimens of the most SAUNDERS, OTLEY, and Co.,

distinguished Writers from the earliest periods to the E.C."-Subscribers who have not already paid

66, Brook Street, Hanover Square. .

beginning of the present Century, with Biographical their subscriptions, are respectfully requested to

Notices, Explanatory Notes, Synoptical Tables, and a do so without delay.

Copious Index. By GUSTAVE Masson, B.A., &c., Assistant DOPULAR SCHOOL BOOKS, published Master at Harrow School. - by L.HACHETTE & Co., 18, King William St., Strand.

By the same author, in 12mo, cloth, price 28. 6d. COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.The Charles XII......

...... Is. 60. INTRODUCTION to the HISTORY OF FRENCA Télémaque ...


Louis XIV. ......

2s. 6d.

Edinburgh : A. & C. BLACK.
FOR THE COLLEGE DIPLOMAS will coinmence on
Noel and Chapsal's French Grammar.... 1s. 6d.

London: LONGYAN & Co.
Monday, December 30th, at 10 A.M. Candidates must

- Exercises ........ give notice of their wish to be examined, and of the

Cæsar with Latin Notes ...,

1s. 6d. subjects which they intend to take, to the Secretary on Horace with Latin Notes ....

NEW FRENCH READING-BOOK or before the 9th instant, Virgil with Latin Notes ........


....................... 28. od. JOHN ROBSON, B.A., Secretary. Chapsal's Models of French Literature, Prose... 3s. Od.

Just published, in 12mo, price 4s. 6d. cloth, --- The Same, Poetry. 3s. Od. TECTURES FRANÇAISES; or, ExLa Fontaine's Fables.

... ls. 6d. U tracts in Prose from Modern French Authors. COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS.--The

All strongly bound in boards.

With copious Notes for the use of English Students. TENTH EVENING MEETING of the Members

By LEONCE STIEVENARD, Principal French Master in

Hachette's Educational Catalogue. of the College will be held on Wednesday, the 18th inst.,

the City of London School; Second French Master in at 7 P.M., when W. V.LEOD. Eso.. F.R.G.S., will read a Catalogues | Catalogue of General French Literature.

St. Paul's School: and Lecturer on the French Language

supplied Cataloxlealpliabetically arranged with paper on “The Teaching of Geography."

and Literature in King's College,
JOHN ROBSON, B.A., Secretary.
by post on Authors' names and their several works,

London: LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGMAN, and ROBERTS. receipt of List of Hachette's Greek and Latin Classics. I

a postage List of Hachette's French Railway Library, OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS. stamp. German List.

Just published, in 12mo, price 3s. cloth, The REGULATIONS FOR THE EXAMINA

Catalogue of School Drawing Materials.

THE PRONOUNCING READINGTIONS to be held in London in 1862 may be hard by

TI BOOK for CHILDREN from Five to Ten Years of applying to

Age, on a New Plan, lessening the Difficulties of Learti.


ing to Read, and imparting a Correct Pronunciation, Secretary to the London Committee.

Will be published on the 1st of December. With an Introduction to the Art of Reading. By W.L. Clarendon House, Keunington Road, S.


Mr. Wilderspin, founder of | supplies a long-felt public

the Infant School System, I want, and I can confidently UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.


says in a letter to the Au- recommend it to all engaged NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That First Reading Book, Part I. 18mo, wrapper, per

thor :-"Your Pronouncing l in tuition. Several of my I the next Half-yearly Examination for MATRICU

dozen ....

6d. Reading-Book is well suited grandchildren being taught LATION in this University will commence on MONDAY | First Reading Book, Part II. 18mo. wrapper, per

to enable a child to read on your system, enables me the 13th of JANUARY, 1862.

dozen ......

6d. with greater facility than to speak practically as to its Every Candidate is required to transmit his Certificate First Reading Book. Parts I. and II. together, any plan I have seen. It ) results," of Age to the Registrar (Burlington House, London, W'.)

18mo, limp cloth, per dozen ....... at least fonrteen days before the commencement of the Second Reading Book. Scriptural and Miscell.

London: LONGMAN, GBEEY, and Co., Paternoster Ror.

and Miscell: Examination.

aneous Lessons, with Exercises in Spelling,
18mo, cloth ...

November 7th, 1861.
Registrar. First Sequel to the Second Reading Book, 18mo.

Now ready, in crown 4to. price 31s. 6d. cloth, cloth .......

4d. A GREEK-ENGLISH LEXICON, comLIVERPOOL INSTITUTE. --- High Second Sequel to the Second Reading Book, 18mo.


cloth ......................................... AND COMMERCIAL SCHOOLS. The Director's Third Reading Book. fcap. 8vo, cloth .........

1 of Christ Church: and ROBERT SCOTT, D.D. Master of

8d. desire to receive applications for the HEAD MASTER- Supplement to the Third Reading Book, 18mo.

Balliol College. Fifth Edition, revised and augmented. SHIP of the above-named Schools, from gentlemen com

This Fifth Edition has been thorouglily revised and

cloth ..... petent to undertake that office, and to advise and assist

corrected; and very large additions have been made to sist Fourth Reading Book, fcap. 8vo, cloth


it, from the materials contained in Rost and Palm's in the management of the Evening School of the Institute.

English History, fcap. 8vo, cloth ......... A minimum salary of £150. per annum, will be granted.

Greek-German Lexicon, and other works..

An allowance of 25 per cent. to Members, and the Further particulars of salary and duties, and all requisite

usual discount to District Committees and the Trade. Also, the Ninth Edition, in square 12mo, 79. 6d. cloth, information, may be obtained by applying by letter to

O! DEPOSITORIES:-London: 77, Great Queen Street, A LEXICON, Greek and English, abridged interi the undersigned, to wlion Candidates are requested to send in theirapplications, with copies of their testimonials, Lincoln's Imn Fields, W.C; 4, Royal Exchange, E

noninle Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C; 4, Royal Exchange, E.C.; from LIDDELL and Scott's "Greek-English Lexicon." Dodo

and 16, Hanover Street, Hanover Square, W. on or before the 21st December next.

Oxford: at the UNIVERSITY PRESS.



London: LoxGMAX, GREEX, LOXGMAN, and ROBEEIE. Liverpool, November 19, 1861.


and J. H. & J. PARKER, London and Oxford, SONGS AND TUNES FOR EDUCAUNIVERSITY OF LONDON.First ID TION, edited by JOHN CURWEN. The Harmonies

TRISH NATIONAL SCHOOL BOOKS. B.A. Examination. ASSISTANCE for a few weeks by JAMES TURLE, Esq., Organist of Westminster Abbey. I Offered to Schools on the same Terms as formerly in the Christmas holidays, wanted by an Undergraduate The Pianoforte edition in handsome cloth binding, with supplied by the Committee of Council on Education. preparing for the above. Situation about 100 iniles from cilt title, price half-a-crown.

Mr. WILLIAM COLLINS begs to intimate to Teacher London. State teris per week (without board or resi- This work is the fruit of the Editor's residence in and Managers of Schools, that he is now prepared to dence), and other particulars, to A. B. C., Post Oflice, Germany. He collected books of music for young people supply his Editions of the above popular School Books, Evesham,

in every town he visited. With the aid of Mr. James which are well printed on good paper and strongly boun,

S. Stallybrass, the whole of this collection was analysed, at the reduced prices at which they were formerly sur TO TEACHERS.--Mr. EDWIN ADAMS,

and the choicest translated or adapted for English use. plied by the Committee of Council on Education, Whed

| The Editor, however, never preferred a German piece they are ordered to the amount of £2, or upwards. 1 M.C.P., Author of "The Geographical Word- when an English one would do as well. He aims to edu- Glasgow, 203, Buchanan Street, Nov., 1861. Expositor," &c. &c., has just prepared for the press a cate the feelings and sympathies of childhood by the habit work bearing the title GEOGRAPHY CLASSIFIED), 1 of

D), of singing good songs. This he considers the proper office (about 400 pp.), to be published at, to subscribers, 4s., 1 of music in schiools. He takes care that the three school

Now ready, price 1s., and, to non-subscribers, 5s. The names and addresses

Imur EDUCATION OF THE PEOCTS, 35. The names and aduresses I ages (childhood, boy-and-girl-hood, and youth) are suited (not, in the first instance, remittances) of the former with sougs on the followingsubjects:--Country Scenes, the 1 PLE: a Letter to the Right Hon. Sir John Paul shonld be carly sent to Edwin Adams, Esq., Grammar Seasons Fancy and Humour, Kindness to Animals, Home Coleridge. With an Appendix. By the Rev. DE School, Chelmsford, Essex.

Sympathies, Patriotism, Industry, Integrity, Religion, &c. | COLERIDGE. Principal of St. Mark's College, Cuci

There are two hundred and sixty-seven songs. This and Prebendary of St. Paul's Cathedral. NEW WORK BY DR. J. D. MORELL, M.A. work will doubtless superseile the Editor's widely-known

Shortly will be published, by the same Author,
Just published, in Svo), price 1s. cloth,

School Music" and "School Songs.
An edition in the Tonic-Sol-fa Notation, containing the

THE TEACHERS OF THE PEOPLE; ! | Treble Voice "parts” only, price in paper, One Shilling : Tract for the Times. 1 PHILOSOPHY, on the Induction Method. By in clotlı, One Shilling and Pourpence. The “ Education

“Ne sutor ultra crepidam." J.D. MORELL, M.A., LL.D. Songs," containing the words only, price Sixpence.

RIVINGTONS, Waterloo Place. London. Sold also 1 London : LONGMAN, GREEN, LONGYAN, & ROBERTS. I WARD & Co., 27, PATERNOSTER Row.





Principals of Schools, and others Engaged in Tuition, should apply for


A List of Several Hundred Books, selected especially for Rewards, offered to the Profession only, at a Discount varying from 50 to 75 per cent. o

Published Prices,



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Then let the teacher of Fine Art educate in his portrait, which may be seen hanging on

Page and elevate the eye, which organ is peculiarly the walls of our National Gallery. This line College of Preceptors - Ninth Monthly Meeting within his province, by training it to discern he pronounced to be the standard of and recipe Paper on “The Education of the Eye," by Mr.

and love beauty, and reject deformity; so that for grace and beauty. And I believe that this Dibdin .........

by its means the mind may be additionally line will coincide with the description given by Public Education on the Continent.-Holland ......

disposed to expand in admiration of the works Fuseli. The line is a spiral curve; constructed The Royal Commissioners, on Evening Schools .........

of the Great Creator of the universe, and be led by winding a thread once round a cone from Meeting in the University of Oxford to promote Middle Class Education ......

to ascend “through nature up to nature's the apex to the base. Now, a right line, conSociety of Arts ................ 202 God.

veying, as it does, the idea of an unlimited University Intelligence

It is obviously not essential, in a paper such extension, cannot be either a “harmonious Cheltenham College......

as this, to direct your attention to the techni- whole,” or an “unison of parts to one end." The Cadet Inquiry at Woolwich .............

calities of manipulation as connected with the A simple rotatory curve, although it may be

205 practice of painting. But the subject suggests said to embody an unison of parts, cannot be Reviews, Notices, &c. ..............

to me the importance of some addition to, or considered as a whole," since the repetition of Educational and Literary Summary of the Month ......

perhaps improvement in, the method of teach-its form suggests an illimitable continuation; Monthly Record of Science and Art......

s ing this branch of study to youth in our schools, but the line which is produced by making the Forcign and Colonial Notes ........

and academies, as the prevailing mode has been curve revolve round a cone does, I affirm, corMathematics ...... Distribution of Certificates to the London Candidates

to teach simply the rudiments of drawing and roborate the description of beauty which Fuseli

** 212. painting, which, so far as they have gone, bear has idealized and Hogarth reduced to a theory. Anssers to Correspondents ....................................

213 | the same proportion to the knowledge of art, | Add to this, that the outline of the human

and the education of the eye, as a good hand-form, the most beautiful, of creations, since we The Educational Times. writing does to literature.

are told it is the image of the Divine Creator It seems to me that a youth should be edu- himself, developes this line in a most singular

cated, not so much with a view to his becoming and perfect manner. COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. a draughtsman or a painter, as with a view to). I desire, therefore, to apply this line as the

the perfecting of his judgment and knowledge, basis of a rule for the treatment of form in NINTH EVENING MEETING. in order that he may exercise the influence, teaching drawing and painting; but it should

which he is certain more or less to have in after- be remarked, that, like all other rules, it will Tuus Meeting took place on the 13th of No.

life, in the right direction; since we see a great not be perfect without its exception ; 'which is vember, when, notwithstanding the extremely and progressive increase in the tendency of the instanced in the fact, that immediately this line unfavourable character of the weather, a con- world generally to desire exhibitions and expo- becomes in a manner partially distracted from siderable audience attended, of which a much sitions, and to encourage both public and pri-lits perfection, that is to say, at some point larger proportion than usual consisted of vate collections and galleries of art in all its / broken off and interrupted, -it produces what

'l branches and varieties. And it will not be is termed the “ picturesque," or, in plain terms,

denied that while good judgment and good an additional charm, arising out of its very The Rev. W. T. Jones, M.A., having been taste will be, in such cases, most beneficial to contradiction; like the passage of a harmony, voted into the Chair, called upon Mr. Dibdin the community, the reverse must have a demo- which, when interrupted by a discord, ravishes to read his paper on the ralizing tendency.

the ear by the eccentricity of its progress. : It is as well, perhaps, to explain that, in! It has often been urged, that painters are EDUCATION OF THE EYE.

considering the influence which the eye acknow- universally addicted to falsification in their reLADIES AND GENTLEMEN, -The subject ledges from the impression of outward nature, presentations of nature, inasmuch as they are selected for this evening is one of an unusual it is convenient that we should divide that im- said frequently to alter the positions of, or do kind; and in venturing to put forth my ideas pression into three departments; namely, Form, away with, objects which would interfere with respecting it, I feel some difficulty. The power (Shadow, and Colour.

the effect or form required in their works, or to teach presupposes knowledge, founded on Let us, then, proceed to the subject of Beauty, even to introduce otliers with a like intention. theory, substantiated and matured by practice; as applied to Form. It is difficult to steer clear But with reference to what is termed fine art, a mass of select and well-digested materials ; 1 of perplexing or abstract notions on this sub. it is an undoubted fact, that nature is not to be perspicuity of method and command of words; lject, for the idea of what is beautiful is so much too servilely copied, for there are excellencies in imagination to place things in such views as l'involved in the mind of him who sees it, that art beyond what is merely the copying of nathey are not commonly seen in; presence of what might be thought beautiful by one, is ture. For since the architect is permitted to mund, and that resolution, the result of con- often denied to be so by another; or, as Fuseli decorate an insipid neighbourhood by the erecscuous vigour, which, in daring to correct errors, has better expressed it, “Beauty is a despotic tion of a magnificent palace, and the horticulcaunot be easily discountenanced.

princess, but subject to the anarchics of des. turist embellishes nature by a judicious alteraAs conditions like these would discouragel potism, enthroned to-day, dethroned to-morrow. tion of a wilderness into a park, why must the abilities far superior to mine, my hopes of ap. The beauty we acknowledge is that harmo-/ pamter be denied the exercise of a similar priprobation, moderate as they are. must in a nious whole, that unison of parts to one end, I vilege ? great measure devend on some indulgence. which enchants us." Sir Joshua Reynolds, in That the perfection of art does not consist in

It appears to me that not only the sight, but his most adınirable discourses on Fine Art, mere imitation, is far from being new or sinthe senses generally, are capable of intellectual says of beauty : “ The moderns are not less gular. It is, indeed, the reverse of this: which Tefinement by mental culture. The study of convinced than the ancients of this superiors is supported by the general opinion of the enpolite literature elevates the language : "the power existing in the art ; nor less sensible off lightened portion of mankind. The poets.

association with vulgarity degrades it. 'A'fami- its effects. Every languge has adopted terms orators, and rhetoricians of antiquity are in de la fiarity with classical music refines the ear, but expressive of this excellence. The • Gusto continually enforcing this position, that all

wsposes the mind to feel disornst, at musically | Grande' of the Italians, the beau Ideal' of the arts receive their perfection from an ideal Ungrammatical outraces : While the higher the French, and the great style, genius, and beauty, superior to what is to be found in india me refinement, the greater the necessity which taste' among the English, are but different vidual nature. They are ever referring to the Festems to exist even for exquisite scent.

Lappellations for the same thing.
appendicationite they say. that ennobles times, particularly Phidias (the favourite artist

It is this practice of the painters and sculptors of their Now, as it happens that humanity is for the intellectual dignity, they say, that ennobles times, particularly Phidias (the favourite artist most part like Mahomet's coffin. suspended the painter's art, and lays the line between of antiquity) to illustrate their assertions. As betwixt heaven and earth, it also happens that h

" That him and the mechanic, and produces those if they could not sufficiently express their admi. We who are teachers have the task given to us great effects in an instant, which eloquence ration of his genius by what they knew they w using our powers in elevating it. antagonis- and poetry, by slow and repeated efforts, are have recourse to poetical enthusiasm : thev y to those who are permitted, doubtless scarcely able to attain."

call it inspiration, a gift from heaven. for some wise purpose, to degrade it. "It is difficult. after so powerful a mind has, artist is supposed to have ascended the celestial

The It prouous u uwb www nodarlagit were, declined the task of becoming prac- / regions to furnish his mind with this perfect exter, and by what means, we can direct our tical, to realize a theory on this subject; but idea of beauty.

ve will seek the help of another of those great
former end. Sirice we find that if we do magicians who have extracted so much true model such forms a

have extracted so much true model such forms as nature produces, and con

"He,” says Proclus, “who takes for his apply constantly an ascending motive metal from the dross of earth.

fines himself to an exact imitation of them, will porter, there will be, consequent on this anta-, lt,

1 It will be remembered that Hogarth pro- never attain to what is perfectly beautifulfou gonism, an equivalent degradation.

duced a certain line upon the palette he painted (the works of nature are full of linn

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and fall very short of the true standard of outlines of shadows, as well as of objects; thus found, as in a building, the sky, or o larga beauty. So that Phidias, when he formed his bringing a large range, of artificial or acci- portion of ground, that they are ever lighter at Jupiter, did not copy any object ever presented | dental forms to bear on or influence those over one end, side, or corner, thau elsewhere; and to his sight, but contemplated only that image which we have no other controul ; and by this the more this effect is observed and applied in which he had conceived in his mind from means we can improve on the defective forms works of art, the more attractive the produc Homer's description." Cicero, speaking of of nature. ;. ;,

U'|tion will prove. . the same Phidias, says: "Neither did this. That the beauty of nature is comparative, Contrast is as essential to the poiver of shaartist, when he carved the image of Jupiter or is proved again by the fact, which will come dow as to the effect of form. If fine effects are Minerva, set before him any one human figure home to us all, that we seek in countries which produced by contrasting the forms of objects, as a pattern which he was to copy; but, hav, are more picturesque (or, in other words, which perhaps finer may be obtained by the contrast ing a more perfect idea of beauty fixed in his are fuller of those forms involving beauty and of light and shadow. It has been already mind, this was steadily contemplated; and to contrast) qualities which we do not see in the observed, that light can only be imitated by the imitation of this all his skill and labour spot we inhabit. If it were not so, why do we surrounding a portion of white with a mass of were directed.”

go to Italy, the Rhine, Wales, or the Lakes? shadow; and if this arrangemeut, by means of Now, in corroboration of this, I need only Why rather do our painters not give us Cheap- gradation, be brought to what inay be termed refer to the remains of ancient art, most fortu- side, Little Britain, or Regent Street ? Why a focus, that is, the strongest point of shadow nately possessed by us in the British Museum, should a delightful sensation be born at the be opposed in juxtaposition to the strongest which are ever sought as models of excellence, sight of a moss-covered ruin, or an ivy-clad point of light, the effect of contrast thus oband in comparison with which the greatest cottage? Why does the water tumbling play- tained will be to make the white appear conmaster among the moderns is at a disad- fully over the limestone-rock excite emotions siderably more brilliant. If, in addition to this, vantage.

so far removed from those of the gutter in the whole of the other portion of the light be * Let us now illustrate the assertion of Proclus Thames Street ? Contrast the oxygen of the slightly subdued, the focus of light thus left by noticing the fact, that in the formations of hill side with the red-herrings and stale fruit of will attain a power hardly to be believed unless land, as among masses of figures or people, Billingsgate; the violets and bluebells of the seen. Now, as in nature we have no shadows, there will always be beauty mingled with insi- one, with the oysters and sugar of the other; unless the sun appears to produce them; so it pidity; and it will be by the exercise of the and although both are equally natural, there will appear in painting there will be no light, mental powers, through the medium of the eye, can be no doubt which is the most delectable. unless powerful shadow be introduced, whose in using this line of beauty, that the latter may On the treatment of Shadows, it is necessary contrast will produce it. be artificially subdued, so as to bring the for- to say, that the development of beautiful form The application of the line of beauty to mer prominently into notice.

materially depends. And the eye may be edu- shadow is exemplified in the use of what I will This is called Composition, in painting; for cated to receive impressions from faulty sha- call accidental shadow, or those shadows fallwhen à certain spot is to be represented, the dow in works of art, which would strike it as ling from clouds, or the interposition of other curiosity of the spectator is all that seeks to be sharply as an aspirated vowel or a consecutive atmospheric phenomena. These are most valu. gratified. But it to our representation of the fifth would do the ear. The apparent advancing able to the painter, by assisting in the producview we add the delineation of beautiful features, or receding of an object will depend as much tion of beautiful lines and forms, especially in which, while they excite sensations of admi- upon the strength of the shadow, which pro- such cases as those where, from the nature of ration and pleasure, do not interfere with the duces by contrast the effect of light, as by its the subject, such lines are absent : thus furgratification of curiosity, we accomplish a correct perspective delineation; for it is impor- nishing the artist with the power of creating 3 higher aim, and consequently produce a work tant to know that it is the proportional degree beauty in the midst of insipidity, and so supe of higher cast, by combining what is beautiful of the shadows which produces corresponding porting the theory of composition. with what is true, without disturbing either. proportions of light; and the correct perception We will suppose, for instance, the painter Neither need we lay ourselves open to that cele- and execution of this will make objects keep has for his subject a spot endeared by local brated censure of Dr. Johnson, viz., that “that their places in a picture, or, on the contrary, histories, and connected with memories before which was good was not new, and that which remove them from the situations they were which all considerations of a picturesque subwas new was not good ;" for in nearly every intended to occupy.

ject, or what is termed a “good bit," will go case there is provided by nature an arrange- It is an approved fact, that pure white, which for nothing. ment of form, which, by placing himself in a is the strongest representation of light we have We may, then, by the aid of an educated eye, position to see, the student finds will combine the power to use, will always be correctly “in and an appreciation of the mysteries of nature, intuitively into beauty. And it is the posses- its place," wherever it may occur in a picture; so pass our shadows around and across the sion of the power of seeing this which dis- and its locality, representing distance, will be subject as to invest the most ungraceful object tinguishes the artist from the tyro.

varied only by the degree of shadow, which is with the most poetic effects, as Dickens has Neither does, the painter confine himself to made to surround it. From which it is evident been said, in the character of Sam Weller, to a mere map, as it were, of the spot, however that a systematic gradation of shadow from the have made a Doric of our vernacular. We favourable may be the composition of its form. strongest in the foreground to the weakest in may cut right through all the inelegant, matterHis efforts soar to the representation of atmo- the distance, will have the effect of perspective. of-fact lines with the most sweet and tender sphere, colour, and all those accidental effects But it by no means follows that this is an inva- tones of shadow, leaving the light to assume and floods of light and masses of shadow, the riable rule, because we also find that some most a graceful form, quite independently of the close imitation of which constitutes the reality forcible effects of nature are produced by power- subdued outlines of our inferior subject. and correctness of the scene.

ful masses of shadow in the sky and distance, According to some conventional rules laid We may now dwell upon a further property as also in the middle ground, while all the down by the old masters, the picture should be possessed by lines, by which the idea of beauty, strongest lights will occur in the foreground, I divided or distributed into certain portions of as suggested by Hogarth, may be enhanced. as exemplified where we have, on an April day, I light, half-light, half-shadow, and shadow; This effective agent is contrast. Two objects a brilliant sun shining at our feet, while heavy and works so constructed are sure to exercise placed in juxtaposition, if they happen to be of masses of cloud overshadow the distant coun. an agreeable influence on the beholder ; for, as opposite materials, shape, and texture, will de-try. But in these cases the masses of sha- before mentioned, the quality of the light will rive from that circumstance additional force in dow are flat or even, and without small or increase as its quantity decreases. This cirtheir respective characters. Hence I desire to broken contrasts, being disposed of by gra- cumstance is exhibited strongly in the works show that the line of beauty acquires an addi-dation, and not by sharp edges. Such flat or of Rembrandt and others, who adopted the tional value from being contrasted with an even masses are found to recede in proportion plan of sacrificing the greater portion of the angular line, by which occurs the “pictu- to their evenness, and occur in some instances picture for the sake of a powerful effect in one resque,” which is but a contrast of quaint and with great power and effect; and if it be this spot. But that this cannot be insisted on as unusual forms with those which are easy and flat or even tone of shadow which will retire, it an universal law, is cvident from the fact that graceful, thus producing a stronger impression follows that a broken shadow, caused by small Turner, who, for the knowledge of the effects of both,

portions of light mingled and opposed, will of nature, and how to represent them, is a The application of this property in lines will advance.

Triton among minnows, has frequently proalso be classed under the head of Composition; This brings us to the quality called grada-l duced the most gorgeous results by the use of for it will easily be understood that it applies tion. If nature abhors a vacuum, she also an opposite extreme; that is, he has placed not only to single objects, or even groups of repudiates monotony. We never find any even one small spot of intense shadow in the midst objects, but to the arrangements of entire or level surface reflecting an even quantity of of a whole flood of light. masses, and large portions of large works. (light. If we examine those spots in nature. We have now arrived at Colour, which is & And this property of lines may be used for the which present a large level surface, it will be subject of so much difficulty, delicacy, and eren


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