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The Antwerp and Gladbach line (for Cologne, FROM COURTRAY TO BRUGES. –The trains cor&c.), via Herenthals and Roermond, passes respond at Courtray with the trains for Mouscron, Vlodrop, Rheydt, and München Gladbach. Tournay, Lille, and Paris, by the Northern Line.

ROUTE 5A.
Antwerp to Brussels, viâ Malines.
Between Antwerp and Malines the land is well

Courtray to Ypres and Poperinghe. cultivated, and there are several picturesque- Courtray.-See Route 1. On this route we looking old châteaux on both sides.

pass the village of Bisseghem, near which the The stations are Berchem, Vieux Dieux, Duke of York was defeated in 1793 by General Contich (branch to Boom), Duffel. A line Sonham, losing on the occasion 70 pieces of cannon, comes to Contich from Antwerp, viâ Hoboken Menin (Station), a fortified town, situated on and Wilryck. See page 59, Route 11.

the Lys, which separates France from Belgium. Malines, or Mechlin (for description of which It contains a population of 9,800 persons. see Route 1).

Ypres (Station), or Ypern, in German.

Hotel.-De la Tête d'Or.
ROUTE 5.

A fortified town, pron." Eepray," on a plain, and
Bruges to Courtray.

containing 15,500 inhabitants. It was formerly Bruges.--See Route 8.

very unhealthy, in consequence of the marshes Thourout($tation). Asmall town situated in a surrounding it, but these have been since drained. fertile district, remarkable for the manufacture of

In the fourteenth century it contained 200,000 incoarse woollen cloth and excellent lace. Here is a habitants, and kept 4,000 looms constantly at work. branch to Ostend. Its only objects of attraction They say

gives name to the linen called diaper are the large Collegiate Church and Stadthuis.

(i.e., D'Ypres), so much used throughout the world. The Castle of Wynendael is close by. It was in

The old Clothiers' Hall, in the great market this place that the Bishop of Lincoln and his col- place, is a long, low building, in the Gothic style, leagues negotiated the marriage of Edward, Prince containing historical pictures by M. Pauwels, and of Wales, with the daughter of Philip, King of

is now being restored. France, and that of Edward I., the Prince's father, The Cathedral of St. Martin, in the Gothic style, with the sister of that monarch.

contains a very good carved pulpit, and à paintLichtervelde (Station), the junction of a line ing, said to be by Van Eyck, the Fall of Man. In to Dixmuiden and Dunkirk.

the choir a long stone points out the tomb of Roulers (Station). A smalltown picturesquely Jansen, or Janssen, Bishop of Ypres, who died in situate on the Mander, amidst beautiful meadows.

1683. He was founder of the Jansenists, ană The church of St. Michael, to the rear of the west

was long and violently persecuted by the Jesuits. side of the market-place, a small structure with a

St. Martin's Day, 10-11 November, is celebrated beautiful spire, and the Stadthuis, an old building by horn and lanterns. The other Churches deserve situated in the market-place, are worth a visit.

notice. Iseghem (Station), of no importance, where

There is a railway connection here with Armenthe railway crosses the Lys, and arrives at

tières (page 3) and Comines, or Commines, the Courtray.-See Route 1.

birth-place of Philip de Comines, the historian. FROM BRUGES TO COURTRAY.-The trains cor

Poperinghe (Station), near the French frontier. respond with the government trains going to Ostend, Ghent, Brussels, and Antwerp. Tickets Population, 11,000. Lace and cloth are made. for Ostend, Ghent, Brussels, Liége, Mouscron,

ROUTE 6. and Tournay, are delivered at Bruges, Thourout, Roulers, Iseghem, and Courtray; and in the

BRUSSELS (Station) the Capital of Belgium. great stations tickets are delivered for Bruges, POPULATION (1880), 170,346; or 388,785, inclu. Thourout, Lichtervelde, Iseghem, Courtray. ding suburbs. Hotels:

[graphic]

- The Antwerp and Gladbac
&c.), viâ Herenthals and
Vlodrop, Rheydt, and Mü:

Antwerp to Brussel Between Antwerp and Mai cultivated, and there are looking old châteaux on both

The stations are Berche Contich (branch to Boon comes to Contich from Ant and Wilryck. See page 59,

Malines, or Mechlin (foi Bee Route 1).

ROUT

Bruges to co
Bruges.--See Route 8.

Thourout(Station). A si fertile district, remarkable ft coarse woollen eloth and exe branch to Ostend. Its only are the large Collegiate C The Castle of Wynendael is this place that the Bishop of leagues negotiated the marri of Wales, with the daughte France, and that of Edward with the sister of that mona

Lichtervelde (Station) to Dixmuiden and Dunkirk.

Roulers (Station). Asm situate on the Mander, amid The church of St. Michael, side of the market-place, a s beautiful spire, and the Stai situated in the market-place

Iseghem (Station), of the railway crosses the Lys,

Courtray. See Route 1,

FROM BRUGES TO COURT) respond with the govern Ostend, Ghent, Brussels, a for Ostend, Ghent, Brusse and Tournay, are delivere out, Roulers, Iseghem, and great stations tickets are Thourout, Lichtervelde, Iseguew, vuurway,

lotel de Flandre, in the Place Royale.

Taverne Royale, Café Restaurant, Passage St. Jotel Mengelle, 75, Rue Royale; English and Hubert. ierican Hotel; replete with every modern com

The fair city of Brussels has formed the subject t. Lift. Highly recommended.

of the warmest eulogiums from three of our Grand Hotel de Brussels, 71, Boulevard Central; greatest modern poets-Byron, Scott, and Southey ; ) handsome rooms, with every comfort; baths ; and no person who visits it in the present day shly recommended. Lift.

will say that their praises are exaggerated or unHotel de Belle Vue: a large first-class establish- deserved. No traveller, visiting the lower town, who int, kept by Mr. Dremel.

observes its noble streets and mansions, its magHotel de l'Europe, Place Royale. Table d'hôte nificent arcade known as the Passage de St. Hubert, 5 and 7.

inhabited by the mercantile part of the cominunity, Grand Hotel Britannique, first-class hotel, situ- and then proceeds to the upper or “west end" of ed Place du Trône, near the King's Palace and the city, commencing with the Place Royale, emle Boulevards; recommended.

bellished by the church of St. Jacques sur Hotel de l'Univers, in the centre of the town, Caudenberg, with its fresco painting, which is ear the North Railway station.

seen to much advantage when the sun streams vat Barber's Hotel de France, Rue Royale, an old

its setting glories upon it, and illuminates the vivid stablished, first-class hotel.

colours with magical effect, and the statue of the Hotel de Suède. Rue de l'Evêque, first-class hotel, crusader, Godfrey of Bouillon, thence to the Place

des Palais, and there admires the pleasing coupverlooking the new Boulevards.

đạil formed by the King's Palace, the Palace of Hotel de Saxe, Rue Neuve, lower town.

the Prince of Orange, the beautiful and unbrageous Grand Hotel Gernay, corner of the Boulevard

Park, the magnificent Rue Royale, the noble lu Nord and the Boulevard Botanique; clean and

buildings in the Rue de la Loi and the splendid romfortable,

view from the Place du Congrès, but will exclaim Hotel de la Poste, Rrie Fossé aux Loups; Hotel

that the beauty of the tout ensemble, the neatness de Hollande, Rue de la Putterie, situated in the

and cleanliness of this part of Brussels, render it heart of the city, between the Park, the Cathedral,

one of the most charming cities in Europe, and and the Grand Place, is quiet, comfortable, and

impart a becoming dignity to the seat of the exceedingly clean.

Belgian government. Its former walls are replaced Hotel du Grand Miroir, central situation, Rue de

by broad well-planted Boulevards above 4 miles la Montagne, near the Galeries St Hubert.

lung, with convenient tramways all round. The Hotel de l'Empereur, 63, Rue Neuve, near the

Senne is now covered in, forming one of the finest station.

streets in Europe, whether for length and width Hotel Windsor, Rue de la Regence, upper town.

or for the beauty and architectural variety of its English Hotel, second-olass, 44, Rue de Brabant, buildings. opposite the North station.

Its history is replete with a succession of eventEnglish Boarding.Houses.-At 23 and 24, Boule- ful scenes and tragical episodes. At one period vard de Waterloo, by Mr. Wiltcher. At 26, kue depopulated by the plague, produced by 13 mouths de Vienne, by Mrs. Janssens Jamagne. At 45, of consecutive rain; at another epoch its citizens Avenue de la Toison d'Or, by Mr. B. De Boeck. decimated by the atrocious cruelties of the Duke At 6, Rue Jourdan (Avenue Louise), by Mrs. of Alva, the Spanish Regent; by civil wars and Bourecoud. Culliford's, Rue Bodenbroek.

revolutions; religious persecutions of the ProFrench and English Pension.-10, Rue Caroly, testants by the Catholics, of the Jews by the Mrs. Gachet.

Christians. Horton's Prince of Wales Commercial Inn and Objects of attraction in Brussels.-The Tavern, 8, Rue Villa Hermosa.

Town Hall and Grand Place. The Cathedral and Restaurant and Tavern Duvivier, Rue du Musée. I other churches.

The Museum, Galérie de St. D

over

Hubert. The Palace of the Duc d'Aremberg, and scene of action in the revolution of 1830. A fine the Square du Petit Sablon. Palais de Justice. basin in the centre, and another in the principal The Botanical Gardens, and the “Musée Wiertz," avenue, with a beautiful fountain, add to the near the Parc Léopold and the Luxembourg attractions of this delightful spot. At the N.E. station. The Monument of Egmont and Hoorn. corner is the Théâtre du Parc, and an enclosure The Fontaine de Bronskere at the Namur Gate. called the Waux Hall, where the Opera Band The Bois de la Cambre. The Mint. Finally, the gives concerts every evening at eight o'clock, Town Park, with the King's Palace on one side | May to September admission, lfr. and the Houses of Parliament on the other.

The following are the principal buildings surThe city of Brussels, which is called in French, rounding the Park:Bruxelles, and in Flemish Brüssel, is in the form of

The King's Palace.---A large and vast edifice, a pear, and is built partly on an acclivity, once covered by the forest of Soignies, and partly presenting in its exterior neither attraction nor

beauty. Its interior is magnificently furnished. on a plain. Its name is supposed to be derived

Under the French, this Palace was the Hôtel de from Brug - Senne (bridge the Senne),

la Préfecture. Napoleon and the Empress Josecorrupted into Brussels and Bruxelles. The climate of Brussels is temperate, and, although phine lodged in it in 1897, and Maria Louise in

1811. It has several suites of very noble rooms, extremely variable, and somewhat moist, it is

and has been considerably enlarged by Leopold II. healthy, particularly in the higher part of the town. It has been computed that during the year, upon

The Gallery of Paintings collected by King Leo an average, there are 17 days of snowy weather, 11

pold is well worth visiting ; moreover, there are of hail, and 149 of rain. The manufactures of

several paintings of peculiar interest to English Brussels consist principally of its far-famed lace;

visitors, viz.: a portrait of the lamented Princess printed cottons; carriages, remarkable for their Charlotte, a beautiful one of the late Queen of the elegance, comfort, light ap pearance, and slidity; Belgians, several others of great merit and intebeer of generally esteemed quality; printing and

rest; for instance, those of the King of the French

and his Queen, Marie Amelie; and last, though hanging papers; lithographic and printing estab

not least, two full-length portraits of Queen Viclishinents, especially of books; type foundries;

toria and Prince Albert, by Winterhalter. sugar refineries; horse hair and woollen stuffs; brass and iron foundries: painted porcelains; fur- The Palace des Académies, or Palace of the Prince niture; soaps; and chemical productions.

of Orange, is close to the King's Palace. The late The Place Royale, near St. Jacques Church, is one King of Holland erected it at the cost of the city, of the beautiful architectural creations of the last and presented it to that Prince. It contains 12 century, by the architect Guimard. It presents a wall paintings of Belgian history, by Slingeneyer. montimental aspect, and is remarkable for the A statue of Quetelet, director of the Observatory, grand regularity of its appearance. On one side it stands in front. opens to Rue Ro ale and the Royal Palace; on the The Chambers of Representatives, or Palais de other, to the Palace of the Count of Flanders (the la Nation, are situated in the Rue de la Loi. They king's brother), Rue de la Régence, and the Palais were built by the Empress Maria Theresa. " At de Justice. An equestrian Statue of Godfrey de the Senate House, M. Gallait, the celebrated hisBouillon, the celebrated chief of the first Crusade, torical painter, is engaged upon a series of nine adorns the square. It is a fine work of art in subjects from Belgian history, including Charlebronze, by M. E, Simonis.

magne, Godfrey of Bouillon, Charles V., &c. The Pork is an enclosure in the higher town, Strangers are admitted during the debates. The forming a square divided into avenues, lined with part containing the Chamber of Deputies and the trees and intersected by beautiful walks orna- Library was burnt down 1883 (owing to the gasmented with statues. It has three principal walks, lights setting fire to the woodwork of the ceiling), planted with lofty trees. It was the principal and rebuilt in 1885.

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