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Lille to Ghent, vià Mouscron and contained 6,000 weavers. In 1312, Philip of Courtray.

Burgundy carried away a celebrated Clock, 46 English miles.

considered at that time one of the wonders Roubaix(station). An industrious and manu- of the age, and the two figures (Jacquemart and facturing town, which has lately risen into great his wife) which struck the hours. The regularity importance and still continues to increase in of the motions of these latter gave rise to a population ana trade. Hotel: Ferraille. It has a proverb which still exists in Courtray, when population of 83,700. Its staple manufacture is speaking of the love existing between a couple, woollens and mixed fabrics, and it is generally "They agree like Jacquemart and his wife." It called the French Bradford. Close to it, the is still famous for its manufacture of table linen English, under the Duke of York, suffered a severe and other damask, though no longer possessing defeat from the French, commanded by Pichegru, any monopoly in these articles. on May 18th, 1794. They lost 1,000 killed, 2,000 The surrounding country is noted for its growth prisoners, and 60 cannon.

of flax, for the use of its own and other manufacTourcoing (Station), 7} miles from Lille. A tories. In the neighbourhood are large and extentown with 48,635 inhabitants, no way remarkable sive bleaching-grounds. The flax is steeped in the in its general appearance, but noted for its manu- waters of the Lys, esteemed peculiarly favourable factures of table linen.

for bleaching purposes. Mouscron (Station), in Belgium, 11 miles In a plain near Courtray was fought, in 1302, from Lille. The town is seen on an eminence to the the sanguinary Battle of the Golden Spurs, between right, with its beautiful church built of bricks. the French troops, under the Count d'Artois, and Its chief importance arises from the fact of its the Flemish under John, Count of Namur; in being situated on the frontier. It is the chief place which the former were totally defeated, and the of its commune, and contains a population of 5,536 Count d'Artois and the Constable of France, tosouls. The country about is rich and well culti- gether with upwards of twelve hundred knights vated, producing wheat and rich pastures. Pass- and several thousand men, left dead on the field. ports and baggage are examined at this station. The battle derived its name from the immenso Facing Mouscron, to the left, is the village of number (700) of the gilt spurs worn by the knights, Luingues. Here (junction of the railway from which fell into the hands of the victors. To the Tournay) a change of carriage and an examination right of the road is seen a small chapel, erected in of luggage takes place. Travellers for Brussels, 1831 to commemorate the event. It is outside the viâ Jurbise, also to Namur, should take especial Porte de Gand, and marks the centre of the battlecare to get into the proper train. From this field. station the railway proceeds on through a beauti- The public buildings and monuments of Courtray ful country, until its arrival at Courtray, on not numerous. We will describe shortly the nearing which the country appears highly culti- principal. vated and picturesquely agreeable.

Hotel de Ville: the interior possesses two chimCourtray (Station)-In Flemish, Kortryck. neys, one placed in the police court or hall, the Population (1882), 27,320.

other in the council room; the sculpture of which Hotel: Du Lion d'Or.

is of exquisite delicacy and highly finished, and A fortified town, and the chief place of a with the fine belfry worthy of attention. judicial and administrative district of West Flan- Church of Saint Martin: this church was founded ders. It is situated on the Lys, which divides about the year 650 by Saint Eloi. It is remarkable it into two parts, securing to it a communication for the tower (one of the loftiest in Belgium) which with the principal towns in the north of France. surmounts the portico. There is a tabernacle in The streets are large, and finely built. Under the the interior most admirably sculptured, and a name of Cortoriacum it existed in the time of the picture by Vleirick, a painter of the 16th century, Romans. The first cloths were made here in representing the “Descent of the Holy Spirit upon 1268, and two hundred ycars afterwards it the Apostles," and on the two wings, “The Sleep


of Adam in Paradise," and "The Baptism of Haerlebeke (Station). A commune and chief Christ." There is another picture by Van Man- | place of a canton in the district of Courtray, conderen, the historian and poet, representing “A taining a population of 4,486 souls. It was the scene of Martyrdom at Rome." The rich orna- oldest town in Flanders, and the residence of the ments made use of in Divine worship are worthy of first governors of the country. Antiquities have notice for the beauty of the chasing and engraving. frequently been found here. The church is re

Notre Dame: this church is worthy of notice, markable for its architecture, and contains a superb chiefly from the richness of its marbles. It was pulpit, a masterpiece of Decreux, of Tournay. It founded in 1238 by Baldwin, Count of Flanders was formerly an important fortress, and suffered and Emperor of Constantinople. It deserves to many vicissitudes in the 9th and 10th centuries. be visited on account of the richness and grandeur It has manufactures of woollens, cloths, and of its ornaments, particularly a chef-d'æuvre of tobacco. Van Dyck, placed behind the high altar, and repre- Waereghem (Station). An important and senting the Elevation of the Cross. The tabernacle, ancient commune of the district of Courtray ; a fine piece of carving, by the famous Lefevre, of population, 7,220. It has a considerable trade in Tournay; two bas-reliefs by Godecharles; and linen. Situated four miles north-west of it, is the Christ at the Tomb, deserve to be noticed. This village of Roosbeke, remarkable as the spot where church once possessed the small ivory statue of Philip Van Artevelde, the brewer of Ghent, suffered the Virgin, known as the Virgin of Oroeningen, defeat by the French in 1382, being killed celebrated for the miracles which, according to with 20,000 of his countrymen.

Shortly after many, it performed; it is now in the church of leaving Waereghem the railway crosses the stype, Saint Michael, and still attracts crowds of pilgrims and, quitting West Flanders, enters into East to its shrine. The two towers, called Brotom-Torren, Flanders, passes Zulte, a town containing 2,000 built in 1413, are remarkable for the extreme inhabitants, and arrives at Deynze, after running strength and thickness of the walls; they are united in a right line, past Olsene and then Mochelen; by a bridge over the Lys, built in the year 1465. the former a commune of the district of Ghent, with

The Market Houses are seen in all their ancient a population of 2,600, and the latter a town of the simplicity in the centre of the town; the front of same district, containing a population of 2,100 the building is adorned by five elegant turrets. inhabitants. There was formerly a high tower in the centre of Deynze (Station) is situated on the left bank the structure, in which the celebrated clock pre- of the Lys. On the opposite bank, between the viously mentioned was placed. A modern building road and the river, is Peteghem, a small commune has been erected for market purposes.

containing 1,400 souls. Deynze is the chief placc The Theatre, remarkable for the beauty of its of a canton in the district of Ghent, and an ancient decorations, forms part of the new market building. town; its population is 3,800. The principal Church, Promenades: the ramparts or boulevards sur

Notre Dame, is an old Gothic building, containing rounding Courtray form a fine walk, from which a fine picture, attributed to Jordaens, representing may be had a beautiful view of the city. The

the Birth of Christ. pårk of Saint George is likewise a delightful [Railway to Thielt, and to Oudenarde. Thielt place; but by far the most agreeable of the public (Station)is the chief place ofa canton in the district walks is the esplanade; it is planted with chestnut of Bruges. Itis the birth-place of Olivier le Daim, and lime trees, and has nicely laid out plots of the celebrated barber of Louis XI. Pop. 12,000. From green, furnished here and there with elegant and

here a branch runs through Pitthem (Station) comfortable seats.

to Lichtertervelde (Station) on the way to Railway to Bruges and Ostend; also to Ypres, Dunkirk; and another is open to Meulbeke Poperinghe, Renaix, Mons, &c.; and direct to (Station) and Ingelmünster (Station), a place Brussels, via Audenarde, Sotteghem, Denderleeuw. for carpet factories. Oudenarde (Station) is

Leaving Courtray for Ghent, the railway runs of very ancient origin, where Marlborough and parallel to the paved road, and shortly arrives at Prince Eugene defeated the Frençlı, ilth July,

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Great numbers of medals of the Gauls and one of its seven gates, situated at the confluence

Kings of France have been found here. of the Scheldt and the Lys, to observe the animaThe Town Hall is a handsome Gothic building; tion and activity imparted by the flourishing state the fountain and basin opposite are worthy of of its manufactories. Its population is chiefly attention. The portal of the collegiate church of engaged in the manufacturing of linen and the burgomaster and aldermen is a masterpiece of cotton threads by machinery, and the bleaching

Dod carving, executed in 1530 by Paul Vander and printing of calicoes. Gand is built on

aelder. The trade in linen is extensive. The twenty-six islands, united by bridges, and conwpulation is 6,265.

tains three hundred streets. Ghent, though no The Lys, which passes Deynze, rises in France, in longer the great commercial city of former days, the department of the Pas de Calais, not far from when the Emperor Charles V. (its most distinBethune; after watering Aire, Estaires, and Armen- guished native, born here 1500) said of it-"Je tières, it runs north-easterly along the border of mettrai tout Paris dans mon Gand," (i.e., I could France and Belgium, by Warneton and Wervick, put all Paris in my Gaunt-let-my glove, gant), which it passes, and entering West Flanders, passes is still the Manchester of Belgium. In 1800 an Courtray, then enters East Flanders, near Olsene, enterprising Fleming, named Lieviere Baucus, crossing Deynze, and taking a winding course of brought over from Manchester several English about 100 miles, it falls into the Scheldt at Ghent.] workmen and spinning jennies; manufactures

Nazareth (Station) is next met with. Popu- quickly took root, and in a short time 30,000 worklation 5,500. Leaving here the railway passes

men were employed, and sixty steam-engines Maria Leerne, and enters a very interesting place, required to set in motion the machinery of the to the right of which meanders the river Lys. various cotton mills, many of whose chimneys St. Dennis Westrem is passed to the left; the appear like classic columns. road leading to the village of Oudenarde is next The political history of Ghent is various and crossed by the railway, after which it turns sud- interesting. Notwithstanding the strictures of denly to the left, and leaving the line leading to Hallam, it calls up to the recollection many scenes Brussels, arrives at

which inspire us with every sentiment of sympaGHENT (Station)-French, Gand; Flemish,

thy and good-will towards many a name illustrated Gend; where John of Gaunt was born. Popula

in centuries past by deeds of patriotism and do. tion (1882), 133,755. Hotels:

mestic virtue. Its citizen-magistrates being conHotel Royal, Place d'Armes, in the centre of

demned by the Emperor Charles V. to implore his the town, and nearest to the railway station, a

clemency, and to wear a rope round their necks first-class hotel-highly recommended to English

whenever they acted judicially, they turned it into

an honour with this device, in which the city is travellers.

characterised, along with others: Hotel de la Poste, Place d'Armes. This old

"Nobilibus Bruxella viris, Antverpia nummis, established first-rate hotel is highly recommended.

Gandavum laqueis, formosis Bruga puellis,

Lovanium doctis, gaudet Mechlinia stultis." Hotel de Vienne, second class hotel-moderate

The Pacification of Ghent, when the North and charges and excellent accommodation. A. Rosz

South Provinces united againt Spain, was celemann, proprietor.

brated 1876. Du Comte d'Egmont; d'Allemagne; du Duc de

Ghent is one of the handsomest towns on the Wellington; de Courtrai.

Continent; its streets and public squares are wide There is a good Buffet at the station, which is

and spacious; it has more the appearance of a within the town. Cabs are always in attendance.

modern city than Bruges. Most of the houses, a's Post Office.-Rue de l'Université.

in Holland, are furnished with espions, or little English Church Service.

reflectors, placed outside the windows, and showThe traveller will be most agreeably surprised ing all the passers in the street. Its objects of on entering this rich and populous city, through / attraction may be enumerated as follows:

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