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with an enthusiasm usually awarded only to the nary for this purpose was established at Göt- the duty of parents to send their children to successful soldier. In more than one hundred tingen, in 1738, and by its success led to the school, or provide for their instruction at cities and villages, in upwards of one thousand institution of a similar course of study and home-was enforced by law in Saxe-Gotha, in schools, by more than fifty thousand teachers, practice in Jana, Halle, Helmstadt, Heidel- 1643; in Saxony and Wirtemberg in 1659; in it is estimated in a German school journal, was berg, Berlin, Munich, &c.

Hildesheim in 1663; in Calemberg in 1681; inks the anniversary marked by some public de- In 1735 the first seminary for primary school Celle in 1689; in Prussia in 1717; and in every monstration. The following notice of the ap- teachers was established in Prussia, at Stettin, state of Germany before the beginning of the propriate manner in which it was celebrated in Pomerania. In 1748 Hecker, a pupil of present century. But it is only within the lasta, in Leipsic, by founding a charity for the Franké, and the founder of burgher, or what thirty years that government enactments have orphans of teachers, and for poor and ney. we should call high schools, established an in- been made truly efficient, by enlisting the lected children generally, is abridged from an stitution for teachers of elementary schools in habits and good-will of the people on the side extended notice in Reden's School Gazette. Berlin, in which the king testified an interest, of duty. We must look to the generation of

" At the first school hour, the elder pupils of and enjoined, by an ordinance in 1752, that men now coming into active life for the fruits : the city school at Leipsic, were informed by a pub- the country schools on the crown lands in of this principle, universally recognized, and in lic address of the distinguished merits of Pestalozzi | New Marck and Pomerania should be supplied most cases wisely enforced in every state,large as an eminent teacher, and a programme, with his by pupil teachers from this institution who and small, Catholic and Protestant, and hav- . portrait, handed to them; this programme contained had learned the culture of silk and mulberries ing more or less of constitutional guarantees . an address to the citizens of Leipsic, by the Rev. in Hecker's institution, with a view of carry- and forms. Dr. Naumann ; the plan of a public charity, to be ing forward industrial instruction into that Second. The establishment of a sufficient called the Pestalozzi Foundation, (Hiftung,) by section of his kingdom. In 1757 Baron von number of permanent schools of different Director Vogel; and a biographical sketch, by Fürstenber« established a seminary for teachers grades, according to the population, in every Professor Plato. At ten o'clock, the elder pupils at Munster, in Hanover. In 1767 the Canon / neighbourhood, with a suitable outfit of buildof the bargher school, and delegates from all the lyon Rochow opened a school on his estate in ings, furniture, appendages, and apparatus, schools, with their teachers, and the friends of

Rekane, in Brandenburg, where, by lectures and education, assembled in the great hall of one of

Third. The specific preparation of teachers. the public schools ; on the walls were portraits of practice, be prepared

actice, he, prepared schoolmasters for country as far as practicable, for the particular grade Pestalozzi. adorned with garlands. Addresses / schools on his own and neighbouring proper- Lof coh

hools on his own and neighbouring proper- of schools for which they are destined, with were made by the Rev. Dr. Naumann, who had ties. To these schools teachers were sent!

opportunities for professional employment and risited Pestalozzi in Yverdun, and by other gentle from all parts of Germany, to be trained in the

e promotion through life. men, while the intervals were enlivened by songs principles and practice of primary instruction.

Fourth, Provision on the part of the governand music composed for the occasion. In the In 1770 Bishop Febinger organized a nominal evening a general association of all the teachers in 1 (model) school in Vienna, with a course of lec- ment to make the schools accessible to the Leipsic was formed, for the purpose of establishing tures and practice for teachers extending poorest, not, except in comparatively a few inthe Pestalozzi Foundation, designed for the edu-throngh four months; and about the sa

stances, and those in the most despotic govern-cation of poor and neglected children."

time the deacon Ferdinand Kindermann, or ments, by making them free to the poor, b In Dresden & similar charity was commenced ) von Schulstein, as he was called by Maria Cheap to all. for the benefit of all orphans of teachers from Theresa, converted a school in Kaplitz, in Fifth. A system of inspection, variously orany part of Saxony. The same thing was Bohemia, into a normal institution. Between ganized, but constant, general, and respondone in nearly all the large cities of Germany. 11770 and 1800, as will be seen by the following sible-reaching every locality, every school, ha Berlin a Pestalozzi foundation was com table, teachers' seminaries were introduced into every teacher, and pervading the whole state, menced for an orphan-house, to which contri- nearly every German state, which, in all but from the central goverument to the remotest butions had been made from all provinces of three instances, were supported in whole, or in district. frussia, and from other states of Germany, To rart by the government. As the demand for The success of the school systems of Gerthe direction of this institution Dr. Diesterweg good teachers exceeded the supply furnished many is universally attributed by her own eduhas been appointed.

by these seminaries, private institutions have cators to the above features of her school law. The schools of most of the teachers and edu- sörung up, some of which have attained a po-especially those which relate to the teacher. cators whose names have been introduced were, lnularity equal to the public institutions. But These provisions respecting teachers may be m reality, teachers' seminaries, although not in no state bave such private schools been ablc sunmned up as follows:so designated by themselves or others. Their to sustain themselves, until the governmentl. 1. The recognition of the true dignity and establishments were not simply schools for I semivaries and the public school system bad importance of the office of teacher in a system

dren, but were conducted to test and exem- created a demand for well-qualified teachers. of public instruction. Buty principles and methods of education, and And in no state in Europe has the experiment 2. The establishment of a sufficient number test were perpetuated and disseminated by lof making seminaries for primary school tea- of Teachers' Seminaries, or Normal Schools. means of books in which they were embodied, Ichers an appendage to a university, or a gym- to educate, in a special course of instruction Tur pupils and disciples who transplanted /nasium, or any other school of an academic and practice, all persons who apply or propose

character, proved successful for any consider to teach in any public primary school with As has been already stated, on the authority (able period of time, or on an extensive scale. aids to self and professional improvement

ake a biographer, and of Schwartz. At the beginning of the present century there through life. Jer, and other writers on the history of were about thirty teachers' seminaries in ope.l. 3. A system of examination and inspectin, ration in Germany, the first regularly-orga. Įration. The wars growing out of the French by which incompetent persons are pret cu Teachers' seminary, or normal school | Revolution suspended for a time the move. Irom obtaining situations as teachers. ar ay www.sormal in the sense in which the word was ments on behalf of popular education, iintil the exciuded and degraded from the ranks of the Wiginally used, as a school of children so con success of the vew organization of schools in profession througli unworthy or criminal con

Sto be a model or pattern for teachers Prussia, commencing in 1809, arrested the at- duct.
rate, but a school of joung men who hadtention of governments and individuals all over 4. A system of promotion, by which faithful
by passed through an elementary, or even the continent, and has led, within the last sea

vw v: guind hoe led, within the last teachers can rise in a scale of lucrative and have to school, and who were preparing to quarter of a century, not only to the establish- desirable situations.

chers, by making additional attainments ment of seminaries nearly sufficient to supply 5. Permanent employment through the year yuiring a knowledge of the human mind, the annual demand for teachers, but to the and for life, with a social position and

principles of education as a science, I wore perfect organization of the whole system pensation which compare favourable with us methods as an art), was established of public instruction.

renzuneration for educated labour in other de& part of Hanover, prior to 1704. The cardinal principles of the system of pri- partments of business. ne same period Steinmitz opened a mary public instruction as now organized in 0. Preparatory schools, in which those ... 201 teachers in the Abbey of Kloster: the German states, are

wish eventually to become teachers, may test car Magdeburg, which was cuntinued! First. The recognition on the part of the their natural capacity and adantar by whom the spirit and methodil goverunsent of the right, duty, and interest of school teaching beïore apolving

post of school teaching before applying for admission the pietists were transplanted every community, not only to co-operate with to a Normal School,

Ti of Germany. In 1730 lectures | parents in the education of children, but! 7. Frequent conferences and associs.
the liver and the best methods of teaching to provide, as far as practicable, by efficient mutual improvenient, by an i
common us, and German languages were inducements and penalties, against the opinion and sharing the benefits

Principal universities and higher neglect of this first of parental obligations experience.
and regularly-organized semi- in a single instance. The school obligation- 8. Exemption from military

them into other places.

of Franke's biographer, at

and the principles and of its methods as a in Halle, in a part of About the same per

EL 22

by Resewitz, by whom the spirit

Franké and the pietists were into the north of Germany.

mutual improvenient, by an interchange of the opivion and sharing the benefit of each others'

whools. The first regularly.o

45

500

of peace, and recognition, in social and civil.

IV. The candidates are allowed to answer as life, as public functionaries.

THE NEW REGULATIONS FOR ADMISSION many questions as the time allotted to the subject

al INTO THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, I will permit 9. A pecuniary allowance when sick, and/

WOOLWICH. provision for years of infirmity and old age,

V. No candidate will be admitted unless he and for their families in case of death.

The following are the revised regulations for obtain an aggregate of at least 2500 marks. jo Boolia and periodicals bv which the the admission of Gentlemen Cadets to the VI. The successful candidates will remain under

instruction for about two years and a half, or until obscure teacher is made partaker in all the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich:

i All nandijatoe for commissions in the Parthey are sufficiently advanced in scientific knowimprovements of the most experienced and dis

ledge to pass a satisfactory examination, and they tinguished members of the profession in his Artillery and Royal Engineers are required to go

will then receive commissions in the Royal Artillery own and other countries.

through a course of instruction at the Royal Mili

W or Royal Engineers. If, however, they should be With this brief and rapid survey of the lnis.lay belis tary Academy.

I found unable to qualify themselves within three 1 Competitive examinations for admission are held tory and condition of Popular Education in; in London twice a year, in January and July.

years in their professional studies, or to acquire a Germany, we will now pass to the number and 7 They are conducted by examiners appointed for

sufficient proficiency in military exercises, they will location of Normal Seminaries in the different the purpose, in the presence and under the super

be subject to removal. States of Germany. intendence of the Council of Military Education.

VII. Each cadet on joining will be required to The following Table has been compiled from The candidates, until the examination in July,

pay a sum of 251. to cover the expense of uniform, recent official documents and school journals, I 1861, must be between 16 and 20 years of age ; which must afrerwards be kept up at his own ex

*: books, &c., and to produce the following articles, and without being complete, is accurate as far after that date, between 16 and 19 years of age.

pense, viz. :-Nine white shirts, four flannel waist as it goes. Calinich, in an artiele in Reden's II. The admissions will be determined by the coats, nine pair of socks, six pair of drawers, nine Magazine, estimates the whole number of pub. result of the examination, the subjects of which pockethandkerchiefs, six towels, one clothesbrush, lic and private seminaries in Germany at one will be as follows, viz. :

two combs and brush, one Bible and Prayer. book, Jaundred and fifty-sis, and the preparatory | 1. Mathematics-Pure (including 600 for the one looking-glass, one portmantean. He will also schouls at two hundred and six :

difierential and integral calculus,)* ......2500 3500 be required to pay a contribution of 621. 10s., pay

Mixed, (statics, dynamics, hydrostatics) 1000) PRUSSIA . .

able in advance, for each half-year of the time · Euglish-Language and Composition, ......... 1000 Superior Seminaries :-Stettin, founded 1735;

History and Geography of England

during which he remains under instruction. The

1000 Potsdam, f. 1748; Breslau, f. 1765; Halberstadt,

and its dependencies ......

annual contributions, however, for sons and orphans 3. Classics--Latin-Language ........... f. 1778; Madgeburg, f. 1790 ; Weissenfels, f. 1794 ;

1000 of naval and military officers, will be regulated at

Geography and History of Karalene, f. 1811; Braunsberg, f. 1810; Marien

500 the following rates, as beretofore :

Ancient Rome........ berg, f. 1814; Graudenz, f. 1816; Neuzelle, f. 1817;

Greek-Language .........,

1000 For sons of Admirals and of Generals having

Geography and Hlistory of Berlin, f. 1830; Cöslin. f. 1806; Bunzlau, f. 1816,

500 regiments, 801.

Ancient Greece Bromberg, f. 1819; Paradies, f. 1$38; Erfurt, 4. French Language......

1000

For sons of Generals without regiments, 701. f. 1820; Büren, f. 1825; Meurs, f. 1920; Neu. 5. German Language ..........

1000 For sons of Captains and Commanders of the wied, f. 1816: Brühl, f. 1823; Kempen, f. 1840.1

6. Hindustani - Language .....

1000 Navy, and of Colonels and Regimental Field

Geography and History of India ... Königsberg, reorganized, 1809;Ober-Glogau, reor.,

1000 Officers of the Army, 601.

The examination in French, German, and Hin-l 1815 ; Posen, f. 1804; Soest, f. 1818; Löwen, f.

for sons of all Officers of the Army and Nary "dustani will include writing from dictation. 1849.

under the above ranks, 401. Small, or Secondary Seminaries :-Angerberg, 17. Experimental Science, i. e. Chymistry, Heat,l 10

For sons of Officers of the Army and Navy who

Electricity, including Magnetism, ............ f. 1829; Mü..Ihansen, Griefswald, f. 1791; Kammin, 18. Xatural Sciences, i.e. Mineralogy and Geology : 1000

have died in the service, and whose families are f: 1840; Pyritz, f. 1827; Trzemesseo, f. 1829; Gar-9. Drawing-Elementary geometrical drawing, proved to be left in pecuniary distress, 201. delegen, f. 1821; Eisleben, f. 1836; Petershagen, f. including the use of drawing instruments...

The sons of General Officers who are paid only

Free-hand drawing of inachinery, architec1831; Langenhorst, f. 1830; Heiligenstadt, Eylau

on their commissions as Field Officers will pay

tural, topographical, landscape, or figure Ait-Döbern, Stralsund.

subjects .....

the same contribution as the sons of Field Officers. For Female T'eachers :-Münster ; Paderborn ;

The sons of officers on full or half pay will pay

III. No candidate will be allowed to be examined alike : but the sons of officers who have volunprivate seminaries in Berlin (Bormann); Marienwerder (Alberti); Kaiserswerth (Fleidner).

in more than five subjects, of which one must be tarily retired on half-pay. or received the difference,

| mathematics, and no one who does not obtain at will only be admitted on the terms prescribed for AUSTRIA ,

. . 11 Vienna, f. 1771: Prague, Trieste, Salzburg, In-east 1000 marks in mathematics, of which 700 at the sons of private gentlemen-Viz., 1251. per

least must be in pure mathematics, will be eligible anoum. spruck, Graz, Görz, Klagnefurt, Laibach, Linz, Brunn, ” for an appointment.t.

The sons of officers of the civil departments of From the other subjects of examination each the army and navy, of officers of the permanent SaxoXY . .

10 Dresden, f. 1785; Fletcher's seminary, f. 1925: candidate may select any, not exceeding four in m

F. select any, not exceeding four in Militia staff, and of adjutants of the Volunteer

' number, in which he desires to be examined. The force, are admissible to the Academy upon the same Freidberg, f. 1797 ; Zittau, Budissin, Plauen, Grimma, Annaberg, Pirna, Waldenburg. rules for counting marks are as follows:

terms as those prescribed for naval and military

In French, German, Experimental and Natural officers. BAVARIA .

Sciences, one-sixth of the marks allotted to each! Bamberg, f. 1777; Eichstadt, Speyer, Kaisürslau.

The sons of Indian naval and military officers tern, Lauingen, Altdorf, Schwabach.

subject must be gained before it can be allowed to I will be admitted on the same terms as the sons of WIERTMBERG .

. . 8
count.

| officers of the Queen's service. Esslingen, Oehringen, Gmünd, Nürtingen, Stutt

In English, Hindustani, and drawing, the subject The sons of professors at the Staff and Royal

is divided into two sections as above, either or Military Colleges, at the Royal Military Academy, gart, Weingarten, Tübingen. HANOVER.

both of which the candidate may take up as one land at the Royal Military College, Addiscombe, 601. Alfeld, f. 750; Hanover, Hildesheim, Osna subject ; but he will not be allowed to count the

The sons of masters at the above institutions, 401. marks gained in either section unless they amount brück, Stade; one for Jewish teachers in Hanover.

VIII. Any gentleman who wishes to present BADEN to one-sixth of the number allotted to it.

himself at one of the half-yearly examinations must

In classics, also divided into two sections (Latin) send in his name to the Military Secretary at the Carlsruhe, f. 1768; Ettlingen, Meersburg, Mul

and Greek), the marks appropriated to the geo-Horse Guards one month before the time of heim. Hesse-Cassel (Fulda, Homberg, Schlichtern) 3

graphy and history of ancient Rome or Greece examination, fowarding with his application to be

will not be allowed to count unless one-sixth of the noted the following papers :-Hesse-Darmstadt (Freidberg, Bensheim) : 2

marks allotted to the corresponding language has Anhalt (Bernburg, Cöthen, Dessau) .

1. An extract from the register of his baptism,* been gained, in which case, however, any number or, in default of that, a declaration before a magis. Reuss (Greiz, Gera, Schleiz) . Saxe Coburg-Gotha (Coburg ; f. 1779)

of marks gained in geography and history will trate, taken by one of bis parents, giving his exact Saxe Meiningen (Hildburghausen) count.

age.

In either French, German, or Hindustani every Saxe Weimar (Weimar, Eisenach)

2. A certificate of good moral character, signed candidate will be required to obtain 100 marks for Oldenburg (Oldenburg, Birkenfeld) . Holstein (Segeberg, f. 1780)

.by a clergyman of the parish to which he belongs, qualification; and in geometrical drawing 50 marks; 1.

whether he takes them up as subjects in which he Saxe-Altenburg (Altenburg)

and by the tutor or head of the school or college at

which he has received his education for at least the Nassau (Idstein). . .

desires to compete or not.
It should be understood that, though only a small

two preceding years, or such other proof of good Brunswick (Wolfenbüttel). qualifying test has been iniposed in respect to

inoral character as will be satisfactory to the Luxembeurg (Luxemburg). Lippe (Detmold)

Commander-in-Chief. modern languages and geometrical drawing, a ... Mecklenburg Schwerin (Ludwigslust). knowledge of them on admisson will contribute

3. A statement of the subjects of examination in Mecklenburg Strelitz (Mirow) . .

greatly to a candidate's future success at the Royal which (in addition to mathematics) he may desire Schwarzburg (Rudolstadt) Military Academy.

to be examined. Lubeck * See Syllabus annexes.

* When the register of baptism does not contain the Bremen .

• 1 * N.B --The examination in arithmetic, algebra, date of birth, it should be accompanied by a memoHamburg . . . . . · . . i plane geometry, logarithms, and plane trigonometry randum, signed by one of his parents or guardians, Frankfort. il will be close and searching.

stating the day on which the candidate was born. .

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A candidate who has been examined before, Three Scholarships of 801. a-year each will be in Easter Term, 1858, and a second-class in the when he applies for leave to present himself agaia, filled up at Lincoln College on Tuesday, May 21. final examination in Easter Term, 1860. will only be required to forward the list of subjects Candidates are to leave their names with the Rec- There will be elections of one Fellow and three he selects, and a certificate from his tutor or the tor on Thursday, May 16, between the hours of 2 Scholars in Trinity College on Trinity Monday, head of his school, &c., for the interval between and 3.

May 27. The Fellowship is open to such as have the two examinations,

The Vice Chancellor has addressed the following passed all the examinations required by the Univer. IX. The candidates will be inspected by military reply to a memorial on the subject of Essays and sity for the degree of B.A., and do not possess any surgeons on the first day of the examination, in Reviews" from the Clerical and Lay Association for benefice or property which would disqualify if order that it may be agcertained that they are free the Maintenance of Evangelical Principles : acquired after election; but candidates must either from any bodily defects or ailments calculated to " Rev. and dear Sir, I have laid before the

be already in Holy Orders, or absolutely engage to interfere with the performance of military duties. Hebdomadal Council of this University the memo.

be ordained within two years. The value of the Extreme short sight, or any serious delect of rial which you presented to me, requesting me to

Scholarships is about 751. per annum; they are vision, is regarded as a disqualification.

tenable for five years, and open to candidates betake measures to procure or pronounce an anthori. W. F. FORSTER, Military Secretary.

tween 16 and 20 years of age. Candidates for the

Fellowship will be required to exhibit the usual SYLLABUS OF EXAMINATION IN THE DIFFEREN I judgment of the University of Oxford as to the

testimonials, and, if ordained, their letters of orders, TIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS. truths contravened or the errors promulgated in a

but if not, an attested copy of their register of Differential Calculus. book entitled Essays and Reviews.

into its | baptism, and in the case of those who have not The meaning of Differeatiation.

“The Council has taken the memorial into its bar The Differentiation of Elementary Functions ofl grave consideration, and I am instructed to state yet graduated, the Testamur of the public exami

or of ners in the final schools; for the Scholarship an one ladependent Variable

to you that in order to comply with the prayer of her The theorems of Taylor and Maclaurin, with the memorialists it would be necessary that the attested copy of their register of baptism, and

before testimonial of character from their College or their applications. Council and myself should bring the subject before !

om. instructors. These papers must, in all cases, either The theory of Maxima and Minima, with its apo the Convocation of the University-a body com

of be transmitted or personally delivered to the Preplications.

prebending between 3,000 and 4,000 members of The equations to the Tangents, Normals, and different ranks and professions, and we think that sident, on or before Saturday, May 18, between

of does the hours of 10 and 12 a.m. All candidates will Asymptotes of Plane Curves. anything of a judicial sentence on matters of doc

call upon the President at 9 a.m., on Wednesday, The corvature of Plane Curves and their radii of trine would be more satisfactory if it proceeded

May 22. The examination will begin the same curvature and evolutes. from a tribunal very differently constituted.

day. The Differential Co-efficients of the Arcs and! "We observe that the Archbishops and Bishops,

31 There will be an election at Worcester College of Areas of Plane Curves to rectangular and polar Co- whose especial province it is to watch over the

in an Exhibitioner on the foundation of Lady Holford ordinates, and of the surfaces and volumes of solids faith and to reprove error, have pronounced their

on the 27th of April. Candidates must present to of revolution. opinion on the book in question, and are un

| the Provost in person on the 26th of April testi. Integral Calculus. derstood to have the matter still under their con.

monials of moral and religious character. The The meaning of Integration. sideration.

value of the Exhibition is 202. per annum. It is The Integration of Elementary Functions. “We regret that the 'liberty of opinion' in the value The Integration of Rational Fractions.

Church of England which you highly value should entirely open. _Tae determination of the lengths and areas of ever be carried so far as to give pain to pious Plane Curves and of the surfaces and volumes of ininds, but we believe that the general and warm

CAMBRIDGE, APRIL 8. 73 solids of revolution

expression of veneration for the authority of Holy
Scripture and of faith in the great truths of the The Vice-Chancellor has informed the members

Gospel which the publication of the book to which of the Senate that he has received the commands UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.

Vou memorial refers has called forth tends to of his Royal Highness the Chancellor of the Uni. prove that the confidence which our Church re-versity to ascertain whether there are any gentle poses in her ministers is rarely abused.

men at Cambridge who would desire to compete OXFORD, APRIL 8.

We believe, too, as you do, that discussions for the appointments mentioned in the subjoined There will be an election at Brasenosa College to such as that which has now arisen, however dis- communication which has been addressed to his (at least three Open Scholarships in the ensning tressing, and however injurious in the first instance, Royal Highness by the Right Hon. Lord John herm- viz., one of the value of 801., and two must ultimately serve under God's providence Russell:

“Foreign Office, March 30. value of 732. per annum, of which last one to deepen and strengthen the foundation of the

“Sir,--I have the honour to acquaint your Royal will be awarded with especial regard to mathema- | faith. tical attainments. Candidates, who must produce “I am, rev, and dear Sir, your obedient humble Highness that I propose to nominate

number of candidates to compete before the Civil evidence of their being under 20 years of age, to servan gether with the usual testimonials of good conduct

IRANCIS JEUNE, Vice-Chancellor. Service Commissioners for the appointment of der college or school, are required to call “The Rev. Allan G. Cornwall."

Student Interpreter in China or Japan, and I shall on the Principal before 10 a.m. on

have great pleasure in including in the list of can. Tuesday, APRIL 13.

didates the names of any three gentlemen of the MERTON COLLEGE.

University over which your Royal Higbness pre... Pour Seholarships at Pembroke College, one of the value of 902

The election to the Postmastership, S :sides, whom your Royal Highness or the Vicethree of the value of 801. a year, tenable for four this morning, and resulted in lavour ble for, nive years, and Bible Clerkship at this College took place!

Chancellor may recommend for that purpose, and years to be awarded for proficiency in classics or lowing:

Us | whose age may be within the prescribed liinits of mathematics, or both, will be filled up in the en

| between 16 years complete and 20 years comClassical Postmaster-Mr. John Holland Stensung Aet Terra. The examination will begin on

plete, Tuesday, June 4, at 9 o'clock, in the College hall. nett, of Rugby School.

“The object for which such appointments are Mathematical Postmaster-Mr. Awherst David

made is that the persons on whom they are con. adates must be under 20 years of age. They Tussen, of Winchester College.... are to call with evidence of age and testimonials as

ferred should, in the first place, devote themselves Jackson Jackson Scholardir.

Scholar-Mr. William Pesterre, ofte character on the Master or Vice-Gerent on or Cheltenham College.

to the study of the Chinese or Japanese language,

as the case may be, and in the next place should Bible Clerk--Mr. Henry Clarke Jollye, St. An

qualify themselves generally for the public service APRIL 12.

drew's, Bradfield. ke-Chancellor has received from the Right

in China or Japan, so that Her Majesty's Go. For the various vacancies there were no less than Mot. the Earl of Derby, Chancellor of the Univer- 32 candidates.

vernment may always have at their disposal persons , addressed to his Lordsbip by the Right Hon.

competent to discharge the duties intrusted to Her land John Russell, Her Majesty's principal Secre

APRIL 16.

Majesty's consular officers in those countries.

e has published a second of State for Foreign Affairs, a letter stating

"The salary which is assigned to the office of

cal to Lord Derby on Student Interpreter in either country is at the are pleasure in nominating, as candia letter from Lord John Russell to Lord Derby on Student Inte

pters in China and rate of 2001. a-year, to commence from the date of a vilce of Student Interpreter in China the subject of Student Interpreters in China and rate of 2007

ot of the letter is to state that the departure from this country, the passage from uree gentlemen of the University of Japan. The object of the letter is to state that the departure for

r this time only, tol England to the place of destination being, more. ward Derby or the Vice-Chancellor age of candidates is extended, for this time only, to Eucland to ant set forth in the letter. The advantages of the offices 25 years.

Jover, provided at the public expense.

as nublished the list of can.
be letter. They are the same
They are the same
'The Senior Proctor has published the list of can

“I enclose a statement of the subjects in regard te published in our intelligence from Cam

to present themselves for examination to which the relative capacity of the candidatos all in the Final Classical School. The number of will be tested by the examina

ill be tested by the examination; and I wonld Sembers of the University desirous of being re

add that, as the climates of China and Japan are untended for the offices to which the letter refers versity desirous of being re- dames is 216.

APRIL 19.

considered to be more or less trying to English send in their names and testino. Mr. Donald Crawford, B.A., of Balliol College, constitutions, the probability that t

Scandidates will be such as to bear a residence in vaancellor on or before Saturday, I was this day elected to the vacant Fellowship at candidates will be such as to hann

Lincoln College. Mr. Crawford obtained a first. I those climates will be taken into
N. JEUNE, Vice-Chancellor. class in the examination before the Moderators the Civil Service Commissioners

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hoge climates will be taken into consideration by “I have turther to observe that candidates must

Value per Annum. On the motion of Dr. Pinches, it was unani. clearly understand that if they succeed in obtaining *One Foundation Scholarship . . £40 mously resolved, That the Secretary be instructed one of the vacant appointments, of which, as regards +One Johnson Exhibition .... 24. to convey to Mrs. J. P Hall the expression of China, there are six, and, as regards Japan, two, to IOne Taylor Exhibition .... 60 the Council's deep regret at the loss of her much be filled up on the present occasion, their retention Four ditto . . . . . . . . 30 respected husband, who was for upwards of fourin the public service, and their future advancement Subjects--Arithmetic, Algebra, Euclid, Plane teen years a member of the Council. in it will depend entirely on the ability which they | Trigonometry, Conic Sections. The classical sub-1 The following were then elected members of the may show after their arrival at their desti. Ijects are not restricted to any particular authors. I.

S. College :nation, and on their general steadiness and good Prose and verse composition will be set.

Mrs. M, Barrett, Brompton. Every candidate must send in his name to the conduct.

Mr. G. De Chastelain, Merton. “I propose to leave the successful candidates, Tutor (the Rev. J. C. W. Ellis), on or before the

Mr. E. J. Gibbs, Brighton. in rotation, to elect whether they will take one 14th of September, and (if not already admitted, a

Mr. C. H. Gorbell, Braintree. of the appointments in China or one of those in member of Sidney College) the date and place of his birth, the names and residence of his parents,

Rev. S. Lodge, M.A., Horncastle. Japan.

Mr. W. Martin, Hatfield. “I have only to add that, if your Royal Highness the place of his education, and a certificate of good

The following gentlemen, who had vacated their should be disposed to avail yourself of my present conduct from a graduate inember of the University offer, I should be glad to be made acquainted, as or a beneficed clergyman.

seats in the Council by non-attendance, were unasoon as possible, with the names of your candidates.. Candidates must present themselves in the Col-nimously re-elected members thereof :as I should wish that the examination should take lege hall, on Wednesday morning, October 9, 1861, John Andrews, Esq., F.C.P. place as soon after the lst of June as may suit the at 9 o'clock.

John Atkinsoni, Esq., F.C.P.
Civil Service Commissioners..

* Will be given for proficiency in Classics, and Rev. J. D. Collis, D.D.
“ I have the honour to be, Sir,
limited to candidates under 20 years of age.

Rev. E. H. Gifford, M.A.
“Your Royal Highness's
1 + Preference to Oakham and Uppingham schools.

W. B. Hodgson, Esq., LL.D., F.C.P. “Most obedient humble servant,

I Will be given for proficiency in Mathematics, and Rev, H. A. Holden, M.A.
“J. RUSSELL.”

will be tenable for one year, but any exhibitioner will Rev. T. F. Lee, M.A.
be eligible for re-election.

Rev. W. A. Osborne, M.A.
The Vice-Chancellor requests that the names

APRIL 19.

Rev. P. Smith, B.A. of those gentlemen who may wish to become can- QUEEN'S COLLEGE OFEN SCHOLARSNIPS.

Rev. F. Temple, D.D. didates may be forwarded to him by the tutors. There will be an examination at Queen's College

James Templeton, Esq., M.A. i of their respective Colleges at their earliest con. on Wednesday, October 9, and Thursday, October The Rey. E. J. Selwyn, MA was also elected venience,

| 10, for two scholarships, open to all persons, under a member of the Council in the place of Dr. Sayer. Heads of Examination.-General Intelligence, 20 years of age, who shall not have commenced Précis Orthography Handwriting First Tour residence in the University. The Scholarships The following Gentlemen were tben elected Rules of Arithmetic, First Four Books of Euclid,

will be of the value of 401. per annum each, and Honorary Members :Trondlotion from Lorin into English Translation will be tenable till the scholarship examination in H. W. Acland, M.D., Regius Professor of Me from French into English, General Knowledge of the

of the College next following. One of them will be dicine, University of Oxford. Modern Geography. Limit of age for candidates,

as awarded for proficiency in classics, and the other James Apjohn, M.D., Professor of Chemistry in 16 to 20, both years inclusive.

for proficiency in mathematics. The classical part the University of Dublin.

of the examination will comprise the translation of H. J. H. Bond, M.D, Regius Professor of Physic, Professor Willis will deliver Sir Robert Rede's passages from the best Greek and Latin authors, I University of Cambridge Lecture in the Senate-house, on Tuesday, May 14, and composition in those languages. The mathe- Robert Christison, M.D., Professor of Materia at 2 o'clock. The subject of the lecture will be, matical part will be livnited to papers in Euclid, I Medica and Pharmacy in the University of Lain

Cdin. « The Social and Architectural History of Trinity arithmetic, algebra, trigonometry, and conic sec-burgh. College from the Foundation of King's-hall and tion

tions, treated both analytically and geometrically! D. J. Corrigan, M.D., President of the College Michiel-house to the present time."

with problems arising out of those subjects. Each of Physicians, Ireland. APRIL 9.

candidate must forward to the President of the D. Embleton, M.D., University of Durham.

College, on or before October the 1st, a certificate Charles Henry Leet, M.D., Stephen's Green, PROFESSORIAL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION, of baptism, and a certiticate of good conduct from Dublin. REGIUS PROFESSOR OF Laws.

a graduate of Cambridge, Oxford, or Dublin. The James Syme, Esq., Professor of Clinical Surgery, Examined and approved:-,

successful candidates will be required to enter University of Edinburgh. Bradford, Trinity H. | Stevenson. Trinity.

their names on the Boards of the College, and to Allen Thomson, M.Ö., Professor of Anatomy and Knapp, Emmanuel | Tilston, Trinity H.

commence residence on October the 12th. Further Physiology in the University of Glasgow. Leakey, Corpus.

particulars will be furnished by the Rev. W. M. Alexander Wood, M.D., President of the Royal Campion, Tutor of the College.

College of Physicians of Edinburgh. J. T. ABDY, LLD., ?

WINCHESTER COLLEGE.

Andrew Wood, M.D., President of the Royal JOHN ROBERTS, 'M.A. Examiners.

The Warden of Winchester College has given College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.

notice that the annual election of Scholars and
APRIL 11.

Exhibitioners of that College will take place on
PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATES.

Tuesday the 16th day of July, and that the requisite Dr. Biggs, of Devizes, has forwarded to the
CHYMISTRY.

papers must be sent on or before the 1st day of Secretary a second subscription of 198. to the Examined and approved :

June to Mr. J. D. Walford, M.A., Winchester, from Teachers' Prize Fund, to which we beg again

whom forms of the declaration to be filled up by to call our readers' attention. Sturges, Emmanuel. I Dickinson, Caius.

|the parents and guardians of the candidates inay Mr. Wm. Martin, of Hatfield, has given a dona · J. CUMMING, Professor, 2

Examiners.
be previously obtained.

tion of one guinea to the Benevolent Fund. G. D. LIVEING, M.A., S

APRIL 23.
JACKSONIAN PROFESSOR.

TYRWHITT'S HEBREW SCHOLARSHIPS.
Examined and approved :-

The examination for those scholarships will com- METROPOLITAN EVENING CLASSES, Doyne, Magdalen. Matthews, Magdalen.

mence on Wednesday, the 8th of May, at 9! Hall. A deputation of the committee and Hargreaves, Trinity.

scoe met the Bisbop I

o'clock. Candidates must send their names to of the Metropolitan Evening Classes met i

Rogers, Queen's. Lewis, Corpus.

the Vice-Chancellor on or before Saturday, the 4th of London on Monday afternoon, at Lond

of May. R. WILLIS, Professor, ?

and on the motion of Earı Granville it was the N, M. FERRERS, M.A. } niners.

solved, “ That considering the great good wale COLLEGE OF PRECEPTORS. the Metropolitan Evening Classes have done, and APRIL 12.

the benefits which they might still render to the The following were this day elected Scholars of

A meeting of the Council was held on the 30th young men of London, an effort be made. ere this day elected scholars or of March :Trinity College:-H. G. Thompson, F. L. Bag.1

establishing them on a new and broader basis; a. shawe. M. Powell. H. S. Wrighi. I'Morchon 7 PRESENT.-The Rev. Dr. Jacob, Dean, in the that with that view the Revs. Charles Mack F. Hope Edwardes, E. M. Young, R. F. Wood.

" Chair ; Dr. Aldom, Mr. Bidlake, Mr. Clennell, and R. Whittington, Henry Cole, Esq., u ward, R. Sinker, F. Archer, E. E. W. Kirkley, A.

: Mr. Herbert, Mr. Isbister, the Rev. W. T. Jones. I Chester, Esq., H. S. Thornton, Esq. * Pretor. W. E. Currey, E. T. Leeke, A. Sidgwick, Sharpe, and Dr. White.

1: Mr. Knightley, Mr. Long, Mr. J. Reynolds, Dr. | Hoare, Esq., Thomas Whittington, Esq. J. A. Aldis, W. H. Bolton, and J. A. Lobley.

Mr. Marshall Carpenter, be appointed a comm Mr. Law, one of the late Trustees, attended the to ascertain what subscriptions are hike APRIL 16.

| meeting, for the purpose of handing over to the contributed for their re-establishment There will be an examination at Sidney Sussex Chairman the amount of the Benevolent Fund, I prepare a scheme whereby the institu College on Wednesday, October 9, of students who lately invested in the Chelsea Savings Bank, for made self supporting for the futur intend to commence residence, when (provided fit re-investment in the names of the new Trustees proposed to convert the classes into candidates present themselves) the following Scho- The Treasurer read the Quarterly Report of the College, and it was understood that on larships and Exhibitions will be filled up :Finance Committee, which was adopted.

already subscribed towards this object.

SSEX

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ons are likely to be whereby the institution may be

ament, and to " for the future." It was the classes into a Metropolitan understood that 6001, had been

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of thousands of pounds per annum SCALE OF ADVERTISEMENTS.

for the and managers of the principal public schools, as it education of the children of the working classes. would very much assist the inquiry if it could

At all events, let not Christ's Hospital, which be carried on in an amicable manner with the Space of Six Lines and under, (Body Type) 0 3 6 I has done so much good in its ceneration, and heads of these institutions. He would put it to the Every Additional Line

0 0 6 Half a Column .......

..1

has been, even according to its bitterest ene-hon. member whether it would not be better to 5 0

omi postpone his motion for that night, until the Go. A Column

2 6 mies, so very partially diverted from the ori. postpone

0 Half a Page...... 3 0 0 ginal purpose for which it was intended, that

vernment had communicated with the heads of the A Page ........................ .......... 5 100

public schools.” the only charge brought against it is, that it Advertisements cannot be inserted without either a written order, or pre-payment; and it is particularly re- has in some “few"cases admitted the children: Sir Cornwell Lewis's answer tallies, partly quested that they inay be sent in as early in the month as of fathers who had 4001. or 5001. per annum,- at least, with the newly-published recommendapossible, as none can be inserted after the 25th.

letnot Christ's Hospital alone, we say, be singled tions of the Royal Commissioners. Every one Advertisements, Books, Music, and School Appliances for Notice, and Communications, should be addressed to

ces out for animadversion. There are endowments who has thought anything about the matter the Editor, 1, Gough Square, Fleet Street.

left to both our Universities, on condition that must hope earnestly that nothing will happen The adoption of the Educational Times as the Journal they should only be filled by sons of the poorest to prevent the action of the Government in this of the College of Preceptors, has made no change what.

classes : these conditions are now ignored, case. A man may not plead for another on the erer in the Proprietorship of the Periodical, in which the College has no pecuniary interest.

and such exhibitions are held, not by paupers' most trivial point in a court of justice, or even Advertisements may be sent to the Publisher, No. sons, but by those who have shown themselves feel his pulse, without having been previously 1. Gough Square, Fleet Street; or to Mr. W. Wesley, I possessed of certain educational qualification

possessed of certain educational qualifications, licensed as a fit and competent person to do so; No.2, Queen's Head Passage, Paternoster Row.

Founders' intentions are always worthy of nay, he may not even sell beer to his neigh

consideration ; but it may be doubted whether bours without having his antecedents carefully THE EDUCATIONAL TIMES. these same founders would sometimes approve inquired into, and without having satisfied a

of what is now-a-days often proposed in their bench of magistrates that he is duly capable names.

of undertaking the onerous responsibilities of ELSEWIIERE in these columns will be found The Commissioners, after uselessly insisting, a public-house proprietor. If, however, the a short summary of the Report of the Royal) we think, upon the poverty of the aborigines of would-be beer-seller be not allowed to gain & Commissioners on Education. “Christ's flos- Christ's Hospital, suggest some changes which livelihood by retailing malt liquors, he need pital - its abuses and defects," forms the will probably in due time be carried out. The not at all despair. He has a very profitable heading of one short section, which we will income of Christ's llospital in 1859 was, it career before him, if he only have some wit briefly notice. That Christ's Hopital has both appears. 60.9301., and of this, some 60001. was and plenty of impudence. Though he be not * abuses and defects” is very possible. If it contributed by donation governors. This good enough to dole out half-pints of vilbe weighed, however, against our other great system of donation governors is disapproved lanously-adultcrated malt, he is quite fit to schools, we do not think it will be found of by the Commissioners ; and probably with teach boys and girls. That he knows nothing wanting. The Commissioners waste some good reason. Governors, it is urged, should whatever himself, is of no consequence, as learning in proving that the Hospital was be appointed on the grounds of personal quali. there is no one to find this fact out. originally intended for poor children, and the fications only; and the Hospital should be

"--res nulla minoris heaviest charge they can bring against it placed under the inspection of the Privy Coun

Constabit patri quàm filius," now is, that boys are occasionally admitted (cil. Furthermore, it is recommended - that says Juvenal; but, in tho present case, the whose parents have incomes exceeding 4001. the presentations and exhihitions should be broken-down beer-seller who has turned school. and 5001. a year. These cases, even according bestowed by merit." that is by a competi- master has a vigorous ally in the sham gentility to the Commissioners, are not very numerous; tive examination-a suggestion of which we which is now-a-days so rite. The small farmer and we confess we should be exceedingly sorry thoroughly approve—and that the expediency or the tradesman who w to see this noble foundation closed to all but lof keepin up the boarding-school at Her

closed to all but of keeping up the boarding-school at Hertford son to the national school, will patronize the pauper children. Poverty is, in many cases, should be considered, and that a composition quack w

d he considered and that a composition quack who teaches all the ologies for £20 per deserving of sympathy and aid ; but we think be made with parishes and companies pos- annum. Pro

hy and aid: but we think he made with parishes and companies nos annum, Protests have been long made against even poverty can be too much encouraged. sessing presentations." The Commissioners this abominable state of things; but the plea Government now provides amply for the edu- add, that if such improvements as these should against centralization has hitherto been too cational needs of the mechanic's children, who be adopted, “ Christ's Hospital might not only strong for are taught and examined by thoroughly capa-l be made an admirable place of education itself.medy it. Government at last seems about to ble persons. For 28s. per annum, the son of but it might act indirectly as a great encou

ut it might act indirectly as acrent encou' take the matter into its own hands; and we the small farmer or artisan can obtain a prac- ragement and stinjulus to education among all

cement and stimulus to education among all trust the days are gone by for ever, when the tical education, such as no money could have classes of the people." These words lead us broken-down artisan or mechanic can, without procured for the great grandfather of an Eng- to hope that Christ's Hospital will be dealt any one, 9 lish Duke. We make no complaint that this with fairly and considerately; and to this treat the

: and to this treat. I the Archididascalus of some unliappy neighis 80. Far otherwise, indeed; but we ask ment its past and present merits fully entitle

bourhood which he has succeeded in bewilderour rulers to extend their sympathies beyond it.

ing by liis hand-bills and vocal impudence. the range of bricklayers and costermongers.

The Royal Commissioners recommend that We make no appeal ad misericordiam for tho

We beg to call the attention of our readers

no person shall be appointed to the mastership poorer portion of our professional classes : l..

of an endowed school who shall not have either Sito the reply of the Home Secretary to Mr. but we say at once that Christ's Hospital has/

taken an academical degree, or obtained a cerconferred enormous benefits upon them; and Duff's question on Tuesday last :

tificate of competency from some authorized that to divert its revenues from their present.

“Mr. G. DUFF asked the Home Secretary whether |

ber body ; and that every appointment shall be use to the sole aid of pauper children, would

the Government intended to inquire into the state

the state certified to, and if duly made, confirmed by the

of discipline, studies, and revenues of public schools, Duis be a fatal piece of reform. The clergyman,

S, Privy Council.
Eman; as well as those of endowed schools.

This recommendation is & the physician, and the lawyer, do not find it “Sir G. C. LEWIS said Parliament had recog.

good one, so far as it goes ; but the day must 80 easy to educate a large family, that they | nized a difference between schools which enjoyed surely be cio can afford to see our greatest metropolitan endowments and private schools which did

endowments and private schools which did not longer possible for any man who has proved chool turned into a huge national workhouse, possess any such endowments. The former had himself unfit for every other appointment to wbich is, apparently, what some of our conteni- been subjected to the supervision of Parliament in turn schoolmaster, simply because he can find poraries, if not the Commissioners theinselves, past years; and a Royal commission had been issued nothing else to do. actually suggest as right and proper. The to inquire into the Universities of Oxford and Daily News," for instance. has had in Cambridge, and there had been subsequent legislaits columns an angry leader, insisting upon tion with respect to these universities, and the minor

CORRESPONDENCE. the glaring perversion of the endowments of

class of endowed schools were brought under the Christ's Hospital, and adding that they ought ljurisdiction of Parliament, especially of the Charity

To the Editor of the Educational Times. Commissioners, whose powers were created by Act' to revert to those for whom they were originally of Parliament.

Sir, -In reference to the subject of inquiry Under these circumstances, the

s intended ; in other words, that nobody above Government could not but recognize the public by y

vernment could not but recognize the oublic by your correspondent “T.M." in the last im

ja nave a schools of England as a fit subject for public in. I pression of the “Educational Times," I send son in that school. To this we can only reply, quiry, and they were not unfavourable to the mode the subjoined extract from the “full News.” that circumstances have utterly changed since of inquiry indicated in the question of the hon.

County COURT, IULI. the foundation of Christ's Hospital, inasmuch member. The Government were desirous, in the “Ridsdale v. Gough.- Plaintiff is a school. as the nation now contributes some hundreds first instance, of communicating with the beads master, and sued the defendant for 21. 128. Bd.,

re

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