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miles, at which places the carriage took in coke and water; in running on the Greenwich road, the carriage took in for each journey a small quantity of coke and water, sufficient for the five miles run, the two stations for this purpose being one in the Waterloo Road and the other at Greenwich. The quantity of coke consumed during the whole time that the carriage has been running with the present boiler, averages nearly half a bushel per mile.
Improvement in Culinary Utensils and Vessels. This consists in protecting or strengthening such vessels, when made or formed of zinc, as are intended for utensils or vessels of capacity, and to be submitted to the action of fire in boiling liquids ; or to be used for any other similar purpose where they are likely to be injured by heat. It consists also in casing or covering them, either wholly or partially, with thin sheet-copper, iron, tin-plate, brass, either soldered or riveted to the vessels, and which is done in several different ways. For vessels of small capacity, a shell, or outer casing, from thin sheet-copper, iron, tin-plate, brass, or other thin sheet metals, of the proper size and shape required, is made either by hammering, stamping, or raising, or by uniting the sides and bottom by riveting, soldering, or otherwise; the inside of this shell or outer casing, with tin, is then covered in the ordinary manner of tinning. Into the tinned shell or case a core is suspended, or placed in such a way as to leave a small space all round it, between the surface of the core and the inside of the case or shell, the width of the space being of the thickness of the metal required to form the inner vessel. Into this space zinc, in a fluid state, is cast, which will melt or fuse the tin on the inside of the case or shell, and cause it to solder between the zinc and the shell, and to make them adhere firmly together, and when the zinc has become hard, the case is removed and the inside of the vessel tinned to produce a smooth surface in the usual way; the other parts are attached to the utensil in the ordinary manner.
Machine for Pressing Straw and other Hats.-This consists of a suitable block fixed to the frame-work of the machine, and upon which the hat is placed when pressed, which is done by a heated flat iron; to this a horizontal motion is given by a shaft, carrying an eccentric, which acts upon a lever, to the opposite end of which the pressing iron is fixed. By placing the foot upon a treadle the pressure may be regulated.
NEW PATENTS. H. Davey, of St. Giles, Camberwell, for cer. improvement in the structure of certain boil. tain improvements in machinery or apparatus ers for producing steam for the working of for preparing linen and cotton rags and other steam-eng materials used in the manufacture of paper. G. Gurney, Bude, Cornwall, Esquire, for
A. Smith, of Princes-street, Leicester certain improvements in musical instruments. square, for certain improvements in springs for R. Stephenson, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, doors and other purposes.
engineer, for a certain improvement in the J. W. Lewty, of Lichfield-street, Birming locomotive steam-engines now in use for the ham, brass-founder, for certain improvements quick conveyance of passengers and goods in castors.
upon edge railways. M. Berry, of 66, Chancery-lane, civil en R. B. Cooper, of Battersea Fields, Esq. gineer, for certain improvements in the con and G. F. Eckstein, of Holborn, ironmonger, struction of weighing machines.
for an instrument or apparatus for pointing T. Welch, of Manchester, cotton-spinner, pencils, and certain other purposes. for a new method of taking up, for power and S. Hutchinson, of Pall Mall East, for cer. hand-looms.
tain improvements in machinery or apparatus W.T. Young, of Liverpool, merchant, for a for manufacturing gas for illumination, and machine or apparatus for equalizing draft, in the mode or means of supplying gas to the chiefly applicable to the towing of barges and consumer; and also in the construction of other floating bodies on water, and moving or gas-burners, parts of which improvements drawing carriages on land.
are applicable to other useful purposes. J. Maudelay, of Lambeth, engineer, for an R. Barnes, of Wigan, engineer, for a certain
machine and apparatus for producing, by the combustion of gas or oil, heated air for warm. ing the interior of buildiugs, and which ma. chine and apparatus may be employed at the same time to give light.
J. Tennant, merchant, and T. Clark, che. mist, both of Glasgow, for a uew or improved apparatus to produce or evolve chlorine for manufacturing purposes.
C. Attwood, of Wickham, near Gateshead, glass-manufacturer, for a certain improvement or improvements in manufacturing or purify. ing soda.
J. F. V. Gerard, Mile End, for an improve. ment applicable to the Jacquard looms for weaving figured fabrics.
T. A.G. Gillyon, of Crowd-street, Pinsbury • square, engineer, for improvements in ord.
Pance, and on the carriages and projectiles to be nsed therewith.
H. Hendriks, of Dunkirk, in the kingdom of France, but now of the Strand, in the county of Middlesex, Gent., for certain improvements in manufacturing prussiate of potash, and the prussiate of soda, and im. provements in dyeing blue colours without indigo.
J. Joyce, of South-row, New Road, St. Pancras, in the county of Middlesex, Gent., for a certain improvement or improvements in machinery for making nails.
BANKRUPTS, FROM OCTOBER 29, 1833, TO NOVEMBER 26, 1833, INCLUSIVE. Oct. 29.-H. DAVIS, Bristol, scrivener. H. Nov. 15.-J. GIBBON, jun., Limehouse-hole, PLANT, Congleton, Cheshire, victualler. J. Poplar, mast-maker. G. TAYLOR, Coopers'KINGSFORD, Canterbury, miller.
row, Crutchedfriars, sail-cloth-manufacturer. Nov.1.-S. KENT, victualler, Russell-court,
J. MORRIS, Regent-street, Poplar, carpenter. Drury-lane. E. BELL, dealer in carriages,
A. JONES, Aberyetwith, Cardigan, draper. C.
Dod. Lime-street, ship-owner.
R. L. ANKing-street, Portman-square.
G. WAT. DREW, market-gardener, Wandsworth-road.
KINS, Homer-street, Marylebone, grocer, J. J. C. S. STEAD, corn-factor, Mark-lane. T.
Gaze, Norwich, tanner. J. E. DILLY, RUTLAND, bobbin and carriage-maker, Not Littleton, Hampshire, horse-dealer. T. tingham. W. WALLIS, builder, Fen Ditton,
J. SPENCÉ, Manchester, linen-factor. J. Cambridgeshire. J. INGLIS, baker, High
Jones, Worcester, liquor.merchant. street, Hampstead. J. MAZZUCCHI, mer Nov. 19.-J. Flude, Mincing-lane, winechant, Bow-lane, Cheapside. G. Dixon. merchant. R. JOHNSON, Wapping-street, farmer, Burley, Otley, Yorkshire. F. DAVY, victualler. H. R. PLAW, Modiford-court, coal-merchant, Phoenix-wharf, Whitefriars. Fenchurch-street, merchant. W. HUCKEL,
Nov. 5.-W. MASON, Queenhithe, auc- . Duke.st., Westminster, lodging-honse-keeper. tioneer. J. NICKALLS, Chatham, Kent,
M. and J. BRISTOW, Commercial-road, Stepcorn-factor. H.R. RODDAM, North Shields,
ney, engine-makers. B. WHATLOCK, WalNorthumberland, common brewer. P. E.
cot, Somersetshire, lozenge-maker. J. and
J. COTTER, Toxtech-park, Lancashire, joiners. WEBER, Liverpool, ironfounder. R. COAD,
W. RADCLIFFE, Whitfield, near Glossop. Huddersfield, Yorkshire, grocer. J. ARM
Derbyshire, cotton-spinner. W. SIDEBO. STRONG, Cambridge, tin-plate-worker.
THAM, Houghton, Lancashire, cotton-spinner. Nov. 8.-J. GLOVER, London, commission
R. Kew, Norwich, jeweller, G. STOKES, agent.
J. E. R. CRACKNELL, Acorn-yard, Limehouse, engineer. J. Davis, Fleet.
Liverpool, schoolmaster. street, upholsterer. T HARCOURT, Great Nov, 22.-E. CUSSELL, sen., Croydon, dealer Sutton-street, Clerkenwell, brass-founder. J. in coals., W. R. CROGGAN, BartholomenA. BODEN, Drury-lane, needle-manufacturer. lane, auctioneer. J. Hook, Lloyd's CoffeeJ. E.FARR, Baldock, Hertfordshire, carpenter house, insurance-broker. T. HARGREAVES, J. E. C. BENTLEY, Wigmore-street, Caven- jun., Wakefield, Yorkshire, money-scrivener. dish-square, curiosity dealer. T, RICHARDS G. DANIER, Road, Somersetshire, maltster. and J. HARWOOD, Fleet-street, newspaper pro Nov. 26.-C. LOCKYER, Strood, Kent, linen. prietors. W.C. TREVELYAN, Newcastle
draper. J. SAYRE, High-street, Shadwell, upon Tyne, glass-manufacturer. W. MAR.
cheesemonger. E. STRINGBR,Poplar, pubSHALL, Northampton, boot-manufacturer. T.
lican. S. STEVENSON, Ramsgate, linen. RAWLINGS, Cheltenham, commission-broker.
draper. J. Berts, Winchester, cabinetJ. THOMPSON, Brompton, Yorkshire, linen.
maker. W. SANT, Adelphi Wharf, Westmanufacturer. T. GILPIN, Gildersome,
J. O. ATKINS, Yorkshire, cloth-manufacturer.
Cecil-street, Strand, boarding house keeper. Nov. 12.-H. THOMPSON, Cowper's-const, J. Oven, Dover-street, Piccadilly, tailor. S. Cornhill, merchant. T. EDWARDS, Hatton
MORSE, Kingston-upon-Thames, grocer. T. garden, Holborn, tailor. R. SEABROOK, I LANCAST
J. LANCASTER, Cateatop-street, merchant. Thornborough, Buckinghamshire, miller. S. B, SPEARMAN, Birmingham, grocer. W. WELLS, St. Alban's, Hertfordshire, carpenter. SMITH, Sheffield, builder. J. & S. GRUNDY, J. H. BIDDLE, Grays, Essex, carpenter. E. Kirkby Lonsdale, Westmoreland, blanketPEMBREY, Chester, innkeeper. E. CAEW, manufacturers. H. BRISBAND, Birming. Manchester, manufacturing chemist. G. ham, pearl-button-manufacturer.
W. KING, Norwich, wharfinger. D. JBRMYN,
ATHER TON, Tacna, Peru, merchant, Great Yarmouth, ship-agent,
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT. The approaching termination of the year brings with it its usual concomitant in the reluctance of purchasers of piece-goods to extend their orders beyond their immediate occasions; and this, coupled with the great increase that has of late taken place in the raw material, has occasioned great dulness in the sale of all descriptions of silk goods, and to a certain extent in cottons also. In woollens little alteration has been experienced, and the manufacturers still meet with ready purchasers at full prices. The iron trade also, less affected by changes of season, main. tains its improved condition.
In the Colonial Market, the depression that has been gradually increasing for some time past seems at last to have reached its lowest point, and to promise a speedy reaction. In the Sugar Market, the grocers have been purchasing largely for home consumption; and some demand has been made on the part of refiners; the consequence is that in Muscovades an advance of ls. per cwt. is to be noted. Brown Demerara, Berbice, Tobago, &c. have been selling at 50s. to 51s.; middling and strong quality Jamaica and Antigua, from 50s. to 548.; colourings, 558. to 575.; and a parcel of Antigua in barrels, of very fine quality, at 66s. per cwt. Mauritius sugar has also advanced full 6d. per cwt., by public sales lately, 1400 bags sold as follows:-yellow, 52s. 6d. to 578.; good brown, 50s. 6d. to 52s.6d.; and low quality and damaged, 38s. 6d. to 49s.
In East India Sugar, some purchases have been made in Bengal and Siam at former prices ; and a parcel of Manilla brought, by private contract, 238.
The sales in Foreign Sugars have been almost entirely limited to Bahias, which are inquired for both for exportation and for refining. West India Molasses bring. from 258. to 278. per cwt. ; in British a decline of 6d. per cwt. has taken place.
The holders of British Plantation Coffee seem to expect a favourable turn in the market, and are firm for an advance in prices. Those lately obtained are as fola lows :-Demerara, middling quality, 88s. to 90s.; fine ordinary, 848. to 86s.; ordi. nary, 72s. to 82s. 20 casks of Berbice of fine quality and a favourite mark were taken in at 99s. 6d. to 100s.
In Foreign and East India there is not the same animation, and prices seem still to tend downwards ; the late sales have been-196 bags Sumatra, good, 50s. to 50s. 6d.; inferior, 478. to 48s. 6d. ; damaged, 42s. to 458. 6d.; 1100 bags St. Domingo, of good quality, at 60s.; darker, 578. to 58s.; about 3300 bags Siams, good white, 248. 6d. to 258.; low, damp, 218. 6d. to 238. 6d. ; washed, 20s. 6d. to 21s. 6d. | Rum partakes of the general improvement in Colonial produce ; good strong Jamaica has brought 2s. 10d. to 38. 2d. With respect to other spirits, Irish and Scotch Whisky have advanced ld. per gallon, and the advance seems likely to be maintained. Old Brandy is scarce, and no reduction is therefore to be expected. The accounts of the late vintage circulated by the French houses in the Spirit trade are very favourable, both in respect of quality and quantity.
The Cotton Market is still heavy, and the sales made in London of late have been but to a small extent ; in Manchester, however, the purchases at the reduced rates are said to have been on a much larger scale; the prices lately realized here have been, for ordinary to good fair Surats, 5 d. to 6 d. per lb.; 184 bales of Bombay of middling quality were bought in at 48d.
In Silk, the business is extremely dull, the price having reached a point at which the manufacturers are compelled to abstain from purchasing, and to wait the decline which appears to be inevitable from the late large arrivals of Italian Raw Silk. In Indigo, there is no variation either in the demand or the price, and the accounts from Calcutta state the appearance of the crop to promise so fair an average as is not likely to produce any material alteration in the market.
An important rise in Port Wine bas resulted from the protracted contest in Portugal, as, in addition to the quantity of wine destroyed in Oporto, a large portion of the late vintage will be neglected and lost. From 481. to 521. per pipe, on board, has been paid, which is full 101. per pipe higher than the price of last year, and a still further advance is expected.
· In Spices, the only alteration to note is an improvement in the quotations of Pimento, ordinary to good bringing 4d. to 4 d. per lb. Pepper remains steady, heavy 4 d. to 4d.; Cassia Lignea, middling quality, 76s, to 778.
The Tallow Market is very firm, and holders are confident in their expectations of a rise ; indeed, from 6d, to 9d. advance has been realized during the last fortnight; Petersburg yellow, for delivery in January, February, and March, is contracted for at 458. to 45s. 3d. All descriptions of Fish Oils are also improving, and a rise of 20s. to 30s. per tun has taken place; 231. is asked for Whale Oil, and sales have been made at 221, 10s.
The Corn Market is very steady; superior qualities of Wheat and Barley are taken freely, but for inferior qualities the demand is very limited.
The Money Market has been in a state of the greatest apathy during the last month, and the fluctuations in Consols have not exceeded the limit of per cent. An advance of 58. to 6s. has taken place in Exchequer Bills, and a slight improve ment in Bank and East India Stock. "The Foreign Funds have for the most part been extremely dull, and the prices heavy; the following shows the state of the market at the close on the 25th.
BRITISH FUNDS. Three per Cent. Consols, Ditto for the Account, 877 88—Three per Cent. Reduced, 871-Three and a Half per Cent. Reduced, 951-New Three and a Half per Čent., 96 Four per Cent. 102; 1-Long Annuities, 16 - India Stock, 240, 41--Bank do., 2091, 101-Exchequer Bills, 40s., 418.-India Bonds, 22s., 23s.
FOREIGN FUNDS. Belgian Five per Cent.,954–Brazilian, 654 1-Chilian, 23, 24-Colombian, 21}, 227-Danish Three per Cent., 727, 3-Dutch Five per Cent., 934 -Ditto Two and a Half per Cent., 498 1-Mexican Six per Cent., 344, 4-Portuguese Five per Cent., 691, 70-New Regency Loan, 601 1-Russian Five per Cent., 1021 -Spanish Five per Cent., 23
SHARES Anglo Mexican Mines, 81. 10s., 91.-Bolanos, 1221, 108., 1271. 10s.-Canada Company, 481. 10s., 491. 10s.- Colombian Mines, 111., 121.- Del Monte, 521., 531.Imperial Brazil, 621., 631.-United Mexican, ill. 10s., 121.-Ditto, New Scrip, 141, 58., 141. 158.
CANADA. A scheme is in agitation in the United States for opening a communication with the St. Lawrence, which it is expected will divert the trade of that river from its present course, and make it pass entirely through the state of New York. The following account of the plan is given in a paper of the 9th ult. :-“It may, indeed, be said of American enterprise, that it never slumbers or sleeps. A project of vast importance to our northern frontier begins to be agitated at Ogdensburgh, to which, as a matter of course, the attention of the people of this state will be directed. It is no other than that of making the St. Lawrence river navigable between the Lake St. Francis and Ogdensburgh, at a comparatively trifling expense, and bringing its whole trade within the state of New York, where a transit duty may be levied upon it, that of itself will defray a great part of the expenses of the State Government. It appears that the Grass River, which is navigable for steam-boats to within three miles of Messena village, is separated at this point from the St. Lawrence, by a deep ravine and very low land, which at a trifling expense might be made a navigable channel. The channel would communicate with the St. Lawrence half a mile above the Long Sault rapids. The Canadians have proposed to cut a canal round these rapids on their side of the river, but this project of our countrymen
would effectually divert the carrying trade through our own territory. The contemplated canal will be but five miles long, and require but two locks. The nature of the ground is such that the excavation will be practicable at a small expense. We hope that the people of Ogdensburgh will have surveys made immediately, in order that the decision of the legislature may be had upon the subject as early as possible."
It appears by the communications received from Canada, that, during the present season, 21,945 emigrants have arrived out by the way of the river, which amount is less by 3000 than the half of that of last year. It is calculated that about 15,000 went by way of the United States to Upper Canada. The Reverend Brook Bridges Stevens, the Chaplain of his Majesty's forces, has returned to the colony from his leave of absence to this country. On his arrival he received a congratulatory address from the inhabitants of Montreal and Lachine in testimony of the high respect they entertain for Mr. Stevens on account of his zeal in the service of the church, and the benefit the colony has experienced from him both as a private individual and as a minister of the gospel.
WEST INDIES. It appears by a file of Demerara papers to the 2d ult. that it was generally understood that all the various departments of the government were to undergo the ordeal of a commission of inquiry, with a view to the reform of existing abuses, and the perfecting a system of economy and efficiency in their establishments; for which, it appears, the colony is mainly and directly indebted to its present popular Governor, Sir J. Carmichael Smith. At the same time the colonists do not withhold their meed of praise from his Majesty's present Ministers, to whose liberal and enlightened views of government they consider themselves beholden for these contemplated reforms.
VAN DIEMAN'S LAND. The Van Dieman's Land newspapers state that an Insolvent Court is much required, there being a great number of insolvent debtors confined in the jails both at Hobart Town and Launceston, under the most painful circumstances. The Insolvent Act was brought into operation in New South Wales by Mr. Canning's administration, and having been cautiously administered by the commissioner, R. Thierry, Esq., it has proved a great blessing to unfortunate colonists. As the population of Van Bieman's Land now exceeds that of New South Wales at the time an Insolvent Court was instituted there, it is probable that the present administration will appoint a. Court in the former place.
By a Parliamentary return just printed of the importations of grain from our North American colonies, it appears that those of wheat amounted, in 1825, to 90,686 qrs.; in 1826, to 26,821; in 1827, to 50,925; in 1828, to 14,415; in 1829, to 4,055; in 1830, to 58,963; in 1831, to 190,796; and in 1832, to 89,748.
SPAIN, The news from Spain continues to be of the most indecisive and contradictory character. Some reports are favourable to the Queen's cause, others are as much the reverse. Gen. Sarsfield makes little progress. On the frontier, the Carlists appear to be getting the upper hand. Amidst the extraordinary scantiness of information respecting the state of Spanish affairs, the activity of the insurgents and the slowness, to say the least of it, of the Christinos (as the Queen Regent's partisans are called) may plainly be perceived. But though the insurrection is evidently marching Dec.--VOL. XXXIX. NO. CLVI.