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a quarter's school wages. Defendaut had re-| then retain in an elementary work an expres- a little explanation and alteration, and there moved his brother from plaintiff's school with-sion which, if it conveys any meaning to a are also others who think so, and who do not out giving a quarter's notice, which the plain. boy's mind at all, is certain to convey a wrong subscribe on that account. I at present only tiff stated was specified in the prospectus given one? Mr. Isbister, in what he calls his "reo subscribe half a guinea, but were things put on to the defendant, as being necessary before capitulation" (a valuable feature in his plan), a better footing I would at once make it a such removal. Defendant said that his im. substitutes the expression “ draw” in reference guinea. pression was, that he had never received a pro-to the circle, which is certainly a preferable one First, then, why limit the subscription to spectus; and that, as it was a day-school, he to Simson's; but in the Proposition itself he members of the College? Let any one who never supposed such a notice would be re- makes no change from the form in which it pleases become a subscriber by paying his quired. Verdict was given for the plaintiff.". was given by the Scotch professor a century guinea in advance, as in other institutions. I am, Sir, &c.,

W. H. ago. I recommend all instructors to get rid of There are, doubtless, many who would subHull, April 1st, 1801.

all such antiquated and obsolete expressions, scribe because they thought it a worthy object.

and also of many superfluous phrases, of which Secondly, that it should not be simply for the To the Editor of the Educational Times. I the following, among others, are familiar ex- relief of the widows and orphans of deceased SIR,-For the information of "T. M.," 11

con visamples to be found in most of the common members, but that in time of sickness a weekly

editious of Euclid. “A can state that in three instances within the last

right line” for a sum should be allowed to such as stood in need five years I have received a quarter's payment |

straight line; “ describing a triangle” for con- of it. Of course this must be with the sancfor day pupils that had been removed without

struc'ing a triangle; “ describing a circle" for tion of the College, or some responsible person.

| drawing a circle; “ a line which lies evenly be. It is quite impossible to enter into all the parthe usual quarter's notice; but I must say that

tween its extreme points," instead of in the ticulars and merits of such an object as this in in each instance I had given one of my pro

same direction; "two lines having a common the columns of a newspaper. My principal spectuses to the father of the boy when he

segment," instead of a common continuation, object is simply to draw the attention of those placed his son with me; and as he made no objection either to the terms or the regulations:

" &c., &c. Not less objectionable are such who have not already supported it to such a

storms of expression as thë following: “ If two laudablc object. I remaini, Sir, your obedient set forth in the prospecrus, I considered he was willing to abide by them as a basis of contract. :

triangles liave two sides of the one equal to servant, If “ T. M." will communicate with me. Il i two sides of the other, each to each,&c. The

M. C. P. shall be happy to furnish line with the name of

phrase in italics is not an English idiom, but a Schoolmistress wl:0, a short time ago, ob

the literal translation of the Greek ékarépa
é karépa. It conveys no meaning to a person

REVIEWS AND NOTICES. tained the quarter's terms for a day pupil (removed without notice), and that through the

unaccustomed to it, and requires a definitio:1
County Court.-Yours, &c.,
itself.

Notitia Editionis Codicis Bibliorum Sinaitici
The term “respectively,” which is
G. HERBERT.

sometimes used. is less objectionable, although auspiciis Imperatoris Alexandri 11. suscepte. University School, Nottingham. it sometimes leads to ludicrous blunders, as

| Accedit Catalogus codicum nuper ex Oriente when a pupil tells us, as I have known more

Petropolin perlatorum.
etrop

Item Origenis, Scholia
April 5th, 1861.
I than one to do, that AB and C) are "re. in proverbia Salomonis partim nunc primum.

partim secundum, atque emendatius edita. Cum spectfully” equal to EF and GH. It is a P · ON THE TEACHING OF EUCLID.

1I'duabus tubulis lapidi incisis. Edidit Ænoth, curious fact that the term “axiom." in such 4

| Frid. Const. Tischendorf. Lipsiæ, Brockhaus; To the Editor of the Educational Times. frequent use in our English translations, is no. Sir, -Whilst I agree with much that has wliere emploved by Euclid, who makes use of Lutetiæ, Klinsksieck, — This new publica.

ition of M. Tischendorf, the well-known been stated in the excellent paper by Mr. Is. || the term "* Kouvñ évvota;implying that which

Eastern Traveller and discoverer of the celebister" On the Teaching of Euclid” in the last

the last is in the understanding of every man. In number of the

brated Sinaitic MSS. of the Scriptures, is litEducational Mines ni Thom G reek, utimua signifies, as its derivation in one point on which the author of the paper has plies, " a truth of dignity, or importance,” and remore, as he ninseln intorms us, than a report very cursorily touched, and on which I would not necessarily an intuitive or self-evident containing the results of various voyages which

he undertook in the East, at the expense and with your permission, offer a few observations. I truth.--I am, &c.,

CANTAB. by the orders of the Emperor Alexander II. I allude to the incorrectness of the language

This Report consists of three parts, of which

Cambridge, 220 April. of the ordinary translations of Euclid used in

the first is devoted to an account of the disschools, constituting serious “ difficulties” to

covery and acquisition of the famous manuscript beginners in Geometry, and which, not being TIIE BENEVOLENT FUND OF THE

of the Bible, found at the Monastery of St. inherent in the subject itself, ought, I think, COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. Catherine on Mount Sinai, when M.Tischendorf to be no longer permitted to remain in our Sir. At the commencement of the presen

Sir,- At the commencement of the present visited it for the first time in 1845. Through text-books. The translation of Euclid most in rear, circulars were sent round to, I presume, the liberal patronage of the Emperor of Russia, use in this country is that of Dr. Simson, a all the members of the Collere, stating, “ that this important manuscript, printed in characprofessor in the last century in one of the col- an effort was being made to augment the Be- ters cast for the purpose, which reproduce the leges of Scotlaud--a country by no means nevolent Fund," and that donations and sub- exact form of the original, and accompanied by famous, at least in those days, either for a scriptions were earnestly requested.” It also 20 photographic plates taken in the office of knowledge of Englislı or of Greek. I am far went on to state, that no distribution of money the Etat Major at St. Petersburgh with the from impugning the accuracy of this famous could take place till the interest of the invested view of ensuring the correctness of the impres. version. Its clief fault is its confined and in- fund amounted to 501. per anoun. It also sion, will be published in four folio volumes, expressive method of rendering the Greek, by stateci, that if each member of the College which will appear early in 1862, for the purpose too close an adherence to a literal version, and would subscribe one guinea per annum for two of being distributed among all the cburches of its preserving the unmeaning repetitions of the years, it could be brought into operation. Russia on the occasion of the Millenary of the original, which, however excusable in Euclid, Now. I would first ask, what sum is required foundation of the Empire which will be celewho wrote against objectors, of whom there to make up the amount necessary to produce brated early in that year. Following this troly were many in his day, is useless and tedious for this interest? Secondly, why limit the time of Royal Edition, which will not be submitted for the purpose of elementary instruction. As subscription to two years? Is an extra guinea sale, there will appear at Leipsiy, also at the one of our best mathematical writers-Pro- of so inuch importance to the numerous expense of the Emperor of Russia, another less fessor De Morgan-has remarked, it abounds flourishing schoolmasters who are on the Col- sumptuous, but more convenient edition, pubalso with flellenecisms, and employs terms in leve lists? or are the cases requiring assistance lished by Brockliaus, which will contain besides, an antiquated or obsolete sense, borrowed evi-l among teachers so rare, that 50l. per annum the New Tesiament, the Epistle of Barnabas, dently from the Latin versions of the period, would be found adequate? I think not. From and the fragments of Hermas. : which, if English at the time Simson wrote, the reports in the Educational Times,” it M, Tischendorf, after announcing these are certainly no longer English now. Take, does not appear that the proposal has met with arrangements, enters into various details in for example, the first Proposition as given by a very hearty response, as there are at present reference to the age and contents of the Sinaitic Mr. Isbister in bis paper from Simson's text. only nine who have subscribed a guinea, and MSS., of which 18 pages are given by way of In what sense is a circle or triangle “de-seven half a guinea.

specimen, accompanied by critical remarks, scribed," which is simply drawn or constructed My principal object in addressing you, Sir, together with numerous and important "readon paper ? Certainly in no sense in which the is to diaw attention to this fact, and to try to ings," some thousands in all, brought forward term " describeis ever used, either in our induce those who have not subscribed to do so. with the view of imparting to the text all the current literature or in conversation. Why But I think there are a few things which want correctness possible.

The second part of the Report contains the this rule are, as the writer remarks, few and Mulingar (p. 190) should be corrected into Catalogue of all the MSS. obtained in the easily explained. A glance at the “ tabular Mullingar, the capital of Westmeath. East, deposited in the Imperial Library, or in view of rivers and towns," which accompanies Mr. Mackay, in describing Holland, heads a that of the Academy of Sciences of St. Peters- the Political Geography of each separate paragraph, some sixteen lines long, with the barch. These are arranged in twelve classes, country, will convince the reader of the enor-wordMountains,” and then informs us of which comprise :-1, Twelve Palimpsest manu- mous amount of labour which has been ex-" its utter want of mountains." This lucus à scripts; 2. 'Twenty in the Greek uncial charac- pended on this particular portion of the manual. non lucendo method reminds us of the chapter ter; 3, Twenty-eight in the Greek minuscal, Thus, to take, for example, the table of rivers (47), in Horrehon's History of Ireland, headed among which are two copies of the Gospels and and towns belonging to England and Wales. Concerning Owls,” which begins and ends One of the Historical books, supposed to be of In the river column we may have 100 main thus: “ There are in Ireland no owls of any the 9th century ; 4, Nine copies of the Syriac rivers, and 200 tributary streams, while in kind whatever." Possibly, too, it is hardly Fersion ; 5, Eleven of the Kontic ; 0, Seven another just opposite, will be found 800 towns, correct to say, in painting the national chaArabian, of which one with the Epistles of none of which contains less than 750 inha-racter of an Englishman, that “wherever he St. Paul dates from the year 892, A.D.; 7, Ten bitants. The author says:

| finds himself, he warmly encourages betting, Hebrew; 8, Two Samaritan Pentateuchs ;l «The rivers are given in the order in which gambling, chess-playing, and the theatre." 9, Three fragments in Sclavonic; 10, Eleven their mouths would occur to one sailing round the These are, however, but very minor flaws in Abyssinian; 11, Five Armenian ; 12, Various coast from the Solway Firth to the Tweed; and the this volume, which for its correctness, ingefragments in hieratic, hieroglyphic, demotic, towns and tributary rivers in the order in which nuity, and completeness, far surpasses any Koptic, and Greek characters.

he would observe them in his passage up the similar manual which we have ever seen. In the third part are contained the materiais river. Main rivers, or those entering the sea, are derived from various sources possession of placed to the extreme left, as the Sark, Eden and 1. Principia Latina. Part I. A First Latin which in the original could not be secured ; and, ha conurod. and Wampool; tributaries, or rivers of the second

Course. Comprehending Grammar, Delectus, '/rank, one place further to the right, as the Caldew, of which copies or extracts only could be taken.||

dew; and Exercise-Book, with Vocabularies. 2. 1. Irthing, and Eamont; sub-affluents, or affluents Amongst the latter may be cited various 11- l of tributaries, two places to the right, as the Chor, lo

S|Principia Latina, Part 11. A First Latin edited passages of Diodorus Siculus, from a Medlock, and Irk." The letter i denotes that the

: Reading Book. Containing Fables, Anecdotes, MSS. of the lith Century, found at Patmos ; affluent after which it stands enters the main river:

in river Mythology, Geogrophy, and Roman History: and the Scholia of Origen on the Proverbs of on the left; those without any aflix enter on the

enter on the with a short introduction to Roman Antiquities, Solomon ; andm-what is a singular monument right side.' Capitals of counties are distinguished / Notes, and a Dictionary. By William Smith, of the history of the middle ages--the Letter by SMALL CAPITALS; towns of 4000 inhabitants LL.D., Editor of the Classical and Latin addressed to Mahomet II. by a Monk of and upwards, by Roman letters; and those between | Dictionaries. John Murray, Albemarle Street. Mount Athos, which celebrates with enthusiasm 750 and 4000, by Italics. B denotes bay; Co., These two works form part of a short the exploits of the Conqueror of Byzantium. coast; Hr., harbour; and Sd., sound.”

series which the author has undertaken, as he 1. Tischendori's work will excite a wide Under the sections describing the ethno- informs us, with the view of facilitating the interest anong the learned of Europe.

graphy are sketched the race, religiou, national study of the Latin Language.

character, form of government and education Part I. commences with the Elements, and Manual of Modern Geography, Mathematical. of each uation, as well as its language and its main object is to enable a beginner to fix Physical and Political.' On a new plan, literature. Then follow brief descriptions of the Declensions and Conjugations thoroughly embracing a complete development of the the army and navy, public debt, revenue, and in his memory, to learn their usage by conHiver System of the Globe. By the Rev. Alex- expenditure, commerce, manufactures, exports structing simple sentences as soon as he comander Mackay, A.M., FR.G.S., pp. 695. and imports, inland communication, and mences the study of the language, and to William Blachwood & Sons, 1861.

foreign possessions, (if any,) of each state. accumulate gradually a stock of useful words. MR. Buckle, in the first volume of his For the correct pronunciation of the various For this purpose, the work is divided into two "History of Civilization," insists frequently geographical wames, Mr. Mackay has given (parts, the design of which, is thus explained by and energetically on the close connexion which short but clear rules based on the pronuncia, the author :exists between the physical and political con. tion of the alphabet.

{ " The first part contains the Grammatical forms, Ition of a nation. This connexion, though If we wanted a lesson on the mutability of with Exercises upon all the inflections, in which tlie Origent to any person who takes the trouble human affairs, we might derive one from the simple rules of Syntax are introduced, as they are 18& moment about the matter, has been, volume before us. Since Mr. Mackay sent its required for the formation of sentences.

“The second part contains an explanation of some a great extent, ignored in all modern systems sheets to press, Parma, Modena, Tuscany,

of the more important idioms of the language, such geography. To preserve some fanciful Naples, &c. have been annexed to Italy, while

as the construction of the Accusative Case and the

Infinitive Mood, of the Ablative Absolute, of the packed away into one column, the rivers into her boun

in the rivers into her boundaries. America, agall, bas been Gerund and Gerundive, &c., exemplified by Exer. another, while the mountaindhove 6 o in split into two distinct confederations; while in cises upon each construction. The Vocabularies to * US, and the lakes probably infowth. British India, the Punjaub and North-West | both parts are printed at the end of the second, and Las mischicrous arranirement." Mr. Maclav1 Provinces have been erected into separato pre- | Alphabetical Indices of the Latin and English words

altogether laid aside in his present manual sidencies. These changes are, of course, in- in the Vocabularies are appended to them, ummences with a short, but lucidły-written cidental, in a work of such a size, and involv-1 "The work thus contains Grammar. Delectus. er on that may be called “Mathematicalling so much labour as that of Mr. Mackay, and Exercise-book, with Vocabularies, and conse rapy. In it he explains the vosition Some few minor parts we will point out as quently presents in one book, all that the pupil

will require for some time in his study of the morld S8 and its relation to the other requiring correction. palestina" e solar system, as well as the! Thus, for instance, we have the income of language."

the solar system to the uni. Trinity College, Dublin, given; while the far! The plan on which the Erercigas amo , &c. Part II., under the heading larger revenues of Oxford and Cambridge are constructed, will be seen from the following interesting you raphy," contains a long and passed over in silence. Again, we are told, (Example:king description of the configuration of (p. 139,) that

130 that the University of Cambridge EXERCISE ON THE FIRST DECLENSION. s surface; of the atmosphere, which consists of seventeen colleges and four halls. | The Nominative Singular of Substantives of the

notice of the monsoons. trade winds. This is incorrect; there are no balls in Cam-| First Declension ends in ă, and the Genitive in ae. ke; of climate; and of mineralogy, geology, briu Dias Clare Hall, for instance, is now. by Nom. Mens-š, a table

Sing.

Plur.

Mens-ae, tables 8), and ethnography. These two a recent regulation of its society converted into Gen. Mense of atable w

Mens-rum, of tables pens form, as it were, the intro- Clare College, and Trinity Hall into Trinity- Dat. Mens-ae, to or for a ta- Mens.is

2 Acc. Mens-am, a table

Mens-äs, tables political geography," which of hall College.

Voc. Mens-il, o table Mens-ae, 0 tables pe staple portion of the book. Again, (p. 197,) we are told that Tipperary | ABl. Mens-ä, by, with or Money

by, with, or fron

from a table new princin sans particular attention to al on the Arra, is the chief town of the county of

All Substantives of the First Declension are Feminine

tables Larrangement adopted in the Tipperary. For Tipperary, in the first instance,

unless they designate males : as, nauta, a sailor, e county a dr u g under each province we must read Clonmel.

I RULE 1.-A personal verb agrees with its Nom. nd incongruous list of cities

Tin (d. 194), that Dangan, in inative case in number and person: as, puella currit,

We are told in (p. 194), that Dangan, inlin
Writer has availed himself of Meath, was the birth-place of the late Duke of the girl runs.***

une important phrsical law thit. Wellington. The biographers of his Grace Currit (he, she, it) suns, Curront come
he cities and towns on the earth's surface, con

** Leonsider his birth-place a misprint, and the RULE 2.-Transitive verbs govern an Accusative or modern, stand on the banks weight of evidence seems to point out Dublin case : as, ăqulla älas håbět, the eaole hned sea coast. The exceptions to as having had that honour. c.

Håbet (he, she, it) has.

Habent (they) havca :

* Physical Geography," contains

the earth's surface; of noons, trade embraces a notice of the mon

botany, zoology, and ethnography opening chapters form, as it were. th duetion to " political geography, course makes up the staple port Mr. Mackay calls particular

Mens-as.

or for lables

> we are told that Tipperary Voc. Mens-:1,o folie

section. Instead of giving under each province we

and towns, the writer has aval what he terms the important phy

whether ancient or modern, stat of rivers, or on the sea coast. 1

EXERCISE I.

To the text is appended a body of Explana- and name of first endower ; the patrons; the 1. Pilia currit. 2. Filiae currunt. 3. Regina tory grammatical and historical notes, together head master and second master; the revenue coronam habet. 4. Puella coronam habet. 5. Filia with a Dictionary which is intended to contain of each school per annum from endowments; pecuniam habet. 6. Femina pecuniam habet. every word in the text, including Proper Names. the subjects taught, and the terms; the exhi7. Roma portas habel. 8. Coloniae portas babent. With the view of affording information re- bitions to the universities," &c. Respecting 9. Puellae rosas habent. 10. Feminae rosas habent. specting matters which are not toushed upon the information given in th 11. Columbae alas habent. 12. Insulae oras habent.lin ordinary School Dictionaries, or which could says, in the preface,

1. The woman runs. 2. The women run. 3. The dove has wings. 4. The eagles have wings.

e not be conveniently introduced in a convenient “ As the information contained in the Re5. The colony has gates. 6. The island has coasts.

form into the Vocabulary at the end of the ports' is not always uniform in its character, we 7. The girls have money. 8. The women bave volume, an appendix is added, containing a have given, under the heading mentioned, somemoney. 9. The colony has women. 10. The island complete Chronological Table of the chief times the subjects required to be taught by the has colonies. 11. The woman has a crown. 12. The events of Roman History, and a brief account original deed of foundation, and sometimes those islands have roses.

l of the political and military avtiquities of Rome. required by subsequent regulations ; also, someThe Vocabulary is not given with the lesson, In the Dictionary or Vocabulary given at the

of the times the number of scholars required to be taught but at the end of the work; and as this arrange- end of the Book, tlie quantities are marked, and

by the original deed, and sometimes the numbers ment necessitates its being committed to me- the preterites and supines of verbs indicated by missioners. Many of the pupils, however, required

Da taught at the date of the inquiry of the Commory before the translation is begun, it appears their radical syllables.

to be taught free by the original deed are now to us to be a great improvement on the method Altogether, these Exercises are admirably charged a quarterage, and these exceptions it has of Arnold and others, who give the Vocabulary arranged, and are a great improvement on any not been always possible to discover. The column along with the Exercise, thereby enabling a publications of a similar character with which of Revenue' may possibly also require correc. careless pupil to get up the translation in class, we are acquainted. Simple, practical, and per- tions, especially where it depends on rent and without the trouble of preparing it beforehand. I fectly free from the pedantry and affectation of rent charges. The figures given are those to be

The experienced Teacher will not fail to learned technicalities. yet embodying the re- found in the Reports of the Charity Commissioners, notice other valuable features, such as the sep- sults of the extensive experience and research an ble features such as the sensults of the extensive evnerience and research and we have taken some pains to indicate those

'schools where in addition to the revenne of the aration, by the hyphen, of the various suffixes and the known scholarship of the Author, these s from the stem, the marking of the quantities of works are a real acquisition to our Educational

1 school the master is allowed to take pay scholars the doubtful vowels, and the introduction of literature. We shall be much surprised if they we have been able to insert into the list, in a con

and boarders, or both. From the returns sent us the simple rules of Syntax as they are required, do not speedily become the favourite text books densed form, the various Exhibitions and Scholarby which means the pupil is gradually and for beginners in Latin, in all schools where ships attached to above one hundred and sixty insensibly introduced to an acquaintance with Classical Studies are pursued.

public schools. The Grammar Schools of Engthe most important Syntactic rules, and is

Crockford's Scholastic Directory for 1861;

land were founded by deed, by charter, by petiprepared to enter upon the systematic study, I being an Annual Work of Reference for Facts of Exchequer, by Act of Parliament, gift, letters

tion, by decree of the Court of Chancery or Court a larger Grammar, with advantage and profit.

til relating to Educators, Education, and Educao patent, &c. These particulars we have endeavoured The Reading Book, forming the Second part of the course, is taken up, when the learner, by

tional Establishments (public and private) in to supply in a special column, with the date of the the use of the previous volume, has mastered

the United Kingdom. pp. 304. London: John foundation of the school, and also the names of the the first principles of construing and parsing:

Crockford. 1861.- One of the new-born wants founders or first endowers of the various schools. Its object is to furnish those who have reached or

i of advancing civilization is the directory. We The patronage of the grammar schools resides that stage. with a progressive course of Latin are now-a-days, most of us, brought into such sometimes in governors, sometimes in trustees,

This information is reading, so as to prepare them to enter upon relations with our neighbours that we want to feoffees, corporations, &c. the study of Cæsar, or any other classical know all about them, as do they also about us. supplied in a distinct column." author, with some degree of facility and satis

and eatie | Hence a directory is not so much a luxurv as a We have, moreover, an account of the faction to themselves. The remarks of Dr. ne

f Dr necessity. Of course no paterfamilias would care Parochial endowed schools of England and Smith, on the practice of setting beginners,

vinners to bestow it in lieu of “ Peter Parley's Tales" | Wales ; and, finally, a list of the school and prematurely, as is too often done to the higher on his juvenile son and heir, nor would the other educational works published during the classical authors, before they are qualified to

young ladies of the family look upon its closely-year 1850. It is not, of course, difficult to understand them, are deserving of attention:

printed statistically-uninviting nages with the understand that there must necessarily be « The modern practice of placing Caesar's Com.

same kinduess that they wonld examine the many errors in a volume of this kind ; but on

last volume of the “ Ladies' Marazine." The the whole the work appears to us to be carementaries, for instance, in a boy's hands after he

Scholastic Directory is, so far as we know, a fully and creditably done. Some misprints has painfully worked his way through a meagre Delectus or Exercise-book, is attended with the

new idea ; and the immense mass of materials we have noticed, such as the conversion of the most injurious consequences. The transition is too

which go to make up the first annual number name of the head-master of the Merchant great and too abrupt. He finds the language puz. bears testimony to the industry and diligence Tailors' School from Hessey into llussey; and zling, and the subject uninteresting; he meets at of the compiler. A hastv glance at the con- the resuscitation of the late Mr. Nicholson, the the very threshold all the difficulties of the obliqua tents of the book will form the best criticism well-known scholastic agent, who is described oratio; and he knows next to nothing of ancient upon it.

as still pursuing his calliny. Furthermore, geography, Roman history, and antiquities.

First, we have a list of “ Principals of col- Barker and Son are unified into Barkertson, If we wish boys to read Latin with facility, we leges and public schools," extending over some while Mr. Barham, of Cirencester grammar, must provide them with the right kind of books, thirty-six pages. This list, though evidently school, figures under the further aliases of The language must be easy, and the subjects suit. capable of great improvement. must have cost Bartnam and Bartram. These and similar able to their capacity; while the information conveyed should prepare them to understand the

y much labour and trouble in its compilation. errors we hope to see rectified in the next ancient writers, who lived under a different form of

| The degrees of many of these gentlemien are edition. civilization and professed a different religion. This given, and such works, educational or other- Handbook of the Civil Service : being a comhas been attempted in the present Work, which, it wise, az any of them may have published. plete Guide to the Examinations for the various is believed will not only prove interesting and in: Next follows a list of “ Private schools for departments of the Public Service, organized telligible to young people, but will serve as an gentlemen,” which occupies fifty pages. It according to the recommendations of the Civil introduction to a knowledge of Ancient V'ythology seems to us that the returns in this list would Service Commissioners. pp. 87. London : and Geography, of Roman History and Antiquities. have been much increased in value had the Cassell, Petter, and Galpin. 1861.–This The first four sections (the Fables, Anecdotes, terms of each school been given. It is very manual will save a little toil and trouble to the Mythology, and Geography) are mainly taken, possible, however, that the conductors of these future competitor for office in the Civil Service. though with numerous alterations and additions

rous alterations, and additions schools objected to make such a return. | Many ponderous blue books and scattered ex(especially in the first three), from the ‘Lateinisches Elementarbuch' of Jacobs and Döring ; but the

Then follow the “Private schools for ladies,” amination reports have been searched and their most important part--the Roman History-has

which are even more numerous than those for pith extracted to make up its eighty odd been derived from Lhomond's . De Viris Illustribus

friheel the other sex. Next comes a list of “ Foreign pages. When these documents (a formidable Urbis Romae,' which is very superior to Jacob's and schools ;” and after that a list of “ Endowed list of which is given) were not sufficiently Döring's meagre epitome of Roman history, and

grammar, collegiate, and cithedral schools in clear, personal reference bas been made to the presents a graphic picture of the great men of Rome England and Wales ; and the high schools, Secretary of the Civil Service Commissioners. from the earliest times to the death of Augustus. corporate and pronrietary schools in England There is apparently plenty of scope for the It contains the most interesting stories related by and Wales." "This list strikes us as being an candidate (i.e.) it he can get a nomination, for Livy, Valerius Maximus, Floras, and other ancient extremely valuable one. In it are given the at present the East India writerships are the writers, and is probably better adapted for Begin." place and designation of each school; the only thoroughly open appointments in her nert than any other work of the kind which has date of foundation nan

which bas| date of foundation, name of founder, or date Majesty's Civil Service. No amount of attain. hitherto appeared."

ments will per se get their possessor a clerk-1 Exercises in Orthography and Derivation. By topic at present. Professor Avtoun's purpose ship in the Customs or even in the Police, J. P. Bidlake. B. A. London: T. T. Allman. Hoi-lin this address is to point out the benefits of unless he can get a nomination; in other words, born Hill, 1861. These exercises are designed debating societies. He says, “ Really I do not unless his father or his uncle or his cousin has to facilitate the study of Orthography and I know where else, beyond the societies, a public some influence with a member of the Govern- Derivation in

Govern- Derivation, in a systeniatic manner, by arrang. speaker can be trained. Obviously it will not ment or a member of parliament, or with some ing the words under distinct heads with refer- I do to postpone the work of preparation until one who has influence with a Member of Parlia-ence to their predominant vowel sounds. The you are launched into active life, and find yourident or a member of the Guvernment. It is part devoted to Orthography is arranged on selves compelled to face an audience who will almost certain, however, that these limitations a plan which will be better understood by the not accept want of practice as an adequate will shortly be swept away. Competitive ex-l following example of a lesson than

tive ex-following example of a lesson, than by any excuse. Failure in such a position is not only amination has been put on its trial amid the description :

a disgrace, but it may prove extremely hurtful clamour of many open enemies and the ill

This is undoubtedly Creek, n. a small inlet Creak. c. to make a to your future prospects." wishes of still greater numbers who werel of thes

of the sea.

noise.

true; and without borrowing the customs of come a European Leek, n. a vegetable. Leak. v. to run out'; n. | American students who put oratorical skill China. Lazy decrepid book-worms have not

a bóle in a vessel. above all learning, the future barrister, clergy. crawled into important posts for which they Reek, o. to steam. Wreak, v. to revenge. man, or member of Parliament, woulil do well were toually untit. All accounts from India Week, n. seven days. Weak, 'adj. feeble. at the University to supplement his Latin, not agree in stating that those persons who 1. There are fifty-two -- in a year.

Greek, and mathematics, with a knowledge have won their posts by competitive examina- ! 2. A single may sink a ship.

of what in all probability will prove much more tion are in every way superior to their pre-l 3. There is nothing so strong but it is in danger serviceable to him-public speaking. decessors who have been appointed by favour | from what is

Elaborate preparation of speeches beforeAnd, in tru:ll, to any thinkin: person it was

rast. 4. The floor – under the weight; I fear the lhe

under the weight; I fear wel hand, except under very special circumstances, plain from the first that this would be the case.

joists are too ,
5. Edward I., being determined to his ven-

Professor Aytoun objects to. Lord Brougham, No young man, be lis mental acquirt ments ever geance on the Scots, advanced with an army as far ideea, as

Cas far indeed, as we recollect, says that some of his so great, can be it candidate for employment in as Burgh-upon-Sauds, near Carlisle, A.D. 1307.

lown most eloquent bursts of oratory were the ludia Civil Service unless bis hadily health

6. In a few.-- the rebellion was entirely sup. written out and learned by heart days before be goud. What is sought for is the mens pressed.

they were spoken; and that a well-known sana in corpore sano; and despite the sophisms 7. The boats entered the narrow and destroyed speaker who endeavoured to detect these extraof dozv Quarterlies, we see ni reason why both the fort after a -- defence.

neous passages failed in every case to do so. the one and the other should not be found at 8. When the engagement was over, the ship's Scill it must be admitted that these formal the same time. It is absurd to use that when I deck with blood.

recitations too often want freedom, point, and we took no alin we hit the mark tolerably well. The Orthographical exercises make up the force; and that the speaker's nervous attempts and that now when we take the greatest pains larger par

test ning larger part of the work. That devoted to at recollecting the written words, betray him to make a good shot, we must necessarily miss

es derivation, is intended to show how words are lin nine cases out of ten. the mark altogether. We trust soon to see

built up from their simplest forms by being nominations done wholly away with, as not compounded with other words, or by the addionly unnecessary but mischievous. tion of prefixes, afhxes, and inflexional modi.

OUR LIBRARY TABLE. As we hinted above, the compiler of this, fications. A few general rules for orthography, l A Sermon Preached to the Younger Members of manual has done his work judiciously. The and a list of some of the more important Saxon, the University, at St. Mary's Church, Oxford, on specimens of the examination napers are for Latin, and Greek Roots, complete the work, Friday Evening, March 1. By the Rev. E. B. the most part well chosen. The lists of the which contains a large amount of useful infor- Pusey, D.D., Regius Professor of Hebrew, and laries are also given; and the candidate will mation on the subjects on which it treats, in Canon of Christ Church. pp. 19. Oxford and

Mr Billabe displays London i J, H. and Jas. Parker. 1861.--Dr. what he has to expect as his reward the arran, ement of which Mr. Bidlake displays

Pusey's sermon adverts, warningly and yet tenderly, should he be successful. He will also discover the clearness and method of a practical and

to what has been called “the sin of great cities" o are to be his examiners, &c.; and various experienced teacher.

Our two great English universities, each with their (3 01 Dooks are added by which he may best! Inaugural Address of W. Edmonstoune

une hundreds of young men in the hey-day of youth, are, nepase muself for victory in the examination. | Aytoun, D.C.L., Professor of Rhetoric and we fullo

toun, D.C.L., Professor of Rhetoric and we fully believe, wonderfully pure, considering all The publishers of the manual are by no means Belles

vuomeons Belles-Lettres in the University of Edinburgh, circumstances; but there must necessarily be some backward in recommending their own books. Ito the Associated Societies of the University offenders, and for these the present discourse is inand we do not know that they are to blame for of Edinburgh on the occasion of his installa-tended. The writer's words are words of cha. o doing, as the publications recommended aretion as their honorary President. Delivered rity, not less than of most impressive warning. generally both cheap and good. An occasional in the Queen St. Hull, March 4, 1861. pp. 23. Analytical Outlines of Latin Syntar, &c., with ersulit may be detected. Thus in 0.78 no William Blackwood and Son: Edinburgh and an Appendir on the Latin Prepositions. pp. 41.

lor the study of Latin literature" are London. 1861,--The Associated Societies of | By A. H. Wratislaw, M.A., Head Master of the

meded; and this though Greek. French Ithe University of Edinburgh answer, wel Grammar School, Bury St, Edmund's, and for. Spanish, German en

berman, &c., are duly attended to believe, in a great measure to the Unions of merly Fellow and Tutor of Christ's College. Čam. rending Roman histories, we see no Oxford and Cambridge. Like these latter, 1 bridge. Simpkin, Marshall, $ Co. 1861, -The

purpose of the author in writing these pages has as that of Dean Liddell, the latest and the Scotch associations flourislı with the sanc

been to treat the Latin syntax scientifically; that one of the best bitherto published. I tion and under the shelter of the University. 1:

; is to say, to make Latin grammar serve more than without being directly amenable to the official it ordinarily is made to do for increasing the know. WWF8 History of Grence omnino veryl University control. At both Oxford and cam: ļ ledge of English grammar. That there is more or

USING Wok, we admit is so incorrect that bridge the President of the Union is elected | less connection between the elements of all the IndoWe think it would be dangerous for a young mer

I morate for a terın, and makes no formal inau. | European languages is now admitted generally by tely on it in a competitive examina-guratory speech. At Edinburgh, on the other | philologists, and a scientific study of the gramma

s adinirable work is wholly passed hand, the lead presiding genius of the associ- of any one of these languages may be made greatly Its place we have that of Goldsmith. Jated societies is elected (apparently) for a year, to conduce to a general knowledge of them. Mr. ece is no doubt costly and volue and he perorates on some topic or other to be 1.Wratislaw has, moreover, done good service in col.

t may be procured from a library I chosen by himself. Professor Aytoun says he lecting togetber in these pages a number of idioms portions. Indeed we have seen would have felt more at ease had he not had and phrases which hitherto have only been found uia Civil Service Examina- this liberum arbitrium, or free choice of a sub- in separate, and sometimes costly, works

nel The Voice; or, the Art of Singing. By the scarcely be answered properlyject, allowed him; and by what we may perhaps,

Rev. W. W, Cazalet, M.A., Cantab. e might make several other consider a rhetorical artifice, he asks, at the

pp. 70.

London : Addison, Hollier, & Lucas. 1861.least suggestions, as to the commencement of his speech, his audience o n what topic he shall select. Finally, he chooses tion as an accomplished elocutionist.

Mr. Cazalet enjoys, we believe, considerable reputa. orot be for his subject, and we have manual before us is, for the most part, practically

The little mave to seek the aid of a competent I little doubt convinced lu3 audience, by the land ingeniously written, and well fitted to teach

T to ensure success in the more excellence of his speecli, that he had made a tyros the use of that marvellous musical instrument
Alions, we need not enter into good choice.

the voice.
We see, moreover, that the list. The science of oratory has of late been sol Military Education in Connection with
s uot altogether correct. This. I much spoken of, and so often written on, that sities. Pp. 19. By James Baker. Lieutenant

we may be excused from entering into this Colonel, Cambridge University Volunteers. Men

In recommending Roman historie

certainly que of the best

ebou d be alogether omitted.

dar

stadent to rely on it in a cou 100. Grote's admirable work over, but in its place we have the Grote's Greece is no doubt winous, but it may be procu and read in portions. ? questions in the India Civil Service Exa tions which could scarcely be answer without its aid. We might make estrections, or at least suggestions. justice of the choice of the books in these pages, but as the candidat always have to seek the a tutor in order to ensure succe difficult examinations, we nee further details. We see, moreove

examiners is not altogethe boerer, is a very minor point.

millan & Co. 1861.-In this pamphlet, dedicated and 15. The text by William Howitt (Cassell & fessor of the University told me that, being in conto the Vice-Chancellor, Lieutenant-Colonel Baker, Co.); “The Educational Record,” No 51; “Cas- ference one day with the Minister of Public In. himself an Undergraduate of Magdalen College, sell's Popular Natural History," Parts 23, 24, 25 struction, the latter broke off the conversation argues that the educational advantages of the Uni- (Cassell & Co.); “What is Education ?" By Mr. all of a sudden, took out his watch, looked at it, versities might be most beneficially extended to the Campbell (Warren, Hall, & Co.); “The Outram and said with a sort of pride, Gentlemen, at the military profession. Mr. Baker enters into the Testimonial" (Smith, Elder, & Co.); “ The Tongue hour now marked by this watch, the whole of the question of college expenses at some length, but of the Swearer: a Suffolk Story."' By the Rev. c. pupils in France, in a certain class, are engaged in hardly proves, we think, that the less wealthy can- B. Tayler, M.A., Rector of Otley, (Wertheim, a certain composition. This puerile satisfaction didates for the army could avail themselves to any Mackintosh, & Hunt); “Cassell's Illustrated Family has nothing astonishing in a country where people very great extent of the advantages of the Univer- Bible,” Part 23 (Cassell & Co.); “The Ladies' settle by decree the diapason of all the musical insities as they are at present constituted. Mr. Treasury," edited by Mrs. Warren. No. 50. struments in France. I am a great admirer of Baker must recollect that the sizarships and scho- (Cassell & Co.) Several of these works we hope regularity in machinery, but I value it much less larships of which he speaks so glowingly are hereafter to notice at length,

in politics; for after ail, mar, according to my limited, and would go but a small way among the

view, is not meant to move like a piece of mahundreds of young men whom he would invite from

chinery.”Correspondent of the Globe.our military schools to the Universities. At the

PSALI CII. 23—27. same time, the active way in which the Volunteer Thou, Lord, in the beginning bast laid the

Lord GRANVILLE ON POPULAR EDUCATION, movement has been taken up at Cambridge and foundation of the earth; and the heavens

The Pelly Memorial Schools at West Ham, Essex, Oxford makes them in many ways more eligible are the work of thy hands. They shall

were opened on Wednesday by Lord Granville. places for military training than they have hitherto perish, but thou shalt endure; they all

The noble Earl, in the course of his speech, referred been; and it would be greatly to the advantage of shall wax old as doth a garment; and as

to the report of the Education Commissioners, the Universities if they could number more military a vesture shalt thon change thein, and

remarking that nothing more conclusively showed men among their pupils than they do at present. they shall be changed; but thou art the

the fallacy that the poor were indifferent to the

education of their children than the evidence accuLessons on the Book of Genesis : intended for same and thy years shall not fail. the use of Parents and Sunday School Teachers. Trase y s čOnkas esdon, Kúpi' àpxîis kadas,

mulated by the Commissioners. Of this evidence pp. 90. By John Burbidye, Incumbent of St. Kal xepôY TEXvňuat' forly oupavos twv owv deyas'

some was amusing, some was pathetic. Of the

first kind was the case of a carter, who, on being Stephen's Church, Sheffield. London: Wertheim, loucavou ' Suws Olivovtos uopaws géluleveis' asked what he thought of education, pointed to the Macintosh, f Hunt. 1861.--A plain, simple öleny do ontds uitùs oúpavds ympóoetai,

horse he was driving, and replied, “If I had been little manual, which will be found serviceable by είμαθ' ώς πτύξεις εκείνον μεταβαλείς τε παντελή,

educated, instead of driving this horse I should be Sunday School Teachers and others. αλλ' αεί μένεις άρ' αυτός, ουδέ μη κλίπη χρόνος.

riding him.” He should have liked to have heard Contes Faciles. A Selection from modern

the answer of the Commissioners to the young French writers, for the use of children. pp. 219. RECOGNITION OF VICTOR EMMANUEL AS KING woman who, to a siinilar question, said, “I don't By the Author Amy Herbert.London : Long or ITALY.-The notification to the British Go- know how you would like to have all your love. man & Co. 1861.- Miss Sewell's name attached to vernment of the assumption of the title “ King of letters read and written by another person.” The any book for children is, in itself, a tower of Italy'' by Victor Emmanuel II. was made by the

wer of Italy" by Victor Emmanuel II. was made by the last case which he would mention was that of a strength. These selections (which would have Sardinian Ambassador at this Court on the 19th widow of a cabman working day and night to place been improved by some annotations froin the pen of ult. The recognition of the King of Italy took five children at school. These instances sufficiently the editor) are very well chosen, being suggestive place on the 30th of the same month, when Lord showed the value set by parents of poorer classes as well as varied.

John Russell wrote to the Marquis d'Azeglio :-- on education--a feeling which would continue to We have also received Parts 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, ". Having laid your communication before Her increase, and by its increase solve the difficulties of 38 of “Blackie's Comprehensive History of Eng. Majesty the Queen, I am cominanded to state to popular education at the present moment. land,” (Blackie & Son); “ Education: a Lec.) you, that Her Majesty, acting on the principle of OXFORD LOCAL EXAMINATIONS.—The London ture by David Nasmith," (George Philip & respecting the independence of the nations of Local Committee have engaged Willis's Rooms. Son); “A Report of the Proceedings at the Annual Europe, will receive you as the Euvoy of Victor King Street, St. James's, for the examination at Distribution of Prizes at the Liverpool Institute,'' Emmanuel II. King of Italy."

this centre. The total number of Candidates en. (Longman & Co.); “ Cassell's Illustrated Family FRENCH CENTRALIZATION.-M. Odilon Barrot, tered in London is 237, viz., 94 Seniors and 143 Paper," Part 40 (Cassell, Petter, & Galpin); “ Cas in a pamphlet on centralization, in France, relates Juniors. The examination will commence on sell's Illustrated History of England," Parts 13, 14, an anecdote illustrative of the system :-“A Pro- Tuesday, May 28th.

CERTIFICATE EXAMINATIONS OF THE PRIVY COUNCIL. The results of the Examinations of the Students from the various Training Colleges, who were Candidates for the Certificates of Merit of the Privy Council at Christmas last, have been published. The following Table shows the classes obtained, the number of successful Candidates, and the number of failures from each Training School :Males.

FEMALES.

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Bangor
Battersea ..
Borough Road ..
Caermarthen .....
Carnarvon ....
Chelsea .....
Cheltenham .....
Chester
Chichester ..
Culham
Durham ......
Edinburgh Episcopal Church
Edinburgh Established Church
Edinburgh Frec Church.
Exeter.
Glasgow Established Church
Glasgow Free Church..
Hamınersmith ..............
Highbury
Peterborough....
Saltley .............
Westminster ....
Winehester
York .........

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Bishop Stortford ......
Borough Road
Brighton ......
Bristol, Gloucester, and

Oxford ...........
Cheltenham
Derby ................
Durham ........
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Church ...........
Edinburgh Free Church...
Glasgow Established Church
Glasgow Free Church......
Home and Colonial .......
St. Leonard's R.C. ...
Liverpool R. C.
Norwich ..........
Salisbury .....
Truro
Warrington ..
Westminster
Whitelands
York............

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