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invention of certain improvements in ma- · gentleman, for his invention of a liquid or chines or machinery used in the manufacture composition for polishing furniture and other of bobbin net. Sept. 14-six months.
artieles, which he intends to denominate To John Scott Howard, of Chow Bent, in “ Williams's French Polish reviver." Sept. the county of Lancaster, machine-maker, for 21-six months. his invention of certain improvements in ma.
To John Robertson, of Crofthead, in the chinery, called roving-frames, for roying cot parish of Neilston, and county of Renfrew, ton and other fibrous substances. Sept. 21 cotton-spioner, for his invention of certain two months.
improvements in the mule-jenny, or other To Louis Cournier, of Kennington Green, machine for spinning of cotton, and in the in the county of Surrey, gentleman, for an belly-stretching frame, or other machine for improvement in curing certain maladies of the the roving of cotton, and in the machinery for head, being a communication from a foreigner spinning and roving of silk, wool, fiax, hemp, residing abroad. Sept. 21-two months.
or other fibrous substances. Sept, 21-six To Fitz-Walter Williams, of Gilbert-street, months, Oxford-street, in the county of Middlesex,
BANKRUPTS, FROM SEPTEMBER 27, 1833, to OCTOBER 25, 1833, INCLUSIVE. * Sept. 27.-D. COCKERILL, Edmonton, cate - born, bookseller. J. Z. PULBROOK, Great tle-dealer. W. NEVILLE, Birmingham, mer- Surrey-street, Blackfriars-road, boot and shoe chant. H. LATHAM and R. THOMAS, Ches maker. T. Cocks, Little Lant-street, South. ter, ironmongers. J. HILTON, Cumberiand · wark, oilman. W. HORT, Duke-street, Grosplace, New-road, grocer.
venor-square, tailor. G. WATKINS, jun,
Milman-row, Chelsea, builder. J. S. BLINKOct. 1.-E. WAELPDALE, Marylebone-lane, victualler. T. WELLER, Lisle-street, Leices.
HOEN, Wigan, Lancashire, calenderer M.
BRASIER, Margate, schoolmistress. T. H. ter-square, tailor. J. Q. RUMBALL, Melinaplace, St. John's Wood, Marylebone, surgeon.
DOWNING, Longford, Coventry, grocer. W.
BATES, Westbromwich, Staffordshire, gracer. J. CAAPMAN, Liverpool, hosier. W. THOMPSON, Morpeth, Northumberland, wine-mer. · Oct. 13.-W. R. W. KING, Hosier-lane, chant. J. BRODRICK, Plymouth, merchant.
West Smithfield, wholesale tin-plate-worker. T. HAYWOOD, Manchester, upholsterer.
C. GREGORY, Luton, Bedfordshire, maltster. BLATHERWICK, Nottingham, joiner. J.
D. DENMAN, Mark-lane, watchmaker.1 DAG. BEST, Pickering, Yorkshire, corn-factor. R.
FAIRBROTHER and T. WILLIAMS, Birkacre. W. JOSEPH and JOAN FLETCHER, Walsall,
Lancashire, calico-printers. J. SMITH, LiStaffordshire, merchants. G. CLARKE, Ash.
verpool, wheelwright. H, HORD, Leeds, ton-under-Line, ironfounder,
Yorkshire, victualler. J. RILEY, NewcastleOct. 4.-C. BURRELI, Northumberland.
under-Lyne, Stafford, draper. place, Commercial-road, cheesemonger. J. Oct. 22.-T, Peerin, Fenchurch-buildings, CECIL, Upper Thames-street, leather-seller. Fenchurch-street, wine-merchant. , T, RIDC. WAUD, New Bond-street, cook. S. Phil. DELL and C. BUCKLE, Stratford, Essex, inn. LIPS, Russell-street, Bermondsey, furrier. keepers. W.M. PORTER, Great WinchesOct. 8.-W, CROGGAN, sen., Belvedere-road,
ter-street, merchant. H.J. HOGG, Portsea, Lambeth, artificial stone manufacturer.
auctioneer. T. WADE, sen., Silksworth, H.
Durham, dealer. SMETHURST, George-street, Great Surrey-st.,
T. Ř. JONES, Tynemouth,
Northumberland, ship-owner. hatter. J. WILLS, St. James's-piace, St. James's-street, tailor. J. H. COLES, Char. Oct. 25.-J. Jones, Bishopsgate-st, With. lotte-street, Fitzroy-square, linen-draper. R. out, hat-maker. J. FRY, Wrotham, Kent, BROADMEAD, York, victualler. J. NICOL- corn-dealer. J. THOMPSON and J. WOODS, GAN, Liverpool, tailor. W. GRAHAM, jun., New Bond-street, hosiers. J. COLLIER, Liverpool, wine-merchant. G. REAY, North Poultry, hosier. 'J. BEASLEY, Maidenhead, Shields, joiner., T. PRICE, Hereford, vic. Berkshire, upholsterer. J. WILSON, Bartualler. J. LAKEMAN, Kingsbridge, Devon. clay-house, Hackney, distiller. W. COLLE. shire, maltster.
coTT, Plymouth, grocer. J. TUCKER, Lý: Oct. ll.-J. SIMPSON, Nottingham, cord
mington, victualler. R. G. ROBERTS, Liverwainer.
pool, timber-merchant. T. BENNETT, Liverpool, victualler.
Crab Eye, Lancashire, cotton-spioner. J. FISHER and J. BARNARD, Bristol, horse.
Bowles, New Sarum, linen-draper. F. W16
GLESWORTA, Leeds, ironmonger.'' J. PIL. Oct. 15. - W. AUSTIN, Singleton.street, KINGTON, Manchester, merchant. *** J. W. Hoxton, builder. T. HOBSOX, High Hol. BLEY, Worcester, wine-merchant."'"11
" COMMERCIAL' AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT.
The principal manufactures of the country continue to present, if not the high excitement of exertion which is too frequently the indication of a delirium of commercial speculation, the more safe though slower tokens of sober improvement, arising from a sound state of the currency, from a demand fairly keeping pace with the supply, and from a real and substantial relief from many of the burthens which pressed so heavily upon the manufacturer, as well directly in the shape of im. posts upon the raw material and the means of fashioning it, as indirectly by limiting the means of a portion of those destined to be consumers. The woollen trade has suffered no deterioration from the advanced state of activity to which it has risen during the last twelve months; and the emancipation of the iron works from the state of stagnation in which they have so long been held, is manifested in the increased price of the metal itself, of fuel for its transformation, and the labour employed to effect it. A very considerable rise has taken place in all descriptions of Raw Silk; and if, in Cotton, some re-action has taken place, it is only what was long ago expected from the eagerness with which an excessive advance in price was anticipated and speculated upon, and, in its reality, falls far short of what, at one time, was pretty generally apprehended.
A considerable reduction has taken place during the month in the prices of West India produce, particularly of Coffee, which has fallen 2s. to 3s. per cwt. on inferior qualities, and 4s. to 6s. on superior. Sugar has declined from 1s. 6d. to 2s. per cwt.
The general appearance of the Sugar Market, at present, is that of extreme dulness, the large importers being unwilling to submit to a further reduction, and, those who find it convenient to do so, keeping their transactions as close as possible. The latest quotations are as follow :-Jamaica, brown, 558. to 56s.; middling, 578. to 58s.; good, 59s. to 6).s.; fine, 62s. to 64s.
In Mauritius Sugars there are no recent transactions, either by public or private sale to report. In East India and Foreign, the demand which lately existed has almost ceased altogether. Some inquiries have been made by the refiners for Siams, and 26s. 6d. has been offered and refused for low white. At the public sales of Foreign which have lately taken place, the greater part has been taken in, there being no offers either at or after the sale. · West India Molasses are in demand; and sales are reported of Grenada at 26s. and Demerara at 278.
The Refined Market is still in a very depressed state, though the stock on hand is small; fine Crashed is sold at 33s., inferior at 32s.; low quality, Lumps, 638., good, 66s. to 66s. 6d.
The Coffee Market is very languid, and no transactions of importance have lately taken place in British Plantation. There is rather more appearance of firmness in Foreign. At last public sale, 723 bags Ceylon, good to fine ordinary, was for the most part withdrawn at 61s. to 658.
For Cocoa there is at present no demand.
Rum has declined in price, and the demand but small; the last prices are, for middling Jamaica, 25 to 31 over proof, 2s. 9d. to 28. 1ld.; Tobago, 10 to 15 over, 2s. 4d.; for proof Leewards 2s, is offered, but they are held for 2s. 1d. Brandy and Geneva without alteration.
In Cotton, as stated above, a considerable reduction has taken place; the sales by private contract lately are 300 Surats, ordinary to middling, 57d. to 6 d.; 16 Madras, fair, 87d.; and, by public auction, 173 Surats at 6 d., and 800 Paras withdrawn at 10d.
The Company's sale of Indigo commenced on the 8th and finished on the 17th ult. ; for the first day or two the biddings were languid, and the prices obtained fell below those of the July sale, from 3d. to 4d. on the good and fine qualities, and 6d. to 10d. on the ordinary ; afterwards, however, the proprietors manifesting more confidence and buying in largely, prices were restored nearly to the level of the former sale; in effecting this, however, the quantity bought in and withdrawn amounts to more than 2700 chests ; but the late advices from India lead to the belief that prices must yet advance: indeed, since the sale, some few parcels have changed hands at 3d. per lb, increase. The following statement will show the relative proportions of the several qualities sold or taken in :
72 Chests, from 78. to 8s. Od. per Ib. 453 Chests, from 4s, to 4s. 11d. per lb. 3525 1 » 6s. , 6s. lll.per Ib. 83 g , 3s. to 3s. 11d. per lb. 3462 , , 58. „ 5s. lld.per lh. 1
at 3s. 10d. per lb. 26 bags warehouse sweepings, from 1s. 10d, to 28, 2d.
A great degree of briskness was manifested at the Company's Silk sale, which commenced on the 21st, and considerable competition took place for some qualities. Upon the whole, prices are not less than from 3s. 6d. to 5s. 6d. higher than those of the preceding sale.
In Spices, the trade has been very dull throughout the month, and a general decline of prices has been the consequence. By late public sale, 50 bags Pimento brought 4 d. to 45d.; 1065 bags Pepper, low to good shot, 3 d. to 5d. ; 340 chests Cassia, taken in at 838.; Nutmegs have declined to 7s., first quality.
The Company's declaration of Tea for sale, on the 2d of December, shows an increase of 100,000lbs. in Congou, Campoi, and Souchong, collectively; the market remains unvaried, with the exception of an advance of id. to 2d, in some chops of private trade Tea. * The Hop trade is less animated than it has been, and the estimate of the duty is now 157,0001. to 160,0001.
Oils are steady, and considerable business has been done of late in them; the Tallow Market is firm.
The Money Market has been in a state of langtior during the last month, and from 884, the price of Consols at its commencement, they declined in the course of it to 862: this is variously accounted for, by the large sum required for West India compensation, for the payments to the Bank and the East India Company, the Irish Church relief, &c., as well as by the demand for capital on the part of Joint Stock Companies; of late, however, an improvement has taken place to the extent of nearly 1 per cent. That which more clearly indicates the increased demand for money is the fall of full 108. in the premium on Exchequer Bills.
The Foreign Market has been generally steady of late, the great fluctuations being almost confined to Spanish and Portuguese Stock, which, however, do not greatly vary now from the quotations at the beginning of the month; the Regency Bonds being now issued, the Portuguese Loan is no longer quoted as Scrip, but the value of the Bonds, as compared with the late price of Scrip, is easily ascer. tained, by considering that 38 per cent. is paid upon them. Greek Bonds, in consequence of the answer returned to the holders, cannot be said to have suffered a depression but an annihilation ; from the price of 38 to 40, they have sunk to the nominal quotation of 24 to 26. The closing prices of the principal public securities on the 25th are subjoined.
BRITISH FUNDS. · Three per Cent. Consols, 871-Ditto for the Account, 871 4-Three per Cent. Reduced, 86 1-Three and a Half per Cent. Reduced, 941 -New Three and a Half per Cent., 954 Four per Cent. (1826), 1017, 21-India Stock, 238,94 Bank do., 208, 9-Exchequer Bills, 34s., 358.-India Bonds, 199., 20s.-Long Annuities, 164
FOREIGN FUNDS. Belgian Loan, 94, 51-Brazilian Five per Cent., 653, 61Chilian, 22, 4-Colombian 1824, Six per Cent., 211-Danish Three per Cent., 721, 3–Dutch Two and a Half per Cent., 921-Ditto Five per Cent., 391-Greek Five per Cent., 24, 6 - Mexican Six per Cent., 338, 44-Portuguese Five per Cent., 721-Ditto New Loan, 583, 93-Russian Five per Cent., 10243-Spanish Five per Cent., 223.
SHARES. Anglo Mexican Mines, 81. 15s., 91. 58.-United do., 121. 58., 121. 158.- Colombian Mines, 121., 131.--Del Monte, 501. 10s., 511. 108.-Brazil, 571., 581.-Bolanos, 1301. 1351.
GREAT BRITAIN. The Revenue.-The following tables furnish the quarterly account of the Revenue for the three months ending the 10th inst., together with a statement of the income of the whole year ending the same day, contrasted with that of the corresponding year and quarter of 1832. It will be seen, that on the last quarter a falling off of 253,2761. has occurred, as compared with the corresponding quarter of 1832; and that on the whole year we have a deficiency of 380,4201. This result, however, will not appear at all alarm
ing when we consider the amount of taxes which have been reduced or repealed within the year. The decrease in the quarter has fallen almost entirely under the head of Customs, and the increase has taken place chiefly in the Excise. The deficiency of the former is 423,6801., and the compensating increase on the latter (notwithstanding the reduction of the soap duty) is 103,1211. With respect to the revenue of the whole year, the operation is reversed, and we find that the chief deficiency is in the Excise, counteracted by a small improvement in the Customs. Stamps, decrease upon the year 58,6301.; increase upon the quarter (notwithstanding the reduction of the advertisement duty), 23,6941. Assessed Taxes, decrease upon the year 36,1441.; and upon the quarter 48301. The Post-office, uniformly thriving, has improved its income, as compared with last year, by 87,0001. upon the year, and 38,0001, upon the quarter. The “ Miscellaneous" have increased 18,4851. upon the year, but fallen off 50081. upon the quarter. The probable amount of Exchequer Bills required to meet the charges upon the Consolidated Fund, for the quarter, is calculated at 4,508,2991. On the whole, the statement presents but little ground either for congratulation or regret. The result, however, is an apparent steadiness in the trade and consumption of the country, which cannot but be productive of increasing prosperity.
EAST INDIES. A destructive hurricane has been felt at Calcutta. Mr. Pickering, in charge of the new tripod, gives a most terrific account of its progress and effects in that quarter. It is bad enough at Diamond Harbour, he says, but the consequences of it in the place he left beggar description. The gale commenced at south-east, and, on the evening of the 20th, increased during the night. At day-light the flag-staff was blown down, and his little shed unroofed; the gale continued all day; the flood came on with awful velocity; they took shelter in the tripod. At eleven at night the water rose over the bund; in half an hour a breach was made in it, and it gave way, with a fearful rush, to the force of the flood. The wind shifted to east north-east, and blew with increased fury, and the whole country was inundated to seven feet high before one o'clock in the morning of the 21st. At this time the force of the waters burst the flooring of the tripod, where Mr. Pickering and his people had taken shelter, and they clung to the joists at the sides of the building, almost up to their necks in water,
As the water still rose, the sircar suggested that they should endeavour to get to the top of the building. They crept through the windows; but, alas ! the ladder for ascending was not there. By some lucky accident, however, a rope was left hanging there, which had been used to point the mast, and by this means they ascended to their wretched place of refuge, where they passed the night, expecting every moment that the tripod would be blown over, and overwhelm them in the roaring water below. When the gale abated they got down and waded, or rather swam, to the next station, No. 10, whence they got to Diamond Harbour in a boat sent for them by Captain Cowles, and saw in the way thither not less than 700 dead bodies. All the communications we have seen are of a similar tenour.
Since the beginning of January, 1830, four Calcutta houses have failed for the sum of about 12,000,0001. sterling; one Bombay house for the sum of 250,0001., and two London houses connected with the former for the amount of nearly 3,000,0001. more; making in all 15,000,0001.; an amount of debt which, a little more than a century ago, would have shaken the government of this country with the fear of bankruptcy, and which even now few of the second or third-rate nations could borrow on the mortgage of half their revenues.
NOVA SCOTIA. The Parliamentary evidence on the condition of Nova Scotia gives some curious details of the way in which emigrants get on and acquire property, although they may begin the world without a penny. In the first place, they go to a farmer and hire the use of a cow for twenty shillings; that cow they get in the spring of the year in calf; they keep that cow through the summer, and they keep it the next winter, for the sake of the produce the cow will have, and then they pay the owner of the cow twenty shillings, and return him his cow in the ensuing spring in calf, as they got it. They begin with that calf which is in the cow for their stock; that calf in time becomes a cow; and they hire a sheep and an ox in the same way; the produce of the ox is the use that he is of in harrowing in the corn. But now they have got a stock of their own; they have now got sheep, and Cows, and oxen, and they have got horses, and they are living in a great degree of comfort ; the original twenty shillings, although agreed to be paid in money, being generally taken by the farmer in labour. In the same manner, the colony is enabled to provide for all the children of emigrants when they reach the age of five and upwards. Any farmer will take them as apprentices, according to the terms detailed in the evidence. As the army and navy resort to Halifax, we have generally a very large portion of orphan children thrown upon the poor list; and our mode of disposing of these children is, that at four to five years of age we put them out apprentices to farmers, unless they choose a trade; if they choose a trade, of course they are bound to a trade. The stipulation that is made for those children with the person to whom each child is bound is, that the first year he is to give that child a sheep; the second year a heifer calf; and as long as that child is under indentures to him, he is bound to preserve and keep that sheep and heifer calf, and all the produce of it, till the child comes of age, and then it becomes a portion for that child to settle with. If a female, in marriage; or if a male, as farming stock; he will generally have a stock of five or ten head of grown-up cattle, and eight or ten sheep, by that means. In fact, we never can supply half the number of children that there is a demand for..
NEW SOUTH WALES. A society has been formed at Sydney under the denomination of the “ Australian Steam Conveyance Company," the object of which is to promote the more extensive application of steam machinery to conveyance,