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what the amiable Bedell wrote to his deluded friend Waddesworth: "Excuse ray grief, mixed, I confess, with some indignation, but more love to you, though I thus write." .. - .

The No. LXXXV. of the Edinburgh Review has reached my hands just in time to allow me, by stopping the Press, to notice a charge, which the writer of an article on the Catholic Question makes against me. In a note (page 135) I am accused of suppressing part of the identical canon of the Council of Florence on the authority of the Pope, of which Mr. Butler omitted some very important periods; and for which he was treated with just severity by Dr. Phillpotts *. As to myself, it will be seen in the following pages, that, by trusting to Mr. Butler's quotation of that Canon, I had to argue under evident disadvantage; and that, far from suspecting that any words in it made against me, I have added a note, in the present edition, for the purpose of publishing the definition of the Florentine Fathers, both in Greek and Latin f. So much for the man who; having charged me, by implication, with the intentional suppression of part of the Canon in question, adds the following words: "Mr. B. W. we regret to say, betrays many similar suppressions of the whole truth in his book."

* Letter XIV. p. 274.

t See page 35, and Note C, page 233, of this volume.

PREFACE. XVii

,,-,*.'' ').. ->.^ rj <.• .• . .'. - -• '..-.' .-• >r *•'' 3- •'.

But I entreat the patience of the Reader, in order that he

may form a notion of the character of the writer who has been deemed worthy of appearing as the champion of.,the-. Roman Catholics in the Edinburgh Review. Could any one imagine, that the words which I am accused of having intentionally omitted, are a fresh instance of Mr. Butler's convenient mistranslations, supported by a falsification ot the Latin text, contrived by the Reviewer? Such, however, is the fact. The Fathers of the Council of Florence, after having established by their own declaration (Definimus) the authority of St. Peter, and his pretended successors the Popes, confirm what they have defined, by a reference to former Councils and the holy Canons of the Church. "As it is Also* contained (says the Decree) in the acts of the General Councils and the holy Canons:" quemadmodum etiam in gestis oecumenicorum concdiorum, et in sacris canonibus continetur. Mr. Butler overlooked the etiam (also) in his translation, and so disposed the whole English period, as to make the word authority be closely followed by " as is expressed in the General Councils and the holy Canons." As the meaning of the Canon of the Council of Florence has been familiar to me since, at the age of nineteen, I began the study of Roman Catholic Divinity, I understood Mr. Butler's version in the obvious sense of the original; and as the concurrence of the Decree with previous Councils, and the body of the Canon law (for that compilation is certainly meant by the words holy Canons), far from being against me, added strength to my argument, I did not think it necessary to cumber it with the addition of Mr. Butler's last sentence. But the trap being once contrived, the Reviewer could not fail to set it for the readers of the Edinburgh Review, whom he wishes to persuade, that the last sentence of the Canon obliges the Pope to act under the limitations of the Councils and holy Canons, which, he probably thinks, were framed as securities to the Protestant liberties of England. But, obscurity being a most valuable auxiliary in such cases, the Reviewer has improved Mr. Butler's trap, by changing continetur, in the Latin decree, into continentur, which deprives the clause of all meaning. I have neither time nor space to notice any part of the article, but what relates personally to me. But I must say, that if the writer of that article will bring out his budget of suppressions similar to that of which he directly accuses me, he will furnish my book with most valuable additions.

* Etiam. Grace, Kai«» m;, x. T. K.

January 24, 1826.

CONTEN T S.

LETTER I

The author's account of himself ... I

LETTER II.

Real and practical extent of the authority of the Pope, according to the Roman Catholic Faith. Intolerance, its natural consequence . .... 30

LETTER III.

Examination of the title to infallibility, spiritual supremacy, and exclusive salvation, claimed by the Roman Catholic Church. Internal evidence against Rome, in the use she has made of her assumed prerogative. Short method of determining the question 72

LETTER IV.

Specimen of the unity exhibited by Rome. Roman Catholic distinction between infallibility in doctrine and liability to misconduct. Consequences of this distinction. Roman Catholic unity and invariableness of Faith, a delusion. Scriptural unity of Faith . 96

LETTER V.

Moral character of the Roman Church. Celibacy. Nunneries . . . . . .118

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